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Raveendranathan Dhanya - - 2012
The risk of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis is highest in the initial 6 months after onset of treatment. There have been very few reports of neutropenia and agranulocytosis after this period. We report a unique case of delayed clozapine-induced agranulocytosis in a patient with preexisting multiple sclerosis (MS) which was treated with ...
Liabeuf Sophie - - 2012
Since beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) is a surrogate marker for middle molecular weight uremic toxins and the major protein component in dialysis-related amyloidosis, it has been frequently studied in dialysis patients. It is not known, however, whether B2M has an impact in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on ...
Foltyn Zadura Anna - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Complement activation is involved in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). Autoantibodies to complement inhibitor factor H (FH), particularly in association with deletions of the gene coding for FH-related protein 1 (CFHR1), are associated with aHUS. METHODS: Autoantibodies against FH, factor ...
- - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase (uMtCK) accumulates as Macroenzyme creatine kinase type 2 (Macro CK2) in the serum of HIV-infected patients under a tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) containing antiretroviral regimen. The genesis and clinical significance of this finding is unclear. METHODS: A prospective observational 5-year follow-up study was performed on ...
Oh Yoon-Sang - - 2012
Orthostatic hypotension and non-dipping are relatively common autonomic dysfunctions in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). These abnormalities have been thought to occur independently of striatal dopaminergic depletion; however, only little preliminary information is available. In this study, we investigated the association of neurocirculatory changes with striatal dopamine transporter status in ...
Kim Jin-Woo - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mandibular third molar extraction is a commonly performed procedure and is recognized as a relatively frequent cause of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the specific risk factors for neurosensory deficits, including age, gender, impaction depth, angulation of the third molar, ...
Bykerk Vivian P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe characteristics of Canadian patients with early arthritis and examine differences between those fulfilling 1987 and 2010 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) classification criteria. METHODS: The Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort (CATCH) is a national, multicenter, observational, prospective cohort of patients with early inflammatory arthritis, receiving usual care, ...
Sairam Krish - - 2012
PURPOSE: We compared the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the CROES (Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society) Global Study according to preoperative renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective data on consecutive patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a 1-year period were collected from 96 ...
Renard Dimitri - - 2012
Background: Large cavitary lesions are not typical for multiple sclerosis (MS). Cavitary white matter changes may be seen in megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts, Alexander disease, mitochondrial leukoencephalopathies, vanishing white matter disease, leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts, cytomegalovirus infection, and cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. Objective: ...
Wang Long-Rong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This multicenter-based retrospective study aimed to investigate the prognostic factors and report our experiences with the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE), a rare malignant vascular tumor. METHODS: A total of 33 patients with HEHE from two centers between 2004 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed with respect ...
Shibazaki K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease. We investigated the frequency of SDB in Japanese patients with acute ischaemic stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA), as well as factors associated with SDB severity. METHODS: Between April 2010 and March 2011, we prospectively enrolled patients ...
Cools-Lartigue J - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is now recognized as a common cause of dysphagia. Eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus has also been associated with other conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); however, the incidence, pattern, and clinical significance of eosinophilic infiltration in achalasia are poorly documented. We sought to characterize this ...
Hivert Benedicte - - 2012
Acquired von-Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is described in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM). Assessment of ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo) and von-Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen (VWF:Ag) in 72 consecutive WM patients demonstrated a negative relationship between VWF levels <130 U/dL and both monoclonal immunoglobulin M concentration (mIgMC) and viscosity. Ten patients with ...
Lindig J - - 2012
In cystic fibrosis (CF), the most frequent life threatening inherited disease in Caucasians, sinonasal mucosa is regularly affected by defective mucociliary clearance. This facilitates pathogen colonization into CF airways and causes frequent symptoms of rhinosinusitis, including an impaired sense of smell. Despite probable effects on nutrition and overall health, CF-rhinosinusitis ...
Wilson Jefferson R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Multicenter prospective cohort study.Objective. To define differences in baseline characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes between cervical SCI patients with and without Facet Dislocation (FD).Summary of Background Data. Reports of dramatic neurological improvement in patients with FD and cervical SCI, treated with rapid reduction, have led to the ...
Kawashima Hiroki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the clinical benefits of preoperative endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) in patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. BACKGROUND:: The advantages of ENBD have been previously reported. However, no studies to date have examined a large number of patients, including those with Bismuth-Corlette (B-C) type III to IV tumors. In addition, ...
Haas Christian S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Hyperkalaemia is a common feature in hospitalized patients and often attributed to drugs antagonizing the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and/or acute kidney injury (AKI), despite significantly preserved glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and role of renal tubular acidosis type IV (RTA ...
Chen D-Y - - 2012
T helper type 17 (Th17) cells, a novel distinct subset of Th cell, can secrete interleukin (IL)-17 in humans. Although recent data suggest that Th17 cells and IL-17 play an important role in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN), the expression of Th17-related cytokines in the kidneys of SLE patients ...
Abdulahad Deena A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe and frequent manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated but immune complexes are considered to contribute to the inflammatory pathology in LN. High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear non-histone protein which is secreted ...
Lundström Emeli - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascular disease is common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are at high risk to develop arterial and venous thrombosis. Since HLA class II genotypes have been linked to the presence of pro-thrombotic aPL, we investigated the relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles, aPL ...
von Oettingen Julia - - 2012
Objectives. To describe the phenotype of premature adrenarche (PA) patients, elucidate historical and physical correlates, and distinguish PA from late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LOCAH). Study design. Retrospective chart review of 122 patients (91 female and 31 male) with PA and 11 with LOCAH. Results. In PA patients, birth weight was ...
Witzel I - - 2012
We were able to demonstrate a predictive value of serum HER2 (sHER2) in patients receiving trastuzumab in the neoadjuvant GeparQuattro trial. However, the role of sHER2 in patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy (NT) with lapatinib is still unclear. The neoadjuvant GeparQuinto trial compared trastuzumab vs lapatinib in addition to chemotherapy in ...
Stein Ricardo - - 2012
Aims: Though early repolarization (ER) in the inferior leads has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk, its natural history is uncertain. We aimed to study the serial electrocardiographic behavior of inferior ER and understand factors associated with that behavior. Methods: We selected electrocardiograms (ECGs) from patients with the greatest amplitude ...
Kim Kyu S - - 2012
A flatter diurnal rhythm of cortisol has been reported to be associated with early mortality in patients with metastatic breast cancer. The clinical stage of disease at the time of diagnosis and the patient's performance status (PS) are known to be important prognostic factors for lung cancer (LC) survival. The ...
Olsson Bob - - 2012
Microglia manage immunosurveillance and mediate inflammation, both suggested to be important in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate if microglial markers could differentiate, firstly between AD and controls, and secondly between stable mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and those progressing to AD and vascular dementia (VaD). ...
Raaphorst Joost - - 2012
The assessment of frontal functions in ALS patients is important because of the overlap with the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). We investigated the applicability and reliability of the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) within a cohort of predominantly prevalent ALS patients. The FAB was administered to 85 ALS patients ...
Zheng Jinxin - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reverse transcriptase (RT) mutants, which have not been well characterized according to different disease stages. This study aimed to characterize the profiles of naturally occurring mutations in the HBV RT region and their associated clinical outcomes. HBV RT region mutations and genotypes were determined by PCR-direct ...
Tubaro A - - 2012
This is a systematic review on the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The heterogeneity of the outcome criteria did not allow a meta-analysis of the published evidence. In the last few decades, the therapeutic options for neurogenic bladder dysfunction have broadened. Despite ...
Heikens Joost T - - 2013
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileo neo rectal anastomosis (INRA) combines cure of ulcerative colitis (UC) or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) with restoration of intestinal continuity. Evaluation of long-term results was needed to determine if there is a place for INRA in the armamentarium of a surgeon besides the ileal pouch anal ...
Gheita Tamer A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is one of the more common chronic diseases of childhood that often persists into adulthood and can result in significant long-term morbidity, including physical disability. The aim of the present study was to assess the serum level of resistin in JIA patients and compare its ...
Jamroz-Wisniewska A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: It has been implicated in many studies that reactive oxygen species play a role in the development of demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS). Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme that protects cell membranes against oxidative modification. Mitoxantrone is a cytotoxic drug approved for the treatment of MS with ...
Bargagli Elena - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. No suitable biomarkers are available to evaluate the evolution of this disease, which still has an unpredictable clinical course. Some years ago our research group proposed chitotriosidase as a potential biomarker with prognostic value, that however needed to be validated. ...
Huang Richard S P - - 2012
We report a case of a 16-year-old African-American male with sickle cell trait and a past medical history significant for asthma that was transferred to our hospital for management of respiratory failure. On the fourth day of hospitalization, the patient was found to have increased creatine kinase (CK) levels and ...
Ebner Nicole - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a major risk factor in the development of coronary artery disease and thus chronic heart failure (HF). The value of self-reported smoking behaviour has not been validated in patients with HF. We sought to assess serum cotinine levels, a marker of recent tobacco exposure, in a cohort ...
Matsubara Tatsuaki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory reactions and oxidative stress, which are important in progression of atherosclerosis, are reported to be increased in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). On the other hand, adiponectin levels are lowered. Since effects of pitavastatin on these parameters have not been reported in hypercholesterolemic patients with MetS, the present ...
van Nieuwenhoven Michiel A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients suffer from visceral hypersensitivity and show increased activity in the brain emotional arousal network following a rectal stimulus, compared with controls. Serotonergic activity can be decreased by acute tryptophan depletion (ATD), which increases visceral perception and also increases activity in the brain's emotional arousal ...
Khan N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adherence is a major factor in determining disease activity in ulcerative colitis (UC). There are limited data on long-term nationwide adherence levels among patients with UC. AIM: To evaluate the long-term adherence levels to oral mesalazine (mesalamine) in the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system, to determine the impact of ...
Pretto Guilherme - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a pathology with a wide range of clinical and endoscopic manifestations. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), found in the epithelium of the digestive tract, plays an important role in epithelial repair and shows increased expression in different neoplasms, including esophageal tumors. OBJECTIVES: The purpose ...
Izumi Namiki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the administration of maintenance doses of interferon prevented hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Study 1: A multicenter, retrospective, cooperative study was carried out to determine whether long-term administration of low-dose peginterferon alpha-2a (PegIFNα-2a) prevented HCC development in patients with chronic hepatitis ...
Choi Seong Hye - - 2012
Up to 60% of the patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) can have cortical or brainstem Lewy bodies (LB), and extrapyramidal signs (EPS) have been found to be associated with LB in AD patients. However, the relationship between EPS and brain volumes has not been studied in the LB variant of ...
Atamanalp Sabri Selçuk - - 2013
Ileosigmoid knotting (ISK) is the wrapping of the ileum around the base of the sigmoid colon. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of 73 patients with ISK over 45.5 years. The clinical records were reviewed retrospectively. The age range was 7-92 years (mean 46.7 years), ...
Musova Zuzana - - 2012
Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders currently associated with 27 genes. The most frequent types are caused by expansions in coding CAG repeats. The frequency of SCA subtypes varies among populations. We examined the occurrence of rare SCAs, SCA8, SCA12, SCA17 and dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA), in ...
Friedl Alexander - - 2012
Background: Treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin 2 receptor blockers (ARBs) is associated with an increased risk for acute kidney injury after cardiovascular interventions. However, for patients undergoing kidney biopsy, no data is available. Methods: Four hundred and sixty-six patients undergoing kidney biopsy were retrospectively analyzed of whether ...
Kang Jun Hyuk - - 2012
Prediction of Long-Term Outcomes of Catheter Ablation of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation. Aim: It has been demonstrated that atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently recurred after cardioversion (CV) using direct current (DC) or radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in patients with persistent (PeAF) or longstanding persistent AF (LPAF). We hypothesized that the atrial substrate ...
Stojanovic Katia Stankovic - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess biological prognostic factors at the onset of vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: A monocentric prospective study including all patients admitted for VOC in a reference center for SCD was utilized. We used multivariate logistic regression ...
Hulejová H - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) has been recently characterised as a new adipokine. The aim of this study was to assess FGF-21 levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to study the relationship between FGF-21, disease activity and metabolic status. The levels of FGF-21 in serum and ...
Chew Angus P T - - 2012
Purpose:To determine the prevalence of intrahippocampal calcification at brain computed tomography (CT), evaluate any association with calcification involving the intracranial arteries or lentiform nuclei, and assess the clinical importance of intrahippocampal calcification.Materials and Methods:Study approval was obtained by the Southern Health Human Research Ethics Committee, which waived the requirement for ...
Ekizoglu Esme - - 2012
Objectives: Allodynia is frequently associated with migraine and other primary headaches. Our aim was to investigate the presence of allodynia and related features in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), which is a disabling secondary headache disorder.Methods: We included 46 IIH patients and analyzed their clinical and laboratory findings retrospectively. Allodynia was ...
Vadasz Z - - 2012
Semaphorin 3A (sema3A) and neuropilin-1 (NP-1) play a regulatory role in immune responses and have a demonstrated effect on the course of collagen-induced arthritis. Sema3A was also found to be involved in other immune-mediated diseases, e.g. psoriasis and allergic rhinitis. In this review we concentrated on the involvement of sema3A ...
Norman K - - 2012
Background/objective:Malnutrition is a prominent feature in liver cirrhosis, with deleterious impact on clinical outcome. The objective of this study is to investigate whether malnutrition is associated with increased gastrointestinal permeability in liver cirrhosis reflected by altered urinary excretion of non-metabolizable sugar probes.Subjects/methods:Patients with advanced liver cirrhosis (Child Pugh Score B ...
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