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Matsumura Yoshiki - - 2010
Moderate functional mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) is often left unaddressed at the time of aortic valve replacement (AVR) because it is expected to decrease after AVR. However, some patients have persistent moderate MR after AVR. We sought to determine the preoperative echocardiographic predictor for ...
Vohra Hunaid A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting reoperation after primary biventricular atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) repair. METHODS: Between April 1997 and April 2007, 93 consecutive patients underwent surgery for biventricular correction of AVSD with a median age of 5.8 months (range, 9 days to 68.9 ...
David Tirone E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study examined the long-term durability of the Hancock II bioprosthesis (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) in the aortic position. METHODS: From 1982 to 2004, 1134 patients underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with Hancock II bioprosthesis and were prospectively monitored. Mean patient age was 67 +/- 11 years; 202 patients were ...
Suradi Hussam - - 2010
Aortic stenosis valve area (AS AVA) using the continuity equation (CE AVA) has limitations. Thus anatomic assessment of AS AVA would be useful. AS AVA was measured using "live three-dimensional (3D)" echocardiography that is a two-dimensional (2D) display of a three-dimensionally acquired 2-3 cm thick pyramidal image. In 52 aortic ...
Dong Zhihui - - 2010
Stent graft-induced new entry (SINE), defined as the new tear caused by the stent graft and excluding those arising from natural disease progression or iatrogenic injury from the endovascular manipulation, has been increasingly observed after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B dissection in our center. SINE appears ...
Cueff Caroline - - 2011
Background Measurement of the degree of aortic valve calcification (AVC) using electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) is an accurate and complementary method to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for assessment of the severity of aortic stenosis (AS). Whether threshold values of AVC obtained with EBCT could be extrapolated to multislice computed tomography ...
Beeman Brian R - - 2010
While the significance of type II endoleaks (T2ELs) on the long-term outcome of endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) to repair abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is debatable, duplex ultrasonography (DU) parameters have been suggested to be predictive of their closure or persistence. The purpose of this study was to determine which, ...
Mannacio Vito Antonio - - 2011
Previous studies reported an association between chronic Helicobacter pylori infection and cardiovascular disease; however, controversy still exists regarding the presence of bacterial genomic material in atherosclerotic plaques. Currently, the genetic polymorphisms of H. pylori have been investigated and many virulence factors have been identified. No one has tried to associate ...
Pak Sang-Woo - - 2010
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly used as long-term therapy for end-stage heart failure patients. We compared the prevalence of aortic insufficiency (AI) after HeartMate II (HMII) vs HeartMate XVE (HMI) support and assessed the role of aortic root diameter and aortic valve opening in the development of AI. ...
Varadarajan Padmini - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Although tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is common in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR), its frequency, determinants and prognostic implications in those with severe MR and a normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) are not fully known. The study aim was to evaluate the risk factors ...
Badger S A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an established method of aortic aneurysm repair, in favourable anatomical configurations. It does however expose patients to radiation. The study aim was to determine if the aneurysm neck morphology influenced radiation exposure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All elective and emergency EVAR patients were identified. Elective ...
Buchner Stefan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recently, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has been shown to allow accurate visualisation and quantification of aortic valve disease. Although bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is relatively rare in the general population, the frequency is high in patients requiring valve surgery. The aim of the current study was to characterise ...
Zanettini Renzo - - 2011
In a previous echocardiographic prevalence study we reported a significant increase in the frequency of heart valve regurgitation in patients with Parkinson's disease taking the ergot-derived dopamine agonists pergolide and cabergoline versus controls. We followed-up our original cohort of patients to ascertain whether valvulopathy regressed after discontinuation of treatment and/or ...
Suradi Hussam - - 2010
Background: Aortic stenosis valve area (AS AVA) using the continuity equation (CE AVA) has limitations. Thus anatomic assessment of AS AVA would be useful. Method: AS AVA was measured using "live three-dimensional (3D)" echocardiography that is a two-dimensional (2D) display of a three-dimensionally acquired 2-3 cm thick pyramidal image. In ...
Tan Tricia - - 2010
Cabergoline is a highly effective medical treatment for patients with hyperprolactinaemia. There is an increased risk of valvular heart disease in patients receiving cabergoline for Parkinson's disease. This study examined whether cabergoline treatment of hyperprolactinaemia is associated with a greater prevalence of valvulopathy. Cross-sectional, two-dimensional echocardiographic study performed by a ...
Fotbolcu Hakan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Aortic stiffness, an early marker of arteriosclerosis, is associated with cardiovascular mortality. In this study, the aortic elastic properties of nondiabetic, normotensive NAFLD patients were evaluated. METHODS: Thirty-five patients ...
Jung Ji Yong - - 2010
An increase in aortic stiffness, as reflected by an increase in pulse wave velocity (PWV), is an important predictor of cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Decreased serum concentration of calcification inhibitor, such as fetuin-A, is inversely related to mortality in haemodialysis patients. Our aim is to investigate the factors associated ...
Chowdhury Nafees Uddin - - 2011
An objective assessment of speech would benefit the prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillectomy patients. This study aimed to establish a simple, objective evaluation of monosyllable /sa/ utterances in maxillectomy patients by using a psychoacoustic system typically used in industry. This study comprised two experiments. Experiment 1 involved analysis of the psychoacoustic ...
Sultan Fateh Ali Tipoo - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Right-sided valve abnormalities are less common than their left-sided counterparts. Furthermore, whilst organic rheumatic involvement of the tricuspid valve is not uncommon, it receives less attention than left-sided heart valves. An evidence-based systematic overview was carried out to assess the epidemiology, diagnosis and management ...
Collins R Thomas RT - - 2010
Williams syndrome (WS) is a multisystem congenital disorder affecting 1/8000 live births. Our objective was to review our experience with stenosis of the thoracic aorta (STA) in these patients. A retrospective review was undertaken of consecutive WS patients at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from January 1, 1980, through December ...
Sharma S K - - 2010
Access to hemodialysis is limited in Nepal due to geographical terrain and hemodialysis centers being mostly limited to major city. Therefore, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is likely to be a better option in Nepal. In 1998, CAPD was initiated in Nepal without success. High rate of peritonitis was cited for ...
Shrestha Bishwo M S - - 2010
The optimal choice of prosthesis for tricuspid valve (TV) replacement is yet to be determined. Partial replacement of the TV using a homograft atrioventricular valve might offer resistance to infection, good durability, and excellent functionality, in addition to avoiding prosthesis-related morbidity. We present 14 patients who underwent replacement of the ...
Tribouilloy Christophe - - 2010
To investigate the association between benfluorex use and organic restrictive mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients admitted to hospital for diagnostic work-up of MR of unclear aetiology. Among patients referred between 2003 and 2008 to our tertiary centre for diagnostic work-up of MR, we retrospectively identified 22 consecutive patients (65 +/- ...
Collins R Thomas RT - - 2010
Williams syndrome (WS) is a congenital disorder affecting the vascular, connective tissue, and central nervous systems of 1 in 8,000 live births. Previous reports have reported high frequencies of cardiovascular abnormalities (CVAs) in small numbers of patients with WS. A retrospective review was undertaken of patients with WS evaluated at ...
Franzen Olaf - - 2010
We sought to assess the feasibility of catheter-based mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system in high-surgical-risk patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) > or =grade 3+. MitraClip therapy was performed in 51 consecutive patients [73 +/- 10 years; 34 (67%) men] with symptomatic functional [n = 35 (69%)] or organic ...
SzymaƄski Piotr - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although the functional anatomy of mitral regurgitation has been thoroughly studied and is strongly predictive of postoperative outcome, the functional anatomy of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in patients with systemic right ventricles has not been described. METHODS: We measured the indices of tricuspid valve deformation, right ventricular remodeling and function, ...
Chopra Teena - - 2010
We report an uncommon but emerging fungal pathogen, Candida kefyr, as a causative agent of infective endocarditis in a patient with a known history of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. A 74-year-old woman with diabetes type II, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, presented with gross hematuria and abdominal pain. Computed tomography scan revealed a ...
Bharucha Tara - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to assess the ability of the multiplanar review modality of three-dimensional echocardiography to examine the dynamic morphology and the functional characteristics of malformed tricuspid valves in patients previously identified as having Ebstein's malformation. Based on these characteristics, we attempted to differentiate Ebstein's malformation from tricuspid valvar dysplasia. ...
Le Tourneau Thierry - - 2010
Multiple cardiac papillary fibroelastomas (PFEs) are thought to account for less than 10% of patients with PFE. We aimed at evaluating the frequency and location of multiple PFEs and the reliability of transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal (TEE) echocardiography in diagnosing multiple PFEs. Twenty-six consecutive patients (52±14 years, 65% males) with ...
Lafeber M - - 2010
Cabergoline, a dopamine agonist used to treat hyperprolactinemia, is associated with an increased risk of fibrotic adverse reactions, e.g. cardiac valvular fibrosis, pleuropulmonary, and retroperitoneal fibrosis. This study evaluated the prevalence and risk of fibrotic adverse reactions during cabergoline therapy in hyperprolactinemic and acromegalic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted ...
Pardos-Gea J - - 2010
The evolution of valvular disease in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is barely known. In order to evaluate whether the presence or absence of valvular disease at the time of diagnosis of APS, assessed by an initial echocardiogram, predicts its subsequent evolution, we performed a prospective cohort study. We included 53 patients ...
Basta Giuseppina - - 2010
It has been suggested that atherosclerotic mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of aortic valve stenosis (AVS). We hypothesised that low levels of the soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) might be associated with AVS due to its clinical and pathological associations with atherosclerosis. We enrolled 75 consecutive patients ...
Koyalakonda Shiva Prasad - - 2010
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic necrotising vasculitis involving the respiratory and renal tracts. Dual valvular involvement in WG is uncommon. We describe a 52-year-old patient with aortic regurgitation and mitral stenosis due to WG requiring replacement of both valves. We also discuss a strategy for follow-up of asymptomatic WG ...
Nadir Abdul - - 2010
Ascites is a common clinical manifestation of advanced liver disease which can be managed with repeated large volume paracentesis. We sought to determine if continuous paracentesis via placement of an indwelling catheter for the management of ascites is safe and effective. We placed 38 peritoneal drainage catheters in 30 patients ...
Vallette Sophie - - 2010
Dopamine agonists (DAs) are the first-line therapy for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia, with cabergoline, an ergot-derived selective D(2)-receptor agonist, being the preferred and most widely used drug. Recent studies reported cardiac valve regurgitations in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with high doses of DA, raising concerns about the safety of ...
Honda Masataka - - 2010
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is the most serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD), with a mortality rate that exceeds 30%. There have been many reports of the incidence of EPS being strongly correlated to the duration of PD. Patients on PD for longer than 5 years, and especially those ...
Cetin Gurkan - - 2010
Myxomas are the most common benign tumors of the heart. This study presents single-institutional 22 years experience on cardiac myxomas. The records of 9756 consecutive cases of open heart surgery between 1985 and 2007 revealed 0.23% myxoma. Age ranged between 12 and 77 years and male to female ratio was ...
Barker Alex J - - 2010
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is often concomitant with aortic dilatation, aneurysm, and dissection. This valve lesion and its complications may affect positional and temporal wall shear stress (WSS), a parameter reported to regulate transcriptional events in vascular remodeling. Thus, this pilot study seeks to determine if the WSS in the ...
Del Pasqua Alessia - - 2009
AIMS: We investigated the prevalence, type, and course of congenital cardiac defects and systemic hypertension in our patients with Williams-Beuren-Beuren syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the clinical records of all patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome examined between 1981 and 2006. We identified 150 patients, aged from 7 months to 45 ...
Ing Steven W - - 2009
Valvular calcification may include a regulated process of active ossification; however, the determinants of ossification are unclear. The aim of this study was to identify subject and disease characteristics associated with valvular ossification among patients with calcified aortic valves. Medical records were reviewed for variables associated with aortic stenosis and ...
Chrissoheris Michael P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endocarditis complicating central venous catheter blood stream infection (CVC-BSI) is a serious complication and is being seen with increasing frequency. METHODS: All patients discharged from our institution with International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) codes of endocarditis and CVC-BSI were identified. The medical records of those meeting our inclusion criteria ...
Cejas Claudia - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient global amnesia (TGA) is the inability to retain new information and to recall past events during a period of minutes or hours. Its etiology is unclear, and flow disturbances in the mesial temporal lobes secondary to venous congestion have been proposed as a potential cause. Ultrasonographic ...
Hussain Abid - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of bidirectional Glenn shunt (BDG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases (AFICNIHD), Rawalpindi. METHODOLOGY: Thirty one patients underwent BDG without CPB between January 2006 to ...
Singh Preeti - - 2009
We studied 31 patients with prosthetic valves (PVs) using two-dimensional and three-dimensional transthorathic echocardiography (2DTTE and 3DTTE, respectively) in order to determine whether 3DTTE provides an incremental value on top of 2DTTE in the evaluation of these patients. With 3DTTE both leaflets of the St. Jude mechanical PV can be ...
Suri Rakesh M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) leads to progressive enlargement of left ventricular dimensions and, consequently, the mitral valve (MV) annulus. Data from animal and cadaver studies suggest that the mitral annulus may dilate asymmetrically in certain conditions, which may influence the choice of valve repair technique. Although it is generally ...
Oliver Jose Maria - - 2009
The actual incidence of ascending aorta complications (AACs) in adults with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and the role of associated coarctation of the aorta (COA) as an independent risk factor for AACs remain unknown. From the Adult Congenital Heart Disease database at La Paz Hospital, 631 patients in whom a ...
Cripe Linda H - - 2009
We report replacement of the aortic valve in a patient aged 9 years with mucolipidosis III and severe aortic insufficiency. Histopathology demonstrated abnormalities of the matrix and lysosomal inclusion bodies. As life expectancy increases for patients with lysosomal storage disorders, approaches to intervention for valvar disease become increasingly important.
Roberts William Clifford - - 2009
No large studies of cardiovascular syphilis at necropsy have been reported since 1964. We examined at necropsy 90 patients who had characteristic morphologic findings of syphilitic aortitis. None had ever undergone cardiovascular surgery. With the exception of 2 cases seen more recently, the hearts and aortas of the 90 patients ...
Dumesnil Jean G - - 2010
Paradoxical low flow, low gradient, severe aortic stenosis (AS) despite preserved ejection fraction is a recently described clinical entity whereby patients with severe AS on the basis of aortic valve area have a lower than expected gradient in relation to generally accepted values. This mode of presentation of severe AS ...
Bissessor Naylin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Complex heart valve disease constitutes both mixed and multiple valve pathologies that coexist in a single heart. The chronicity of complex valve disease results in a slow decline in functional capacity. Currently, very few data exist relating to chronic complex valve disease. The clinical ...
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