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Results 301 - 350 of 1259
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Waller E Andrew EA Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Fl 32224, - - 2005
To Investigate the frequency of valvular heart disease in patients taking pergolide. The medical records of patients seen at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla, between 1998 and 2003 were searched electronically for the word pergolide and the presence of a 2-dimensional echocardiogram. Patients who had not taken pergolide before ...
Nedelmann Max - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: While transient global amnesia (TGA) is a clinically well defined disorder, its etiology is poorly understood. Cerebral venous hypertension and subsequent damage to hippocampal and diencephalic structures are among the discussed hypothetical causes. Using a direct method for the study of retrograde flow during a Valsalva maneuver, we determined ...
Jorapur Vinod - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that anterior mitral leaflet length (ALL) does not differ significantly between normal subjects and patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and hence may be used as a reference measurement to quantify annular dilatation and papillary muscle separation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 50 controls, 15 patients ...
Kajbaf Sahar - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have increased vascular and valvular calcification compared with the general population. Recently, 44% of renal transplant recipients were found to have vascular calcification of the medial layer of the inferior epigastric artery that was associated with deposition of bone matrix proteins. Similar findings ...
Pittock Siobhán T - - 2005
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKHA) is a malformation complex comprising absent vagina and absent or rudimentary uterus. The aim of our study was to describe the type and frequency of anomalies associated with the MRKHA. Between 1975 and 2002, 25 patients with a diagnosis of MRKHA were identified at the Mayo Clinic. These ...
Upchurch Gilbert R GR - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine the morbidity and mortality of patients with acute thoracic aortic dissections who present primarily with abdominal pain. Nine hundred ninety-two patients (mean age, 62.1 years +/- 14.1; 68% male) encountered from 1996 to 2001 with acute thoracic aortic dissections from the International ...
Turgeman Yoav - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The incidence and clinical significance of immobile and 'frozen' posterior mitral leaflet (FPML) were evaluated in the pathophysiology and immediate outcome of patients with severe pliable mitral stenosis (MS) undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy (PBMC). METHODS: During the past four years, 30 'ideal' patients ...
Turgeman Yoav - - 2005
Early and mid-term results of repeat percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy (PBMC) were analyzed in 35 patients with symptomatic valvular restenosis: 12 patients (34%) after first successful PBMC and 23 patients (66%) after successful surgical closed mitral commissurotomy. Twenty-one patients had bilateral fused commissures, and 14 patients had unilateral or bilateral ...
Siemens Hans-Joachim G - - 2005
In patients with cerebral ischemia, a frequent finding is atheromatous plaques in the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. Since we were able to demonstrate that patients with atrial fibrillation have an increased coagulatory activity, we wanted to evaluate a potential systemic activation of the coagulatory system in patients with ...
Lange C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the results following endovascular treatment of patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). DESIGN: Retrospective study based on the EUROSTAR registry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients included in the EUROSTAR registry with IAAA (n=52, 1.4%) were compared to those having aneurysms without aortic fibrosis (n=3613, 98.6%). The mean ...
Varma Raja - - 2005
Of 137 patients (mean age 63 years) who underwent hemodialysis for chronic renal failure, 65 (47%) had mitral valve calcium, mitral annular calcium, or aortic valve calcium. Thirty-eight of 65 patients (59%) who had valve calcium died at 3.5-year follow-up versus 21 of 72 patients (29%) who did not have ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2005
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are often used in preventing and treating heart failure due to regurgitant valve disease. The majority of patients with symptomatic rheumatic heart disease (RHD) have significant mitral stenosis (MS) and are denied ACEI therapy, because of the fear of hypotension in the presence of fixed obstruction. ...
El-Ahdab Fadi - - 2005
PURPOSE: Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacteremia and of native valve infective endocarditis. However, the risk of endocarditis in patients with a prosthetic valve who develop S. aureus bacteremia is unclear. The aim of this study was to define the risk of prosthetic valve endocarditis in patients with ...
O'Brien Mark F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This truly stentless porcine valve is composite, without Dacron, and implanted supra-annularly. Ten-year analysis with magnetic resonance imaging is presented. METHODS: From 1992 to 2002, 402 patients (mean 73.5 years) had aortic valve replacement. Associated procedures were required in 252 patients (63%). Serial echoes provided 1340 studies. Clinical follow-up ...
Sulafa Ali K M - - 2005
Left ventricular inlet/outlet ratio and percent left atrioventricular valve (AVV) guarded by the posterior leaflet are valuable for characterizing atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD). We performed these measurements echocardiographically in normal patients (n = 101), patients who had AVSD (n = 37), those who had isolated perimembranous inlet ventricular septal defect ...
Evangelista Arturo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The definition, prevalence, outcomes, and appropriate treatment strategies for acute intramural hematoma (IMH) continue to be debated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1010 patients with acute aortic syndromes who were enrolled in the International Registry of Aortic Dissection (IRAD) to delineate the prevalence, presentation, management, and outcomes of acute ...
Bajpai Minu - - 2005
PURPOSE: A significant number of children with posterior urethral valves (PUVs) have chronic renal failure due to tubulointerstitial damage. Activation of the renin-angiotensin system is known to inflict this injury. We investigated the role of plasma renin activity (PRA) in patients with PUVs and sought to establish a relationship between ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although thromboembolic events are the major complication of primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS), cardiac involvement is commonly present. Left atrial appendage (LAA) is recognized as an important source for thrombus formation and thromboembolism. The purpose of the study was to assess the structure and function of LAA with ...
Str?zecki Pawe? - - 2005
Cardiac valve calcification (VC) is a common finding in end-stage renal disease patients. It was shown recently that VC is an independent predictor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. In hemodialysis (HD) patients, VC was associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, but after adjusting for other cardiovascular ...
Harris Kevin M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CAB) with coexistent moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) have a significant mortality rate compared to patients without MR. The mortality rate is elevated both perioperatively (0%-12% mortality), as well as over a 1- and 2-year postoperative period (15%-25%). It is thought that ...
Bolotin Gil - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a devastating complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and a major cause for morbidity and mortality. Aortic manipulation, cannulation, and clamping during CABG may lead to release of atheromatous material from the ascending aorta, which may cause a CVA. This study assessed the ...
Ozkara Ahmet - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors herein report surgical experience with the aneurysms of sinus of Valsalva (SVA) complicated by coexisting pathologies. METHODS: Eight patients aged between 11 and 55 years underwent surgical repair of SVA. The aneurysms originated from the right coronary sinus in four patients, from the non-coronary sinus in four ...
Immer Franz F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Prompt diagnosis of subsequent dilatation of the dissected aorta is crucial to reduce late mortality in these patients. This study focuses on risk factors for dilatation of the aorta after type A aortic dissection (AADA) affecting a normal-sized or slightly dilated aorta. METHODS: Overall 531 CT scans were analysed. ...
Hsu Yung-Chu - - 2004
Aortic dissection, which typically manifests as sudden tearing or migratory pain, is a well-known medical emergency. However, in 5% of aortic dissection patients, there is no pain. In these patients, the diagnosis depends on the development of neurologic complications. After analyzing the initial symptoms of a series of patients with ...
Beckman Joshua A - - 2004
Morbidity and mortality from aortic dissection remain high despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. Simple markers to identify patients at high risk for non-aortic complications of dissection are lacking. We investigated the effect of renal insufficiency on the presentation, complications, and outcome of patients with acute aortic dissection. We evaluated ...
Shapira Nadiv - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of infective endocarditis is usually made on the basis of clinical and laboratory criteria and may be confirmed by histologic examination or culture of excised valves. We tried to determine the incidence and significance of inflammatory changes in valves excised during operations for reasons other than infective ...
Ma Li-Chuan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increased plasma endothelin-1 concentrations have been observed in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis. Endothelin-1 levels have never been investigated in patients with mitral stenosis and history of cerebral thromboembolism. METHODS: We measured plasma concentrations of endothelin-1 in the peripheral venous blood samples obtained from 20 patients with moderate to ...
Hager Alfred - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare images of the aorta obtained with helical CT (HCT) scanning and MRI for the follow-up of adults with coarctation of the aorta (CoA). DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Department of adult congenital heart disease in a tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 37 adults (age range, 16 ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the outcome of Contegra xenograft valved conduit (Contegra, Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, MN). METHODS: From April 1999 to December 2003, 67 patients with a mean age of 16.1 +/-15.0 years (2 months to 53 years) and a mean weight of 39.7 +/- 27.1 kg ...
Park Seung Woo SW Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
To evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with painless acute aortic dissection (AAD). For this study conducted from 1997 to 2001, we searched the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection to identify patients with painless AAD (group 1). Their clinical features and in-hospital events were compared with patients ...
Chittithavorn Voravit - - 2004
This retrospective study collected data from 11 patients who underwent TDTA' repair from February 1987 to June 2003, 10 patients were men (90.9%) and 1 was a woman (9.09%) with a mean age of 32 years. All patients had a blunt injury from a violent motor vehicle accident. None of ...
Roberts William C - - 2004
We weighed each cusp separately in 200 operatively excised stenotic congenitally bicuspid aortic valves. It was found in 152 patients (76%) that the cusps differed (by > 0.2 g) in weight and in 48 patients (24%) that the cusps were of similar (a < or = 0.2 g difference) weights. ...
Subbarao Kasturi S V K - - 2004
The management of a pregnant patient with mitral stenosis is a subject of debate with regards to the optimal type of treatment and the time of intervention. We performed trans-ventricular mitral commissurotomy (TVMC) either as an isolated procedure in the second trimester, or in combination with Cesarian section at term. ...
Fritzsche D - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether: 1. sound phenomena may be used to detect prosthetic valve dysfunction; 2. clinical and experimental data permit conclusions about alterations in the functional state of mechanical valves; 3. patients can record and pass on signals via Internet. METHODS: 1. We ...
Kabbani Sami S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is a dire need, especially in emergent societies, for a mitral substitute that does not require anticoagulation, and is not affected by early degeneration. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2003, 80 patients had successful mitral valve replacement with a pulmonary autograft. Fifty-five patients were female, and the mean age ...
Duval Xavier - - 2004
To describe characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in pacemaker (PM) recipients, including the annual incidence and exact localization of IE on PM leads, cardiac valves, or both, we prospectively analyzed 45 PM recipients from a group of 559 patients with definite IE who responded to a population-based survey conducted in ...
Suedkamp Michael - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) concentration may reflect hemolysis due to mechanical heart valve dysfunction. Thus, knowledge of LDH levels in patients with properly working prostheses is required. Because hemolysis parameters for the SJM Hemodynamic Plus (HP) and Regent series are currently not available, the purpose of our study ...
Weyde W - - 2004
AIM: Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney (ADPKD) present a number of vascular abnormalities, including cerebral aneurysms, heart valve lesions, coarctations of aorta and abdominal aortic aneurysms. The aim of our study was to investigate whether vascular abnormalities that occur in wrist vessels, make native arteriovenous fistula creation difficult in ...
Hiratsuka Ryoichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: High-intensity transient signals (HITS) can be detected by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) in patients carrying a mechanical prosthetic valve. The HITS counts and a frequency analysis were evaluated in patients with prosthetic valve obstruction in the aortic position. METHODS: Simultaneous echocardiographic, cineradiographic, and TCD evaluations for a St. Jude ...
Noordergraaf G J - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the capability of first responders to ensure an airway and ventilate the lungs of a patient employing a bag-valve device and two oxygen-driven resuscitators. METHODS: Prospective, controlled, blinded, single-centre clinical trial using a bag-valve device and one of two FR-300 devices, with 20 cmH2O working ...
Tripodi M F - - 2004
Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Streptococcus bovis endocarditis were prospectively studied among 199 patients with definite endocarditis. Thirty patients (15.1%) had S. bovis endocarditis. Compared with patients with non-S. bovis endocarditis, these 30 patients were older (mean age, 58.6+/-12.4 years vs. 46.0+/-17.0 years; P<.001) and had higher rates of bivalvular ...
Miyake Toshiharu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the incidence and timing of spontaneous closure (SC) of ventricular septal defect (VSD) using Doppler color flow mapping. METHODS: A total of 225 infants (mean age 30 days) were diagnosed with uncomplicated VSD: 31 (14%) subpulmonary VSD, 159 (70%) perimembranous, and 35 (16%) muscular. The patients ...
Reich David L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is commonly used during thoracic aortic surgery, and is initiated only after a sufficient degree of cerebral hypothermia is induced. The criteria for initiating DHCA vary among institutions: most centers use temperature criteria, some use electroencephalography, and a minority use jugular bulb oxyhemoglobin saturation ...
Reis Gilmar - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the impact of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in patients with known rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) in order to assess its safety, feasibility, and prognostic correlation to well-known clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: Noninvasive prognostic assessment of MS still represents an unresolved task in patients with clinically challenging ...
Nigro John J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Myxomatous mitral valve insufficiency is traditionally repaired by posterior leaflet quadrangular resection and reconstruction. A simplified repair technique without leaflet resection is described, and our initial experience is reviewed. METHODS: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with significant mitral regurgitation underwent repair since January 2000 by placement of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures between ...
Awai Kazuo - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of duration and rate of contrast material injection on aortic peak time and peak enhancement in an injection protocol in which the contrast material dose is adjusted according to patient weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-nine patients were randomly divided into three groups in ...
Hwang Mao-Sheng - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Discrete subaortic stenosis (DSS) is considered an acquired cardiac defect. However, its clinical course and pathogenesis have not been well defined. This study used echocardiography to investigate the natural history of DSS and identify the possible anatomic abnormalities leading to its development. METHODS: We reviewed the medical ...
Burns Edward R - - 2004
The diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) rests on evidence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia in the absence of disseminated intravascular coagulation and other known causes of thrombotic microangiopathy. Highly specific diagnostic tools such as serum levels of ADAMTS13 are not routinely available for immediate clinical diagnosis. The presence ...
Calafiore Antonio M. - - 2004
Abstract Background: Mitral valve (MV) surgery for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was proposed at the beginning of the 1990s, and its effectiveness has been confirmed by many studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term survival and the functional results of our experience with MV surgery for DCM. Methods: ...
Pereira Alberto M - - 2004
Cardiac involvement is common in acromegaly, but the prevalence of valvular abnormalities in patients with acromegaly has not been documented and is the topic of this study. In a prospective study design, 40 consecutive patients with acromegaly and 120 control subjects (matched for age, sex, hypertension, and left ventricular systolic ...
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