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Results 201 - 250 of 1207
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Nwanjo, H. U.
Oxidative stress and non-enzymic antioxidant status in plasma of hypertensive patients in Nigeria were investigated. One hundred and fifty hypertensive patients (82 males and 68 females) age range 55 – 75 years visiting Federal Medical Centre, Owerri were selected for the study. Controls were 120 apparently healthy subjects (66 males ...
Ikeda Daisuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oral prostacyclin analogs can improve the prognosis of patients with mild to moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but because they often provoke adverse effects, such as flushing and dizziness, administering the optimal dose can be difficult. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, a novel long-acting oral beraprost (TRK-100STP: ...
Jaju Prashant P - - 2007
Hypertension, also called a 'silent killer,' is one of the most common medical problems seen in our profession. A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology to determine the incidence of the appearance of nutrient canals in the periapical radiographs of the mandibular anterior region ...
Flack John M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The persistent control of blood pressure (BP) to levels below current recommended levels is an important but often elusive goal for patients with hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of unmet needs in contemporary hypertension treatment. SUMMARY: The rationale for BP normalization is very persuasive. Incrementally higher BP levels ...
Tzanela M - - 2007
Incidentally discovered adrenal masses are diagnosed with increasing frequency, especially among patients with hypertension. Thus, a reliable screening test for primary hyperaldosteronism (PA) is essential to avoid unnecessary diagnostic procedures to this population. The aim of the present study is the evaluation of aldosterone to renin ratio (ARR), using plasma ...
Ferlitsch Arnulf - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest an association between 6-thioguanine (6-TG) therapy and hepatic nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). An influence of 6-TG on portal pressure remains to be determined. The aim of the study was to examine the functional relevance of long-term 6-TG treatment on ...
Consoli D - - 2007
Information on subcortical ischaemic changes (SIC) in young hypertensive patients is scarce. We evaluated the frequency of SIC at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the possible effect on cognition of these patients, and the role of plasma markers known as indicators of endothelial and haemostatic activation. Inclusion criteria were age <or=54 ...
Leotta G - - 2008
The level of blood pressure, the type of antihypertensive treatment and the prevalence of resistant hypertension at the first examination were evaluated in 6254 patients referred to a hospital Hypertension Unit from 1989 to 2003. From 1989-1993 to 1999-2003, we observed a reduced prevalence of grade 2 and grade 3 ...
Fasnacht Margrit Suzanne - - 2007
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Epidemiological data are scarce, particularly in the paediatric population. A registry was recently developed in order to collect epidemiological data on patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in Switzerland. This is the first description of the paediatric data. Paediatric ...
Vierhapper H - - 2007
To determine the prevalence of primary aldosteronism among patients with incidentally discovered adrenal adenomas ('incidentalomas') plasma concentrations of aldosterone (PA) and plasma renin activity (PRA) were determined in 269 patients (100 normotensives, 169 hypertensives) newly referred incidentaloma patients. Among the 100 normotensives a PA [ng/dl]/PRA [ng/ml.h]-ratio (A/R-R) >50 and a ...
Felicio Andre Carvalho - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compared the clinical features of 373 patients with primary and postparalytic hemifacial spasm (HFS). METHOD: Data analyzed were gender, ethnicity, age at symptom onset, disease duration, affected side, distribution of facial spasm at onset, hypertension, family history of HFS, previous history of facial palsy and latency between facial ...
Zeller Andreas - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, among hypertensive patients, a brief adherence self-report questionnaire (ASRQ), using electronic monitors (medical event monitoring system, MEMS) as the gold standard comparator. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A total of 239 patients with hypertension in five general practices in Bristol, UK completed the ASRQ before and at the ...
Wong Raymond Ching-Chiew - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Stroke-work loss (SWL) represents the amount of energy the left ventricle dissipates as heat because of outflow obstruction. Recent studies suggest that SWL > 25% was the most clinically efficient Doppler measure for predicting hemodynamic significance, symptomatic status, and outcome in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). However, SWL may ...
Coelho Graziela M - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of infants with antenatal hydronephrosis. Between May 1999 and June 2006, all patients diagnosed with isolated fetal renal pelvic dilatation (RPD) were prospectively followed. The events of interest were: presence of uropathy, need for surgical intervention, RPD resolution, urinary tract ...
MacDonald T M - - 2007
Few studies have investigated the presence of dyslipidaemia in hypertensive individuals. In addition, few data exist on the concurrent treatment of both conditions for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This retrospective cohort study examined treatment patterns for hypertension and dyslipidaemia among hypertensive patients in UK primary care. We defined ...
Hathial Manish - - 2007
Hypertension, a major cardiovascular disease risk factor, is increasing in India. Though several studies have studied the prevalence and causes of hypertension in India, only few have examined the control of blood pressure (BP) among people with hypertension. The I-Target survey was carried out to assess the extent of BP ...
Ofei F - - 2007
SummaryAlthough endocrine causes of secondary hypertension are relatively uncommon, medical practitioners must maintain a high index of suspicion for them in certain categories of patients. Such patients include young individuals, those with difficult-to-treat hypertension and those presenting with symptoms, clinical signs and/or laboratory parameters well-known to be associated with Cushing's ...
Bayazit Aysun K - - 2007
Renovascular disease accounts for 8-10% of all cases of paediatric hypertension, whereas, in adults, its incidence is approximately 1%. The Turkish Paediatric Hypertension Group aimed to create the first registry database for childhood renovascular hypertension in Turkey. Twenty of the 28 paediatric nephrology centres in Turkey responded to the survey ...
Motovska Zuzana - - 2007
To compare the newer inductor of platelet aggregation cationic propyl gallate (CPG) with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) for the examination of aspirin (ASA) effectivity with optical aggregometry. In total,116 patients were prospectively enrolled with a stable cardiovascular disease, taking ASA 100 mg/day for >or=1 month. The control group consisted of 62 ...
Cua C L - - 2007
Down syndrome (DS) patients have an increased risk of developing pulmonary hypertension later in life compared to age-matched controls. The goal of this study was to determine if the incidence of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is also higher in neonatal DS patients compared to the general population. ...
Algahtani Hussein A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of 5 patients with rare atypical presentation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and propose the possible mechanism of this atypical presentation. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of 5 patients admitted at King Khalid National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with ...
Selvan C K - - 2007
Background Pheochromocytomas are diagnosed in <1% of patient evaluated for hypertension. Methodology A retrospective analysis of case records of those patients with histopathologically confirmed pheochromocytoma in our hospital from 1976-2006 [30 YEARS] was conducted. Result A total of 123 patients were diagnosed during this period. The median age at presentation ...
Abou-Chebl Alex - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a comprehensive blood pressure (BP) management protocol in reducing intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following carotid artery stenting (CAS). BACKGROUND: Following CAS hyperperfusion syndrome (HPS) can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Hypertension plays an essential role in its development. METHODS: We instituted a comprehensive BP ...
Ohta Yuko - - 2007
For hypertensive patients with renal diseases (RD), strict blood pressure (BP) control has been recommended in recent hypertension guidelines, such as JNC VI, JNC 7, WHO/ISH 1999 and ESH-ESC 2003. We assessed the current status of BP control and the changes of BP control before and after the publication of ...
Reynolds E W - - 2007
Nesiritide is a synthetic form of B-type natriuretic peptide. It is approved for the treatment of acute exacerbations of congestive heart failure in hospitalized adult patients. It is currently under investigation for use in other settings and other patient populations. This article describes administration of nesiritide to an infant patient ...
Johnson Roger F - - 2007
Epoprostenol significantly improves function and survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but is associated with many risks and side effects. Furthermore, effective oral therapy is now available. We report our long-term experience with 13 patients from among 118 treated with epoprostenol who were able to be weaned to ...
Alajmi M - - 2007
Patients with untreated obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea (OSAH) are predisposed to developing hypertension, and therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may reduce blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of CPAP therapy on BP in patients with OSAH. We performed a comprehensive literature ...
Kang Sa-Yoon - - 2007
Hypertensive encephalopathy is a medical emergency whose clinical manifestations are usually associated with bilateral parieto-occipital lesions. Predominant brainstem edema without accompanying occipital lesions is rare in hypertensive encephalopathy and usually occurs in patients with secondary hypertension. We describe the clinical and radiological features of two patients with reversible hypertensive brainstem ...
Hassan Walid - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the long-term follow-up results of balloon angioplasty (BA) for patients with aortic coarctation (AC) on systemic hypertension. HYPOTHESIS: To define the long-term effect of BA of AC on systemic hypertension in adolescent and adult patients. METHODS: Follow-up data of 53 patients (36 male), mean age ...
Huo Yong - - 2007
PURPOSE: This post-marketing surveillance study assessed the efficacy, safety and tolerability of the treatment with nifedipine GITS (gastro-intestinal therapeutic system) in hypertensive patients under normal daily practice conditions in China. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 3003 patients were included in 174 outpatient clinics. Patients received 30 mg or 60 ...
Pan Min - - 2007
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (ACE) is one of the most studied candidate genes related to essential hypertension (EH) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). ACE rs4343 synonymous coding polymorphism (2350 G/A) is known among the polymorphisms of this gene to have the most significant effect on plasma ACE concentrations. The ...
Calhoun David A - - 2007
Treatment of resistant hypertension requires confirmation of true resistance, diagnosis and treatment of secondary causes of hypertension, adoption of appropriate lifestyle modifications, and effective use of multidrug antihypertensive regimens. Excessive volume retention often underlies resistant hypertension, so diuretics are generally necessary to achieve blood pressure (BP) goals. Although treatment regimens ...
Chen Wei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although fluid overload contributes to hypertension in CAPD patients, less attention has been paid to the role of excess salt and fluid intake. Therefore, we investigated the role of salt and fluid intake in the development of hypertension in CAPD patients. METHODS: A total of 165 stable CAPD patients ...
Reesink Herre J - - 2007
Hemoptysis is a known complication in patients with bronchial artery hypertrophy due to a variety of chronic pulmonary disorders. Bronchial artery hypertrophy is observed in most patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), but surprisingly little is known about the incidence of hemoptysis in these patients. In this paper, we ...
Paick Jae-Seung - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED) or cardiovascular disease on the disease severity in impotent men. METHODS: A total of 87 men, 25-75 years old (mean age, 53.4) were included in the study. Patients were evaluated with anthropometry, hormones, metabolic ...
Greving Jacoba P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lack of treatment initiation or intensification might explain why some patients with type 2 diabetes do not reach target goals. The objective is to assess trends in risk factor treatment, and identify determinants for medication adjustments in patients with uncontrolled hypertension and/or hyperlipidemia. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study ...
Ambrosioni Ettore - - 2007
Zofenopril is a specific ACE inhibitor with antihypertensive, remarkable antioxidant, and cardioprotective properties, including the ability to improve endothelial function and protect against ischemia. These beneficial properties of zofenopril are believed to be due primarily to the presence of a sulfhydryl group and the highly lipophilic nature of the agent. ...
Kabakci Giray - - 2007
The Intensive/Initial Cardiovascular Examination Regarding Blood Pressure Levels: Evaluation of Risk Groups (ICEBERG) study was aimed at evaluating the components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) for cardiovascular risk stratification in hypertensive patients. The ICEBERG study consisted of 2 subprotocols: ICEBERG-1, conducted at 20 university hospitals, and ICEBERG-2, conducted at 197 ...
Giacchetti Gilberta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is characterized by the onset of both cardiac and gluco-metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of aldosterone excess on the development of such complications, and the effects of surgical and pharmacological treatment on their long-term outcome. METHODS: We prospectively re-examined ...
Weir Matthew R - - 2007
The prevalence of hypertension is increasing steadily in the US, particularly among African Americans. It is now clear that a large proportion of patients are inadequately controlled, with many patients requiring at least two agents to achieve their target BP. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs), comprising two subclasses--dihydropyridines and nondihydropyridines--have been ...
Messerli Franz - - 2007
The superior diastolic blood pressure reduction (BP) of high-dose combination therapy with trandolapril (Tr) and verapamil-SR (Ve) compared with monotherapy has previously been reported. Guideline changes, placing greater emphasis on systolic BP, prompted a re-evaluation of TV-51 and an assessment of a subset of patients from the INternational VErapamil-SR Trandolapril ...
Aktoz Meryem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to determine the diagnostic value of electrocardiographic voltage criteria in predicting geometry patterns in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: Patients with essential hypertension (n=125) according to left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness as determined by echocardiography were assigned in the following groups: normal ...
Chin Kelly M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Amphetamine, methamphetamine, and cocaine are suspected of being pulmonary hypertension risk factors based on a small number of case reports along with pharmacologic similarities to fenfluramine, a diet drug associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We sought to determine whether rates of stimulant use are increased in patients believed ...
Nishikawa Tetsuo - - 2007
The present review examines various reports describing prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA) among hypertensives and the screening method of PA to better understand the current concepts used for diagnosing and managing PA among clinicians as well as specialists. Here, we describe and compare the prevalence of PA in Japan, which ...
Bendayan D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is a severe pulmonary vascular disease leading to rapid deterioration and death. Histological and clinical evidence suggests that smooth muscle proliferation is part of the pathogenesis of the disease. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is a gamma-herpesvirus that is implicated in malignancies and in Kaposi's sarcoma. Recently, the ...
Chaiamnuay Sumapa - - 2007
To examine the predictors of the occurrence of hypertension in a large multiethnic US cohort. There were 614 patients with systemic lupus erythematoses (SLE; > or = 4 American College of Rheumatology revised criteria) with < or = 5 years of disease duration at entry into the cohort (T0) and ...
Rozenfeld Yelena - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine potential threats to internal and external study validity caused by differential patient withdrawal from a randomized controlled trial evaluating pharmacist management of hypertension, to compare the characteristics of patients who withdrew with those of patients who completed the study, and to identify characteristics that predispose patients ...
Bartynski W S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cause of "posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome" (PRES) is not established. We recently encountered several patients who developed PRES in the setting of severe infection. In this study, we comprehensively reviewed the clinical and imaging features in a large cohort of patients who developed PRES, with particular ...
Therrien Judith - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has long been debated whether patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) Eisenmenger syndrome have idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension with an incidental ASD or severe pulmonary hypertension on the basis of their ASD shunt magnitude alone. HYPOTHESIS: It was hypothesized that if ASD Eisenmenger patients had idiopathic pulmonary arterial ...
Besharati Mohammad R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of retinopathy in hypertensive patients referred to a teaching hospital in Yazd, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 213 hypertensive patients referring to a teaching hospital in Yazd, Iran between November 2004 and June 2005. Data were collected using a questionnaire after an interview and ...
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