Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1087
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Lewis Nicola A - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rectal biopsies are performed as a definitive means of diagnosing Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) in children presenting with constipation. The authors hypothesized that key features in the history, physical examination, and radiographic evaluation would allow us to avoid unnecessary rectal biopsies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients undergoing ...
Nakao Kazushi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Quantitative or qualitative abnormalities of erythroid progenitors in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) could be the major factor for recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) hyporesponsiveness and severe anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients receiving rHuEPO therapy. METHODS: Purified 1 x 10(4) circulating CD34+ cells isolated from rHuEPO-hyporesponsive HD patients (EPO-H; ...
Nakatani Tatsuya - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular diseases are very common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Silent cerebral infarction (SCI) has not been investigated in HD patients although it may be a significant risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases. HYPOTHESIS: Chronic renal failure may be an independent risk factor for SCI and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS: Cranial magnetic ...
Chiarello Paula Garcia - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The concomitant presence of hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress may represent a determinant factor for the occurrence of vascular alterations and cardiac diseases, the main cause of death among dialysis patients. The aim was to analyze the occurrence of hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress and their possible relationship in dialysis patients. ...
Fukasawa Mizuya - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Many reports indicate that a high homocysteine (Hcy) level is a potential risk factor for such thrombotic diseases as arteriosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and cerebral infarction in healthy individuals or hemodialysis (HD) patients. The methylentetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism has been reported to be closely related to plasma Hcy level. ...
Ohi Hiroyuki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: One of the complications of hemodialysis (HD) therapy is anemia caused by erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency. Recombinant EPO (rEPO) has been used routinely as a supplemental treatment. Erythrocyte expression of the complement regulatory proteins decay accelerating factor (DAF) and CD59 restricts complement activation and inhibits hemolysis. We hypothesized that the ...
Papagianni Aikaterini - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recently emerging evidence suggests that endothelial adhesion molecules may participate in atherogenesis. The aim of the present report was to investigate the probable association of circulating ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin with atherosclerotic disease in chronic haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: One hundred and twelve HD patients and 50 age- and ...
Robles Nicolas R - - 2003
To determine if there is any difference in nerve conduction studies or sympathetic skin response (SSR) between patients on peritoneal dialysis and those on regular hemodialysis, we did a cross-sectional observational study. The study group consisted of 24 patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) (12 men, aged 45 +/- 17 years) ...
Gotch Frank A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that inorganic phosphorus (iP) accumulation in tissues (dTiP/dt) is a risk factor for cardiac death in hemodialysis therapy (HD). The factors controlling iP mass balance in HD are dietary intake (GiP), removal by binders (JbiP) and removal by dialysis (JdiP). If iP accumulation is to ...
Fehr T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is frequently elevated in asymptomatic hemodialysis (HD) patients and predicts increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Compared to cTnT, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has a shorter half-life. How this influences its diagnostic reliability in chronic HD patients is only partially known. PATIENTS AND METHODS: First, in ...
Samouilidou Elisabeth C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The inflammatory status is a well-documented factor influencing the development of oxidative stress in dialysis patients. This study intends to evaluate the inflammatory activity and the plasma levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid peroxidation products in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), by comparison with hemodialysis (HD) patients. ...
Samouilidou E - - 2003
Dialysis is associated with an impairment of antioxidant defense and an overproduction of oxidative stress markers. This study focuses on the comparison of plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid peroxidation products in patients on hemodialysis (HD) before and after treatment and in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Plasma TAC, malonaldehyde ...
Yu A - - 2003
Impaired haemostasis is common in patients with end-stage renal disease, and may cause either thrombotic or bleeding complications. The purpose of this study was to assess whether plasma markers of coagulation activation in patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis (HD) can identify high-risk individuals, and to test the relevancy of type of ...
Oo Than Naing - - 2003
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia is known to cause demyelination syndromes, which are attributed to the rapid shift of water out of the brain. In uremic patients with hyponatremia, depending on the dialysate sodium concentration and delivered Kt/V, serum sodium levels may be rapidly corrected inadvertently during the hemodialysis (HD) ...
Scudla V - - 2003
The aim of this study was a contemporaneous measurement and a mutual comparison of plasma cells proliferative activity and grade of apoptosis in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and various phases of MM i.e. smoldering (SMM), stable/plateau and active (progression/relapse) forms of this disease. The analyzed group ...
Takaki Jiro - - 2003
The authors' purpose in this study was to assess the interactive effects of stressors, coping with stress, and self-efficacy on depression and anxiety in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients. Patients (n = 453) undergoing HD for more than 1 year in Japan were investigated. The regression lines illustrating significant (p < ...
Murthi G V S - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the investigation was to apply a semiquantitative scoring system for bowel function to patients who had undergone endorectal pull-through (ERPT) for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) and to use this to analyse the clinical factors relating to functional outcome. METHODS: The case note details of 63 patients undergoing ...
Annuk Margus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Some studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of L-arginine as a substrate for nitric oxide synthesis, and diclofenac as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived vasoconstrictive agents on vascular responses in humans during several pathological conditions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effects of L-arginine and ...
Ando Minoru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience indicates that bleeding and thrombotic tendencies co-exist in uremic patients. Numerous studies have shown that platelet functional defects contribute to the bleeding tendency in uremic patients. In contrast, there are no solid studies clarifying the pathogenesis of the prothrombotic state in uremic patients. Platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), which ...
Kutner Nancy G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) symptoms in older African-American and Caucasian chronic renal failure patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). BACKGROUND: Few data are available about the prevalence of RLS in racial groups, although it has been suggested that the African-American population is at lower risk ...
Sheth Rita D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transplantation is the optimal therapy for pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, but in a subset of patients with peritoneal membrane failure, failed transplants or poor social situations, chronic hemodialysis (HD) remains the only option. Long-term survival of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) in pediatric patients has ...
Verbessem P P Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven, - - 2002
Unimanual and bimanual cyclical forearm movements were studied in 15 Huntington's disease (HD) patients and 15 healthy, gender- and age-matched controls. Whereas the unimanual task was only performed at maximal speed, the bimanual movements were performed according to the in-phase and anti-phase mode at different cycling frequencies. The HD patients ...
Ertürk Sehsuvar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Both in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, is involved in hematopoiesis. We hypothesized that the vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotype, which may differentiate response to endogenous or exogenous active vitamin D, has a role in the management of anemia ...
Dursun Evrim - - 2002
Oxidative stress plays a role in many disease states. These diseases have an increased incidence in uremia, and particularly in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This suggests an increased exposure to oxidative stress. An imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants has been suggested in uremic patients on HD. However, the respective influence of ...
Stoya G - - 2002
AIM: It is suggested that the red blood cells (RBCs) of uremic patients have increased oxidative damage. The activities of different antioxidant enzymes and the levels of several antioxidants or lipid peroxidation products in RBCs are usually determined to estimate the oxidative stress in uremia. The autofluorescence of RBCs as ...
Oe B - - 2002
Data on the difference in fluid status between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are scarce. Bio-electrical impedance analysis (BIA) is able to detect total body water (TBW) and its distribution in intracellular (ICW) and extracellular water (ECW). Echographic determination of the diameter of the inferior caval vein (VCD) ...
Fytili Christina I - - 2002
Lipid abnormalities are important variables in the development of vascular atherosclerotic lesions in ESRD patients while Lp(a) represents an independent risk factor. In order to evaluate lipid changes in HD and CAPD patients, serum cholesterol (TC), HDLc, LDLc, TG, apolipoproteins (AI,AII,B,E), Lp(a), and albumin levels were estimated in 109 ESRD ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Loss of lean body mass is frequently reported in patients with end-stage renal disease (ES-RD). Inadequate nutrient intake, superimposed illnesses, endocrine disorders, uremia and acidosis are some of the potential causes of muscle depletion. Previous reports on experimental models show that lean body mass depletion results from enhancement of ...
Kantarci G - - 2002
Prolongation of repolarization dispersion (QT interval dispersion) measured from the 12-lead surface ECG has been associated with sudden cardiac death and ventricular tachyarrhythmias in a variety of cardiac disorders. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) on QT ...
Parkhomenko Tatiana V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Serum albumin (SA) is a major proteinacous component of the blood plasma. In the present study we report on the determination and structural characterization of the modified SA in the plasma of glomerulonephritis (GN) patients. Fluorescence analysis of albumin-enriched fractions (AEF) isolated from serum of GN patients leads to ...
Siems W - - 2002
Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis (HD) are exposed to oxidative stress. Increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxylnonenal (HNE) were found in plasma of uremic patients indicating accelerated lipid peroxidation (LPO) as a consequence of multiple pathogenetic factors. The catabolism and action of those products was already intensively ...
Nitta Kosaku - - 2002
End-stage renal failure (ESRD) induces a clinical state of immunodeficiency with a higher incidence of infections and a higher mortality due to infectious complications compared with the normal population. Using a newly developed immunofluorescent staining of intracellular cytokines for flow cytometric analysis, we studied Th subsets in 22 healthy control ...
Sezer Siren - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIM: As chronic inflammation underlies both atherosclerosis and malnutrition, a possible link between these factors has been suggested in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We designed this study to compare nutritional indices and inflammatory parameters of HD patients with demonstrated atherosclerosis (group I) and HD patients without (group II). METHODS: We included ...
Brodmann M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide is synthesized by endothelial nitric oxide synthase and plays a key role in adequate endothelial function. An important effect is the reduction of free radicals caused by cigarette smoking, which is the only established risk factor for thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). In patients with TAO a genetic defect ...
Nakao Kazushi - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Various abnormalities of the immune system have been demonstrated in patients on hemodialysis (HD). We hypothesize that the imbalance between type 1 helper T (Th1) cells and type 2 helper T (Th2) cells in patients on HD contributes to these abnormalities. Furthermore, we investigate the relationship between the Th1/Th2 ...
Yalçin Bilgehan - - 2002
Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) homozygotes have an increased risk for development of Hodgkin's disease (HD). Parenchymal lung involvement is not uncommon in HD; however, cavitary pulmonary lesions are quite unusual. We report on 3 cases of AT with HD who had mediastinal disease and parenchymal pulmonary involvement with cavitation. Of 6 ...
Hampson G - - 2002
Renal osteodystrophy is an important complication in patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance dialysis. The aim of this study was to compare the biochemical markers of bone formation (serum collagen type I C-terminal propeptide) and resorption (serum deoxypyridinoline - DPD - and pyridinoline - PYR) with the bone mineral ...
Moreland Wendy S - - 2002
We present our 10-year experience, including clinical utilization and outcomes, with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in Hodgkin's disease (HD). Eighty-six cases from 68 patients with HD that were evaluated by FNAB were identified over a 10-year period. Medical records of these 68 patients were reviewed. Thirty-seven patients with primary HD ...
Qari Faiza A - - 2002
The aim of this study was to know the characteristics and risk factors of 13 diabetic patients (8 males and 5 females) undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) at the King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah during the last one and half years. The 13 diabetic patients who were included in the ...
Gonwa Thomas A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop delayed graft function (DGF) following cadaveric renal transplantation have inferior survival to those who do not. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) may prolong recovery from DGF. Patients with DGF are therefore routinely treated with either polyclonal antilymphocyte preparations or monoclonal anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies and delayed introduction of CNI. ...
Uchimura Tomonori - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the crucial involvement of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in major complications of long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. HD, in a clinical setting, is characterized by increased production of proinflammatory cytokines. AGEs and cytokines are presumed to be responsible for the development of major complications in ...
Mazzarotto Renzo - - 2002
From 1985 to 1998, at the Regional Cancer Center of Padua, patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) routinely underwent a clinical staging procedure including lymphangiography and laparoscopy with multiple liver and spleen biopsies. Patients with IA and IIA nonbulky HD were treated with radiotherapy alone. The aim of this study is ...
Ishikawa Eiichi - - 2002
OBJECT: Neuropsychiatric changes following surgery for chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) were analyzed in 26 patients (21 men and five women) by using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Hasegawa Dementia Scale-Revised (HDS-R) to determine factors that potentially contribute to neuropsychiatric recovery. METHODS: Burr hole irrigation was performed in every ...
Schoonjans R - - 2002
AIMS: Many patients with chronic renal failure have dyspeptic symptoms. In the present study, we assessed the Helicobacter pylori (Hp) status, dyspeptic symptoms and gastric emptying rates in uremic patients. The present study was undertaken to compare chronic renal failure patients not under dialysis therapy (predialysis), hemodialysis (HD) patients and ...
Dobrosielski Devon A - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the metabolic cost of golf, while pulling a cart, in a group of patients with heart disease (HD) and healthy adults with a wide range of functional capacities. METHODS: Twenty male golfers aged 49 to 78 years participated in this study. All participants underwent a graded exercise ...
Kimak Elzbieta - - 2002
Serum lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] concentrations and apolipoprotein(a) apo(a) phenotypes were determined in 81 hemodialysis (HD) patients, 37 chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, 25 post-transplant patients and 99 healthy subjects as the reference group. The CAPD patients had significantly higher serum Lp(a) concentration than HD patients, but both had significantly increased ...
Xue Jay L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients initiating with peritoneal dialysis (PD) have favorable clinical conditions compared with hemodialysis (HD) patients, which may contribute to the varying results found in studies of mortality across the two therapies. METHODS: National incidence data of end-stage renal disease patients from 1995 to 1997 were used, excluding the first ...
Xue Jay L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of mortality outcomes between peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients have shown varying results, which may be caused by the unequally distributed clinical conditions of patients at initiation. To address this issue, we evaluated the clinical characteristics of 105,954 patients at the initiation of PD and HD, ...
Doñate Teresa - - 2002
Inflammatory status is observed in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The relationship between oxygen free radical production and dialysis could play an important role in protein oxidation. Carbonyl protein plasma level is an important tool in the study of protein stress, and it is related to the arterial intima ...
Heaf James G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The influence of dialysis modality on prognosis is controversial. In the absence of randomized trials, epidemiological investigations present the best method for studying the problem. METHODS: 4568 haemodialysis (HD) and 2443 peritoneal dialysis (PD) records in 4921 dialysis patients treated between 1990 and 1999 were retrieved from the Danish ...
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