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Heuser Kjell - - 2012
Recent experimental data in mice have shown that the inwardly rectifying K channel Kir4.1 mediates K spatial buffering in the hippocampus. Here we used immunohistochemistry to examine the distribution of Kir4.1 in hippocampi from patients with medication-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. The selectivity of the antibody was confirmed in mice with ...
Hsu Yi-Ting - - 2012
The corpus callosum is the major brain structure responsible for the transferring of information between the two hemispheres. In congenital agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC), an alternative functional connection might exist between the hemispheres; however, this has yet to be demonstrated. The present study evaluated a 27-year-old man with ...
Sbardella Emilia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Isoprostanes (IsoP) are sensitive biomarkers of oxidative stress. Their cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF) level is increased in several neurological conditions, including multiple sclerosis (MS). In particular, in relapsing-remitting MS, IsoP have been proposed as an index of neurodegenerative processes. The mechanisms leading to neuroaxonal damage in MS are not fully understood ...
Kreft K L - - 2012
Polymorphisms (single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)) in the interleukin-7 receptor-α (IL-7Rα)/IL-7 pathway are associated with an increased risk to develop multiple sclerosis (MS). The rs6897932 SNP in the IL-7Rα leads to increased soluble IL-7Rα production. Given the functional interaction between sIL-7Rα, membrane-bound IL-7Rα and IL-7, we assessed IL-7, mIL-7Rα and sIL-7Rα levels ...
Khalil M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Axonal damage is considered a major cause of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) and may start early in the disease. Specific biomarkers for this process are of great interest. OBJECTIVE: To study if cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for axonal damage reflect and predict disease progression already in the earliest ...
Wylie Scott A - - 2012
Parkinson's disease patients with predominant postural instability and gait difficulties (PIGD) may experience unique cognitive difficulties compared to patients with tremor predominant (TD) symptoms. PIGD patients are also at high risk for falling, and some of the worst fallers seem to react impulsively to their environment. We tested the hypothesis ...
Kirbas Serkan - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The aim of this study was to investigate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) without visual impairment using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to compare the results with healthy controls. A total of 80 subjects, including 40 patients with early untreated ...
Honda Akira - - 2012
Bezafibrate is a widely used hypolipidemic agent and is known as a ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Recently this agent has come to be recognized as a potential anticholestatic medicine for the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) that does not respond sufficiently to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) monotherapy. ...
Abida Olfa - - 2012
Pemphigus is an autoimmune disorder resulting from the interaction between autoantibodies and desmoglein. Oxidative stress seems to be responsible for the onset/aggravation of many human diseases. Actually, it is considered as one of the several factors for the etiopathogenesis of pemphigus. The present study aims to evaluate the oxidative state ...
Hiraki Koji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing dialysis experience decreases in physical function; however, few data exist on physical function in pre-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary objective of this study was to clarify physical function in pre-dialysis patients according to CKD stage. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 120 ...
Maharaj Nirvarthi - - 2012
AIMS: Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) has emerged as a quantitative technique to assess left ventricular (LV) function via twist mechanics. Hypertension-associated changes in LV twist have not been previously evaluated in African patients with LV systolic dysfunction. This study evaluates LV twist dynamics in hypertensive patients with a low ejection fraction ...
De Giorgi F - - 2012
Background  Mental stress (MS) may alter gastric sensory-motor function. The aim of the study was to assess postprandial autonomic nervous system activity and stress hormones in response to acute mental stress in dyspeptic patients. Methods  A total of 25 patients with postprandial distress syndrome (PDS; 11 mol L(-1) , age 35.9 ± 9.3 years) and ...
Givens Daniel J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with parathyroid adenomas (PAs) are commonly encountered in otolaryngology and may present with asymptomatic hypercalcemia. Retropharyngeal hematoma and recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis are less commonly encountered presentations and may be harbingers of a malignant process. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present 2 patients with rare presentations of parathyroid ...
Thiele Katja - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the preliminary American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission criteria with the 28-joint count Disease Activity Score (DAS28) remission in unselected 'real-life' patients. METHODS: Remission was calculated according to the DAS28 and to both versions of the ACR/EULAR criteria (Boolean or Simplified ...
Parma Valentina - - 2012
To investigate implicit olfactory abilities in a group of anosmic traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients, an olfactomotor priming paradigm was administered. A group of matched normosmic/mildly microsmic TBI patients and a group of neurologically healthy participants served as controls. For all the groups, an interference effect was evident on the ...
Cheng Chi-Hung - - 2012
Background:  Serum levels of soluble intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM), and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), are elevated in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, the levels of these cell adhesion molecules in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) are unclear. Method:  A total of ...
Stucken Emily Z - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Temporal bone encephaloceles and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea can lead to life-threatening sequelae such as meningitis and cerebritis. Obesity has been associated with spontaneous CSF leaks. We wished to determine if there were differences in the body mass index (BMI) of patients with spontaneous temporal bone encephaloceles/CSF leaks and ...
Jeon Taek-Soo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective clinical data analysisObjective. This study was conducted to retrospectively analyze the demographics, clinical presentation, and radiographic findings of ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament of the cervical spine in Korean patients in order to obtain a basis for further studies on and treatment of ossification of posterior ...
Bigi Sandra - - 2012
Pediatric multiple sclerosis has been increasingly recognized in the past 10 to 15 years; 3% to 5% of all multiple sclerosis patients experience their first attack in childhood. Childhood multiple sclerosis has a relapsing-remitting disease course. The first attack, or "acquired demyelinating syndrome," consists of optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, acute ...
Cao Ju - - 2012
Co-stimulatory molecules are key immunoregulatory mediators in regulating T lymphocyte-mediated immune responses and inflammatory reactions. Here we investigated whether there is altered expression and the clinical significance of circulating soluble co-stimulatory molecules in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Serum concentrations of sCTLA-4, sCD28, sCD80 and sCD86 in 56 RA patients, and ...
Rijken Dingeman C - - 2012
Background & Objectives: It has been known for a long time that cirrhosis is associated with hyperfibrinolysis, which might contribute to an increased risk and severity of bleeding. However, recent papers have questioned the presence of a hyperfibrinolytic state in cirrhotic patients and postulated a rebalanced system due to concomitant ...
Shrestha Nikesh Raj - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The burden of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) continues to be a major contributor to morbidity and premature death in poor and developing countries. We investigated patterns of valvular involvement in patients with RHD as observed in a large tertiary care hospital in eastern Nepal. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed transthoracic ...
Chatelle Camille - - 2012
ObjectiveTo determine the sensitivity of the Nociception Coma Scale (NCS), the first scale developed to assess nociceptive pain in vegetative state and minimally conscious state patients, in comparing behavioural changes in response to noxious versus non-noxious stimulation.MethodsThe NCS was administered to assess patients' responses in three conditions: (1) baseline (observation ...
Kufner A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Absence of FLAIR hyperintensity within an acute infarct is associated with stroke onset <4.5 h. However, some patients rapidly develop FLAIR hyperintensity within this timeframe. We hypothesized that development of early infarct FLAIR hyperintensity would predict hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in sub-4.5 h tPA patients. METHODS: Consecutive acute stroke patients ...
Russo Antonio - - 2012
Background: Converging neuropsychological evidence suggests that in migraine executive functions (EF) may be affected during interictal periods.Objective: To evaluate the functional connectivity of the fronto-parietal networks (FPN) known to be associated with EF, in migraine without aura (MwoA) patients, in the interictal period, in comparison to healthy controls (HC).Methods: Using ...
Chu Elvina May-Yin - - 2012
Retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and macular volume (MV) can be measured in vivo using optical coherence tomography (OCT) providing a "window into the brain". RNFL and MV are promising biomarkers in neurological diseases. This study explores the potential of RNFL and MV to detect axonal abnormalities in vivo ...
Rojas J I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal bands (OB) imply intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis and B-cell immune process. There is scarce evidence of OB having a role in disease prognosis. The objective of the present study was to determine OB?s prognostic value regarding disease progression. METHODS: Between January 1994 and January 2007, relapsing-remitting ...
Greene Stephen J - - 2012
Monocytes play a critical role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF), but few studies have evaluated the prognostic implications of an increased monocyte count in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (EF). The Efficacy of Vasopressin Antagonism in Heart Failure Outcome Study with Tolvaptan (EVEREST) examined the effects ...
Shen Pei-Cheng - - 2012
AIMS: Nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the leading major cause of end-stage renal disease in developing countries including China. Among the 5 stages of CKD, it is critical to retard the progression of stage 3 because renal disorder could accelerate aggravation behind that stage. Data suggest that high dosages ...
Kim H - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the extent of microstructural changes in the major white matter fibers and to evaluate whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) adds any lateralizing information in children with medically intractable neocortical epilepsy secondary to focal cortical dysplasia. Patient group included twenty-three consecutively enrolled patients with medically intractable ...
Benítez-Rivero Sonia - - 2012
ObjectivesTo analyse the differences in the clinical features and characteristics of (123)I-labelled 2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl) nortropane ((123)I-FP-CIT) single photon emission CT (SPECT) imaging among patients with vascular parkinsonism (VP) and Parkinson's disease (PD).MethodsWe performed a case-control study to compare clinical features and qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses of (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT images between 106 ...
Lee Iris J - - 2012
The TAM receptors (tyro3, axl and mer) and their ligands (vitamin K-dependent proteins-Gas6 and Protein S) are crucial modulators of inflammation, which may be relevant in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Gas6 and axl have multiple roles in mediating vascular atherosclerosis and injury, thrombosis and inflammation, yet nothing is known about ...
Krstacic Goran - - 2012
Complexity-based analyses may quantify abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and prognostic significances of dynamic HRV changes in patients with stress-induced cardiomyopathy Takotsubo syndrome (TS) by means of linear and nonlinear analysis. Patients with TS were included in study after ...
Montoro Juan - - 2012
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and is responsible for morbidity, mortality and a decrease in quality of life of patients after SCT. Polymyositis, which usually co-occurs with other manifestations of GVHD, has previously been reported. However, polymyositis as the sole ...
Sakamoto Yuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The symptoms of about 30% of acute ischemic stroke patients progress, but the mechanism and predictors of the deterioration are not well known. The augmentation index (AIx), estimated with the arterial pulse waveform, is known to be pathophysiologically relevant to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The aim ...
Valentini Gabriele - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We investigated early Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) (i.e. Raynaud's phenomenon with SSc marker autoantibodies and/or typical capillaroscopic findings and no manifestations other than puffy fingers or arthritis) versus Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease (UCTD) to identify predictors of short-term disease evolution. METHODS: Thirty-nine early SSc and 37 UCTD patients were ...
Weinberg Ido - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Supra-normal ankle brachial index (ABI) (>1.40), poses diagnostic challenges to determine the presence, location, and severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The anatomic distribution of PAD in patients with elevated ABI has not been previously described. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients referred to the Massachusetts General Hospital ...
Jung Yoon Suk - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical course of patients with intestinal Behcet's disease (BD). We aimed to evaluate the clinical course of intestinal BD during the first 5 years after diagnosis, and to identify factors that could predict the 5-year clinical course. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 130 ...
Brenner T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the pathogenesis of sepsis, inflammation-induced changes in coagulation play a pivotal role. METHODS: In total, 90 patients (30 patients with septic shock, 30 surgical patients following major abdominal surgery and 30 healthy volunteers) were enrolled. Blood samples from patients with septic shock were collected at the time of ...
Moceri Pamela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Eisenmenger syndrome differs significantly from other types of pulmonary arterial hypertension in its physiology and prognosis. We aimed to assess the relationship between the echocardiographic characteristics of patients with Eisenmenger syndrome and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 181 consecutive patients with Eisenmenger syndrome, ...
Ongöz Dede Figen - - 2012
Background: The study was performed to evaluate the effects of initial periodontal treatment on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and salivary levels of 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a marker of oxidative DNA damage in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). Methods: At baseline, clinical parameters, GCF and saliva samples were obtained from ...
Wang Y-F - - 2012
Objective: The objective of this article is to assess clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of patients with male lupus nephritis in a cohort of Chinese patients. Methods: Clinical, pathological and outcome data of lupus nephritis patients with different gender were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Results: Among 315 patients with renal biopsy-proven ...
Njerve Ida Unhammer - - 2012
Abstract Background: Fractalkine and its receptor CX3CR1 are associated with atherosclerosis. In vitro studies have shown increased expression of fractalkine in endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells when stimulated with a high concentration of glucose. Increased serum levels of fractalkine have been shown in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus ...
Huang Shu-Ching - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a potentially fatal condition in children with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated infectious mononucleosis (IM). This study aimed to identify commonly available clinical and laboratory predictors that might help clinicians decide to perform the bone marrow and immunological tests for HLH in paediatric EBV-associated IM. METHODS: A ...
Kittiwarawut Annop - - 2012
AIM: Cardiac dysfunction is a major limitation of anthracycline treatment in cancer patients. There are several useful serum markers in other types of cardiomyopathy, including N-terminal pro-brain-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), troponin-T and creatine kinase MB isoform. We investigated the potential application of these serum biomarkers in cancer patients receiving treatment with ...
Berthoux Francois - - 2012
Mesangial and circulating IgA1 with aberrantly glycosylated hinge region O-glycans characterize IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Unlike healthy individuals, some IgA1 is galactose deficient in patients with IgAN, leaving terminal N-acetylgalactosamine residues in the hinge region exposed. Circulating autoantibodies that recognize such galactose-deficient IgA1 as an autoantigen, or the levels of the ...
Kara B - - 2012
PURPOSE: Previous functional neuroimaging studies showed that the brainstem may have an important role in migraine and recently, DTI studies demonstrated that structural alterations in migraineurs may extend beyond the normal appearing brain tissue. The aim of our study was to find out if DTI may detect any abnormality during ...
Oh Hyung Jung - - 2012
Henöch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is considered a systemic form of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Although these are different pictures of a single disease, there are no studies directly comparing long-term outcomes of these two clinical entities. To clarify this, we studied 120 patients with biopsy-proven HSPN and 1070 patients with ...
Wittstock M - - 2012
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is the most common atypical parkinsonian syndrome and an important differential diagnosis of parkinson's disease (PD). The clinical diagnosis of PSP relies on characteristic symptoms. There is evidence of clinical subgroups within the entity of PSP interfering with making the firm diagnosis. It was the aim ...
Paramesh Anil S - - 2012
Kidney transplantation (KTx) alone in patients with cirrhosis and renal failure (end-stage renal disease [ESRD]) infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of HCV+ patients with ESRD and cirrhosis (C group) versus HCV+ patients with ESRD but with no cirrhosis ...
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