Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1258
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Radmehr Hassan - - 2006
Ebstein anomaly is the downward displacement and adherence of dysplastic septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets into the right ventricle, thereby dividing the ventricle into a so-called atrialized chamber and a functionally reduced right ventricle. We evaluated the early and mid-term results of primary repair of Ebstein anomaly in adult patients. ...
Zhou Wei - - 2006
Endovascular therapy is a less invasive alternative treatment for high-risk patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms. However, this technology alone is often not applicable to complex aneurysmal morphology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of hybrid strategies in high-risk patients who are otherwise unsuitable for endovascular therapy ...
Fagotti A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate GI symptoms in patients submitted to systematic para-aortic lymphadenectomy (PALN) and to compare them in a contemporary series of patients only submitted to systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLN). METHODS: A prospective study of 51 consecutive patients submitted to systematic (minimum number of aortic nodes removed > or =10) ...
Park Hyeun S - - 2006
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) was investigated in 276 outpatients at a university cardiology practice by tissue Doppler imaging of mitral valve annular velocity. The well-investigated parameters of mitral inflow were used as the standard. Using septal E/Ea ratios, 62 patients (22%) had no LVDD, 44 patients (16%) had mild ...
Atalar Enver - - 2006
Although the severity of valvular calcification is an important prognostic indicator, the cellular mechanisms of the calcification process are unknown. Osteopontin modulates inflammation and biomineralization, and increased osteopontin expression has been demonstrated in calcified degenerative or rheumatic cardiac valves. The present study evaluated soluble plasma osteopontin in 32 patients with ...
Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) is common in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and presence of SEC in left atrium (LA) is associated with a higher risk of thromboembolism. Recently, an increase in activation of platelets was demonstrated in patients with SEC raising the hypothesis that platelets are involved in ...
Roberts William Clifford - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The causes of aortic regurgitation (AR) severe enough to warrant aortic valve replacement (AVR) have received little attention in the last 20 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the causes of pure AR in 268 patients > 20 years of age having isolated AVR at Baylor University Medical Center ...
Feuchtner Gudrun M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Aortic valve calcification may be an independent risk factor for adverse clinical outcome. The study aim was to assess the predictive value of possible risk factors, including the severity of aortic valve calcification as quantified with 16-multislice computed tomography (MSCT) for adverse short-term clinical ...
Kantharia Bharat K - - 2006
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and electrical dyssynchrony has been shown to improve morbidity and mortality. Improvement in diastolic dysfunction may contribute to these results. In this retrospective study, the authors assessed the effect of CRT on the E/A ratio and mitral valve deceleration ...
Turgeman Yoav - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adult calcific aortic stenosis is a well-known clinical entity but its pathophysiology and cellular mechanism have yet to be defined. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is an association between the presence and severity of adult calcific aortic stenosis and Chlamydia pneumoniae seropositivity. METHODS: Forty adult patients (23 women, 17 ...
Gunduz Huseyin - - 2006
AIMS: Heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV) have been shown to be independent and powerful predictors of mortality in a specific group of cardiac patients. However, the predictive values of HRV alone is modest and information on HRV in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) has so ...
Ortlepp Jan R - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to evaluate the relationship between serum calcium levels and the degree of calcification found in stenotic aortic valves. METHODS: Using atomic absorption spectroscopy, the hydroxyapatite content of 228 excised human stenotic aortic valves was determined and expressed as a percentage ...
Feuchtner Gudrun M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates whether ECG-gated 16-MDCT coronary angiography provides a reliable imaging technique for detecting aortic regurgitation (AR). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We examined 71 patients prospectively with 16-MDCT angiography using retrospective ECG gating during the mid-to-end diastolic phase. A visible central valvular leakage area was considered as a diagnostic ...
Chan V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the composites of valve-related complications, namely reoperation, morbidity (defined as permanent neurologic or other functional impairment), and mortality, between bioprostheses and mechanical prostheses for aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Between 1982 and 1998, 2195 bioprostheses were implanted in 2179 patients and 980 mechanical prostheses ...
Ichihara Toshihiko - - 2006
Of 413 patients undergoing surgery for aortic valve disease, 42 were confirmed to have congenital bicuspid aortic valve. There were 24 males and 18 females, with a mean age of 54.9 +/- 14.6 years. The etiology of the surgical indications in patients with bicuspid valves were degeneration, rheumatic disease, and ...
Bezerra Lira-Filho Edgar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is no detailed description of thoracic aorta abnormalities assessed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients with Takayasu's arteritis (TA). We aimed to evaluate these features in a series of patients in the chronic stage of TA. METHODS: Fourteen patients (13 women, mean age 30 years) with inactive chronic ...
Erentug Vedat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Behcet's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease with a relapsing course. Behcet's disease affects many systems and causes hypercoagulability, and detection of an intracardiac mass in a Behcet patient should raise the question of an intracardiac thrombus. We analyzed our patients with Behcet's disease operated for valvular disease. METHODS: ...
Pitsis Antonis A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The Ross procedure is a safe alternative option for aortic valve replacement in selected patients. Here we present the medium-term results of our experience with this procedure. METHODS: Between December 1998 and January 2004, 21 patients (16 male, 5 female, mean age 42 years) underwent aortic valve replacement using ...
Crestanello Juan A JA Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2006
To analyze the effect of adjuvant perfusion techniques of the distal aorta on the outcome of traumatic thoracic aortic transections. From 1973 to 2004, 72 patients (mean age, 39 years) with thoracic aortic transections arrived alive at the emergency department. Nineteen patients arrived in extremis and underwent emergency operations, 42 ...
SS Danbauchi, MA Alhassan, ...
Background: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) symptomatology and presentation are said to be of questionable significance. Method: A prospective study of 10 patients with mitral valve prolapse seen at Ahmadu Bello University Hospital in two years. Result: There were six females and four males. Their ages ranged from 5 to 35 ...
van der Klaauw A A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Recent cross-sectional studies have documented an association between acromegaly and regurgitant valvular heart disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in prevalence of valvular heart disease in relation to the clinical activity, because the natural history of valvular changes in acromegaly is unknown. PATIENTS AND ...
Lawrie Gerald M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve repair of the anterior leaflet has been more difficult than at other sites. METHODS: Between February 1983 and June 2004, 607 mitral valve repairs were performed on one service. Of these, 410 patients had leaflet repair procedures: 152 were anterior leaflet repairs; isolated in 94, and combined ...
Cardis Brian M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with repaired coarctation of the aorta retain abnormal elastic properties of the aorta. It is not known whether patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome also manifest abnormal elastic properties after palliative surgery. The presence of such abnormalities may have important clinical implications as reduced aortic compliance might adversely ...
Yusuf Syed Wamique - - 2006
Endocarditis is uncommon in patients with cancer. The characteristics of culture-positive (CPE) and culture-negative endocarditis (CNE) in high-risk cancer patients are not known; therefore we sought to evaluate the disease characteristics in patients with endocarditis at a comprehensive cancer center. We retrospectively reviewed the transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal (TEE) echocardiograms ...
Ruttmann Elfriede - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether transvenous lead removal is safe and effective in patients with lead vegetations greater than 1 cm in size. METHODS: From 1991 to 2005, a total of 53 patients underwent pacemaker or ICD lead removal for vegetations. Transvenous lead removal using ...
Moon Marc R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify patient subgroups in which prosthesis-patient mismatch most influenced late survival. METHODS: Over a 12-year period, 1,400 consecutive patients underwent bioprosthetic (933 patients) or mechanical (467) aortic valve replacement. Prosthesis-patient mismatch was defined as prosthetic effective orifice area/body surface area less than ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study quantified the number of intraoperative microemboli in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery using selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) in comparison with those in patients undergoing ascending aortic replacement without circulatory arrest and SCP. METHODS: A transcranial Doppler monitoring of the medial cerebral artery was performed in 15 patients ...
Farmakis Dimitrios - - 2006
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like diffuse elastic tissue defects and hypercoagulability are two well-established features in beta-thalassemia, which play a key role in the development of a spectrum of collateral complications in these patients. We present here a middle-aged thalassemia intermedia patient with severe aortic stenosis caused by heavy calcification of the valve, ...
Puvimanasinghe John P A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at calculating and comparing the long-term outcomes of patients after aortic valve replacement with the Carpentier-Edwards bovine pericardial and porcine supraannular bioprostheses using microsimulation. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of eight studies on the Carpentier-Edwards pericardial valves (2,685 patients, 12,250 patient-years) and five studies on the ...
Maryam Esmaeilzadeh
The purpose of this study was to quantitate the degree of left-to-right shunt in patients with 2°ASD by PISA method in comparison with continuity equation. The PISA method has been used extensively in patients with valvular regurgitation and stenosis for quantitative measurement of regurgitant severity and valve area. But its ...
Ferrara Filippo - - 2006
The aim of the study was to verify the association between abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation, in relation to age. We studied the frequency of the MTHFR 677T allele in two groups of AAA patients, over and under 60 years. The first AAA group included 42 ...
Göksel Onur - - 2006
Abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery associated with a horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a serious technical challenge for the surgeon. We reviewed our experience with 127 patients electively operated on between 1990 and 2004 for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Pre- and perioperative medical, surgical, and radiologic data were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative diagnosis was ...
Andersen Tina S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cavitation has been claimed partly responsible for the increased risk of thromboembolic complications, hemolysis, and fatal valve failure seen in mechanical heart valve patients. In vivo studies have investigated cavitation using high-pass filtering of the high-frequency pressure fluctuations with the root mean square values as an assessment of intensities. ...
Fukujima Marcia Maiumi - - 2005
Cerebral embolism from cardiac source is an important cause of stroke, specially in patients younger than 45 years old. OBJECTIVE: To describe the transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) findings in young and non-young stroke patients without any prior evidence of cardiac source for cerebral embolism. METHOD: Transversal study: 523 patients (267 men ...
Norwood M G A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair are exposed to an ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which is in part mediated by complement activation. We investigated the role of the novel lectin pathway of complement during IRI in patients undergoing AAA repair. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective open infrarenal AAA repair had ...
Langiulli Michael - - 2005
We investigated in-hospital and long-term mortality in 16 patients with infective endocarditis and paravalvular abscess on a prosthetic valve (6 of whom underwent surgery) and in 12 patients with infective endocarditis and paravalvular abscess on a native valve (8 of whom underwent surgery). The only significant risk factor for in-hospital ...
Ogata Toru - - 2005
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are frequently familial. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of AAA among the siblings of AAA patients with that in the spouses' siblings. The siblings of 375 AAA patients and the siblings of the spouses of the AAA patients were included in ...
Lin Chia-Hsun - - 2005
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) with hypoproteinemia is an uncommon but serious complication of congestive heart failure. Reports of patients with PLE resulting from severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) caused by trauma are rare. A 66-year-old male diabetic patient had a chest contusion as a result of a road traffic accident, and one ...
Brunner Florian - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the rate of selected cardiac pathologies (conduction disorders, valve regurgitation and diastolic dysfunction) in patients with long-standing ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and compare the results with the prevalence in the normal population. A rheumatologic (structured questionnaire interview) and cardiac evaluation (resting electrocardiography and ...
Uusimaa Paavo - - 2006
Aortic valve lesions are often found in patients with rheumatic diseases, but their clinical significance has not been properly evaluated. In the present study, the echocardiographic files of the cardiology unit of the Oulu University Hospital were screened for a diagnosis of aortic insufficiency (AI). The aetiology of the valve ...
Fabri José J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few studies evaluated systemic arterial embolism after beginning of symptoms of infective endocarditis in a large series of patients. METHODS: We studied 629 patients with left-sided infective endocarditis, aged 37.9+/-17.3 years, 396(63%) men and 233(37%) women. Endocarditis occurred on native valves in 405(64.4%) patients and on prosthetic heart valves ...
Estrera Anthony L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The benefit of distal aortic perfusion and cerebrospinal fluid drainage over the "clamp and sew" technique during repairs of the descending thoracic aorta is still being debated. The purpose of this report is to analyze our experience with regard to neurologic deficit (paraplegia and paraparesis) and mortality using the ...
Finkelhor Robert S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many cardiac and infectious diseases have a seasonal incidence. It is not known whether similar variations exist for endocarditis. METHODS: As echocardiography plays a key role in diagnosing endocarditis, patients referred for echocardiography with suspected endocarditis from 1993 through 2001 were identified. The modified Duke criteria were used in ...
Anderson D J - - 2005
Enterococcal prosthetic valve infective endocarditis (PVE) is an incompletely understood disease. In the present study, patients with enterococcal PVE were compared to patients with enterococcal native valve endocarditis (NVE) and other types of PVE to determine differences in basic clinical characteristics and outcomes using a large multicenter, international database of ...
Tlaskal Tomas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse experience with repair of truncus arteriosus with interrupted aortic arch. METHODS: Between 1993 and 2004, eight consecutive patients underwent repair of truncus arteriosus with interrupted aortic arch. The median age was 6.5 days (range 1-85 days) and median weight was 3.2 ...
Fritzsche Dirk - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Depending on the individual risk profile of a patient, disturbances of the functional integrity of mechanical heart valve prostheses occur in up to 2.5% of patients each year. The early phase of prosthetic dysfunction (due to thrombus formation, tissue ingrowth or endocarditis) usually remains ...
Ishibashi Nobuyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Hemolysis after mitral valve repair is a rare occurrence, but is one of the complications leading to reoperation. Since 1999, mitral valve repair at the authors' institution has been performed using a prosthetic annuloplasty ring covered with autologous pericardium to prevent this complication. The ...
Ramakrishna G - - 2005
To describe the association between calcific retinal embolism (CRE) and cardiac valve stenosis. Retrospective chart review of patients with clinical criteria for CRE. 24 patients with CRE who underwent two dimensional echocardiography between 1976 and 1998. Nine patients (38%) had calcific valve stenosis, which was haemodynamically severe in five patients ...
Conti S - - 2005
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with high mortality in patients on oral anticoagulant treatment. The normalization of hemostatic balance usually requires slow-acting or risky treatments, such as vitamin K, fresh frozen plasma or prothrombin complex concentrates, which have narrow therapeutic windows particularly in cardiopathic patients like those with mechanical heart ...
Waller E Andrew EA Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Fl 32224, - - 2005
To Investigate the frequency of valvular heart disease in patients taking pergolide. The medical records of patients seen at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla, between 1998 and 2003 were searched electronically for the word pergolide and the presence of a 2-dimensional echocardiogram. Patients who had not taken pergolide before ...
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