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Results 401 - 450 of 1787
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Song Sook K - - 2011
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) has been regarded as a unique entity within the spectrum of oligodendrogliopathy. However, the pathomechanisms underlying the initial trigger and aggravating factors responsible for disease progression remain unknown. Even though the implication of blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction has not been fully elucidated, this dysfunction may act ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2010
In order to better understand enteroviral encephalitis we investigated the clinical symptoms and several disease markers. Between 2000 and 2005 eight patients aged between 9 months and 5 years were admitted to our hospital with one case having sequela. Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), serum IL-6, and ferritin were elevated in ...
Franzini Angelo - - 2010
OBJECT: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a potentially serious pathological syndrome consisting of specific symptoms and neuroradiological signs that can sometimes be used to assess the efficacy of the treatment. In this paper the authors report a series of 28 patients with this syndrome who were all treated with an ...
Horai Yoshiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) interleukin-6 (IL-6) measurement in patients with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE), we studied CSF IL-6 levels in patients with NPSLE and analyzed the association between CSF IL-6 levels and other clinical findings of NPSLE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed ...
Schievink Wouter I - - 2010
Subdural hematoma is a relatively common complication of long-term anticoagulation, particularly in the elderly. The combination of anticoagulation and cerebral cortical atrophy is believed to be sufficient to explain the subdural bleeding. The authors report a series of elderly patients who were on a regimen of anticoagulation and developed chronic ...
Darreh-Shori T - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cognitive decline associated with a deficit in cholinergic function. Inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and/or butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), such as donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, are widely prescribed as symptomatic treatments for AD. These agents exhibit a wide variation in their pharmacological properties. ...
Han F - - 2010
We hypothesised that hypocretin (orexin) plays a role in the determination of ventilatory chemosensitivity. 130 patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy (mean ± SD age 20 ± 10 yrs, 69% male) and 117 controls (22 ± 6.9 yrs, 62% male) were recruited and tested for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1*0602 status, hyperoxia hypercapnic (change ...
Yu Yingxin - - 2010
The clinical presentations and MRI of six patients with general paresis due to neurosyphilis were reviewed. Diagnosis was based on neurological and psychiatric symptoms, positive Treponema pallidum hemagglutination in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera, and serology that was negative for human immunodeficiency virus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Most patients had ...
Mashayekhi Farhad - - 2010
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), also called FGF-1, which influences the proliferation and differentiation of various cell types in vitro, was originally isolated from neural tissue. It is released from the ependymal cells of the cerebral third ventricle into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). FGF-1 promotes the survival of neurons. Reactive ...
Stomrud Erik - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are believed to be involved in the pathologic processes behind Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we aimed to examine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in individuals with AD dementia and cognitively healthy elderly individuals, and to investigate their ...
Ikeda Tokuhei - - 2010
Oligomers of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We hypothesized that AD patients have a central nervous system environment that promotes Abeta oligomerization. We investigated the effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 33 patients with AD and 33 age-matched, non-demented controls on oligomerization of ...
Cieslicki Krzysztof - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The problem of adequate diagnosis of hydrocephalus followed by administration of an effective treatment has not yet been properly solved. Specifically, this pertains to the decision about the surgical insertion of a flow diverting device. AIMS: A lumbar infusion test was used to examine the compensatory parameters of intracranial ...
Bahar Burak - - 2010
Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important subject threatening public health. There is not a marker for early detection of this cancer type in practice yet. When studies on this subject were searched, cytokines show promise in diagnosis and guiding treatment. The reason for selecting serum M-CSF and ...
Spasojević Ivan - - 2010
Ferrous iron, released from iron deposits in the motor cortex and other brain regions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, participates in the Fenton reaction in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) alongside H(2)O(2), which is continuously released by neuronal cells. In vivo, the production of notoriously reactive hydroxyl radicals via this reaction ...
Zimmermann Rüdiger - - 2010
Neurochemical Dementia Diagnostics (NDD), i.e., analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of amyloid-beta peptides and tau/phospho-tau proteins plays important role in the diagnosis of neurodegeneration and dementias. Several studies show alterations of these biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however, only a few reports address alterations of other CSF biomarkers ...
Borroni Barbara - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau ratio decrease (33kDa/55kDa forms) and mid-saggital midbrain-to-pons (MP) atrophy have been suggested as diagnostic markers for progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The usefulness of their combined evaluation has never been tested. We evaluated the CSF tau ratio and the MP atrophy as a combined marker for early ...
Mihalj M - - 2010
Gait apraxia is most commonly a part of the Hakimov triad (gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, dementia) in normotensive hydrocephalus (NPH), although it may be a symptom of some other conditions. In our case the patient was a long term Parkinson's disease sufferer who developed normotensive hydrocephalus and consequently gait apraxia. ...
Denes Eric - - 2010
PCR in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has become the sole method used for the diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Nevertheless, PCR results may sometimes be false negative, and in this situation other techniques may be useful. 3 patients hospitalised for meningoencephalitis with fever showed a negative result for herpes ...
Reesink Fransje E - - 2010
In this study, we assessed whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the biomarker α-synuclein have a diagnostic value in differential diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We also analyzed associations between CSF biomarkers and cognitive performance in DLB and in AD. We included 35 DLB ...
Picariello C - - 2010
Procalcitonin concentrations are considered as a component of the inflammatory response and as an acute-phase marker, after shock or tissue injury (i.e. burn, trauma, surgery) or infections and sepsis. No data are so far available on the dynamics of procalcitonin levels in patients with cardiogenic shock following ST-elevation myocardial infarction, ...
Mattsson Niklas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The metabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-amyloid (Abeta) is widely studied in Alzheimer's disease, where Abeta deposition and plaque development are essential components of the pathogenesis. However, the physiological role of amyloid in the adult nervous system remains largely unknown. We have previously found altered cerebral amyloid ...
Eckerström C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition, and the prognosis differs within the group. Recent findings suggest that hippocampal volumetry and CSF biomarkers can be used to predict which MCI patients have an underlying neurodegenerative disorder. OBJECTIVE: To examine the combined predictive value of hippocampal volume and CSF ...
Steinacker Petra - - 2010
The clinical diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) can be supported by several biochemical markers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) such as 14-3-3 proteins and tau protein. Unfortunately, none of the currently known markers are suited for screening or seems to be directly related to the pathophysiological process. A marker fulfilling these ...
Ikeuchi Takeshi - - 2010
Recent genetic and pathological studies have suggested that a lipoprotein receptor, LR11, is intricately implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). We have recently established a novel sandwich ELISA, which enabled the sensitive quantification of a soluble LR11 (sLR11). By this ELISA, we attempted to determine the difference in ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that immunological factors may be involved in pathogenic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interleukin (IL)-15 and IL-12 are proinflammatory cytokines produced by activated blood and glial cells. They promote T cell differentiation and proliferation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured by ELISA serum and cerebrospinal fluid ...
van Eijk Jeroen J J - - 2010
In this study we investigated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of neurofilament light (NFL) and heavy chain (NFHp35), total tau (t-tau), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) to detect disease specific profiles in sporadic Creutzfeldt Jakob disease (sCJD) patients and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. CSF levels of NFL, NFHp35, t-tau, ...
Lackner Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prognosis assessment of patients with infectious and neoplastic disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) may still pose a challenge. In this retrospective cross-sectional study the prognostic value of basic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters in patients with bacterial meningitis, viral meningoencephalitis and leptomeningeal metastases were evaluated. METHODS: White blood ...
Selnes Per - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) including chronic small vessel disease of the brain (SVD) are the most frequent causes of dementia. AD is associated with metabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and low levels of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) X-42 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CVD and SVD are ...
Jarius Sven - - 2010
In 70-80% of cases, neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is associated with highly specific serum auto-antibodies to aquaporin-4 (termed AQP4-Ab or NMO-IgG). Recent evidence strongly suggests that AQP4-Ab are directly involved in the immunopathogenesis of NMO. To assess the frequency, syndrome specificity, diagnostic relevance, and origin of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AQP4-Ab in ...
Cárdenas Graciela - - 2010
In disease-endemic areas, severe cysticercal meningitis (SCM) is characterized by intense inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and negative bacterial and fungal cultures. There have been no systematic studies of SCM. We characterized patients with SCM and compare them with neurocysticercosis (NC) patients with mild CSF abnormalities by conducting a nine-year retrospective ...
Blasco Hélène - - 2010
Pathophysiological mechanisms involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are complex and none has identified reliable markers useful in routine patient evaluation. The aim of this study was to analyze the CSF of patients with ALS by (1)H NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) spectroscopy in order to identify biomarkers in the early ...
Araki Yoshio - - 2010
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an uncommon cerebrovascular condition with unknown etiology characterized by slowly progressive stenosis or occlusion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries associated with an abnormal vascular network. MMD is a major cause of stroke, specifically in the younger population. Diagnosis is based on only radiological features as ...
Westers Theresia M - - 2010
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of clonal disorders of the bone marrow characterized by peripheral cytopenias. Standard treatment in low- and intermediate-I-risk MDS is supportive therapy consisting of regular transfusions and growth factors, that is, erythropoietin (Epo) and granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Because flow cytometric analysis of MDS bone marrow ...
Garg Ravindra Kumar - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The symptomatic central nervous system involvement is often seen in patients with miliary tuberculosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated 60 consecutive miliary tuberculosis patients, who presented with some neurological manifestations. Evaluation included neurological examination, a battery of blood tests, HIV serology, sputum examination, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
Yuksel Deniz - - 2010
Neurodegenerative diseases characterized by cytoskeletal deformation and neurofibrillary tangles are associated with altered levels of tau and related proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Neuronal or glial fibrillary tangles have been shown in 20% of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) patients. We therefore investigated CSF samples from 60 newly diagnosed SSPE and ...
Calais Gauthier - - 2010
In clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), the detection of oligoclonal bands (OCBs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is critical for space dissemination validation when magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostic criteria are not fulfilled. However, lumbar puncture for CSF collection is considered relatively invasive. Previous studies have demonstrated applicability of OCB detection in ...
Ghabaee Mojdeh - - 2010
In this case-control study, ELISA and Western blot with whole bacterial protein lysate were performed on serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 15 controls and 15 patients. According to Griffin subtypes, 10 of our patients were in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) group, 3 in acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) ...
Gavhed Désirée - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Progressive neurodegeneration may result in potentially severe cognitive and motor dysfunctions as a complication of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), a suggested IL-17A-associated inflammatory condition. To detect this complication (CNS-LCH) early and to evaluate the potential efficacy of therapeutic interventions, biomarkers detecting and measuring ongoing neurodegeneration would be valuable. We ...
Beck Georg - - 2009
Neurochemical Dementia Diagnostics (NDD), i.e., analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of amyloid-beta peptides and tau/phospho-tau proteins plays important role in the diagnosis of neurodegeneration and dementias. Several studies show alterations of these biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however, only a few reports address alterations of other CSF biomarkers ...
Janik P - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) acts as a neuroprotective factor and is upregulated after neuronal injury. It has been reported that in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, the EPO concentration is decreased. In this study, EPO levels in serum and CSF of 30 patients with ALS and in 15 ...
Senel Makbule - - 2010
Recent studies have suggested an important role of the B cell chemoattractant CXCL13 in acute neuroborreliosis (NB). Our aim was to confirm the diagnostic role of CXCL13 and to evaluate its relevance as a therapy response and disease activity marker in NB. CXCL13 was measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and ...
Shnaper Sophie - - 2009
For patients with brain tumors identification of diagnostic and prognostic markers in easy accessible biological material, such as plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), would greatly facilitate patient management. MIC-1/GDF15 (growth differentiation factor 15) is a secreted protein of the TGF-beta superfamily and emerged as a candidate marker exhibiting increasing mRNA ...
Kork Felix - - 2009
Early diagnosis in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is of great importance since only a sufficient treatment in early stages of this disease helps to keep patients in an autonomous state for as long as possible. Until now, there is no single diagnostic biomarker for AD derived from material routinely ...
Bendel P - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ventricular dilation and sulcal enlargement are common sequelae after aSAH. Our aim was to quantify the late ventricular dilation and volumes of the CSF spaces after aSAH and to determine if they correlate with neurologic and cognitive impairments frequently detected in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D ...
Dhungana S - - 2010
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition which affects predominantly overweight women and is characterized by raised intracranial pressure without any identifiable pathology in the brain and with normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition. The cause of IIH is unclear and as such it remains a diagnosis of exclusion. Although the ...
Verbeek M M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate chitotriosidase (CTTS) activity in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in relation to disease course and CSF markers for immune activation or inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 80 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 24 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS), 20 with primary ...
Mai Nguyen Thi Hoang - - 2009
Adjunctive treatment to improve outcome from bacterial meningitis has centered on dexamethasone. Among Vietnamese patients with bacterial meningitis, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure and CSF:plasma glucose ratios were significantly improved and levels of CSF cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and IL-10 and were all statistically significantly lower after treatment in patients ...
Malhotra Karan - - 2009
Hypotension is commonly associated with epidural use in postoperative patients and is usually treated with fluid or vasopressor therapy. The former can result in fluid overload, associated with significant morbidity. This study aimed to identify factors increasing the likelihood of fluid overload in elective patients. A prospective audit of fluid ...
Munts Alexander G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the unusual course of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) after pump implantation for intrathecal baclofen (ITB) administration in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)-related dystonia. DESIGN: Case series based on data collected from 1996 to 2005. Setting. Movement disorders clinic, university hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 54 ...
Yamashita Fumio - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We attempted to detect alterations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). METHODS: We obtained sagittal volume images of the entire head by three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and compared the regional distribution of CSF in 12 patients ...
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