Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1209
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Hörl Matthias P - - 2004
The majority of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are hypertensive. Drug therapy for hypertension in hemodialysis (HD) patients includes all classes of antihypertensive drugs, with the sole exception of diuretics. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers may decrease morbidity and mortality by reducing the mean arterial pressure ...
Sierra Cristina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An association between midlife blood pressure levels and late-life cognitive impairment has been reported. Hypertension is one of the most important factors related to the presence of cerebral white matter lesions, which is a prognostic factor for the development of cognitive impairment. Studies have shown a relationship between white ...
Saadeh Abdullah M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to look at the effect of age on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), left ventricular mass (LVM), QTc dispersion and Lown score of arrhythmia in patients with essential hypertension compared with normal healthy subjects. One hundred and fifteen (115) hypertensive patients (67 men, 48 women) ...
Kocaman Orhan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Endothelial dysfunction (ED) and intima-media thickness (IMT) are predictors for the development and progression of atherosclerosis. In the present study, ED and IMT were investigated in patients with ADPKD. METHODS: ...
Yaqub Sheraz S Division of Rheumatology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
Pulmonary hypertension is an extremely serious and potentially fatal disorder. Although pulmonary hypertension is a potential complication of connective tissue disease, it has been reported rarely in patients with dermatomyositis. Similarly, multiple myeloma is rare in patients with dermatomyositis. We describe a patient with severe pulmonary hypertension who also had ...
Julius Stevo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We report on a subanalysis of the effects of losartan and atenolol on cardiovascular events in black patients in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. BACKGROUND: The LIFE study compared losartan-based to atenolol-based therapy in 9,193 hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Overall, the ...
Avanzas Pablo - - 2004
We sought to assess the relation between circulating levels of inflammation markers, such as neopterin and C-reactive protein, and the development of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension but without obstructive coronary artery disease. We observed that patients who developed adverse events during follow-up had significantly higher neopterin levels ...
Hoefkens Mirjam F - - 2004
In a retrospective study, the characteristics of a group of patients (n = 9) with a postnatally expressed Crouzon syndrome were described. Although they do not always display the physical signs of craniosynostosis, such patients are highly at risk of developing symptoms secondary to multiple suture synostosis. By reviewing the ...
Omura Masao - - 2004
Secondary hypertension (SH) including endocrine hypertension has been reported to be uncommon. We estimated the prevalence of SH among hypertensive patients. We prospectively studied 1,020 hypertensive patients. As an initial screening, we measured plasma aldosterone concentration, plasma renin activity, serum cortisol concentration and plasma catecholamine concentration and conducted abdominal ultrasonography ...
Svensson P - - 2004
Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) constitute a subgroup of high-risk hypertensives, but controlled studies on 24-h blood pressure (BP) and diurnal variation of BP are lacking. This study was performed in order to test the hypothesis that office BP (OBP) may underestimate 24-h BP in PAD patients in comparison ...
Mikhail Ghada W - - 2004
AIM: The treatment of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension remains a challenge. We set out to investigate the use of sildenafil, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5, in patients with this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten patients (8 females, mean age 34.5+/-3.3 years) with pulmonary hypertension underwent right heart ...
García-Río Francisco - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The strength of the association between obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and systemic hypertension could be affected by methodologic problems in the definition of hypertension. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of white coat hypertension (WCH) in patients with OSAHS, and to analyze the characteristics of patients with OSASH ...
Yigla Mordechai - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unexplained pulmonary hypertension is assumed to occur mainly in young adults. OBJECTIVE: To describe the features of the disease in older patients and compare them to those in PHT patients of all ages. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective evaluation of the files of patients over 65 years of age ...
Yang Xi-li - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological features of the coronary artery visualized in angiography in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 203 patients (including 159 male and 44 female patients aged 29 to 75 years) with suspected coronary artery disease were studied during the period from November 1999 to November 2001. ...
Vuong P N - - 2004
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare non-atherosclerotic and non-inflammatory disease in the arterial system. The purpose of the study was a retrospective analysis of FMD in the renal artery. A total number of 102 patients (mean age: 36.9 years) who suffered from renovascular hypertension underwent a surgical therapy. The operative ...
Rollino C - - 2004
Hypertension is a common manifestation of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been described in patients with hypertension secondary to renal artery stenosis (RAS). Twenty-six patients with RAS and 25 patients with severe essential hypertension (diastolic blood pressure > 110 mmHg or > or = 3 hypertensive drugs) were ...
Avdalovic Mark - - 2004
Women who present with pulmonary hypertension during gestation have traditionally been persuaded to terminate their pregnancy. Historically, the mortality associated with this group is very high. Certain patients with a secondary cause of pulmonary hypertension are believed to share similar pathophysiology with primary pulmonary hypertension patients. Recently, new treatments have ...
Pontremoli Roberto - - 2004
BP levels per se may be an unreliable indicator of risk in the individual patient. In fact, the global cardiovascular profile, including the presence and degree of target organ damage, is a better predictor of future events and, therefore, should be used to choose both treatment and BP goals. However, ...
Dulai G S - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Watermelon stomach is a source of recurrent gastrointestinal hemorrhage and anemia. The aims of this study were to describe the endoscopic appearance and treatment outcomes in watermelon stomach patients with and without portal hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with watermelon stomach enrolled in a hemostasis ...
Miranda Maria Angelina C - - 2004
Portal hypertension is a frequent complication of chronic liver disease, detected not only in schistosomiasis, but also in cirrhosis of any etiology. Vascular alterations in the colonic mucosa are a potential source for acute or chronic bleeding and have been observed in patients with portal hypertension. The purpose of this ...
Gurbuz Ayse A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Pediatric Diseases Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2004
The aim of our study is to determine whether the serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level is helpful in the differential diagnosis and in the clinical management and follow-up of preeclampsia, superimposed preeclampsia, and chronic hypertension during the third trimester. Eighty hypertensive pregnant patients, who had been hospitalized, and 25 ...
Ogedengbe O K - - 2003
The case-notes and records of grandmultiparous patients delivered at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital between 1st January, 1994 and 31st December, 1996 were analysed. The incidence of grandmultiparity was 4.11%. There were no cases of extreme grandmultiparity. The mean age +/- SD was 33.26 +/- 1.8 years, and the mean ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2003
Erectile dysfunction (ED) often is caused by endothelial dysfunction and may be a sign that a patient has vascular disease elsewhere in the body. Risk factors for coronary artery disease such as lipid abnormalities, smoking, diabetes, and hypertension also are risk factors for ED. Oral therapy for ED, such as ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2003
Tadalafil is a potent, selective, reversible phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). Because some oral agents for ED have vasodilator properties, interaction studies were performed between tadalafil and commonly prescribed antihypertensive agents. In addition, cardiovascular safety assessments were made from a safety database of ...
Stowasser Michael - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Wide testing of the aldosterone : renin ratio among hypertensive individuals has revealed primary aldosteronism to be common, with most patients normokalaemic. Some investigators, however, have reported aldosterone-producing adenoma to be rare among patients so detected. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that differences among reported studies in the rate ...
Awadallah Samir - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study has investigated the association between haptoglobin (Hp) polymorphism and the occurrence of chronic renal failure (CRF) in Jordanians. METHODS: Blood specimens were collected from 159 patients with CRF resulting from various predisposing conditions and from 200 healthy unrelated controls. Hp phenotyping was conducted using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. ...
Ferdinand Keith C - - 2003
One of the current challenges in the treatment of hypertension is the variation in the incidence and morbidity among ethnic populations. For example, in the recent Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT), in which 35% of the patients were African American, the diuretic chlorthalidone was associated ...
Sangle S R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in the antiphospholipid (Hughes) syndrome (APS) and its cause is poorly understood. Anecdotal evidence suggests that renal artery stenosis (RAS) may be a relevant and treatable cause of hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of RAS in patients with APS and hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three ...
Prasad Narayan - - 2003
Leukoencephalopathy with severe hypertension is a recently described entity in nephrology, with only a few case reports to date in children. We prospectively studied 18 children with severe hypertension to evaluate the clinical features, severity, reversibility, and prognosis. All were subjected to clinical and biochemical tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ...
Arboix Adrià - - 2003
Lacunar infarcts in non-hypertensive patients have been scantly assessed. The objective of this study was to determine clinical features of lacunar infarct in patients without hypertension (n = 91) in comparison with characteristics of lacunar infarcts occurring in patients with hypertension (n = 283) collected from a prospective hospital-based stroke ...
Perakath B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension develops in 15-20% of patients with benign bile duct stricture. Hepaticojejunostomy in such patients is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Preliminary portosystemic shunting has been suggested to reduce intra-operative bleeding. We present our experience without preliminary shunting in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen consecutive cases ...
Chen Yi-Hao - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We attempted to review the clinical and fundus findings in patients with malignant hypertension (MHT). METHODS: Charts and fundus photographs of patients with malignant hypertensive retinopathy from 1995 to 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. Data of patients were included when their color fundus photographs revealed findings suggestive of malignant hypertension ...
Matsubara Koichi - - 2003
Hypertensives, in addition to requiring strict blood pressure control, need lipid management to prevent cardiovascular disease. To assess the current status of lipid management of hypertensives, we reviewed the profiles of 830 hypertensives. The quality of lipid management was assessed using the Japan Atherosclerosis Society (JAS) Guideline for Diagnosis and ...
Little Mark A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: It has become common practice to use a day-case based approach to identify from the population of hypertensive patients those with an identifiable cause. We aimed to prospectively identify 96 consecutive hypertensive patients undergoing an algorithmic investigation protocol based around two day case hospital attendances. METHODS: The overall diagnostic ...
Martin James N JN - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We compared maternal outcomes for patients with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) syndrome treated with or without high-dose corticosteroids to ameliorate maternal disease. STUDY DESIGN: An analysis of data for patients with HELLP syndrome (platelets, <or=100,000/microL; lactate dehydrogenase level, >or=600 IU/L; aspartate aminotransferase and/or alanine ...
Gondoni L A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To evaluate whether chronic treatment with beta-blockers influences resting energy expenditure (REE) and weight loss after a period of diet and physical activity in obese hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-eight obese hypertensive patients (24 males and 54 females) aged 53.7 +/- 11.1 years with mean BMI ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2003
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) has proved to be a powerful predisposing factor for cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. Recent placebo-controlled interventional trials such as the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP), the Systolic Hypertension in Europe (Syst-Eur), and the Systolic Hypertension in China (Syst-China) showed that the lowering of ...
Srock Kathleen - - 2003
Primary pulmonary hypertension is a disease that has become increasingly recognized in lupus patients. Pathologic findings from lupus patients usually do not differ from those who have idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. In recent years, intravenous vasodilator therapy has improved morbidity and mortality in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. In this case ...
Marcocci Claudio - - 2003
We investigated the long-term side-effects of orbital radiotherapy (OR) in 204 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), irradiated from 1972-1996 [44 by cobalt unit (CU) and 160 by linear accelerator (LA), mostly combined with glucocorticoids], with a 5- to 25-yr follow-up (median, 11 yr). Cataract was observed in 21 patients (10%) ...
Moreno J M - - 2003
Calcineurin inhibitors (CIs) cause substantial long-term morbidity and mortality among orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) among OLT patients with CI-related side effects. Thirty three adult patients, including 29 men and 4 women of mean age 57 years, ...
Wang Xiao-Ping - - 2003
The aim of this study was to explore and compare initial treatment effects of captopril (Tensiomin) and sodium dimercaptosulphonate (DMPS) on a relatively large series of Wilson's disease inpatients. Two important markers of anticopper efficacy: serum sulphydryl and 24 h urinary copper levels in the patients were evaluated before and ...
Familoni O B OB Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, - - 2003
The objective of this study was to examine the ability of hypertensive patients to predict correctly when their blood pressure (BP) was elevated, and the symptoms they felt when such changes occurred. We also sought to determine whether literacy levels or the number of years that a patient had been ...
Mosso Lorena - - 2003
Recent studies in hypertensive populations that have used the serum aldosterone (SA) to plasma renin activity (PRA) ratio as a screening test have demonstrated a high prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA). This frequency is higher than that previously described when hypokalemia was used as a screening tool. However, other factors, ...
Fieldston Evan - - 2003
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is an inflammatory disease of the aorta and its branches. Delay in diagnosis is a common problem for adults and children. Although early manifestations are nonspecific (i.e., malaise, fever, anorexia, weight loss, myalgia, arthralgia/arthritis, elevated acute phase reactants), the clinical features that lead to diagnosis often appear ...
Aramwit Pornanong - - 2003
Patient counseling has a significant effect on compliance with prescription regimens, prevent drug interactions and medication errors. This was a self-controlled experimental study to evaluate the effect of patient counseling on blood pressure control in out-patients with hypertension at Chulalongkorn Hospital. Systolic and diastolic pressure of randomly selected patients were ...
Boero R - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to assess the management of both hypertension and micro/macroalbuminuria in a cohort of type II diabetic patients. In the first 6 months of the year 2000, 5815 diabetic patients were identified through prescriptions for antidiabetic drugs in our sanitary district (191 568 inhabitants). In ...
Black Henry R - - 2003
The purpose of this paper is to review the role of doxazosin, a long-acting alpha(1)-blocker, as a component of combination therapy for patients with stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension and for patients with concomitant hypertension and hyperlipidemia or glucose intolerance. Recent studies that evaluated doxazosin as combination therapy in ...
Ferrazzani Sergio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine the outcome of cervical ripening with intracervical prostaglandin E2 (PEG2) in hypertensive and non-hypertensive high-risk pregnancies in terms of successful ripening, mode of delivery, time intercorring between ripening and the beginning of labor or parturition and, at least, duration of labor. METHODS: A total of 63 women ...
Tanabe Akiyo - - 2003
An increased plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) with decreased plasma renin activity (PRA) is the abnormal endocrine finding in primary aldosteronism (PA). However, it remains unknown whether this profile is universal when blood samples are obtained in a random manner. We retrospectively evaluated the renin/aldosterone profile in 71 patients with PA ...
Sin Don D - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for hypertension in the general population. Hypertension is, in turn, an important risk factor for the development and progression of congestive heart failure (CHF). Our objective was to determine whether OSA would be associated with elevated daytime BP in ...
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