Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1258
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Fraisse Alain - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to highlight the clinical, morphologic, and pathogenetic features in patients with a cleft mitral valve (MV). BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the morphologic features of cleft MV and the outcome of these patients. The pathogenetic features, including the developmental relation to an atrioventricular (AV) septal defect, remain ...
Rollán María Jesús - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae is an unusual pathogen in adults who are not pregnant. S agalactiae endocarditis is a poorly defined entity because it is uncommon; in contrast to other streptococcal endocarditis, it bears a high mortality rate. The aim of this study was to define its clinical, prognostic, and therapeutic ...
Maisano Francesco - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Edge-to-edge mitral valve repair is usually performed in association with annuloplasty, with rare exceptions. We retrospectively analyzed the results of ringless edge-to-edge repair, particularly in view of minimally invasive and percutaneous approaches. METHODS: From November 1993 to December 2001, 81 patients underwent edge-to-edge mitral repair without associated annuloplasty. The ...
Kanter Kirk R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The ideal choice for valved reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in children is undetermined. This study explores the Freestyle porcine aortic root for these patients. METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2002, 56 patients ages 1.6 to 29.9 years old (mean 11.8 years old) underwent RVOT ...
Bach David S - - 2003
Intervention for valvular heart disease poses unique clinical challenges in cardiology because the diseases are of relatively low prevalence, the interventions do not lend themselves to randomized comparative trials, and important clinical end points are assessed only after decades of follow-up. In addition, continuing advances in prosthetic heart valve technology ...
Giusti Betti - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate (1) homocysteinemia and the prevalence of the C677T MTHFR polymorphism in Marfan patients and (2) whether the severity of cardiovascular manifestations is associated with homocysteinemia and/or C677T polymorphism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 107 patients subdivided into three subgroups based on ...
Svensson Lars G - - 2003
The problem of sizing the graft, annulus, and left ventricular outflow tract for the David reimplantation type of aortic valve preserving procedure remains a concern, particularly in patients with Marfan syndrome. To resolve this issue, a modified method used in over 20 patients is described of doing the repair around ...
Soylu Mustafa Ozcan - - 2003
In this study, the effect of valve replacement on diastolic parameters was evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 6, and 12 months by comparing diastolic parameters in patients after aortic valve replacement with freestyle stentless porcine xenografts for aortic stenosis. Depending on deceleration time (DT) and isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) ...
Hernández-Pacheco Guadalupe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an autoimmune sequel of group A streptococcal infection that has been associated with the presence of some major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of class II alleles in the genetic susceptibility to RHD ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the changes in platelet activation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and sinus rhythm (SR) following percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV). BACKGROUND: Systemic thromboembolism is a serious complication in patients with valvular heart disease, and its incidence is highest in ...
Ben-Hamda Khaldoun - - 2003
We present a retrospective analysis of clinical symptoms and echocardiographic features in 14 patients having cardiac hydatic cysts and screened during the 18 last years, with surgical correlations in 13. The heart was the sole location of the cyst in six patients. The revealing symptoms were precordial pain (six patients), ...
Subramanyan Raghavan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the pattern of symptomatic vascular rings in infants and children with particular reference to clinical features, investigations and management. SETTING: Tertiary Care Paediatric Cardiology Division at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Data on all patients aged less than 13 years diagnosed ...
González-Juanatey Carlos - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Controversy frequently exists about the actual frequency of Streptococcus bovis infective endocarditis (IE), its incidence of malignancy and its outcome. Consequently, the characteristics of S bovis IE were examined in an unselected population of nondrug-addicted patients. The literature was also reviewed. METHODS: Nondrug-addicted patients with S bovis ...
Beauchesne Luc M - - 2003
Effective orifice area (EOA) is the standard index for assessing aortic stenosis (AS) severity. However, EOA varies during ejection and a single measurement at 1 ejection time point may not fully describe the hemodynamic severity of a stenotic aortic valve. We investigated whether the dynamic change in EOA during ejection ...
Stellon Anthony - - 2003
Endocarditis has been reported in patients with valvular heart disease who have undergone acupuncture treatment, although most have been associated with the use of semi-permanent needles. This has led reviewers to suggest that acupuncture may not only be contraindicated in such patients but that prophylactic antibiotics should be given. This ...
Doss Mirko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Management of extensive thoracic aortic disease may present an immense technical challenge. The choice of surgical access and subsequent exposure determines whether a single-stage or a 2-stage approach can be adopted. METHODS: Fifteen patients with extensive thoracic aortic disease underwent resection of the ascending aorta, the aortic arch, and ...
Henein Michael Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Although severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a well-recognized, long-term complication of rheumatic mitral valve replacement that impairs the functional results of surgery, its exact basis remains unclear and its management is unsatisfactory. The study aim was to obtain a detailed assessment of tricuspid valve ...
Blackstone Eugene H EH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk F25, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. - - 2003
This study was undertaken to quantify the relationship between prosthesis size adjusted for patient size (prosthesis-patient size) and long-term survival after aortic valve replacement. Data from nine representative sources on 13,258 aortic valve replacements provided 69,780 patient-years of follow-up (mean 5.3 +/- 4.7 years), with reliable survival estimates to 15 ...
Zalzstein Eli - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To heighten the awareness of pediatricians and pediatric cardiologists to aortic dissection, a potentially dangerous medical condition. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 13 patients, seen in four medical centers, who suffered acute or chronic aortic dissection over the period 1970 through 2000 whilst under the age of 25 ...
Tomita Hideshi - - 2003
To analyze the clinical significance of eccentric aortic regurgitation (AR) complicating the right coronary cusp prolapse associated with a ventricular septal defect (VSD), the Doppler echocardiograms of 129 patients were reviewed. In 102 patients, AR was classified as mild and in 27 patients it was classified as moderate. Eccentric AR ...
Song Jae-Kwan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although systemic vasculitis has been described as one cause of aortic regurgitation (AR), clinical features of this disease entity have not been fully characterized. METHODS: The clinical data of 153 consecutive patients (103 male), who underwent open-heart operation to correct predominant AR from January 1990 to December 2000 were ...
Belgi Aytül - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: In mitral stenosis (MS) patients, resting hemodynamic data do not always correlate with symptom severity. Stress tests may be carried out in these patients, but the mechanisms of different hemodynamic and clinical responses to stress are not clearly established. The study aim was to ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2003
To characterize mitral and aortic valve abnormalities we performed M-mode, two-dimensional, and pulsed Doppler echocardiography in 42 patients with active acromegaly, 22 patients cured of acromegaly, and 64 controls pair-matched with the patients for sex and age. The overall prevalence of valve abnormalities was higher in both the active patients ...
Nunes José Pedro L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Plasma cardiac troponin I levels may be higher than normal in conditions other than ischemic heart disease. We aimed at measuring troponin I levels in aortic valve patients, in which increased values for left ventricular dimensions and pressure are frequently found. METHODS: Plasma levels of troponin I, creatine kinase ...
Carson Wangden - - 2003
There has been no report in the literature of emergency vectorcardiographic study in patients with acute aortic dissection. A total of 135 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease was studied. On admission to the intensive-care unit through the emergency service, each patient was given electrocardiographic and vectorcardiographic examinations, which ...
David Tirone E - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the long-term results of mitral valve repair in patients with mitral regurgitation caused by floppy mitral valves and compare the outcomes of asymptomatic patients with those of symptomatic patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of 488 consecutive patients who had mitral valve repair for floppy mitral ...
Dauterman Kent W - - 2003
Elderly patients with severe symptomatic calcific aortic stenosis do poorly with medical management. The optimal treatment for this group of patients is surgical valve replacement. Balloon valvuloplasty may be useful as a bridge to aortic valve replacement in hemodynamically unstable patients, in patients undergoing emergent noncardiac surgery, and in patients ...
Unger Philippe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Non-controlled studies have noted a high prevalence of valvular regurgitation in patients with Chinese herb nephropathy; most of these patients had taken appetite suppressants. We aimed to determine the prevalence of valvular regurgitation and the role of appetite suppressants in patients with Chinese herb nephropathy. METHODS: This case-controlled echocardiographic ...
McMahon Colin J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the diagnosis of infective endocarditis has been enhanced by the use of echocardiography. We sought, therefore, to review its effect on the management of endocarditis in children. METHODS: We reviewed all the patients presenting to our institution for evaluation for infective endocarditis from May 1994 to ...
Chauvaud S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Mitral homograft (MH) can represent an interesting alternative for valve replacement in the young. However, concerns have been expressed about the durability of valve allografts in children. We report our experience with MH replacement in young patients. METHODS: From 1993 to 1997, 13 young patients aged 3-25 years (mean ...
Neville Holly L - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: CDH occurs in approximately 1 in 2,450 live births. Bilateral CDH, previously identified through a limited number of case reports, is extremely rare. The care of CDH patients is a challenge for neonatologists and surgeons. This report details the management and outcome of patients with bilateral CDH. METHODS: Records ...
Higashita Ryuji - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve replacement with prosthetic valves in infants and children requires consideration of multiple variables. When we examined our late follow-up, the effect of the growth of the patient relative to the size of the prosthesis placed was the most important variable predicting late successful results. We reviewed our ...
Gruppen Mariken P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most important cause of death in patients with pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Yet, few data exist on cardiac function in these patients. We assessed the extent of cardiac abnormality and analyzed its association with potential determinants in young adult patients with pediatric ESRD in ...
Roudaut Raymond - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to analyze the results of fibrinolytic treatment (FT) in a large single-center group of patients with prosthetic heart valve thrombosis (PHVT). BACKGROUND: Fibrinolytic treatment of PHVT represents an alternative to surgery, but is still controversial because of the risk of embolism. METHODS: A total of ...
Nyström-Rosander Christina - - 2003
An association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases has been suggested. However, other factors may interact in the pathogenesis of valve sclerosis. Therefore, trace elements important for C. pneumoniae growth and host defense and markers of C. pneumoniae infection were studied in sclerotic valves and serum. Forty-six patients undergoing ...
Emery Robert W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: From May 1994 through October 2000, a total of 1,146 patients underwent valve replacement with the ATS Medical mechanical cardiac valve prosthesis under a study protocol approved by international ethics committees (non-United States participants) or under a United States Food and Drug Administration-approved Investigational Device Exemption study. The study ...
Arora Ramesh - - 2003
Transcatheter closure of congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) using various devices is gaining acceptance in selected cases of perimembranous and muscular defects, avoiding the inherent risks of cardiopulmonary bypass. The procedure was attempted in 137 patients having congenital defects using Rashkind Umbrella Device (RUD) in 29 patients, Amplatzer ventricular septal ...
Losa J E - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To add to the limited information on infective endocarditis (IE) not related to intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) in HIV-1-infected patients. METHODS: We have reviewed the characteristics of eight cases of IE in non-IVDA HIV-1 infected patients diagnosed in our institution between 1979 and 1999 as well as cases in ...
Perkovic Vlado - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of the aortic valve occur with increased frequency in patients with renal failure and may contribute to the observed excess cardiovascular mortality. Little data exist on the rate at which aortic stenosis progresses in this patient group. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was designed to compare the rate ...
Turgeman Yoav - - 2003
An elevated left atrial pressure and high diastolic pressure gradient (DPG) across the mitral valve are the major hemodynamic abnormalities in mitral stenosis (MS). However, a subgroup of patients with severe MS is characterized by low initial DPG. The authors reviewed the clinical, echocardiographic and hemodynamic data as well as ...
Gaur Abhishek - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients are usually referred for stress echocardiography to assess whether there is inducible myocardial ischemia. At some centers, a focused Doppler examination is also performed. We sought to determine the clinical value of this additional study by examining how often valvular flow abnormalities were identified that might affect clinical ...
Pegoraro Cinzia - - 2003
Failure of anticoagulant therapy in a patient with a St. Jude heart valve in the mitral position is reported. After 8 years of optimal anticoagulation at an International Normalized Ratio between 2.5 and 3.5, a floating thrombus was discovered by chance during transthoracic echocardiography and then surgically removed. A study ...
Zhao Jinping - - 2003
From January 1991 through December 2001, 600 patients underwent closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect through a right atrial approach at our institution. In 122 of these patients, the operation included temporary detachment of a tricuspid valve septal leaflet from the annulus to allow complete visualization of a perimembranous ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2003
Calcification complications are frequent among long-term dialysis patients. However, the prognostic implication of cardiac valve calcification in this population is not known. This study aimed to determine if cardiac valve calcification predicts mortality in long-term dialysis patients. Baseline echocardiography was performed in 192 patients (mean +/- SD age, 55 +/- ...
Nazli Cem - - 2003
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer levels and antithrombin-III activity in predicting prosthetic valve thrombus. The study group comprised 97 consecutive patients with prosthetic heart valves (59 with mitral, 21 with aortic, and 17 with both mitral and aortic prostheses) and ...
Goland Sorel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Concomitant mitral valve regurgitation is often present in patients with aortic stenosis. The additional MV replacement is associated with high operative risk. Previous studies have shown an amelioration of MV regurgitation after aortic valve replacement but most of the patient groups were heterogenous. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether AV replacement ...
Terechtchenko Larissa - - 2003
This study examined the relation between autonomic tone and the frequency and duration of supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) in 44 men (mean age 17 +/- 5 years) with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), confirmed by echocardiography. Ambulatory and short-term electrocardiograms (ECG) were recorded, and transesophageal pacing was performed. Frequency domain heart rate ...
Raman Jai - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of tricuspid valve endocarditis (TVE) ranges from vegetectomy to valve replacement with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), accompanied by risks of systemic and lung complications. We present our experience with tricuspid valve vegetectomy under inflow occlusion without CPB. METHODS: Between July 1998 and July 2001, seven ...
Russo Claudio F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a risk factor for aortic dissection and aneurysm. We studied patients with BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) to evaluate long-term changes in the ascending aorta after aortic valve replacement (AVR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients were allocated into two groups according ...
Maraj Suraj - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Survival in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) ranges from 4 to 50% depending on the type of organism, the type of valve involvement and the type of treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data in hemodialysis (HD) patients at our center from 1990 to 2000. Demographics, risk ...
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