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Cattan Daniel - - 2011
A gastric intrinsic factor output under 200 U/h after pentagastrin stimulation (N > 2000 U/h) is specific for pernicious anemia. The other findings are either variable or non specific. Serum intrinsic factor antibodies, considered as specific in general practice, are present only in half of the patients with pernicious anemia. ...
Wu Chun-Ying - - 2011
Objective We aimed to study 1-, 5- and 10-year risks of peptic ulcer rebleeding among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with regular haemodialysis, to identify the high-risk subpopulation, and to estimate the number needed to harm (NNH) to increase a peptic ulcer rebleeding in different periods. Design A nationwide cohort ...
Cozzi Franco - - 2011
Gastric involvement appears quite commonly in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to evaluate gastric wall motility using ultrasonography, a noninvasive method able to track both filling and emptying of fundus and antrum. The study was performed in 20 SSc patients and 20 healthy control subjects. Gastric ...
Ozdil Burhan - - 2011
Risk factors for hemorrhage due to gastric and/or duodenal ulcer in patients diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy were investigated in the present study. Medical records of 350 patients (226 males, 124 females) diagnosed as duodenal or gastric ulcers by GI endoscopy in the gastroenterology clinic were scanned retrospectively. Upper ...
Gashi Zaim - - 2011
Chronic Gastritis is the most common manifestation of infection with Helicobacter pylori. Changes in the gastric mucosa have tendency to progress towards mucosal atrophy, most likely in patients with gastric ulcer. We have explored the frequency of the presence of atrophic gastritis in patients with gastric and duodenal ulcers. We ...
Watanabe Masataka - - 2011
Objective Transnasal endoscopy was conducted to examine gastric mucosal damage in Japanese patients with ischemic heart disease who were receiving low-dose aspirin for preventing the onset or recurrence of cardiovascular disease. Patients and Methods An endoscopist assessed gastric mucosal damage. Furthermore, the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36(®)) and the ...
Peitz Ulrich - - 2011
An algorithm (GastroPanel) for the non-invasive diagnosis of atrophic gastritis has been previously proposed, based on serum pepsinogen-I, gastrin-17, and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibodies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether serum markers correlate with and predict gastric atrophy in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients. The ...
Ji Rui - - 2011
Gastric metaplasia (GM) of the duodenum is difficult to assess because of its patchy distribution, and the role of GM in functional dyspepsia (FD) is not clear. The aims of this study were to determine if endomicroscopy could identify GM of the duodenum and whether GM has associations with FD. ...
Ranno Stefano - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate corneal parameters in treated glaucoma patients, nontreated glaucoma patients, and normal subjects using confocal microscopy. Forty patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and 22 untreated controls underwent confocal microscopy of the cornea using the Heidelberg retinal tomograph cornea module. The glaucoma group was ...
Ron Yishai - - 2011
To evaluate associations between delayed gastric emptying (GE) assessed by the octanoic acid breath test and upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. A historical, prospective study included 111 consecutive symptomatic adults referred for a GE breath test because of upper abdominal symptoms suggestive of delayed GE. Exclusion criteria included underlying organic disease ...
Yamamoto Takayuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mesalazine is often used to maintain remission in patients with ulcerative colitis. AIM: To investigate if increasing the dose of mesalazine is safe and effective for patients with ulcerative colitis who relapse under low-dose maintenance therapy. METHODS: Ninety consecutive patients who relapsed during maintenance therapy with oral mesalazine at ...
Van Nieuwenhove Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to study the long-term outcome of adjustable gastric banding in the treatment of morbid obesity. In Europe, the preference for gastric band has declined in favor of Roux-Y-gastric bypass. METHODS: This is a follow-up of a prospective study on a large cohort of ...
Kirchner Gabriele I - - 2011
The role of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of ulcer disease in cirrhotic patients is poorly defined. Therefore, we sought to investigate the prevalence of H. pylori infection and the occurrence of gastroduode-nal lesions in patients with liver cirrhosis. Seroprevalence of H. pylori was tested in 110 patients with liver ...
Lwin Thida - - 2010
There is limited information about normal eosinophil counts in the gastric mucosa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histopathology of 60 patients whose biopsies showed increased eosinophils in the gastric mucosa. We also investigated the eosinophil content in gastric biopsies from normal controls (matched for age, sex, ...
van den Broek F J - - 2011
Controversy exists about which colonoscopic technique is most sensitive for the diagnosis of neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis. We compared new-generation narrow-band imaging (NBI) to high-definition endoscopy (HDE) for the detection of neoplasia and evaluated NBI for the differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic mucosa. Randomized crossover trial in which ...
Mazloom Ali - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: The current study was conducted to determine the incidence of gastric involvement in patients presenting with extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) outside the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and to identify clinical or laboratory parameters that predict gastric involvement in such cases. METHODS:: The records of 121 consecutive patients who presented ...
Matsuzaki Juntaro - - 2011
Barrett's esophagus has been divided into three categories based on the extent of the metaplasia: long-segment (LSBE), short-segment (SSBE), and ultrashort-segment Barrett's esophagus (USBE). While both LSBE and SSBE are thought to be induced by gastroesophageal reflux, the etiology of USBE is still unclear. We conducted a case-control study to ...
Karoui Sami - - 2011
Evaluating disease activity is important in ulcerative colitis. Laboratory markers should be a non-invasive alternative to endoscopy for patients. The objective of our study was to scrutinize the correlation between C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and clinical and endoscopic activity in ulcerative colitis patients. We conducted a prospective study between January ...
Haensch Carl-Albrecht - - 2011
Clinicians should consider impaired gastric emptying when evaluating patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 and severe symptoms of upper gut dysmotility. Gastric emptying time measurement by radionuclide study, although informative, is rarely done in clinical practice.
Penagini Roberto - - 2010
Delayed gastric emptying in a variable proportion of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease has been observed in most series, however a relationship between delayed gastric emptying and increased gastro-oesophageal reflux has not been convincingly demonstrated. Enhanced postprandial accommodation and delayed emptying of the proximal stomach have been described, but some ...
Hejazi Reza A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) Whether gastric emptying is different between gastroparesis (GP) patients responding or not responding to standard medical therapy; (2) Identifying if mild, moderate, and severe degrees of gastroparesis based on the scintigraphic gastric emptying test (GET) can predict treatment responses for ...
Adithan Subathra - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the value of Doppler evaluation of left gastric vein hemodynamics when monitoring portal hypertension patients, by correlating Doppler ultrasonography (USG) parameters with the severity of esophageal varices and occurrence of variceal bleeding. This study was carried out on 100 patients using Doppler ...
Bhalerao D S - - 2010
Female aged 55 years presented with signs and symptoms of borderline lepromatous leprosy and presence of a non-healing ulcer and multiple haemorrhagic blisters over dorsum of both feet. Discharge from the various lesions was subjected to microbiological examination and an unusual organism Shewanella purtefaciens was isolated which was sensitive to ...
Stehr Carlos B - - 2010
Patients with primary aldosteronism experience greater left ventricular hypertrophy and a higher frequency of cardiovascular events than do essential hypertensive patients with comparable blood pressure levels. Aldosterone has been correlated with increased oxidative stress, endothelial inflammation, and fibrosis, particularly in patients with heart disease. To evaluate oxidative stress, subclinical endothelial ...
Hanif A - - 2010
Acute experimental hydronephrosis induces increased output of renin from ipsilateral kidney. In most clinical presentation of unilateral hydronephrosis the patients are however, normotensive with normal circulating plasma renin activity. In consideration of this argument we undertook this prospective study of ipsilateral renal vein renin activity in children with congenital Pelvic ...
Ishido Kenji - - 2010
We describe a 54-year-old man who presented with right subcostal pain. Minocycline had been prescribed to treat pruritus, and the symptoms resolved. Subsequently, the patient consulted a local physician because of right subcostal pain. Giant folds were found in the greater curvature of the gastric body, and he was referred ...
Kazancioglu Rumeyza - - 2011
Aim: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease. It accounts for 5-10% of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with ADPKD. Methods: 1,139 patients with ADPKD who were ...
Ali Waleed M - - 2011
The aim was to report the prevalence and significance of hypertension (HTN) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Over a 6-month period in 2007, 8171 consecutive patients (49.4% hypertensive and 50.6% non-hypertensive) presenting with ACS were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter study from six Middle Eastern adjacent countries. Patients ...
Shikov Alexander N - - 2011
Leonurus cardiaca L. (Lamiaceae) is used traditionally for its sedative, hypotensive and cardiotonic effects. Due to the lack of clinical data regarding its effect in patients, a study was carried out to assess the clinical efficacy of Leonurus oil extract (LOE) in patients with arterial hypertension stages 1 and 2, ...
Evans Andrea - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mural thickening and permeability changes in patients with amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and chronic hypertension are implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple, chronic subclinical microbleeds. The Spot sign, contrast extravasation on CT angiography, predicts hematoma expansion and is presumed to represent acute vessel damage. We hypothesize that the ...
Yavuz Bunyamin - - 2010
Atrial arrhythmias are common problems in hypertensive patients. Atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) can be used to evaluate development of atrial arrhythmias. The authors aimed to assess inter- and intra-AEMD in hypertensive patients. The study population consisted of 200 medically treated hypertensive patients and 151 normotensive controls. Inter-AEMD and intra-left AEMD ...
Olanrewaju Timothy O - - 2010
Urinary sediment examination and dipstick urinalysis are an integral part in evaluating hypertensive patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence of urinary sediment abnormalities and compare this result with dipstick urinalysis in hypertensive Nigerians. 138 newly diagnosed, adult, hypertensive Nigerians were studied. They were compared with an age- and ...
Arenz T - - 2010
A 15 year old girl with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) died of gastric rupture. Systematic literature research revealed seven case reports of PWS patients with acute gastric dilatation, two had a lethal course. The objective of this study was to determine if delayed gastric emptying in PWS patients might contribute to ...
Gonzaga Carolina C - - 2010
We previously described a significant correlation between plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with resistant hypertension. This investigation examines the relationship between aldosterone status and OSA in patients with resistant hypertensive-with and without hyperaldosteronism. One hundred and nine consecutive patients with resistant hypertension ...
Akyuz Filiz - - 2010
Recently, mucosal changes of small bowel were defined by developing new imaging techniques including capsule endoscopy (CE) in portal hypertensive patients. However, the clinical impact of these changes is unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the additional cause of blood loss in portal hypertensive patients. A total of ...
Marazzi Giuseppe - - 2010
Only 50% of hypertensive patients receive an appropriate treatment to normalize blood pressure (BP). Although monotherapy is often adequate in normalizing BP, it is sometimes necessary to start with combination therapy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of nebivolol alone and in association with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) ...
Huang Po-Hsun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Microalbuminuria is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, but the pathophysiologic mechanism underlying the association between urinary albumin excretion and cardiovascular disease remains unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that enhanced endothelial apoptotic microparticles and decreased endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) levels might contribute to the ...
Yuan Ming - - 2010
1. CD40 and CD40 ligand (CD40L) have a critical role in the pathophysiology and risk prediction of coronary artery syndrome, including atherothrombosis and atherosclerosis. However, the contribution of the CD40/CD40L dyad, especially the soluble form of CD40L (sCD40L), to the pathophysiology of hypertension and associated organ damage remains unknown. 2. ...
Weng Chiung-Mei - - 2010
Coexistence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, factors associated with future development of DM have not been well elucidated in patients already having essential hypertension. This study prospectively included 168 patients (mean age 41 +/- 7 years, 112 men) with essential hypertension. All ...
Shibata Marcelo C - - 2010
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are widely used to control hypertension. Previous work suggested that their use could increase heart failure (HF), which is 1 of the consequences of uncontrolled hypertension. Information about the effect of CCBs on incident HF in patients with hypertension is scarce. A systematic review was conducted ...
Sweileh Waleed M - - 2010
Renal function deterioration is a common complication in patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Appropriate use of anti-hypertensive agents and tight control of blood pressure (BP) can minimize and delay such complications. This study was performed in order to investigate the utilization patterns of anti-hypertensive agents and to evaluate BP ...
Arunthari Vichaya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a serious and often progressive disorder that results in right ventricular dysfunction. The general reported rate of patients who are responders is 10%-26%. More recently, using the current criteria, the rate of acute vasodilator response was as low as 6%. This study used the most ...
Somlóová Z - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is frequent clinical condition in patients with hypertension. Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common form of secondary hypertension. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of the MS and its components in the two major forms of PA, in unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and bilateral aldosterone ...
Kim Ra Mi - - 2010
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a frequent cause of secondary hypertension and is amenable to surgical intervention when it is caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Many patients, however, continue to require antihypertensive medications to control their blood pressure after adrenalectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the preoperative factors ...
Loriga Giacomina - - 2010
Interruption of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) with Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and Angiotensin-Receptor Blockers (ARBs), alone or in combination, has become a leading therapeutic strategy to slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease. Nevertheless, a considerable proportion of patients progress despite this therapy. New alternative arms are available today ...
Grozinsky-Glasberg S - - 2010
Chromaffin-cell tumors (CCT), a rare group of catecholamine producing endocrine neoplasms, are traditionally suspected and diagnosed in patients presenting with episodic hypertension, together with the classic triad of headache, sweating, and tachycardia. Asymptomatic CCT are increasingly diagnosed, frequently as "incidentalomas". We have conducted a multicenter retrospective study, to assess the ...
De Lisi Stefania - - 2011
Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy is currently recommended for the screening of varices in cirrhosis. In addition to the assessment of varices, oesophagogastroduodenoscopy can detect conditions that, while unrelated to portal hypertension, may require treatment. We evaluated in a large cohort of cirrhotic patients the prevalence of upper digestive findings other than oesophagogastric varices, ...
Guo Li-jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Both benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and primary hypertension are common in the elderly men. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effect of primary hypertension on the hematuria in patients with BPH. METHODS: All patients who underwent transurethral resection of prostate or opening operation had confirmed ...
Sbarouni Eftihia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) may be associated with subendocardial ischaemia. We investigated whether ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA), an established marker of ischaemia, is elevated in stable patients with PH. METHODS: We studied 32 patients with PH and an equal number of age-matched normal volunteers. We assessed serum IMA levels with the ...
Brun Rita - - 2010
Dyspepsia is a common term used for a heterogeneous group of abdominal symptoms. Functional dyspepsia (FD) is the focus of this review. The 2006 Rome III criteria defined FD and its subgroups, postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). FD is a very common condition with a high ...
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