Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1258
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Shively B K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Valve regurgitation has been associated with dexfenfluramine, but its prevalence and severity are uncertain. Additional factors that may contribute to valve regurgitation in patients exposed to this drug are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiography was performed on subjects recruited from 26 prescribing sites in 15 states. The total ...
Marui A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of type B acute aortic dissection without complications, better results are obtained if surgery is performed before enlargement of the aorta in patients who are predicted to show aortic enlargement and if drug-based treatment is continued for patients who are predicted to show no enlargement. The ...
Nygaard H - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: When mechanical heart valves close, they generate an impulse that is transmitted to the patient's inner ear by two routes: (i) As acoustically transmitted sound waves; and (ii) as vibrations transmitted through bones and vessels. The aim of this study was to quantitate what ...
Bowles B J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of the antirefluxing, mucosal-flap valve (AMFV) for biliary drainage relative to technical feasibility, surgical complications, and incidence of ascending cholangitis (AC). METHODS: Twenty-seven infants requiring biliary tract reconstruction underwent valve construction. Twenty biliary atresia (BA) patients received the Kasai ...
Elevli M - - 1999
Sydenham's chorea is often encountered in pure form, but it may also occur in association with carditis. Recently, it has been reported that silent, mild valvular regurgitation has been encountered in patients with rheumatic fever manifested by isolated polyarthritis and pure chorea. We studied 22 children with Sydenham's chorea to ...
Ohye R G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Aortic valve atresia or hypoplasia can present with a ventricular septal defect and a normal mitral valve and left ventricle. These patients may be suitable for biventricular repair, although the optimal initial management strategy remains unknown. METHODS: From January 1991 through March 1999, 20 patients with aortic atresia or ...
Schoof P H - - 1999
This study aimed to identify and characterize patients who developed prosthetic dehiscence after aortic valve replacement with the Freestyle Stentless bioprosthesis. Review of patients' records and preoperative echocardiogram was performed. Prosthetic dehiscence developed in 10 patients after 2.5 to 49 months (mean 19). Most patients were symptomatic at presentation. Nine ...
Petracek M R - - 1999
One of the contraindications for a stentless aortic valve is dilation of the aorta such that the sinotubular ridge is more than 2 mm larger than the annulus. Since May of 1994, 134 patients have had their aortic valve replaced with St Jude Toronto SPV valves; of these, 38 patients ...
Gemer O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hydronephrosis in patients with genital prolapse and evaluate contributing factors. METHODS: Retrospective study of the records of 189 patients with pelvic organ prolapse who underwent preoperative renal imaging studies. RESULTS: Of the 189 patients 31 (17.4%) had hydronephrosis; in 20 (10.6%) patients the hydronephrosis ...
Choudhary S K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary autograft is being increasingly used to replace the diseased aortic valve with excellent long-term results, its use in the population with rheumatic disease still needs careful evaluation. Patients and methods: From October 1993 through March 1998, 102 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with a pulmonary autograft (Ross ...
De Carlo M - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Small-sized prostheses may be associated with high transprosthetic gradients, particularly in patients with a body surface area (BSA) >1.70m2, affecting left ventricular mass regression, symptom improvement and long-term survival. However, the influence of such gradients on exercise tolerance has not been clearly defined. The ...
Kalra G S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure is an accepted mode of treatment in selected cases of congenital heart disease. Lately, this technology has been applied to closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed percutaneous transcatheter closure of VSD in 30 patients. The location of VSD was perimembranous in 28 ...
Frias P A - - 1999
The incidence of significant valvar insufficiency at late (<6 month) follow-up was retrospectively evaluated in 27 young patients (age 4. 0-18.0 years) undergoing 29 ablation procedures via the retrograde aortic approach for left-sided accessory connections in whom pre-ablation and post-ablation echocardiograms were available for review. Valvar insufficiency was graded using ...
Ryan D H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of cardiac valvular regurgitation demonstrated by echocardiography in patients who took appetite-suppressant medication for weight loss has been assessed at 5%-30%. We studied 86 patients who had echocardiograms before treatment with appetite suppressants to determine the incidence of new cases and to evaluate the clinical implication of ...
Bruce C J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients presenting with a presumed diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) have a fixed left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Recognition of this pathophysiologic abnormality is important in choosing therapy. METHODS: Of patients referred for treatment of HOCM, 4 had fixed LVOT obstruction. Clinical and echocardiographic ...
Yamashita N - - 1999
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to clarify the efficacy of the Codman Hakim programmable valve. Clinical data obtained in 179 patients with hydrocephalus or other intracranial fluid-accumulating diseases were analyzed. METHODS: Shunt placement operations were effective in 168 patients, approximately one half (50.6%) of whose devices required reprogramming ...
Groundstroem K W - - 1999
AIM: To perform late postoperative assessment of patients with ostium secundum defect. METHODS: We studied 45 patients 22+/-4 years after operation using clinical examination, transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography and electrocardiography. RESULTS: Patients operated on at </=24 years had normal exercise tolerance while 11/17 (65%) patients operated on at >24 years ...
Ismeno G - - 1999
Heart valve replacement with mechanical prosthesis is associated with mild intravascular hemolysis. In this study we evaluated the incidence of hemolysis in patients with different combinations of two mechanical valves. Between 1974 and 1996, 680 patients underwent mitral and aortic valve replacement with mechanical prostheses; we selected 90 patients, divided ...
Abdul-Hamid A R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Many older patients with severe aortic stenosis do not have valve replacement surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of older people with symptomatic aortic stenosis referred for specialist assessment and the reasons for non-referral. METHODS: Retrospective study of all patients over 75 attending the geriatric department of an English ...
Podolec P - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to evaluate the quality of life in patients after homograft or prosthetic aortic valve implantation. Evaluation was based on clinical and echocardiographic examinations, and on analysis of data from patient questionnaires. METHODS: Patients undergoing either homograft (HV, n = 220) ...
Jacavone J B - - 1999
In this collaborative project, the Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) worked with various members of the healthcare team using a clinical pathway group work process to implement changes in the nursing, medical, and respiratory care of cardiac surgery patients. The patient population (N = 598) comprised cardiac surgery patients undergoing coronary ...
Huminer D - - 1999
Although home intravenous antibiotic therapy (HIAT) is increasingly being used for various infectious diseases, outpatient treatment of infective endocarditis (IE) is still uncommon. Recently, the American Heart Association recommended outpatient treatment of endocarditis only for infections with streptococci that are highly susceptible to penicillin. Herein, the experience with HIAT in ...
De Simone R - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of color Doppler signals in patients with mitral regurgitation. BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional (2D) color Doppler has limited value in visualizing and quantifying asymmetric mitral regurgitation. Clinical studies on 3D reconstruction of Doppler signals in original ...
Rubay J E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The Ross operation, although more demanding, is now widely accepted as an alternative solution for aortic valve replacement in young adults and children. A review of our experience to assess the mid-term results with the Ross operation is presented. METHODS: From June 1991 through October 1997, 80 patients (mean ...
Rydberg A - - 1999
Abnormalities of the mitral valve (MV) or the tricuspid valve (TV) morphology and/or function in patients with functional single ventricle may result in early morbidity and death. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of contralateral atrioventricular valve (AVV) pathologies in mitral valve atresia (MA) and tricuspid ...
Coady M A - - 1999
HYPOTHESIS: To provide evidence that genetic factors contribute to the development of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) by demonstrating familial patterns of the disease. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We sought to identify familial patterns of TAA from a database of 598 patients evaluated or treated for ...
Ferrari E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to confirm the poor prognosis related to thoracic aortic plaques, in particular aortic debris, diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and to evaluate patients' prognosis as a function of the antithrombotic treatment. BACKGROUND: Aortic atheroma (AA) has been widely studied. However, it is still not known which ...
Cassada D C - - 1999
Congestive heart failure and septic embolism complicate the clinical course of patients with infective endocarditis (IE). This study reviews the clinical records of patients with systemic disease secondary to IE and stratifies their disease severity according to individual risk factors and medical, and surgical interventions. The hospital records of all ...
Mammo L - - 1999
Thromboembolism represents the most serious complication in patients with prosthetic heart valves, and causes significant mortality and morbidity. Many risk factors for the condition have been identified. However, many patients who have a therapeutic level of anticoagulation and no obvious risk factors develop thromboembolism. Factor V Leiden, found in 3-7% ...
Sim E K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: From 1986 to March 1997, 128 patients diagnosed to have doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects (VSD) were reviewed. Patients with aortic regurgitation (AR), and aortic valve (AV) deformity or a large left-to-right shunt across the VSD were offered operation. Forty-five patients (27 men, 18 women) agreed to surgical ...
Fornes P - - 1999
The objectives of this study were to examine quantitatively the histological changes in incompetent degenerative mitral valves obtained at surgery for mitral valve repair, and to determine whether Barlow's disease (BD) and fibroelastic deficiency (FED) can be distinguished by histology. The billowing mitral leaflet syndrome (or Barlow's disease) and FED ...
Gencbay M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There has been no consensus about the prevalence and mechanism of generation of microbubbles in mechanical prosthetic heart valves (PHV). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of microbubbles in PHV and their relation to serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied ...
Prêtre R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Repeat sternotomy for mitral valve surgery may be hazardous in some patients. A right thoracotomy avoids the densely scarred area beneath the sternum and provides adequate in-line exposure of the mitral valve. METHODS: Between 1994 and 1997, five patients were reoperated for a mitral valve or prosthesis dysfunction through ...
Sakakibara Y - - 1999
Four cases of lower extremity hematoma in patients undergoing anticoagulant therapy after heart valve replacement are herein reported, with special emphasis on the comparative diagnostic value of ultrasonography and computerized tomography. Although conservative management is sufficient for patients with no neurological impairment, needle aspiration after autolysis of the hematoma, which ...
Kudo T - - 1999
Anticoagulant therapy after cardiac valve replacement was evaluated retrospectively in 1,200 patients attending 8 cardiac surgery clinics in the Tokyo area as part of the Tokyo Area Study on Anticoagulation After Cardiac Valve Replacement Using PT-INR (TAS). A prospective trial is also in progress and will be reported later. The ...
Bürger T - - 1999
Objective evaluation of the management of patients with ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm in emergency situations has been described rarely. Fifty-two consecutive patients with ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm (mean age, 70.3 years; range, 56-89 years; SD 7.8) were admitted between January 1993 and March 1998. Emergency protocols, final reports, and follow-up ...
Gamra H - - 1999
Balloon mitral valvotomy (BMV) provides improvement in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with severe mitral stenosis. Its normalization, however, remains questionable. We evaluated PVR before, after BMV, and at follow-up in 37 patients who had a previous successful BMV. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 had 21 ...
Shoma A M - - 1999
PURPOSE: We assess the functional importance of a colorectal valve in patients with rectal urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 87 patients with an anal sphincter controlled bladder substitute was performed. Of these patients 42 had colorectal valves and 45 did not. Evaluation included serum chemistry studies ...
Lin S L - - 1999
Previous reports did not encourage balloon mitral commissurotomy (BMC) when left atrial (LA) thrombi were located beyond LA appendage. We hypothesize that LA thrombi may be resolved in some patients after anticoagulant therapy, and BMC can be performed subsequently. In the present study, we used transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to evaluate ...
Lubiszewska B - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to analyze predictive factors of long-term results after mechanical heart valve replacement in children. METHODS: Forty-four patients (19 males, 25 females; mean age 8.9+/-3.9 years, median 7.0 years, range: 1.3 to 15 years) underwent heart valve replacement with mechanical prostheses. ...
Sechi L A - - 1999
Although Streptococcus equinus has been isolated from the human bowel in an appreciable percentage of the adult general population, it has only rarely been described as a human pathogen. Our report describes the occurrence of S. equinus endocarditis in a patient who had no history of pre-existing heart disease, but ...
Koca V - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The detection of left atrial thrombus (LAT) is especially important in patients being evaluated for percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty and elective cardioversion for atrial fibrillation. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is widely used for this indication. This study was undertaken to validate the use of multiplane TEE ...
Sreenivas Kumar A - - 1998
We evaluated the influence of sub valvular pathology (SVP) on the immediate results and follow up events of Inoue Balloon Mitral Valvotomy (IBMY) in 206 patients with severe SVP (Group I) and compared their outcome with 206 age and sex matched patients selected from the rest of 619 patients having ...
Nighoghossian N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Native valve strands might be related to the acute stage of thrombosis or might suggest a long-term valvular change. We aimed to estimate changes in the strands in patients with stroke through a serial transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: A study was conducted among patients who were ...
McCredie R M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transseptal mitral valvotomy (PTMV) has been established as an alternative to surgery in the treatment of mitral stenosis. AIM: To review our experience in the first 200 attempted PTMV procedures in patients with mitral stenosis, and the short and medium term follow-up. METHODS: PTMV was attempted on 200 ...
Armstrong W F - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to define the range of clinical presentations, echocardiographic findings, and underlying final diagnoses in patients with clinically suspected acute aortic dissection. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was designed as a retrospective review of clinical and echocardiographic data in consecutive patients evaluated for clinically ...
Royse C - - 1998
Accurate detection of atheroma within the thoracic aorta is an important part of most stroke prevention strategies in cardiac surgery. The thoracic aorta was divided into six zones corresponding to sites of surgical manipulation. Zones 1-3, proximal, mid and distal ascending aorta, zones 4-5, proximal and distal arch and zone ...
Perchinsky M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was 3-fold: to compare the quality of life (QOL) in age- and sex-matched patients who received biological and mechanical prosthetic valves in isolated aortic valve replacement, to compare the QOL of patients with aortic valve replacement with the general population, and to compare patients ...
Portugese S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Several etiologies have been associated with the rupture of chordae tendineae. The leading causes are infective endocarditis, primary rupture, and the association with various connective tissue disorders. HYPOTHESIS: In order to define the attributes of these patients, a retrospective study was conducted that investigated the medical files of hospitalized ...
Tsukamoto M - - 1998
The issue of valve prosthesis-patient mismatch in small annular patients is still controversial. The hemodynamic function of bileaflet mechanical valves in the aortic position was examined using dobutamine-stress echocardiography. Forty-four patients were enrolled in the study and divided into 5 groups, according to prosthesis size, from 21 mm to 29 ...
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