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Keshaviah Prakash - - 2002
Several studies have recently confirmed that hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) survival is highly associated with delivered therapy Kt/V(urea). A direct comparison of equivalently dosed CAPD and HD has not previously been performed. A total of 968 incident HD patients at the Regional Kidney Disease Program from ...
Saxena Anil K - - 2002
Patients with end-stage renal disease (n = 187) secondary to diverse aetiologies who underwent haemodialysis (HD) between November 1996 and November 2000 were routinely screened for syphilis using the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test and confirmed by means of a microhemagglutination assay for Treponema pallidum. All the confirmed syphilis patients ...
Leite Maurilo M - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We examined the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on acid-base status and its relation to urea kinetics in clinically stable renal HD patients. The purpose of this study was to design a practical approach to monitoring the correction of acidosis, as it can be assisted by routine parameters of adequacy. ...
Tsao Hensin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, cutaneous melanoma (CM) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) have both experienced unabated increases in incidence. Population-based studies have documented an elevated risk of subsequent NHL among patients with CM and vice versa. METHODS: To better characterize the clinical features of patients who have had both ...
Nitta K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification often occurs in patients with uremia. As osteopontin (OPN) is not only involved in the physiological but also the pathological calcification of tissues, OPN may be associated with the pathogenesis of aortic calcification in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: We examined the expression of OPN in atherosclerotic aortas ...
Mittman N - - 2001
Malnutrition is a major factor contributing to the high mortality rate in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We and others have reported previously that single enrollment levels of serum biochemical markers, such as albumin, cholesterol, creatinine, and prealbumin, are correlated directly with mortality in HD and PD patients. ...
Klemm A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The increased oxidative stress of uraemia is caused both by an increased generation of oxygen-free radicals and a decrease of antioxidative forces. There are, however, conflicting data concerning disturbances of the radical-scavenging power of red blood cells (RBCs) in uraemic patients. METHODS: The antioxidant capacities of the RBCs of ...
Locatelli F - - 2001
Patients undergoing dialysis are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD) on survival and the risk of developing de novo CVD. Of the 4191 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who started renal ...
Yürügen B - - 2001
Crush syndrome or traumatic rhabdomyolysis is a serious and epidemic clinical case that develops among casualties of earthquakes or other catastrophic events. Hypocalcaemia is one of the main symptoms that accompanies crush syndrome. It is essential that immediate IV volume replacement treatment be initiated for such patients, which is known ...
Inaba M - - 2001
Diabetic bone disease is characterized by low bone turnover resulting from impaired secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). However, it was suggested that the difference in duration of hemodialysis (HD) therapy and age of patients between HD patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) may be responsible for a significant reduction ...
Kanai H - - 2001
To elucidate brain oxygen metabolism in uremic patients, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), oxygen extraction (rOEF), and oxygen metabolism (rCMRO(2)) were measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in 10 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 13 predialysis patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Data were compared with 20 nonuremic patients (controls) without ...
Yanagiba S - - 2001
We have previously reported that the maximal inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter during quiet expiration (IVCe) measured by ultrasonography correlates well with the amount of body fluid, especially the circulating blood volume(2) and proposed using the criteria of IVC diameter to determine dry weight (DW) in anuric hemodialyzed (HD) patients: ...
Biasioli S - - 2001
To compare the chronic effect of several dialytic techniques (bicarbonate dialysis, BHD; acetate free biofiltration, AFB; hemodiafiltration, HDF; paired filtration dialysis, PFD) on atherosclerosis and antioxidant activity, three different indices were created. The first (atherosclerotic index = AI) is formed using the sum of three plasma substances: MDA, Hcy, and ...
Rueffer U - - 2001
Infertility after treatment of patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) is considered as a side effect of alkylating agent containing chemotherapy regimens. To investigate whether gonadal failure is related primarily to the toxic effect of chemotherapy or rather to the disease itself, we investigated the fertility status before the onset of ...
Puri B K - - 2001
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that Huntington's disease is associated with impaired phospholipid-related signal transduction using the niacin skin flush test. This is the first reported use of this test in this patient group. The response to topical aqueous methyl nicotinate solution was recorded at ...
Provencio M - - 2001
Hodgkin's disease (HD) is a curable disease. However, there are still many questions that remain unanswered in this illness, such as the appearance of unsuspected microscopic active illness a long time after the conclusion of treatment, We do not know of any recent publications that have microscopically studied the presence ...
Enia G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Whether hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are more prevalent in CAPD than in haemodialysis (HD) patients is still under discussion. METHODS: To examine this problem we compared a group of 51 CAPD patients, with a group of 201 HD patients. The evaluation included the measurement of atrial natriuretic ...
Kuroda T T Department of Medicine II, Niigata University School of Medicine , 1-757 Asahimachi-dori, Niigata 951-8510 , - - 2001
Abstract We describe two second cousins who developed systemic sclerosis. These patients had major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles in common, including A2, A26(10), B60(40), and Cw7 as well as class II allele DR2. This DR2 was thought to be associated with the onset of the disease. Our patients ...
van Vugt J P - - 2001
Voluntary motor impairment is a functionally important aspect of Huntington's disease (HD). Therefore, quantitative assessment of disturbed voluntary movement might be important in follow-up. We investigated the relation between quantitatively assessed daytime motor activity and symptom severity in HD and evaluated whether assessment of daytime motor activity is a responsive ...
Drai J - - 2001
Survival for decades is now possible in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) treated with haemodialysis (HD). Long-term survivors may present dialysis-related pathology (DRP). Alterations in lipid metabolism and oxidative stress are recognized as important risk factors that could be prevented or reduced by optimal therapy. We have studied markers of ...
Handelman G J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on long-term hemodialysis (HD) may be under increased oxidative stress, caused by either HD or renal failure. Plasma F2-isoprostanes have been established as an important indicator of in vivo oxidative stress. METHODS: Plasma esterified F2-isoprostanes were measured in 25 HD patients and 23 controls ...
Behringer D - - 2001
A patient with painful peripheral neuropathy is presented, whose symptoms were thought to result from an infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. Investigations of the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of inflammation and borrelial antibodies were negative, and the patient did not benefit from repeated antibiotic treatment. Electrophysiologic studies and sural ...
Narita I - - 2001
This study investigates the circadian blood pressure variation of non-diabetic chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients on both HD and non-HD days as well as the factors affecting diurnal BP variation. Forty-nine HD patients aged 61.8 +/- 12.9 years who were on daytime HD for 97 +/- 68 months were studied. No ...
Guh J Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are prone to developing peptic ulcers. However, of all the risk factors associated with peptic ulcers, none have been shown to be more prevalent in HD patients than in the general population. However, salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) may play a role in peptic ulcer diseases. ...
Linnenweber S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In vitro stimulation of mononuclear cells (peripheral blood mononuclear cells; PBMCs) with an endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) revealed elevated cell-associated levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on Cuprophan hemodialysis (HD), suggesting a defect in the process of IL-1beta's release from activated cells. IL-1beta is initially synthesized ...
Hung S C - - 2001
Thiamine deficiency is mainly encountered in alcoholics or food faddists, but it may complicate chronic dialysis because of low intake and accelerated loss of thiamine in dialysis patients. We report here 2 hemodialysis (HD) patients who developed chorea induced by thiamine deficiency. We propose that thiamine deficiency, with a consequent ...
Fechner A - - 2001
The pathophysiology of kwashiorkor, a severe edematous manifestation of malnutrition, is still poorly understood. The syndrome is, however, known to be associated with alterations in redox metabolism. To further elucidate the role of oxidative stress in kwashiorkor, we carried out a longitudinal study on the major blood antioxidants at the ...
Guida B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The body composition in overweight and obese hemodialyzed patients (HD) remains ill-defined. This study evaluates in HD patients the influence of body size, as indicated by body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)), on body composition by measuring bioimpedance analysis (BIA)-derived variables (phase angle (PA), fat-free mass (FFM) and body cell ...
Caksen H - - 2001
Our purpose was to determine the frequency of convulsion in children with hyponatremic dehydration (HD). We also investigated whether or not there was a relationship between the severity of hyponatremia and the degrees of malnutrition in our region (Eastern Anatolia of Turkey) in where malnutrition is frequently observed. In this ...
Floege J - - 2001
beta2-Microglobulin-derived amyloidosis (Abeta2m) represents a major cause or morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. Symptoms of Abeta2m amyloid are mainly related to (peri-) articular amyloid deposition. Conventional non-invasive diagnostic techniques, i.e. clinical evaluation, joint ultrasonography or X-ray, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging findings, as well as conventional bone ...
Soldati L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Myocardial disorders are a remarkable cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic haemodialysed patients (HD). They could be favoured by alteration of cell Ca(2+) handling. In previous studies we characterized an erythrocyte Ca(2+) influx, sensitive to membrane potential and inhibited by Ca(2+) antagonists. Since its maximal influx rate was ...
Lin C L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hemodiafiltration (HDF) is effective in delaying the surgical need for carpal tunnel syndrome in chronic hemodialysis patients, however, predialysis beta(2)-microglobulin levels were not reduced in most short-term studies. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of long-term and differing frequencies of on-line HDF on serum beta(2)-microglobulin ...
Saionji K - - 2001
A novel subpopulation of blood monocytes coexpressing CD16 antigen and low levels of CD14 antigen (CD14+CD16+ monocytes) has recently been identified, and expansion of these CD14+CD16+ monocytes has been reported under some pathological conditions. In this study, we examined the immunophenotype of blood monocytes in patients with chronic renal failure ...
Lang S M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Residual renal function (RRF) is of paramount importance to dialysis adequacy, morbidity, and mortality, particularly for long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Residual renal function seems to be better preserved in patients on CAPD than in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We analyzed RRF in 45 patients with end-stage renal ...
Kao C H - - 2000
It has been speculated that impaired salivary flow is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between oral manifestations and salivary function in patients with ESRD undergoing HD. Salivary function was measured by quantitative salivary scintigraphy ...
Tanna M M - - 2000
We retrospectively evaluated 432 patients (336 black; 78%; and 96 white; 22%) incident to our peritoneal dialysis (PD; 195 patients; 45%) and hemodialysis (HD; 237 patients; 55%) programs from January 1987 to December 1997 who survived their first 90 days of dialysis therapy. Black patients comprised 70% of the PD ...
Paraskevopoulos A - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in calcium and potassium content in the red blood cells (RBC) of uremic patients during a hemodialysis (HD) session and a 6/hrs CAPD exchange. RBC calcium and potassium were determined in 20 patients on HD in three blood samples collected ...
Di Rocco A - - 2000
We report a pilot study of S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM) in 13 depressed patients with Parkinson's disease. All patients had been previously treated with other antidepressant agents and had no significant benefit or had intolerable side effects. SAM was administered in doses of 800 to 3600 mg per day for a period ...
Beathard G A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The LifeSite Hemodialysis Access System is a subcutaneous valve with an internal pinch clamp that is actuated with a standard 14-gauge dialysis needle, connected to a single lumen cannula placed in the central venous circulation for hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: The LifeSite System (2 valves) was implanted in 23 patients ...
Skoutelis A T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate the rigidity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in non-dialysed chronic renal failure (CRF) and haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: PMN rigidity as well as tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) plasma levels were assessed in 10 early-stage CRF, 10 late-stage ...
Nakamura S - - 2000
Hemodialysis (HD) patients have a high rate of cardiac morbidity and mortality. Both symptomatic and silent ischemic heart disease may occur frequently during HD because HD simultaneously reduces coronary artery oxygen delivery while increasing myocardial oxygen demand. The purpose of the present study is to prospectively evaluate the usefulness of ...
Alloatti S - - 2000
Whether to use peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) is a major decision in terms of clinical outcome and management implications; the final choice is difficult because of the conflicting results of comparisons reported in the literature. A review of studies comparing survival shows either superiority of HD, or superiority ...
Okada H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: High-flux haemodialysis (HD) has recently been vigorously promoted as a novel standard, and it can indeed efficiently reduce the occurrence of most uraemic symptoms due to middle molecular toxins and/or underdialysis. However, some symptoms remain problematical, particularly peripheral polyneuropathy (PPN). One of the possible reasons for this is that ...
Abou-Seif M A - - 2000
We studied erythrocyte and leukocyte superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, erythrocyte malondialdehyde (MDA) and osmotic fragility and plasma L-ascorbic acid and L-dehydroascorbic acid levels in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) before and after treatment. SOD activity was elevated in leukocytes of ...
Meng J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the glycoxidation and lipoperoxidation products in the collagen of the myocardium in hemodialysis (HD) patients and age-matched control subjects. METHODS: Cardiac samples from 15 autopsied subjects (HD, n=6; control, n=9) were sequentially extracted with 0.9% NaCl and collagenase to obtain two ...
Brem A S - - 2000
Network 1 (New England) initiated the Clinical Indicator Project to survey dialysis adequacy (Kt/V), nutrition (serum albumin level), and anemia management in patients maintained on chronic dialysis. Because little information is available in children, data were specifically recorded covering these variables in patients (age, 1 to 18 years) maintained on ...
Wang D - - 2000
Impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation has been demonstrated previously in resistance vessels of Han:SPRD polycystic kidney disease rats. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether endothelium-dependent relaxation is reduced also in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and whether this is influenced by the nitric oxide (NO) ...
Lodi R - - 2000
We studied in vivo muscle energy metabolism in patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) using 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Twelve gene-positive HP patients (4 presymptomatic patients) and 2 gene-positive DRPLA patients (1 presymptomatic patient) were studied. 31P-MRS at rest showed a reduced phosphocreatine-to-inorganic phosphate ratio in ...
Huang J J - - 2000
The noninvasive urea breath test (UBT) avoids the discomforts and risks of invasive endoscopic methods of Helicobacter pylori detection. This study investigated the diagnostic efficacy of carbon 13 ((13)C)-labeled UBT for H pylori detection in 70 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and 70 dyspeptic controls without ...
Covic A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening is very pronounced in renal patients. Carotid artery stiffening is a powerful predictor of future cardiovascular mortality, and measures of arterial compliance correlate much better with left ventricular mass (LVM) in dialysis patients than does brachial artery blood pressure (BP). The aim of our study was to ...
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