Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1872
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Yoshimura Ken - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) can be a useful marker not only to identify the patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) who are at a higher risk of developing coronary artery lesions (CAL), and predict resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 80 ...
Rehman Aamer - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism (PE) remains one of the leading causes of cardiovascular mortality. The safety and efficacy of thrombolytic therapy using tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) for acute PE in clinical practice remain unclear. We describe a case of life-threatening submassive PE causing extreme refractory hypoxaemia, where thrombolysis was successfully administered. Current ...
Park Yae Min - - 2013
The sinus venosus (SV) is not a well known source of atrial tachycardia (AT), but it can harbor AT during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). A total of 1223 patients who underwent catheter ablation for AF were reviewed. Electrophysiological and electrocardiographic characteristics and outcomes after catheter ablation of AT ...
Pellicori Pierpaolo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the relation between inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, clinical variables, and outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). The IVC distends as right atrial pressure rises. Therefore it might represent an index of HF severity independent of left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Bhat Smitha - - 2013
We report the case of an adult male patient who was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of vivax malaria complicated with renal insufficiency and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The patient was treated with intravenous artesunate. He was intubated and mechanically ventilated and taken up for haemodialysis in ...
Shantsila Eduard - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and its presence confers major prognostic implications. However, effective management of these patients is still under development. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of atrial fibrillation in HF, and the implications for management. At present there ...
Lee Yeon Joo - - 2013
Differentiating cardiogenic pulmonary edema from other bilateral lung diseases such as pneumonia is frequently difficult. We conducted a retrospective study to identify predictors for cardiogenic pulmonary edema and non-cardiogenic causes of bilateral lung infiltrates in chest radiographs. The study included patients who had newly developed bilateral lung infiltrates in chest ...
Kameda Ryo - - 2013
Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) is an endogenous inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor, which is involved in cardiovascular remodeling and atherosclerosis development. To examine the predictive role of sFlt-1 levels in patients with asymptomatic heart failure, we measured circulating sFlt-1 in patients with or without coronary artery disease ...
Wang Qing-ping - - 2013
NT-proBNP has been widely regarded as a useful tool for diagnosis or exclusion of heart failure (HF) in many settings. However, in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (AECB), its roles have not been well described. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of NT-proBNP ...
Lotze Ulrich - - 2013
Association of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) with patent foramen ovale (PFO) is considered an important risk factor for cardioembolism frequently forwarding paradoxical embolism in patients with cryptogenic or unexplained cerebral ischemic events. We herein describe the case of a 69-year-old male patient reporting uncontrolled movements of the right arm due ...
Schade van Westrum Steven - - 2013
Cardiomyopathy is reported in Duchenne and Becker muscle dystrophy patients and female carriers. Brain Natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone produced mainly by ventricular cardiomyocytes and its production is up regulated in reaction to increased wall stretching. N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) has been shown to be a robust laboratory parameter to diagnose ...
Determann Rogier M - - 2013
Serum levels of N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are elevated in patients acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recent studies showed a lower incidence of acute cor pulmonale in ARDS patients ventilated with lower tidal volumes. Consequently, serum levels of NT-proBNP may be lower in these patients.We investigated the relation between ...
Demir Mehmet - - 2013
Systemic thromboembolism is a serious, major complication in patients with an atrial septal aneurysm (ASA). Atrial dysfunction resulting from paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is more common in patients with ASA than in the general population. The autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the initiation of atrial fibrillation. To investigate ...
Deng Wu - - 2013
Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) most commonly results from haemodynamic instability and disruption of hepatic flow. The vast majority of cases are caused by cardiac failure, respiratory failure and septic shock. We report a case of HH, acute liver failure, acute kidney failure and progressive thrombocytopenia that developed following a hypotensive episode ...
Roubille François - - 2013
After synthesis by cardiomyocytes, precursor proBNP1-108 is cleaved into NT-proBNP and BNP. Recently, cross-reactivity between these assays was discussed. The aim of this study was to characterize the cross-reactivities, through a new biochemical innovative approach consisting in the total depletion of the circulating proBNP1-108 in patients with heart failure (HF). ...
Zeng Long-Huan - - 2013
This study was undertaken to determine the association between cardiac function and therapy with beta2-adrenoceptor agonists (β2-agonists), β-blockers, or β-blocker-β-agonist combination therapy in elderly male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This was a retrospective cohort study of 220 elderly male COPD patients (mean age 84.1 ± 6.9 years). ...
Sato Takamasa - - 2013
Impaired renal function is a strong predictor of mortality in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on prognostic factors has not been rigorously examined in CHF. The purpose of this study was to compare prognostic factors between CHF patients with and without CKD. Consecutive ...
Muhib Sharifi - - 2013
Prevalent atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) represents an important issue with regard to stroke events caused by embolization and is associated with high mortality. Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), which shows high metabolic activity, can locally influence the activity of the autonomic ganglia, enhancing autonomic dysregulation ...
Lepoutre Thibault - - 2013
BNP (Brain Natriuretic Peptide) and Nt-proBNP (N-terminal-pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide) are valuable markers for the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure (HF). The AQT90 FLEX is a newly released random access analyzer for point-of-care (POCT) measurement. The aim of our study was to determine Nt-pro-BNP concentrations in HF patients with the ...
Ntsekhe Mpiko - - 2013
Effusive constrictive pericarditis (ECP) is visceral constriction in conjunction with compressive pericardial effusion. The prevalence of proven tuberculous ECP is unknown. Whilst ECP is distinguished from effusive disease on hemodynamic grounds, it is unknown whether effusive-constrictive physiology has a distinct cytokine profile. We conducted a prospective study of prevalence and ...
Oikawa Jun - - 2013
Patients with recently diagnosed atrial fi brillation (AF) tend to exhibit a longer fi brillation cycle length (FCL) than those having a longer clinical history. However, the electrophysiological properties of new-onset AF may vary because of the clinical background of patients. In this study, we evaluated clinical factors to identify ...
Cabré Anna A Unitat de Recerca en Lípids i Arteriosclerosi, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan, CIBERDEM, Reus, - - 2013
Circulating adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) levels are considered to be a link between obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular (CV) diseases. In vitro, FABP4 has exhibited cardiodepressant activity by suppressing cardiomyocyte contraction. We have explored the relationship between FABP4 and the N-terminal fragment of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as ...
Chen Shanying S Department of Nephrology, Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Zhangzhou, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the results of troponin I (cTnI) in non- acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We also examined the risk factors for elevated cTnI in non-ACS patients with CKD and whether stage 5 CKD modifies the associations of elevated ...
Tekce Hikmet H Department of Nephrology, AIB University Hospital, 14280 Bolu, - - 2013
Background/Aims: Abnormalities in atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) times and mechanical functions are considered as independent predictors of atrial fibrillation. However, to date, effects of a single hemodialysis (HD) session and acute volume-preload changes on atrial-EMD functions have not been investigated by Tissue Doppler Echocardiography (TDE). The aim of the present ...
Høiseth Arne Didrik AD Cardiothoracic Research Group, Division of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2013
Congestive heart failure is underdiagnosed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pulmonary congestion on chest radiograph at admission for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) is associated with an increased risk of mortality. A standardized evaluation of chest radiographs may enhance prognostic accuracy. We aimed to evaluate whether a ...
Frey A A Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080 Würzburg, Germany ; Comprehensive Heart Failure Center, University of Würzburg, Straubmühlweg 2a, Haus A9, 97078 Würzburg, - - 2013
Introduction. Experimental data indicates an important role of the innate immune system in cardiac remodeling and heart failure (HF). Complement is a central effector pathway of the innate immune system. Animals lacking parts of the complement system are protected from adverse remodeling. Based on these data, we hypothesized that peripheral ...
Sankaranarayanan Rajiv R Unit of Cardiac Physiology, Cardiovascular Research Group, 3rd Floor, Core Technology Facility, The University of Manchester, M139PL, Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9NT, UK ; Manchester Heart Centre, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WPL, - - 2013
The incidence and prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) are projected to increase significantly worldwide, imposing a significant burden on healthcare resources. The disease itself is extremely heterogeneous in its epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options based on individual patient characteristics. Whilst ageing is well recognised to be an independent risk factor ...
Kaszuba Elzbieta E 0000-0001-9808-6604 Blekinge Competence Centre, Wämö Centre, 371 81 Karlskrona, Sweden ; Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, General Practice/Family Medicine, 205 02 Malmö, - - 2013
Objective. To detect chronic heart failure in elderly patients with a registered diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treated in Swedish primary health care using natriuretic peptide NT-proBNP. Design. A cross-sectional study. Setting. Two primary health care centres in southeastern Sweden each with about 9000 listed patients. Subjects. Patients ...
Durak-Nalbantic Azra A Clinic for Heart disease and rheumatism, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. - - 2013
To assess serum levels of tumor marker carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) in patients with heart failure (HF) and to investigate possible correlation with echocardiographic parameters and level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). We included 76 patients with different cardiac symptoms hospitalized at Clinic for heart disease and rheumatism. Control group ...
Quitter Felix F Clinic of Internal Medicine I, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Erlanger Allee 11, Jena, - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) is defined as the incapability of the heart to serve the tissues adequately with blood. This includes changes in microvascular perfusion. A mechanism aggravating perfusion disturbances in HF is endothelial dysfunction by reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO). A mechanism possibly contributing to low NO bioavailability is ...
Youmans Steven J SJ Department of Biomedical Sciences, New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY, 11568, - - 2013
We have utilized the persistent elevation of fractional excretion (FE) of urate, > 10%, to differentiate cerebral/renal salt wasting (RSW) from the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), in which a normalization of FEurate occurs after correction of hyponatremia.  Previous studies suggest as well  that an elevated FEurate with ...
Nair Nandini - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. Though their significance is unclear, pioneer profiling studies have attributed specific serum miRNA signatures to different disease conditions. The diagnostic potential of miRNA detection in human plasma for cardiovascular disorders is beginning to be recognized as important. In this ...
Kim Hyungseop - - 2012
Few studies have explored the clinical potentials of combined Cystatin C (Cys) and uric acid (UA) in heart failure (HF). The authors evaluated Cys and UA as predictors of clinical outcomes compared with conventional renal biomarkers. This prospective cohort study included 587 HF patients presenting with dyspnea. At admission, Cys, ...
Schernthaner Christiana - - 2012
Background: Atrial fibrosis or fatty deposition is known to increase the propensity for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Apart from the pulmonic veins, the interatrial septum (IAS) might play a role in the maintenance of AF. In contrast to left atrial anatomy and adjacent veins, the IAS cannot be ...
Geerse Daniël A - - 2012
Abstract Background: Several biomarkers are associated with mortality in hemodialysis patients. In particular, elevated cardiac troponin T and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are strong predictors of mortality; however, less is known about cardiac troponin I (cTnI). Elevated troponin I is detected in many hemodialysis patients, but the association of moderate ...
Guo Yutao - - 2012
Antiplatelet therapy is the cornerstone of secondary prevention in cardiovascular disease. This review focuses on the role of antiplatelet therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Aspirin has a limited role in stroke prevention among most patients with AF, being of limited efficacy and not any safer than ...
Piccini Jonathan P - - 2013
We sought to define the factors associated with the occurrence of stroke and systemic embolism in a large, international atrial fibrillation (AF) trial. In ROCKET AF (Rivaroxaban Once-daily, oral, direct factor Xa inhibition Compared with vitamin K antagonism for prevention of stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation), 14 264 ...
Koca Bülent - - 2012
Cardiac involvement as pericarditis, myocarditis and valvular disease is common in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, there are few studies concerning systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle in children with JIA. P wave dispersion is a sign for the prediction of atrial fibrillation. A recent study found that ...
Hollands James M - - 2012
To evaluate the role of newer agents in the management of atrial fibrillation (AF). EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched (up to June 2012) combining medication names with atrial fibrillation, humans, clinical trials, and pharmacoeconomic. References of the articles identified and www.clinicaltrials.gov were also reviewed. Studies were limited to the English ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between inflammation and development of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with hyperthyroidism. A total of 65 patients with newly diagnosed hyperthyroidism, 35 of whom were in sinus rhythm and 30 of whom in AF. Thirty five age- and gender-matched patients ...
Pei Zhi-Yong - - 2012
To assess the secular trends in the etiology and comorbidity of patients hospitalized with congestive heart failure (CHF). Data of 7,319 patients (mean age 59.6 years, 62.1% male) with a primary discharge diagnosis of CHF, hospitalized from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2007 at the Chinese People's Liberation Army ...
Park Jae-Hyeong - - 2012
Measurement of right ventricular (RV) systolic function is important for patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). However, assessment of RV function is a challenge due to its complex anatomy. We measured RV systolic function with analysis of tricuspid annular motion in acute PE patients. From August 2007 to May 2011, ...
Terawaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the beneficial effect of allopurinol on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a cohort of hypertensive nephropathy patients with impaired kidney function. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-eight patients diagnosed with hypertensive nephropathy and presenting with impaired kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) were ...
Ma Tean - - 2012
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and systolic dysfunction would predict the mortality of patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The cause of LVH is usually related to the increase of total peripheral vascular resistance and overloading volume. The presence of residual diuresis enables greater control of the volume. This study evaluated the ...
Corino Valentina D A - - 2013
Even if atrial fibrillatory rate (AFR) has been related to clinical outcome in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), its relation with ventricular response has not been deeply studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between AFR and RR series variability in patients with AF. Twenty-minute electrocardiograms ...
Pawlak Agnieszka - - 2012
Desmin plays an essential role in maintaining cell cytoarchitecture, positioning and functioning of organelles, and the intercellular signaling pathway. It has been suggested that remodeling of desmin cytoskeleton might contribute to the progression of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and might affect patients' long-term prognosis. We performed endomyocardial biopsy in 200 patients ...
Baranchuk Adrian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, including atrial arrhythmias. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard treatment for OSA; its impact on atrial electrical remodelling has not been fully investigated. Signal-averaged p-wave (SAPW) duration is an accepted marker for atrial electrical remodelling. ...
Yodogawa Kenji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent in patients with ischemic stroke, but the diagnosis is often difficult. METHODS: This study consisted of 68 stroke patients in sinus rhythm without history of AF. All patients underwent P-wave signal-averaged electrocardiography (P-SAECG), echocardiography, 24-h Holter monitoring, and measurement of plasma B-type natriuretic ...
Matsue Yuya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although tolvaptan is a recently approved drug for heart failure and causes aquaresis without affecting renal function, its clinical efficacy for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is yet to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective observational study in patients with ADHF and high risk ...
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2012
Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction of nutritional status, N-terminal probrain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and ventricular remodeling in hemodialysis patients. Methods: NT-proBNP was measured by immunoassay. Nutritional status was assessed using the subjective global assessment (SGA) and malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS). Transthoracic echocardiographic examinations were ...
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