Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1787
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Mulder Cees - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To improve ante mortem diagnostic accuracy of Alzheimer disease (AD), measurement of the biomarkers amyloid-beta(1-42) (Abeta42), total tau (Tau), and tau phosphorylated at threonine(181) (pTau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been proposed. We have used these markers and evaluated their performance. METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2007, we ...
Lipina Radim - - 2010
OBJECT: Therapy of posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) by using ventriculo-peritoneal drainage bears considerable rate of complications and remains a challenge in premature newborns. The role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in these patients is unclear, through obstruction is proven in some patients with PHH. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) release ...
Fiszman M L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine glutamate and aspartate levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) grouped according to El Escorial diagnostic criteria, and to perform an in vitro assessment of the neurotoxicity of the CSF in murine cortical neurons. METHODS: SALS patients were sorted according ...
Berg-Hansen P??l - - 2009
Calprotectin is produced by activated monocytes and microglia, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels could be a marker of neuroinflammation. Calprotectin was detectable in CSF from 13.8% of normal controls, compared to 90.5% of patients with neurological infections (p<0.001). In CSF from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated demyelinating ...
Ide Toshimitsu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether interleukin 6 (IL-6) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the early phase of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can be a predictive marker of delayed encephalopathy (DE). METHODS: Nine patients with CO poisoning were included in the study. Cerebrospinal fluid was sampled within 24 ...
Grossetete Mark - - 2009
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes an increase in matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are associated with neuroinflammation, blood-brain barrier disruption, hemorrhage, and cell death. We hypothesized that patients with TBI have an increase in MMPs in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma. Patients with TBI and a ventricular catheter were entered ...
Chan L-L - - 2009
We hypothesize that a smaller posterior fossa (PF) CSF space may be a risk factor for hemifacial spasm (HFS). We conducted a case-control 3-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) volumetric study in patients with HFS and determined the clinical predictive factors of PF CSF volume. Patients with clinically diagnosed HFS and controls ...
Darreh-Shori T - - 2009
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cognitive decline associated with a deficit in cholinergic function. Inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and/or butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), such as donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, are widely prescribed as symptomatic treatments for AD. These agents exhibit a wide variation in their pharmacological properties. ...
Fischer Lars - - 2009
PURPOSE: Homing of malignant lymphocytes to the central nervous system (CNS) may play a role in the pathogenesis of CNS lymphoma. In this study, we evaluated the chemokines CXCL12 and CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients with CNS lymphoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Samples from 30 patients with ...
Selcuk H - - 2010
Radiologic identification of the location of the CSF leakage is important for proper surgical planning and increases the chance of dural repair. This article describes our experience in analyzing clinically suspected cranial CSF fistulas by using MR imaging combined with the intrathecal administration of a gadolinium-based contrast agent. A total ...
Shin H - - 2010
Recent experimental studies have shown that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has neuroprotective and regenerative properties in neuronal cells, suggesting its use as a potential treatment for recalcitrant postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of G-CSF in patients with recalcitrant PHN. Three patients with recalcitrant PHN were treated ...
Ikeda Tokuhei - - 2010
We report two cases of superficial siderosis (SS) of the central nervous system (CNS), which is caused by chronic haemorrhaging into the subarachnoid space with haemosiderin deposition in the superficial portion of the CNS. Patient 1 had fluid collection in the spinal canal, which was reported as the source of ...
Massaro A R - - 2009
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a glycoprotein localised in the plasma membrane of neural and glial cells, which plays a role in myelination and remyelination. It increases in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of acute multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with corticosteroids who are improving after an attack, but ...
Algin O - - 2010
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the value of unenhanced (three-dimensional constructive interference in steady state (3D-CISS)) and contrast-enhanced MR cisternography (CE-MRC) in detecting the localisation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak in patients with rhinorrhoea. 17 patients with active or suspected CSF rhinorrhoea were included in the ...
Yilmaz Deniz - - 2009
Oxidative damage plays a role in neurodegenerative diseases. Levels of cerebrospinal fluid nitrite and nitrate levels (oxidation products that provide an indirect estimation of nitric oxide) were investigated in relation to clinical and laboratory features in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (n = 47) and age-matched control (n = 43) groups. Significantly ...
Oertel Joachim M K - - 2010
PURPOSE: Obstruction of the CSF circulation distal to the fourth ventricle is a rare cause of noncommunicating hydrocephalus. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) represents one of the treatment options, but reports of results are rare. METHODS: Between March 1997 and June 2008, 20 ETVs in 20 patients (mean 32.4 years, range ...
Correia Carolina C - - 2010
Cerebral toxoplasmosis among individuals with AIDS may be difficult to diagnose and needs to be differentiated from other neurological diseases. A validation study was performed on real-time PCR for detecting the B1 gene of Toxoplasma gondii in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of AIDS patients with cerebral toxoplasmosis. The ...
Persson Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples has improved the diagnosis of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS). The VZV viral load in the CSF obtained from VZV-related neurological syndromes is not known. OBJECTIVES: To investigate VZV viral loads associated with ...
Tanuma Naoyuki - - 2010
Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) is a recently clinicoradiologically-established encephalopathy syndrome. In the present study, we examined the levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau protein, a marker of axonal damage, in 11 patients with AESD. CSF tau levels were normal on day 1 and increased ...
Bhattacharyya Sagnik S Division of Psychological Medicie and Psychiatry, Section of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2009
Although serum autoantibodies directed against basal ganglia (BG) implicate autoimmunity in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), it is unclear whether these antibodies can cross the blood-brain barrier to bind against BG or other components of the OCD circuit. It is also unclear how they might lead to hyperactivity in ...
Kurokawa Tetsu - - 2009
This study investigates the role of sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) in the mechanisms underlying cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The levels of SPC were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with SAH and also in an experimental canine model. CSF samples were collected from 11 patients with SAH, and from ...
Wuolikainen Anna - - 2009
There is a need for biomarkers for early diagnosis, development and evaluation of treatment efficacy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We aimed to investigate if pre-analytical factors induce artefacts in metabolomic data of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with ALS. CSF from 16 patients was studied using a statistical experimental ...
Nussinovitch Moshe - - 2009
Differentiation of bacterial from aseptic meningitis may be difficult. Our aim was to determine the pattern of distribution of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with bacterial and aseptic meningitis. One hundred and fifty-seven patients with suspected meningitis were enrolled in the study. They were ...
Watanabe Shohei - - 2009
Recent studies have suggested that the elevation of intracellular chloride contributes to excitotoxic cell death in motor neuron and can be related to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We investigated whether chloride levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum were lower in ALS patients than in control patients ...
Thomas Damita L - - 2009
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an infrequent clinical entity characterized by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypovolemia due to a CSF leak. The cause of the leak in SIH, however, is largely unknown, though structural meningeal weakness and mechanical stress factors have been postulated. Patients with SIH typically present with postural headaches, ...
Agarwal Pankaj - - 2009
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is characterized by orthostatic headache (OH), low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, and diffuse pachymeningeal gadolinium enhancement (DPME). We present here the case studies of two patients. One patient demonstrated a CSF leak in the mid-thoracic region, and recovered completely with conservative treatment. The other patient in ...
Petzold A A Department of Neuroimmunology, Institute of Neurology and Tavistock Intensive Care Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Early predictors of prognosis in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) are needed to identify patients who are likely to make a poor recovery and to guide therapeutic decision-making in the acute phase. Here we investigate whether axonal protein biomarkers released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) following proximal axonal damage improve the early ...
Gliebus Gediminas - - 2009
We describe a 64-year-old male who presented with a 2-year history of behavioral and cognitive decline. Brain imaging showed nonenhancing hemispheric white matter lesions. Blood work revealed elevated thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase antibody levels. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis was largely negative, except for an elevated protein and immunoglobulin G (IgG) level. ...
Hsieh Yu-Ping - - 2009
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is one type of hemorrhagic stroke in humans. F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs) and F(4)-neuroprostanes (F(4)-NPs), derived from arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), respectively, are specific markers of lipid peroxidation. We previously demonstrated that F(2)-IsoPs levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of aSAH patients positively correlated with poor clinical ...
Tarnaris A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: External lumbar drainage (ELD) is known as a good predictor of favourable outcome in shunting patients suffering from idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: Eleven patients suffering from iNPH had a lumbar drain (LD) inserted for 72 h and participated in a research study to quantify any improvement in ...
Moreau Caroline - - 2009
Our objective was to assess the regulation of the hypoxia response of angiogenic and inflammatory factors from 76 cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with different respiratory status. We first analysed the hypoxia response capacity by measuring CSF levels of angiogenin (ANG), VEGF, angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) and ...
Stojanovich Ljudmila - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental evidence points to brain-reactive antibodies as a key factor in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (central nervous system-SLE). However, clinical studies in which circulating (serum) autoantibodies were correlated with neuropsychiatric manifestations have not produced consistent findings. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that autoantibodies in cerebrospinal ...
Alborizi Abdolvahab - - 2009
We describe the development of enterovirus meningoencephalitis associated with increased adenosine deaminase in cerebrospinal fluid of a 12-year-old boy, a known case of hypogamaglobulinemia despite monthly replacement of IVIg.The patient was referred to our center with fever, headache and vomiting for 10 days. CSF analysis was compatible with aseptic meningoencephalitis ...
Olischar Monika - - 2009
AIM: Progressive posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) may induce abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalographic (aEEG) activity prior to clinical deterioration or significant cerebral ultrasound changes. These abnormalities might be ameliorated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of aEEG-abnormalities with progressive PHVD in relation to ...
Engelke Udo F H - - 2009
In patients with guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency several parameters may point towards the diagnosis of GAMT deficiency. These include the low levels of creatine and creatinine in urine, the high concentration of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) in urine and the low levels of creatine and creatinine in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ...
Funke S A - - 2009
Today, the most reliable diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the post mortem identification of amyloid plaques, consisting of the Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, (and neurofibrillary tangles) in the brain of the patient. Great efforts are being made to identify reliable biomarkers for AD that are suitable for minimal invasive early ...
Villar Luisa M - - 2009
Oligoclonal IgG bands (OCGB) are characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS). Most patients show OCGB exclusively in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Others have serum bands with additional ones in CSF. Moreover, IgM bands against myelin lipids (LS-OCMB) associate with aggressive relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). We studied oligoclonal bands in 424 MS patients. Most ...
Baldeiras Inês Esteves - - 2009
The clinical diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is difficult, and reliable markers are highly desired. In this work we assess the value of several cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers for sCJD diagnosis. Within the framework of the Portuguese Epidemiological Surveillance Program for Human Prion Diseases, CSF samples from 71 patients ...
Chiang Han-Lin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy that causes acute areflexic paralysis with a high risk of respiratory failure. Previously, using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, we found that the transthyretin level was altered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of GBS patients when compared to that in ...
Misu T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a neurological inflammatory disease associated with autoimmunity to aquaporin 4, predominantly localised in astrocytic foot processes. Recent studies have revealed that loss of aquaporin 4 and glial fibrillar acidic protein (GFAP) is a prominent feature of NMO lesions, suggesting astrocytic impairment. OBJECTIVE: To reveal a ...
Ellis Michael - - 2009
The authors describe a simple technique for protecting at-risk scalp overlying CSF shunt hardware. Patients with brain tumors commonly undergo radiation therapy and CSF diversion. Chronic radiation-induced changes in the skin can predispose patients to skin breakdown over the prominent shunt reservoir, which may lead to subsequent contamination of the ...
Gonzalez-Quevedo A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total protein (TP) concentration (mainly due to a dysfunctional blood-CSF barrier (B-CSFB)) with normal cell count is a hallmark for the diagnosis of Guillain-Barriota syndrome (GBS). AIMS: This work presents the evaluation of B-CSFB dysfunction with respect to the course, severity, and clinical features of ...
Berlit Peter - - 2009
Both isolated angiitis of the central nervous system (IAN) and bacterial endocarditis (BE) may present with similar clinical and auxiliary findings. The differentiation is extremely important because of the different treatment regimens. We compared the findings of six patients with biopsy-proven IAN with the data of six patients with BE. ...
DiPersio John F - - 2009
This phase 3, multicenter, randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety and efficacy of plerixafor with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells in patients with multiple myeloma. Patients received G-CSF (10 microg/kg) subcutaneously daily for up to 8 days. Beginning on day 4 and continuing daily ...
Biesiada Grazyna - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Lyme disease is a multi-organ animal-borne disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). OBJECTIVES: As the pathogenesis of Lyme borreliosis is not fully understood, the study has been designed to examine levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) in serum and ...
Brophy Gretchen M - - 2009
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) produces alphaII-spectrin breakdown products (SBDPs) that are potential biomarkers for TBI. To further understand these biomarkers, the present study examined (1) the exposure and kinetic characteristics of SBDPs in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of adults with severe TBI, and (2) the relationship between these exposure and kinetic ...
Fühlhuber V - - 2009
Childhood opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) occurs idiopathic or, in association with a neuroblastoma, as a paraneoplastic syndrome. Since autoantibodies were identified in some patients, an autoimmune pathogenesis has been suspected. While the newly discovered B-cell activating factors BAFF and APRIL are involved in systemic autoimmune diseases, their association with neuroimmunological diseases ...
Steiner L A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal anaesthesia (SA) has high success rates. However, inadequate block after SA has been reported even in the absence of technical problems. Various mechanisms for failed SA (FSA) have been proposed, but reports of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of local anaesthetics (LA) after FSA are scarce. We report lumbar ...
Psimaras D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS) probably result from an immune reaction against antigens shared by the nervous system and tumour cells. To characterise CSF alterations in these syndromes, we studied a large series of paraneoplastic patients. METHODS: Using the PNS European database which includes patients diagnosed with PNS in Europe, ...
Tsuji-Akimoto Sachiko - - 2009
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is diagnosed on the basis of progressive symptoms in both the upper and lower motor neurons. Because there are no specific biomarkers for ALS, it is difficult to diagnose this disease in its early stages. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were obtained from 14 patients in the ...
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