Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1257
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Adunsky Abraham - - 2008
Aortic stenosis (AS) and hip fractures are unrarely seen in elderly patients. The decision whether to operate these patients or not remains difficult. The present study examined the characteristics of such patients and the possible interrelations with management and outcome. This retrospective chart review study was conducted in a tertiary ...
Moyssakis Ioannis - - 2007
PURPOSE: We evaluated the prevalence and progression of Libman-Sacks endocarditis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and any association between this valvulopathy and their clinical and laboratory characteristics. METHODS: Doppler echocardiography was performed in 342 consecutive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (297 females and 45 males). The clinical and laboratory ...
Soliman O I I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac involvement in mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) has been studied primarily in its most severe forms. Cardiac involvement, particularly left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, in the attenuated form of MPS I is less well known. METHODS: Cardiac function was prospectively investigated in 9 adult patients with ...
Ferrero Giovanni Battista - - 2007
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WS) is a rare multi-system genomic disorder, caused by 7q11.23 microdeletion with a prevalence of 1/7500-1/20,000 live births. Clinical phenotype includes typical facial dysmorphism (elfin face), mental retardation associated with a peculiar neuropsychological profile and congenital heart defects. We investigated 22 WS patients (mean age of 9.7 years, ...
Oztunç Funda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In this study we compared cardiothoracic ratio on chest radiography and left ventricular dimensions from echocardiography in patients with left heart valvular regurgitation. METHODS: The studied population consisted of 107 patients (55 male, 52 female) aged 7 to 25 years (11.6+/-4.7 years) with isolated mitral or aortic regurgitation. Chest ...
Demiroren Kaan - - 2007
Sydenham's chorea, the neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever, is the most common acquired chorea of childhood. In this retrospective study, the authors aim to present the clinical and laboratory findings of 65 Sydenham's chorea patients, followed up in a clinic over less than 7 years. The mean age at the ...
Macemon J B - - 2007
Purpose Patients undergoing heart valve replacement are usually given a choice of valve type, mechanical or tissue. Each of these broad valve types has basic advantages and disadvantages which are discussed with the patient pre-operatively, allowing them to make their decision. Post-operatively patients have a variety of experiences, related to ...
Shapira Yaron - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM of the study: Perivalvular leak (PVL) may have significant hemodynamic and/or hematological consequences, and re-do surgery is associated with considerable mortality and morbidity. Herein are reviewed the short-term results of percutaneous closure of PVLs using the Amplatzer occluder. METHODS: Eleven patients (five males, six females; mean age ...
Lo Chung-Yu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Damage of tricuspid valve (TV) with resultant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) induced by endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) following heart transplantation has been reported in several studies. This study tried to determine the prevalence of EMB-related iatrogenic damage over tricuspid apparatus following orthotopic heart transplantation and to evaluate its impact on the ...
Badger S A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Mortality from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains high and has given impetus to screening. Targeted screening towards high-risk groups would increase efficacy. Relatives of previous AAA patients have been suggested as one such group. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence of AAA in ...
Taçoy Gülten - - 2007
Metoprolol is widely used to eliminate symptoms in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), a condition associated with enhanced sympathetic tone. In this study, effects of metoprolol on heart rate variability (HRV) indices were investigated in symptomatic patients with MVP. Thirty-nine symptomatic patients with MVP (26 women, mean age 26 ...
Lopes Sérgio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perioperative and long-term results of complex prosthetic valve endocarditis treated by allograft aortic root replacement. METHODS: From April 1988 through February 2006, 41 patients diagnosed as prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) complicated by root abscess and/or periprosthetic leak, underwent fresh allograft valve replacement by root replacement. There were ...
Tekin Abdullah - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (RMVS) is associated with an increase in markers of endothelial dysfunction. It is not known whether this association indicates an impairment of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the vascular endothelium. Thirty patients with RMVS and 30 healthy subjects were studied. FMD in ...
Cardona Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A post-streptococcal autoimmune mechanism, similar to that of rheumatic fever or Sydenham's chorea, has been hypothesized in some cases of neuropsychiatric disorder (tics and/or obsessive-compulsive disorders). A few studies on the involvement of other organs, outside the central nervous system, have been performed in these patients. AIM: To evaluate ...
Nakano K - - 2007
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, an important pathogen in periodontitis, has also been detected in cardiovascular tissues. Sixty heart valves were collected during valve replacement surgery from 60 patients (one from each), 10 were from patients with infective endocarditis (IE group) and 50 were from patients with other valvular diseases (non-IE group). In ...
Schwartz Ida V D - - 2007
AIM: This study aims to assess the clinical features of 77 South American patients (73 Brazilian) with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II). METHODS: Details of the patients and their disease manifestations were obtained from a review of medical records, interviews with the patients and/or their families, and physical examination of ...
Bhudia Sunil K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Among patients undergoing aortic valve surgery for chronic aortic regurgitation (AR), we sought to: 1) compare survival among those with and without severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVD); 2) identify risk factors for death, including LVD and date of operation; and 3) estimate contemporary risk for cardiomyopathic patients. BACKGROUND: Patients ...
De Caro Enrico - - 2007
Hypertension at rest or during effort is not uncommon in patients with aortic coarctation (CoA), even those with a successful repair or mild degree of obstruction. Anatomic factors and functional abnormalities have been proposed as causes of this finding. Recently, aortic arch geometry was reported in association with hypertension at ...
Pastores Gregory M - - 2007
A global, observational disease registry has been established to characterize the course of disease and track clinical outcomes in patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS I), a rare and treatable lysosomal storage disorder. This report outlines procedures for data collection and presents the recommended minimum schedule of assessments that comprise ...
Lanzarini Luca - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of aortic disease, including dilatation of the proximal aorta, is higher in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) compared with healthy female control subjects, but there are no data regarding the prospective evaluation of aortic dimensions in this syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the: (1) ...
Kiliç Ayşe - - 2007
This study investigated the association between cardiac and neurologic findings and the long-term prognosis in Sydenham chorea. A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted with 40 patients between 1991 and 2004. Their age, gender, clinical findings, severity of disease, presence of carditis, and neurological findings were evaluated. Patients were predominantly female ...
Hoornweg L L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate anatomical suitability and application rate for endovascular repair of patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). METHODS: The Amsterdam Acute Aneurysm trial is a multicenter randomised trial comparing open with endovascular treatment in patients with a RAAA (International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) 66212637). Between ...
Sikorski Christian W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Shunt valve resistance changes using a specialized magnetic programming device permit noninvasive changes to cerebrospinal fluid drainage. In selected cases between 2001 and 2005, patients and families used shunt valve programming devices at home. This study examines the safety and efficacy of this practice. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective ...
Fritzsche Dirk - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After heart valve replacement, patients are at risk of complications that are linked to irregular oral anticoagulation therapy. Depending on the type and position of the valve, the complication rate is 3% to 6% per patient-year. This study presents clinical results of a device enabling early detection of prosthetic ...
Corral Iñigo - - 2007
Neurological complications (NCs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with infectious endocarditis (IE). The frequency of these complications has been found to remain constant since the preantibiotic era despite profound epidemiological changes and therapeutic advances. We have reviewed retrospectively all the cases of IE attended at ...
Zanettini Renzo - - 2007
Ergot-derived dopamine receptor agonists, often used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, have been associated with an increased risk of valvular heart disease. We performed an echocardiographic prevalence study in 155 patients taking dopamine agonists for Parkinson's disease (pergolide, 64 patients; cabergoline, 49; and non-ergot-derived dopamine agonists, 42) and 90 ...
Orłowska-Baranowska Ewa - - 2007
Aortic stenosis is a form of valvular heart disease that is bound to be seen more and more often by healthcare professionals in the coming years. This is due to the increasing life expectancy and the increasing rate of incidental echocardiographic diagnosis in asymptomatic patients. No effective drug treatment for ...
Seeburger Joerg - - 2007
Mitral valve repair with Gore-Tex (W.L. Gore & Assoc, Inc, Flagstaff, AZ) neochordae is of increasing interest. In 2000, the loop technique using premeasured Gore-Tex neochordae was introduced by our group. Herein, we report our experience with this technique in minimally invasive mitral valve repair (MVR) for degenerative disease. Between ...
Kazi R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess valved speech and related issues in total laryngectomy patients with the help of the validated Voice Prosthesis Questionnaire (VPQ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 61 patients who had undergone a surgical voice restoration with a valve following total laryngectomy and who were sent the ...
Nashmi A - - 2007
To describe the pattern of infective endocarditis in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, a retrospective review was made of all cases admitted between 1993 and 2003. Of 47 patients, a native valve was involved in 37 (78.7%) and a prosthetic valve in 10 (21.3%). Predisposing cardiac conditions were ...
Yüceer Nurullah - - 2007
We present our experience with the treatment of 13 patients with Dandy-Walker syndrome. The common presenting symptom and associated central nervous system anomaly were enlargement of head and occipital encephalocele, respectively. Eleven out of 13 patients were treated surgically after stabilization of systemic medical status. Two patients could not be ...
Lalani Tahaniyat - - 2007
Propionibacterium species are occasionally associated with serious systemic infections such as infective endocarditis. In this study, we examined the clinical features, complications and outcome of 15 patients with Propionibacterium endocarditis using the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Merged Database (ICE-MD) and Prospective Cohort Study (ICE-PCS), and compared the results to 28 ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2007
We describe a patient who developed right basal ganglion stroke and partial obstruction of St. Jude mitral valve prosthesis as a result of treatment failure with enoxaparin. The patient did not develop the embolic complication from the thrombosis until almost 4 months after the bridging sequence with low molecular weight ...
Nakka Prathyusha - - 2007
AIM: To audit advice regarding the hereditary nature of aneurysm disease offered to patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a New Zealand teaching hospital (Christchurch Public Hospital). METHOD: In a retrospective audit, the documentation of information and advice given to patients regarding the hereditary nature of AAA disease was reviewed. ...
Rizza Antonio - - 2007
Traditionally, in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) a successful mitral valve repair is considered when residual MR by post-pump transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is less than moderate or absent. Little is known about the prognostic value of less than moderate (mild or mild-to-moderate) residual MR for the early outcome of patients ...
Caldas Alvaro M - - 2007
AIM: Our aim was to perform a comparative, quantitative and qualitative, analysis of valvar echocardiographic findings in patients with acute rheumatic fever, with or without clinical manifestations of carditis, as compared to healthy controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed cross-sectional Doppler echocardiographic images of 31 patients with acute rheumatic fever ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The natural history and management of patients with systolic anterior motion after mitral valve repair are uncertain. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review and survey follow-up of all patients in whom systolic anterior motion developed intraoperatively after mitral valve repair. RESULTS: From January 1993 to December 2002, mitral ...
Pacini D - - 2006
AIM: Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP) is gaining widespread popularity in aortic arch surgery because it has been demonstrated to be an optimal technique of cerebral protection. This study demonstrates the clinical results of aortic arch repair with ASCP. METHODS: Between November 1996 and September 2004, 250 patients underwent thoracic ...
Chiappini Bruno - - 2007
We described our mid-term results in repairing prolapsing aortic cusps in 21 patients with aortic regurgitation and normal aortic root morphology. Aortic regurgitation was moderate-severe in five patients and severe in 16 patients. Prolapse involved the left cusp in four patients (19%), the right cusp in 10 patients (47%) and ...
Peidro Roberto - - 2007
AIMS: To determine the safety of exercise testing (ET) in patients with moderate or severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AAS) and its accuracy to predict the need for surgery and mortality. METHODS: 106 consecutive patients with AAS performed a maximal ET. RESULTS: Follow-up [10.7 (4.9-19.4) months (percentile 25-75)] was completed in ...
Eroglu Ayse Guler - - 2006
We investigated the morphology of the stenotic aortic valve, the progression of the stenosis, and the onset and progression of aortic regurgitation (AR) in patients with congenital aortic valvular stenosis (AVS). The medical records of 278 patients with AVS were reviewed, with the patients with concomitant lesions besides AR excluded. ...
Eroglu Ayse Guler - - 2006
This study evaluates the course of supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS)-associated right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction and the results of surgery in children. We reviewed the medical records of 24 patients diagnosed with SVAS at initial echocardiographic examination or during the following period of RVOT obstruction. Very mild SVAS was ...
Muntner Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in haemodialysis patients and is associated with cardiovascular outcomes. Though cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is accurate, it is not widely available. METHODS: We developed a cardiovascular calcification index (CCI) to predict the presence of CAC for haemodialysis patients using simple in-office techniques. ...
Panamonta Manat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The evolution of valve damage during a recurrence, in a patient who did not have apparent carditis in the initial attack of Sydenham's chorea, has been a subject of debate. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with an initial episode of acute rheumatic fever and Sydenham's chorea (3 patients with subclinical mitral ...
Miraldi Fabio - - 2007
We compared two bovine pericardium prostheses (Sorin Freedom versus Carpentier-Edwards Perimount) in patients with small aortic annulus, randomizing 80 patients affected by prevalent aortic stenosis and studying the residual gradient, the effective orifice area, the left ventricular mass regression and the ventricular function to evaluate the cost-benefit in terms of ...
Kuduvalli Manoj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The follow-up data for the Alfieri edge-to-edge technique of mitral valve repair is still a matter of interest. We describe the medium-term results of a single surgeon's practice with clinical and echocardiographic follow-up. METHODS: Between October 1998 and July 2003, 41 patients underwent the Alfieri repair. Mean age of ...
Salam Mamdouh A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Antenatal treatment of obstructive uropathy, although widely performed, remains controversial. This study evaluated the long-term outcome of managing patients with posterior urethral valves (PUV), highlighting the effect of antenatal vesicoamniotic shunt placement for patients who underwent fetal surgery. METHODS: The medical records of 58 patients with PUV ...
Demirag Mustafa Kemal - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: We have reported the short- and long-term results of mitral valve replacement in this article. METHODS: Mitral valve replacement was conducted in 276 patients in our clinic between January 1989 and March 2005. The youngest patient was 4 years old and the oldest patient ...
Sier M F - - 2006
AIM: In the literature, the behavior of the aneurysm sac after endovascular grafting has been the subject of significant speculation. It has been suggested that shrinkage of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is different for various endografts. This study was undertaken to evaluate endograft-specific differences in aneurysm sac shrinkage and ...
Radmehr Hassan - - 2006
Ebstein anomaly is the downward displacement and adherence of dysplastic septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets into the right ventricle, thereby dividing the ventricle into a so-called atrialized chamber and a functionally reduced right ventricle. We evaluated the early and mid-term results of primary repair of Ebstein anomaly in adult patients. ...
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