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Results 251 - 300 of 1207
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Yeo Sang-Won - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prognostic factors in Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome (HZO). METHODS: A retrospective, institutional review board-approved study at a university-based hospital. A total of 81 patients consisting of 55 Bell's palsy patients and 26 HZO patients were enrolled in this study. The treatment consisted uniformly ...
Figueras Jaume - - 2007
PURPOSE: We investigated if the correlation between the amount of ST elevation (STE) and myocardial ischemia could be altered by variables such as hypertension or body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A 12-lead electrocardiogram and a technetium-99m tetrofosmin injection were performed during balloon coronary occlusion in 34 patients with single-vessel disease. ...
Holzgreve Heinrich - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tight blood pressure (BP) control is required to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of the first line combination perindopril/indapamide in hypertension in daily practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, observational trial, 1892 general practitioners in Germany recruited patients with hypertension ...
Moss Lori E - - 2006
With the increased use of atypical antipsychotic medication in the treatment of mood disorders, patients are increasingly experiencing side effects, such as obesity, insulin resistance, and the metabolic syndrome, which, in turn, increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension. Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) can be ...
Duchna Hans-Werner - - 2006
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with nitric oxide-mediated endothelial dysfunction and increased risk and prevalence of cardiovascular disease, namely, arterial hypertension. A substantial number of patients do not comply with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) treatment. These individuals have a persisting increased cardiovascular risk. Antihypertensive drugs have shown to ...
Alper Arnold B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a disorder that affects between 3% and 10% of all pregnancies. Progress in the understanding of the etiology (or etiologies) of this disorder has been impeded by the lack of suitable animal models of its early pathogenesis. Etiologic possibilities abound, and there are a number of considerations ...
Jain Manu - - 2006
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a devastating multisytemic autoimmune disease associated with widespread vascular damage. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) occurs in a significant proportion of patients and contributes to the morbidity and mortality that occurs in this disease. The recent development of specific therapies for the treatment of PAH mandates the ...
del Toro Mireia - - 2006
To report two unrelated patients with a new phenotype of nonketotic hyperglycinemia associated with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. Clinical findings included rapidly progressive neurological deterioration with onset in the first year of life characterized by developmental regression without seizures or electroencephalogram abnormalities during follow-up. Both patients died before the age of ...
Rossi Gian Paolo - - 2006
Primary aldosteronism (PA) has been associated with cardiovascular hypertrophy and fibrosis, in part independent of the blood pressure level, but deleterious effects on the kidneys are less clear. Likewise, it remains unknown if the kidney can be diversely involved in PA caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA). ...
Kim Jung-Sun - - 2007
C-reactive protein (CRP) has been known to be associated with vascular inflammation and hypertension. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) increases according to the degree of the arterial stiffness in hypertension patients. Therefore, PWV may be correlated with CRP levels in treated hypertensive patients, irrespective of medication. We sought to determine whether ...
Capussotti Lorenzo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In recent decades liver resection has become a safe procedure, mainly because of better patient selection. Despite this progress, however, outcomes of hepatectomy in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension are still uncertain. The aim of this study was to elucidate early and long-term outcomes of liver resection in these ...
Menchén Luis - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of portal hypertensive duodenopathy (PHD) in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, and to evaluate its relationship with clinical and haemodynamic parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Endoscopy reports and clinical history of 549 consecutive patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension were evaluated retrospectively. A diagnosis of ...
Ragot S - - 2006
High rates of uncontrolled hypertensives have been reported in France as well as in other countries, partly owing to an inadequate management of hypertension by clinicians. The objectives of the study were (1) to describe the therapeutic decisions faced by general practitioners (GP) in hypertensives not controlled by fixed-dose combination ...
Banik Rudrani - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chiari I malformation (CM) may be present pre-surgically in pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) patients. Whether inferior tonsillar displacement (ITD) is coincidental or linked to increased intracranial pressure is unclear. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of both CM and cerebellar ectopia (CE) (ITD below the foramen magnum > or ...
Nunes José Pedro L - - 2007
Sleep apnea may be associated to psychological symptoms and to increase use of antidepressant drugs. It is unknown if the use of benzodiazepines, psychoactive drugs with a depressant effect on the brain, is similar, in this regard, to antidepressant drugs use. Thirty patients with treated arterial hypertension and excessive weight ...
Kumar Bhushan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peyronie's disease is a localised connective tissue disorder that involves the tunica albuginea of the penis. Although long recognised as an important clinical entity of the male genitalia, the aetiology of this disease has remained poorly understood. METHODS: The epidemiology and clinical presentation of Peyronie's disease during a 10-year ...
Bendayan Daniele - - 2006
BACKGROUND: New drugs have significantly improved the prognosis and quality of life of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, PAH associated with autoimmune disease, particularly progressive sclerosis, remains a very serious problem. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the course of the disease and survival is significantly different in patients with PAH ...
Mattsson Cecilia - - 2006
Primary aldosteronism is caused by bilateral idiopathic hyperplasia in approximately two-thirds of cases and aldosterone-producing adenoma in one-third. Most patients with primary aldosteronism are normokalemic. In the clinical setting of normokalemic hypertension, patients who have resistant hypertension and hypertensive patients with a family history atypical for polygenic hypertension should be ...
Williams Eric M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of spironolactone on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases are well known, but translating these benefits into private practice can be difficult because of the drug's side-effect profile. HYPOTHESIS: When patients are monitored over the long term, spironolactone can be used safely with an acceptable side-effect profile. ...
Shibao Cyndya - - 2006
Supine hypertension is a common finding in patients with autonomic failure; it is associated with end-organ damage and produces nighttime pressure diuresis with worsening of orthostatic hypotension. During the daytime, it is best treated by avoiding the supine posture. At night, simple measures such as raising the head of the ...
Drager L F - - 2006
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes secondary hypertension. However, the reasons why the prevalence of hypertension among OSA patients varies widely (35-70%) are not clear. We sought to investigate the phenotypic characteristics of patients with and without hypertension among OSA patients who were matched for disease severity. We studied 152 OSA ...
Glasser Stephan P - - 2006
This study was undertaken to assess the safety and efficacy of a new long-acting formulation of diltiazem (DLA) (Cardizem LA; Biovail Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Bridgewater, NJ) in a large heterogeneous group of hypertensive patients, and to evaluate physician and patient treatment satisfaction. In this open-label, 30-day study, physicians enrolled patients with ...
Mori Hisao - - 2006
The importance of tight blood pressure (BP) control has been established. We performed cross-sectional studies on the current status of BP control and the prescription and efficacy of antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients in Japan. The data were also evaluated in subgroups with or without diabetes mellitus (DM) and in ...
Mittawae Bahgat - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED), its severity, and other sexual function domains in 800 Egyptian patients with hypertension. METHODS: All patients completed a detailed questionnaire addressing their general medical history, with special emphasis on hypertension (ie, duration of hypertension, type of antihypertensive treatment, compliance, and presence ...
Humbert Marc - - 2006
RATIONALE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an orphan disease for which the trend is for management in designated centers with multidisciplinary teams working in a shared-care approach. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and hemodynamic parameters and to provide estimates for the prevalence of patients diagnosed for PAH according to a standardized ...
Rana Surinder S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Portal hypertensive gastropathy and colopathy are well described endoscopic abnormalities in patients with portal hypertension. Endoscopic abnormalities in the ileum in patients with portal hypertension have not been well described. The aim of the present study was to evaluate endoscopic abnormalities in the ileum of patients with ...
GoĊ‚ebiewska M - - 2006
The cardiovascular system diseases constitute a serious problem for modern medicine. THE AIM: To investigate the potential risk and the connection of periodontal diseases and cardiovascular disorders. MATERIAL: The examination was performed in the group of 104 patients of both sexes, aged 50-90 years. The patients were divided into two ...
Moen Marit D - - 2006
Nebivolol is a third-generation beta-adrenoceptor antagonist. It differs from other beta-adrenoceptor antagonists as it combines highly selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist properties with nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatory actions and beneficial effects on endothelial function. Nebivolol is approved in Europe and several other countries for the treatment of essential hypertension and in Europe for ...
Petrák O - - 2006
The aim of our study was to evaluate potential differences in the concentration of biochemical markers of endothelial dysfunction between essential hypertension, endocrine hypertension (pheochromocytoma, primary hyperaldosteronism) and control healthy group and to assess a potential relationship between these markers of endothelial dysfunction and vasopressor substances overproduced in endocrine hypertension. ...
Soucek Miroslav - - 2006
AIM: To examine prevalence and control of the blood pressure (BP) in the general population and in a subgroup of individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) receiving primary care in the Czech Republic. METHODS: A total of 150 primary care physicians examined and recorded the data of 15 consecutive patients (aged ...
Wei Tie-Min - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate incidence and severity of anxiety symptoms in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey in 891 (432 females) hypertensive patients was conducted in a regional community. All patients were interviewed and detailed physical examination was performed. Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) was used to evaluate the severity ...
Khan Jehangir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a frequent medical problem occurring in patients with hypertension and other risk factors. The objective of this study was to find the frequency of hypertension as important risk factor in stroke patients presenting at Medical 'B' unit of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from November 2003 to January ...
Volk H D HD Institute for Medical Immunology, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. - - 2006
"Individualized therapy strategies" involve strategies that allow treatment to be guided by patient-specific conditions. For this, robust biomarkers are needed. Examples of biomarker-guided therapies already in use are the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes (biomarker: blood glucose level) or the treatment of hypertension (biomarker: blood pressure). By contrast, most immunomodulatory therapies ...
Conen David - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The administration of radiographic contrast agents is an important cause of acute renal failure. We hypothesised that hypertension is an independent risk factor for the development of contrast nephropathy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: 1383 consecutive patients scheduled for elective or emergency percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly ...
Chan L L - - 2005
In a patient-controlled study, the authors demonstrated a significantly higher prevalence of rostral ventrolateral medulla (VLM) compression in hypertensive patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) compared with age-, sex-, race-, disease duration-, and disease severity-matched normotensive patients with HFS (p = 0.02). Hypertensive HFS patients were more likely to have a ...
Nishizaka Mari K - - 2005
Recent evaluations indicate that primary aldosteronism (PA) is common in patients with hypertension. In patients with mild to moderate hypertension the prevalence of PA is 5% to 10%, whereas in subjects with resistant hypertension the prevalence is approximately 20%. As such, PA has become the most common secondary cause of ...
Mezaal M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nature and course of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in Dubai, UAE. METHODS: In a retrospective study the medical records of 50 patients with IIH were reviewed. All of them were diagnosed according to the Modified Dandy Criteria. RESULTS: There were 46 (92%) women. Mean age at ...
Chigogidze T - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the endothelium dependent FMD of the brachial artery in patients with LVDD. Endothelial function was assessed in 36 male patients (mean age 49+/-6 years) with LVDD due to CAD (22 patients) and essential hypertension (14 patients) as well as in 18 male ...
Tohme R A - - 2005
Hypertension is a well-known major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study has been designed to assess the prevalence of hypertension, its co-occurrence with other cardiovascular risk factors and its association with cardiovascular diseases in a representative sample of Lebanese population. A pretested questionnaire was administered to 2125 adults aged ...
Fagard R H - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to assess the prognostic significance of out-of-the-office blood pressure (BP) measurement in older patients in general practice, and to compare the results for BP measured in the office, at home and during 24-h ambulatory monitoring. All registerd patients who were 60 years or older ...
Chen K - - 2005
The objective of the study was to assess factors associated with treatment satisfaction among patients receiving antihypertensive therapy. A weighted cross-sectional online survey was conducted with hypertensive patients participating in a chronic disease panel in the US. Patients on monotherapy with medications from the following classes were identified: ACE inhibitors ...
Sullivan Janet - - 2005
To describe the varied presenting signs and symptoms in pediatric patients with pheochromocytoma, a retrospective chart review of the presenting signs and symptoms and subsequent clinical course of patients who presented to the Pediatric ICU following surgical excision of a pheochromocytoma was undertaken. The cohort of 7 patients (5 boys, ...
Vicario Augusto - - 2005
Hypertension is a risk factor for mild cognitive deterioration and vascular dementia. Cognitive deterioration attributable to normal aging was distinguished from cognitive deterioration related to hypertension by means of neuropsychologic tests. Sixty hypertensive patients, aged 65-80 years, were compared with 30 normotensive individuals. Patients with a history of stroke and/or ...
Vorgias George - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify if hypertension has a direct effect on endometrial pathology. Furthermore, we wanted to evaluate the effect of possible differences among the various antihypertensive drugs on the clinico-pathological findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 228 patients who underwent D&C at our tertiary cancer hospital were ...
Sondermeijer Brigitte - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Plasma levels of urotensin-II (U-II) have been found to be elevated in patients with essential hypertension. However, the consequence of activation of the U-II system have not been previously determined in these patients. We therefore compared the effect of exogenous U-II administration on vascular tone in hypertensive patients (n ...
Jinnin M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There have been no reports of patients with sclerosing panniculitis and systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of sclerosing panniculitis in patients with SSc, and to investigate the clinical features of such cases. METHODS: In total, 128 patients with SSc treated at our clinic were investigated retrospectively. ...
Stiefel Pablo - - 2005
Oxidative stress seems to play an important role in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension. Due to its antioxidant features, we studied the protective action of folic acid in hypertensive patients, their food supplemented for 2 weeks with this vitamin. Several oxidative stress parameters were measured in the serum of these ...
Kaibe Masaharu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-15 is one of the cytokines produced by neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages, and its expression is found immunohistochemically in inflammatory cells adjacent to vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. However, the influence of systemic IL-15 on cardiovascular disease is still unclear. Therefore, we designed clinical investigations to clarify the relationship between cardiovascular ...
Tamer Ismet - - 2005
The aim of this prospective cross-sectional study was to investigate the hypertrophic effects of endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism on myocardium and early development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in essential hypertensive patients accompanied by endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism. A total of 31 consecutive patients with stage I hypertension were included in the ...
Krijnen Pieta - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We previously developed a prediction rule to estimate the probability of renal artery stenosis. This rule should be validated before it can be used reliably to select hypertensive patients for renal angiography. We determined the validity of the prediction rule in recent patients and in other settings. DESIGN: We ...
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