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Results 451 - 500 of 5922
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Suzuki Kanjiro - - 2012
Abstract It is known that weak transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces persistent excitability changes in the cerebral cortex. There are, however, few studies that compare the after-effects of anodal versus cathodal tDCS in patients with stroke. This study assessed the after-effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the ...
Gibson Paul - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Technetium-99m-diethylene-triamine-pentaacetate (Tc-99m-DTPA) nuclear medicine studies allow for accurate monitoring of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. However, these scans may be logistically challenging and are associated with some radiation exposure. OBJECTIVES:: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review the use of Tc-99m-DTPA studies to ...
Kazemi Hadi - - 2012
Post-traumatic epileptic seizure is a common complication of brain trauma including military injuries. We present clinical characteristics and correlates of post-traumatic epilepsy in 163 head-injured veterans suffering from intractable epilepsy due to blunt or penetrating head injuries sustained during the Iraq-Iran war. The medical records of 163 war veterans who ...
Metzger Florian G - - 2012
Objective: Vagus somatosensory evoked potentials (VSEP) are far-field potentials probably generated in nuclei of then. vagus in the lower brainstem. They represent a putative, easily applicable method for discrimination between patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and healthy controls (HC). Methods: Thirteen patients with AD, ...
Saba Luca - - 2012
The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a validated marker of cerebrovascular disease risk. This paper presents a new parameter, the IMT variability (IMTV), and compares it between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients taken from a cohort of Italian population. One hundred forty-two patients were analyzed (age 59 ± 112 years, 59% ...
Gelardi Matteo - - 2012
To analyze nasal inflammation in a group of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by means of nasal cytology and to describe the changes induced by continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) treatment. Thirty-two consecutive patients affected by OSAS (mean age 46.9 years) and 13 control subjects (mean age 49.1 ...
Hamad Abdel-Mohsen - - 2012
Middle lobe syndrome is a well-known clinical condition. In this retrospective study, we report our experience with a similar clinicopathological condition affecting the left lower lobe. The data of 17 patients with atelectasis or bronchiectasis of the left lower lobe who underwent lobectomy during the period from January 2000 to ...
Tsibouris Panagiotis - - 2012
Background/Aims: Duodenogastric reflux is a possible risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma (CA) development. Gastric surgery that destroys or distorts the pylorus is a good model to study the effects of duodenogastric reflux. To define the consequences of gastrectomy in patients with Barrett esophagus (BE). Methodology: Records of all BE/CA patients ...
Chandran Vinod - - 2012
Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have a higher inflammatory burden and poorer quality of life compared to patients with psoriasis without PsA. Early identification of PsA may prevent joint damage progression and improve quality of life. Soluble biomarkers have the potential to be useful for screening patients with psoriasis for ...
Kas Aurélie - - 2012
Objective A new classification of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) was recently proposed to differentiate between non-fluent aphasia (NF-PPA), semantic variant of PPA (S-PPA) and logopenic aphasia (LPA) by their phenotypic presentations. CSF biomarkers (BM) may differentiate PPA with atypical Alzheimer's disease (AD) that presents with LPA from PPA with frontotemporal ...
Kurt Mevlut - - 2012
Background/Aims: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has poor long-term prognosis so we need new diagnostic techniques and markers to detect HCC in the early phases. The aim of this study was to analyze the levels of serum mean platelet volume in HCC. Methodology: The clinical data of 230 subjects with normal, chronic ...
Canero Antonio - - 2012
The incidence of TE events in IBD patients is higher then in population control. The main reason of it, is the hypercoaugulable state. Our aim was to detect serum markers related to TE, that can assume preventing and prognostic meanings. We performed a 3 years study on 71 patients with ...
Kilicaslan Isa - - 2012
Abstract Introduction. Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning causes hypoxia that results tissue injury, especially in the brain and heart. Delayed neurologic sequela is one of the most serious complications that may occur up to 40% of severe CO poisoning cases. Objective. The aim of the study was to determine an association ...
Deirmentzoglou Stavros - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that the ultrasound-estimated bladder weight (UEBW) will correlate with the urodynamic diagnoses in women with lower urinary tract symptoms, in particular, detrusor underactivity and bladder outflow obstruction. Ultrasonography has been increasingly used in the assessment of lower urinary tract conditions. Adult women referred to the urodynamics ...
Liu Cai-Yan - - 2012
Objective To explore the correlations between serum uric acid (UA) levels and the clinical and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods The medical reports of 47 MS patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2008 and 2010 were reviewed. And 49 age- and gender-matched cerebral ...
Chen Meng-Tsai - - 2012
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis whose hallmark is tissue infiltration by CD68-positive, CD1a-negative and usually S-100 protein-positive foamy non-Langerhans histiocytes and mononuclear cells. Here, we report a hemodialysis (HD) patient who presented with fever and pericardial effusion. We performed pericardiocentesis with pericardial biopsy and the histological ...
O'Rourke Malachy J - - 2012
The relationship between hemodynamics and thrombus deposition in abdominal aortic aneurysm is investigated for three patients (A, B and C), each with mature fusiform aneurysms. Our methodology utilises initial and follow-up computerised tomography scans for each patient to identify regions of mural thrombus growth and to provide patient-specific models for ...
Marin Luis Fabiano - - 2012
To determine the clinical correlates of the restless legs syndrome (RLS) in a Brazilian sleep disorders center. We retrospectively studied 118 patients with RLS from January, 2004, to December, 2010. The analyzed variables were: age at disease onset, gender, race, years of school instruction, primary and secondary RLS, and treatment ...
Akbal Ayla - - 2012
Background/Aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for stroke. However, the role of MetS in stroke rehabilitation has not been assessed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MetS on rehabilitation from stroke. Materials and Methods: A total of 337 consecutive patients with subacute stroke ...
Ozturk P - - 2012
Increased experience and success with ventricular asist devices (VAD) has permitted more aggressive use in patients formerly believed to be inappropriate for mechanical circulatory support (MCS). There is no clearly proven policy to manage end-stage heart failure patients with valvular pathologies. The aim of this report was to analysis our ...
George R L RL - - 2012
Gout is a metabolic disorder of excess uric acid accumulation that manifests clinically as inflammatory arthritis, chronic arthropathy and the formation of deposits of uric acid known as tophi. A primary objective of gout management is to reduce the excess urate burden by regular use of drugs that reduce serum ...
Kekilli Murat - - 2012
Background/Aims: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyze all the polyps of patients undergoing endoscopic polypectomy or forceps biopsy according to their types, frequency, localization, number and gender distribution. Methodology: Data from patients who underwent upper endoscopy in the Türkiye Yüksek Ihtisas Postgraduate Research Hospital between March ...
Cicek D - - 2012
Background.  Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by an unpleasant sensation in the legs, which is difficult to describe, but produces an urge to move the legs frequently. Aim.  To assess the prevalence and severity of RLS in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and patients with psoriasis, and to investigate ...
Koffman Boyd M - - 2012
This study investigated the impact of oral health on neurological disorders using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). A total of 460 subjects completed the OHIP, including 141 control subjects who did not have any neurological conditions. Of the 319 subjects with a neurological diagnosis who were enrolled in the ...
Evans Tanya H - - 2012
In patients with chronic nausea and/or vomiting, gastroparesis is frequently diagnosed, often on the basis of abnormal gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES). When typical treatments fail, patients may be referred to a referral center. This retrospective study evaluated the diagnoses made in patients referred for chronic nausea and vomiting and appraised ...
Chen Wei-Sheng - - 2012
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic arthritis with a pathogenesis which is not fully understood. A third subset of IL-17-producing T helper cells, called Th17 cells, has been discovered and characterized. We investigated whether IL-17 and IL-23, two Th17-related cytokines, play any roles in the pathogenesis of, and have any ...
Ding Yan - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) mostly occurred in young women. This study was undertaken to investigate the different clinical characteristics of SLE between male and female patients, and to identify the sex hormone levels and clinical outcomes of different gender in SLE patients. Of the 516 SLE patients admitted to the ...
Alcantara Roberta V - - 2012
To identify non-invasive predictors of esophageal varices in children and adolescents with chronic liver disease or extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO). 53 patients younger than 20 years with chronic liver disease or EHPVO and no history of bleeding or prophylactic treatment of esophageal varices (EV) were assessed. They were divided ...
Kanoh Yuhsaku - - 2012
α2-macroglobulin (α2M) is thought to be involved in cancer metastasis and inflammatory reaction through its functions as a proteinase inhibitor and carrier protein for interleukin-6 (IL-6). We previously reported that advanced prostate cancer (PCa) patients with multiple distant bone metastases had markedly decreased serum α2M levels (<20 mg/dl) and no ...
Kim Min-Seok - - 2012
This study was intended to investigate whether cerebral blood flow (CBF) could predict the recovery of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP). Between July 2001 and March 2009, 107 patients who had been diagnosed with idiopathic DCMP underwent radionuclide angiography to assess their CBF. ...
Mihaylova Violeta - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: The aim of our study was to characterize the neurological symptoms in Bulgarian patients with Wilson disease (WD), to investigate genotype-phenotype correlations, and to test whether there are differences in phenotype between patients of different ethnic origin. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: A total of 126 Bulgarian patients with WD were ...
Parkman Henry P - - 2012
: Metoclopramide is associated with variable efficacy and side effects when used in the treatment of gastroparesis. : To determine associations of clinical and pharmacogenetic parameters with response and side effects to metoclopramide in patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis. : Gastroparetic patients treated with metoclopramide were enrolled. ...
Khondker L - - 2012
A cross sectional study was done to determine the important etiological profile of infertility status of male in Dhaka city. A total of eighty seven patients of male infertility were selected purposively. Among them, highest percentage of patients, 44(50.6%) were in between the 21-30 years old, 36(41.4%) had 6-10 years ...
Yi Chih-Hsun - - 2012
Atypical symptoms are common in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and erosive reflux disease (ERD) exhibit different clinical characteristics and responses to acid suppression treatment. We aimed to compare atypical characteristics in patients with NERD and ERD. We also investigated the presence of histological esophagitis ...
Carlino Elisa - - 2012
In spite of the large number of studies on schizophrenia, a full understanding of its core pathology still eludes us. The application of the nonlinear theory of electroencephalography (EEG) analysis provides an interesting tool to differentiate between physiologic conditions (e.g., resting state and mathematical task) and normal and pathologic brain ...
Fontenelle Leonardo F - - 2012
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a range of emotional abnormalities linked to its defining symptoms, comorbid illnesses and cognitive deficits. The aim of this preliminary study was to examine functional changes in the brain that are associated with experimentally induced sad mood in patients with OCD compared with healthy ...
Dasa Vinod - - 2012
Failure of TKA from aseptic loosening is a growing concern, as TKA is performed with increasing frequency. Loosening is multifactorial and may be associated with elevated inflammatory cytokines in addition to biomechanical failure. We asked whether proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines are elevated in synovial fluid from patients undergoing revision surgery ...
Schaefer Franz - - 2012
BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVES, AND METHODS: The number of patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) is increasing rapidly on a global scale. We analyzed the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network (IPPN) registry, a global database active in 33 countries spanning a wide range in gross national income (GNI), to identify the impact ...
Sheikh Muhammad Y - - 2012
Thrombocytopenia is a common finding in patients with cirrhosis and may lead to unnecessary referral for bone marrow (BM) biopsy. To date, the prevalence of cirrhosis in patients with thrombocytopenia who receive BM biopsy is largely unknown. Between fiscal years 2006-2010, 744 patients (≥18 years) who underwent BM biopsies for ...
Moon Kyung Hyun - - 2012
To investigate the causes of varicocele recurrence and assess the use of embolization and subinguinal varicocelectomy in its treatment in patients with angiography and subinguinal varicocelectomy. The present study involved 15 patients with recurrent varicoceles. The mean patient age was 21.2 years (range: 12-42 years). Preoperative angiography was performed in ...
Geier David A - - 2012
Toxic metal exposure (e.g. Hg, Pb, As) exposure is known to induce significant adverse effects on human brain function. The aim this study was to assess toxic metal body-burden in relation to potential brain dysfunction in patients diagnosed with neurological disorders (NDs). The Liberty Institutional Review Board (Deland, FL) approved ...
Mousa Ahmed - - 2012
To develop and validate an Arabic version of the Visual Functioning Index (VF-14) for patients with cataracts. The VF-14 was translated into Arabic by an epidemiologist and an ophthalmologist, both fluent in Arabic and English. The VF-14 was administered to patients diagnosed with cataract at two hospitals in Egypt and ...
Wehrli Natasha E - - 2012
To assess the frequency, characteristics, and fate of arterioportal shunts in patients with hepatic steatosis and to compare this to the frequency in patients without liver disease. Eighty-four patients with hepatic steatosis but no other known liver disease and who underwent 2 abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations at least ...
Braley Tiffany J - - 2012
To analyze differences in corpus callosum diffusion tensor imaging metrics among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) (RRMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS) with enhancing and nonenhancing cerebral lesions. One-way analysis of variance and multiple linear regression models were used to assess the relationship between MS subtype, the presence of ...
Tanaka Yoshimasa - - 2012
Colonic diverticular bleeding can stop spontaneously or be stopped by endoscopic hemostasis. We analyzed the clinical and colonoscopic features of patients with colonic diverticular bleeding to establish the predictive factors for rebleeding. A total of 111 patients (median age, 72 years) with colonic diverticular bleeding in Aso Iizuka Hospital between ...
Shafiq Faraz F Scarborough General Hospital, North and East Yorkshire, - - 2012
Airway management of adult patients with acute supraglottitis is challenging. The sign and symptoms of the disease may show marked variation in terms of severity and progression. Thorough evaluation is required before selecting any particular approach. We report the case of an adult patient with acute supraglottitis, in whom active ...
Mukhopadhyay S S Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Kolkata, India. - - 2012
To compare oxidative stress between primary retinoblastoma and retinoblastoma with distant metastasis. Forty consecutive patients presented with primary retinoblastoma and the same number of patients presented with distant metastasis, attending the outpatient department of our hospital between August 2002 and April 2005. All the patients with retinoblastoma underwent a standard ...
Othman Saleh A SA Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, King Khalid University Hospital and College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the value of hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HS) for the diagnosis of right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain in patients with normal hepatobiliary ultrasound (HU). This is an observational study with a retrospective analysis of data from March 2008 to August 2010. We reviewed ...
Chiou Ya-Lin - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients have higher oxidative stress and ferritin than healthy individuals. However, the level of oxidative stress in CHC patients during treatment with peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin is not clear. The aims of our study are to investigate changes of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS; indicated ...
Akpolat Tekin - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to investigate the association between arm circumference and body mass index (BMI) and to discuss problems, mainly arm circumference and cuff size mismatch, that could affect the reliability of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) among peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: ...
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