Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 5919
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Wong Joshua K - - 2012
Percutaneous femoral venoarterial (VA) or jugular venovenous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can result in delivery of hypoxic blood to the brain, coronaries, and upper extremities. Additionally, VA-ECMO by percutaneous femoral artery cannulation may compromise perfusion to the lower limbs. Use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) detects regional ischemia and warns ...
Spica Vladana - - 2012
Non-motor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) have only recently been increasingly recognized for their impact on a patient's quality of life. In this study, we applied the validated, comprehensive self-completed NMS questionnaire for PD (NMS Quest) to 101 patients with young-onset PD (onset between 21 and 45 years, YOPD) and ...
Linn Jennifer - - 2012
Supratentorial superficial siderosis (SS) is a frequent imaging marker of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). It is most probably caused by focal subarachnoid hemorrhages (fSAHs). Based on single-case observations, it has been proposed that such fSAHs might be a predisposing factor for future intracranial hemorrhage. Here we tested the hypothesis if ...
Heinz Carsten - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Scleritis belongs to the group of chronic inflammatory eye diseases that may cause ocular hypertension (OHT) and secondary glaucoma (SG). Aim of this study was to identify the incidence and risk factors for OHT and SG with regard to the scleritis form. METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis of all consecutive ...
Hiorth Y H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequencies and clinical characteristics of fallers and non-fallers at different stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: The sample consisted of 232 patients in an unselected cross-sectional cohort of patients with PD, 207 newly diagnosed and drug naive patients and 175 controls. The examinations included the Unified ...
Homma Hirotomo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Current studies have provided valuable evidence that Parkinson's disease (PD) is closely associated with olfactory loss and that the use of olfactory testing is regarded as one of the potential screening tools for early diagnosis of PD. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with PD, age- and sex-matched 14 patients with other ...
Kaya Arif - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem chronic inflammatory disease with a broad spectrum of clinical and serological manifestations. Although articular involvement is known in SLE, articular cartilage has not been studied before. Therefore, in this study, we have evaluated the femoral cartilage by using ultrasonography. Twenty-nine SLE patients (5 ...
Ciccolella Marianna - - 2012
Brown-Vialetto-van Laere (BVVL) and Fazio-Londe (FL) are rare and clinically overlapping motor neurons syndromes. Recently BVVL has been associated with mutations in C20orf54/hRFT2 and defective riboflavin transport. We compared clinical and laboratory features of 6 patients (age range 11-17years), with features of BVVL and FL overlap syndromes. Patients were assessed ...
Nanni Cristina - - 2012
PURPOSE: Antibiotic therapy in patients affected by discitis is often empirical. Therefore, early evaluation of response to therapy is important. In many patients inflammatory indexes are low during all the phases of the diseases or are altered by concomitant diseases. The aim of the study was to assess the possible ...
El-Sayed Abdulrahman M - - 2012
Little is known about the epidemiology of stress (takotsubo) cardiomyopathy (SC). We used a 3-arm case-control study to assess differences in demographic and co-morbid predictors of SC compared to orthopedic controls and myocardial infarction (MI) controls to characterize (1) population-level predictors of SC generally and (2) differences and similarities in ...
Tansek Mojca Zerjav - - 2012
A BH(4) loading test was performed in 36 patients from 34 unrelated families. The patients had 29 different genotypes, and previous data on only eight of them were found in the BIOPKU database. Thirteen patients were classified as classic PKU (35.1%), 14 as mild PKU (37.8%) and 9 as MHP ...
da Costa Armentano Cristiane Garcia - - 2012
Executive deficits characterize the initial phases of Alzheimer disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and are clinically correlated to neuropsychiatric symptoms and functional loss. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome test (BADS) for comparing the performance between ...
Otake Tomoko - - 2012
The significance of evaluations of stressors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients was investigated from the perspective of holistic medicine. The subjects were RA patients treated in the rheumatology outpatient clinic. They included 30 patients from 1987, 30 from 2002, and 137 from 2009. To investigate the specific causes of stress, ...
Ziegler Paul D - - 2012
The detection of undiagnosed atrial tachycardia/atrial fibrillation (AT/AF) among patients with stroke risk factors could be useful for primary stroke prevention. We analyzed newly detected AT/AF (NDAF) using continuous monitoring in patients with stroke risk factors but without previous stroke or evidence of AT/AF. NDAF (AT/AF >5 minutes on any ...
Oh J-H - - 2012
The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has increased recently in Asia-Pacific countries. However, little is known about its prevalence and clinical characteristics in GERD patients with atypical symptoms in Asia. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of GERD in patients who had laryngeal symptoms ...
Fallon Nicholas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cortical activation patterns during mechanical-tactile stimulation in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients and to correlate cortical activation changes with clinical symptoms. METHODS: Nineteen female FMS patients and 18 matched, healthy control subjects underwent EEG examination during brushing stimulation of the right forearm. Participants rated any pain experienced and ...
Fontes L H S - - 2012
The progression of certain primary esophageal motor disorders to achalasia has been documented; however, the true incidence of this decay is still elusive. This study aims to evaluate: (i) the incidence of the progression of diffuse esophageal spasm to achalasia, and (ii) predictive factors to this progression. Thirty-five patients (mean ...
Du Chen - - 2012
Methodsfor identifying patients at particularly low-risk for invasive aspergillosis (IA) would facilitate more efficient targeting of antifungal prophylaxis. We measured baseline serum immunoglobulin responses against 6 purified recombinant Aspergillus fumigatus proteins prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or chemotherapy in 73 patients, including 19 who subsequently developed proven or ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are limited data available regarding symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (SIA) prevalence in Caucasians. We sought to investigate SIA prevalence among Caucasian patients hospitalized with acute cerebral ischemia (ACI) in a prospective, multicenter Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) study. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ACI were prospectively evaluated with TCD over a ...
Zeng Cai-Hong - - 2012
The Oxford classification of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) provides a histopathologic grading system that is associated with kidney disease outcomes independent of clinical features. We evaluated the Oxford IgAN classification in a large cohort of patients from China. Retrospective study. 1,026 adults with IgAN from 18 referral centers in ...
Duvall W Lane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Stress-only Tc-99m SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) decreases test time and patient radiation exposure with a proven benign prognosis of a normal study. The imaging sequence of Tl-201 MPI always starts with the stress portion; therefore, no pre-test decisions are needed regarding the imaging sequence. The recent intermittent Tc-99m ...
Karakoc Mehmet - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to determine the relationship between the clinical and laboratory parameters of RA and the components of the metabolic syndrome (MS). Fifty-four patients with RA and 52 healthy individuals were ...
Anty Rodolphe - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of coffee and other caffeinated drinks on liver fibrosis of severely obese European patients. A specific questionnaire exploring various types of coffee (regular filtrated coffee and espresso), caffeinated drinks, and chocolate was filled in by 195 severely obese patients. All ...
van der Zwaag Paul A - - 2012
To investigate whether phospholamban gene (PLN) mutations underlie patients diagnosed with either arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We screened a cohort of 97 ARVC and 257 DCM unrelated index patients for PLN mutations and evaluated their clinical characteristics. PLN mutation R14del was identified in 12 ...
Faiz Saadia A - - 2012
Abstract Background: Pleural effusions are rarely observed in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia(AML), acute lymphocytic leukemia(ALL) and myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS)/myeloproliferative neoplasm(MPN). Therefore the underlying etiology of pleural effusions and the efficacy and safety of pleural procedures in this population has not been well studied. Methods: In a retrospective review of cases ...
Ribas Graziela S - - 2012
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder biochemically characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol and glycosphingolipids in late endosomes and lysosomes of the affected patients. N-butyl-deoxynojirimycin is the only approved drug for patients with NPC disease. It inhibits glycosphingolipid synthesis, therefore reducing intracellular lipid storage. Although the mechanisms ...
Fard-Esfahani Armaghan - - 2012
PURPOSE: There are few studies evaluating the effect of radioioine therapy on the lacrimal drainage system. This study reports on symptomatic and asymptomatic nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) as complications of high-dose radioiodine therapy in these patients. METHODS: Eighty-one cases were randomly selected from a population of radioiodine-treated differentiated thyroid carcinoma ...
Kähler Anna K - - 2012
Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) has been suggested as a susceptibility locus for a broad spectrum of psychiatric disorders. Risk variants have been associated with brain structural changes, which overlap alterations reported in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder patients. We used genome-wide genotyping data for a Norwegian sample of healthy controls (n = 171) and patients ...
Knöchel Christian - - 2012
In this study, we investigate whether aberrant integrity of white matter (WM) fiber tracts represents a genetically determined biological marker of schizophrenia (SZ), and its relation with clinical symptoms. We collected brain DTI data from 28 SZ patients, 18 first-degree relatives and 22 matched controls and used voxel-based analysis with ...
Aggarwal Ashim - - 2012
Blood stream infections (BSIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and BSI after implantation of LVAD for advanced heart failure (HF). This was a retrospective ...
Yalçındağ Ali - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine serum vitronectin levels in Behçet patients with and without ocular involvement, and to evaluate the relationship between vitronectin concentrations and clinical manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Sixty-five patients with BD and 21 control subjects were included. All patients were queried for the clinical manifestations of BD. ...
Grieb Gerrit - - 2012
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a structurally and functionally unique pleiotropic mediator in inflammation and immune processes, was identified decades ago. There is now strong evidence that MIF promotes revascularization and is involved in wound healing processes. However, its exact role in wound healing is still a matter of debate. ...
Flores Gustavo - - 2012
It is well established that autoantibodies against desmoglein 3 and desmoglein 1 (Dsg1) are relevant in the pathogenesis of pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus, including its endemic form fogo selvagem (FS). Isolated reports have shown that in certain patients with these diseases, autoantibodies against other desmosomal cadherins and E-cadherin may ...
Bajaj Jasmohan S - - 2012
Although hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is linked to the gut microbiota, stool microbiome analysis has not found differences between HE and no-HE patients. This study aimed to compare sigmoid mucosal microbiome of cirrhotic patients to controls, between HE vs. no-HE patients, and to study their linkage with cognition and inflammation. Sixty ...
Huang X - - 2012
The objectives of the study are to study the clinical features of myasthenia gravis in southern China. A retrospective study was carried out on all patients who were diagnosed with myasthenia gravis at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University during 1987-2009. Of the 2,154 myasthenia gravis patients, the ...
Sanchez Eric - - 2012
Although TNFRSF17 (also designated as B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)) is expressed on tumour cells in B-cell malignancies, it has not been found in serum. The present study found that BCMA concentrations were higher in the supernatants of cultured bone marrow mononuclear cells from multiple myeloma (MM) patients than in healthy ...
Takahashi Ryo - - 2012
Background: Protein-energy wasting and chronic inflammation are prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated the combination of serum albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and body mass index (BMI) at initiation of hemodialysis therapy as a predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in Japanese ESRD patients. Methods: ...
Furuhashi Tatsuhiko - - 2012
Pretest probability of coronary artery disease (CAD) facilitates diagnosis and risk stratification of CAD. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are established major predictors of cardiovascular events. However, the role of CKD to assess pretest probability of CAD has been unclear. This study evaluates the role ...
Arefi Maryam - - 2012
Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare disorder characterized by unexplained, persistent hypereosinophilia associated with multiple organ dysfunctions. The cause of HES is unknown and shows clinical heterogeneity. FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion is a clonal marker for the diagnosis and treatment of HES. We prospectively studied 78 patients with chronic eosinophilia. In ...
Machino Takeshi - - 2012
Background: Hyperthyroidism is usually regarded as a reversible cause of atrial fibrillation (AF); however, one-third of patients remain in AF despite euthyroid restoration. We hypothesized that a significant number of AF patients with hyperthyroidism (Hyperthyroid-AF) as well as those without (Non-thyroid-AF) would benefit from catheter ablation of AF (AF ablation). This ...
Alcelik Aytekin - - 2012
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Therefore, evaluation and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are very important. The plasma level of omentin was found to be associated with different conditions such as insulin resistance. It is one ...
Kvols Larry - - 2012
Background: Pasireotide (SOM230) is a novel multireceptor-targeted somatostatin analogue with high binding affinity for sst1,2,3 and sst5. Because of this binding profile, pasireotide may offer symptom control in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and carcinoid syndrome no longer responsive to octreotide LAR.Patients and methods: This was a Phase II, open-label, ...
Saltytė Benth J - - 2012
Background/Aim: 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are suggested to influence the susceptibility and risk of disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Seasonal fluctuation of 25(OH)D levels may differ in magnitude between individuals. The purpose of this paper was to model the seasonal fluctuation of vitamin D in Norwegian MS patients and ...
Baracchini Claudio - - 2012
Transient global amnesia (TGA) has been associated with an increased prevalence of internal jugular valve insufficiency and many patients report Valsalva-associated maneuvers before TGA onset. These findings have led to the assumption of hemodynamic alterations in intracranial veins inducing focal hippocampal ischemia. We investigated this hypothesis in patients with TGA ...
Tulmaç Murat - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective study, we aimed to investigate acute effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on the endothelial function of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) by using brachial artery flow mediated dilatation (FMD) method. METHODS: Newly diagnosed thirty OSA patients with ages between 29 ...
Akyuz Filiz - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Association of NOD2 (CARD15) gene mutations with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is well known. We herein aimed to investigate the role of familial Mediterranean fever-associated MEFV variations in IBD patients as additional regional-specific risk factor. STUDY:: One hundred thirty-seven (78 female, 56.9%) IBD patients [62 Crohn's disease (CD), 75 ...
Hu Chao-Chien - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although endophthalmitis secondary to pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is becoming a globally emerging infectious disease, population-based investigations evaluating the relationship between PLA and endogenous endophthalmitis remain scarce. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk of endogenous endophthalmitis in patients with PLA compared with unaffected individuals by using ...
Tomson Todd T TT Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2012
Studies suggest that 18%-50% of the patients develop atrial fibrillation (AF) after typical atrial flutter (AFL) ablation. However, little data exist about the incidence of and risk factors for stroke and AF after successful ablation of typical AFL. To determine the risk of stroke and AF after radiofrequency ablation of ...
Dijkema Tim - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare patient-reported xerostomia during daytime and during nighttime with objectively measured parotid and submandibular gland function in a cohort of head-and-neck cancer (HNC) patients treated with RT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 138 HNC patients underwent objective measurements of parotid (PF) and submandibular (SMF) gland function and ...
Siemons Liseth - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of assessing forefoot joints to the measurement range and measurement precision of joint counts in early RA using item response theory. METHODS: Baseline measures of tender and swollen joint counts were analysed in 459 early RA patients from the DREAM remission induction cohort. The contribution ...
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