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Results 451 - 500 of 1873
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Chang Bao-Luen - - 2010
Lyme neuroborreliosis has not been previously reported in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to describe the important characteristics of Lyme neuroborreliosis caused by Borrelia burgdorferi-like species in Taiwanese patients. Patients with acute neurological symptoms without a clear explanation during September 2005 to December 2008 were enrolled. All patients ...
Petereit Hela-Felicitas - - 2010
Neurosarcoidosis (NS) represents an important differential diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, thus far no reliable laboratory marker of neurosarcoidosis exists. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2-R) distinguish NS and other inflammatory disorders of the central nervous ...
Matsushita T - - 2010
Anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody targets perivascular astrocyte foot processes, which contain abundant angiotensinogen, a precursor of angiotensin II, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and ACE2. To disclose any abnormality in the intrathecal angiotensin II metabolic pathway in Japanese patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or NMO spectrum disorders (NMOs) and positive for anti-AQP4 antibody. ...
Kaplan M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infection significantly affects mortality and morbidity in myelomeningocele cases. Ventricular tap is the most common method performed to diagnose central nervous system (CNS) infection in myelomeningocele patients. However, the ventricular tap can cause serious trauma to the baby and to the family. Here we discuss the technique of taking ...
Nussinovitch Udi - - 2010
Bacterial and aseptic meningitis are characterized by distinctive lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme patterns. No studies have quantified the dynamics of lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme distribution during treated bacterial meningitis. We used a retrospective case-series design, and reviewed files of all neonates with bacterial meningitis who attended our pediatric tertiary medical center for ...
Padilla-Docal Bárbara - - 2010
Angiostrongylus cantonensis produces eosinophilic meningitis in humans and is endemic in Thailand, Taiwan, China, and the Caribbean region. During infection with this parasite, it is important to know if the complement system may be activated by the classical or lectin pathway. Cerebrospinal fluid and serum samples from 20 patients with ...
Schroers Roland - - 2010
Diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma depends on histopathology of brain biopsies, because no reliable disease marker in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been identified yet. B-cell lymphomas such as CNS lymphomas are clonally restricted and express either kappa or lambda immunoglobulin light chains. The aim of this study ...
Nagashima Hideki - - 2010
There have been few reports describing substances related to oxidative and intermediary metabolism in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with spinal degenerative disorders. This study investigated whether the concentrations of metabolites in the CSF differed between patients with spinal degenerative disorders and controls, and whether the concentrations of these ...
Lewis Stephen B - - 2010
By using two different approaches, ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) was identified as a potential cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker of neuronal loss in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASAH) and presumably other CNS damage and disease states. Appropriate antibodies and a sensitive ELISA were generated, and the release of UCHL1 into CSF ...
Wallin A K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if patterns of CSF biomarkers (T-tau, P-tau, and Abeta42) can predict cognitive progression, outcome of cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) treatment, and mortality in Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: We included outpatients with AD (n = 151) from a prospective treatment study with ChEI. At baseline, patients underwent cognitive assessments ...
Vandenberghe Nadia - - 2010
Detection of enterovirus (EV) in the spinal cord of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been reported on post mortem central nervous system tissues. In cases of persistent infection, it is very likely that the EV genome might be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A study was conducted ...
Reh Douglas D - - 2010
A few studies have used direct measurements of cerebral spinal fluid pressure (CSFP) using either lumbar punctures or pressure transducers to evaluate CSFP elevations as a potential etiology in patients with spontaneous CSF leaks. Limitations of these techniques include positional variation, inadequate duration of measurement, and insufficient analysis of waveforms. ...
Hattingen Elke - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters were investigated in patients with chronic idiopathic hydrocephalus to evaluate microstructural changes of brain tissue caused by chronic ventricular dilatation. METHODS: Eleven patients fulfilling the criteria for possible or probable idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and 10 healthy control subjects underwent MRI at 3 Tesla, ...
Tateishi Takahisa - - 2010
We measured the levels of 27 cytokines/chemokines and growth factors in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 42 patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 12 patients with lower motor neuron disease (LMND), and 34 control patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases (OND), using a multiplexed fluorescent bead-based immunoassay. Among cytokines/chemokines elevated in ...
Esta?-Capell Nuria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the duration of motor block after injection of a local anesthetic into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) would be a very useful tool in clinical practice. However, previous attempts have not shown conclusive results. In this work, glycorrhachia is demonstrated to be an adequate predictive parameter after spinal anesthesia ...
Nimjee Shahid M - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid overproduction resulting in communicating hydrocephalus is observed in patients who have choroid plexus papilloma or choroid plexus carcinoma. Less often, patients with these conditions have diffuse villous hyperplasia. Prior studies report CSF production greater than 3 L per day in these patients. These patients are treated with CSF ...
Fukumoto Hiroaki - - 2010
There is accumulating evidence that soluble amyloid-beta (Abeta) oligomers, rather than amyloid fibrils, are the principal pathogenic species in Alzheimer disease (AD). Here, we have developed a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) specific for high-molecular-weight (HMW) Abeta oligomers. Analysis of Abeta oligomers derived from synthetic Abeta 1-42, by size-exclusion chromatography ...
Duarte R F - - 2011
Plerixafor was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA) to enhance stem cell mobilization for autologous transplant in patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma. In this study, we present the first European compassionate use experience in mobilization failures, patients who ...
Maruyama Junko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the cytokine profiles of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in relation to underlying rheumatic diseases and prognosis. METHODS: The clinical features and laboratory data of 18 patients with MAS and rheumatic diseases were retrospectively analyzed. Serum levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), interleukin 18 (IL-18), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, ...
Steinberg Anna - - 2010
The pathophysiology of cluster headache (CH) is only partly understood. Nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator, has been suggested to be involved, and increased plasma levels of nitrite, a stable product on NO degradation, have been identified in the active period and in remission. The aim of our study was ...
Ogiwara Hideki - - 2010
PURPOSE: The outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is worse in children younger than 2 years old and especially in infants, and controversies still exist whether ETV might be superior to shunt placement in this age group. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 23 patients younger than 6 months of ...
Yang Shuang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We investigated the characteristics, frequency, and prognosis of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). PROCEDURE: Neurological manifestations were prospectively assessed in 92 children with HLH treated from January 2004 to August 2008 at our center; 82 (89%) had associated viral infections (69 Epstein-Barr virus), ...
Kim Sae Young - - 2010
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is considered to be a very rare disorder. It is characterized by an orthostatic headache that is aggravated with the patient in the upright position and it is relieved by the patient assuming the supine position. SIH is caused by a spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leakage ...
Kang Sung Jin - - 2010
Multifocal seeding of the leptomeninges by malignant cells, which is usually referred to as leptomeningeal carcinomatous metastasis, produces substantial morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis is usually established by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) investigation, including cytology, cell counts, protein, glucose, and a tumor marker such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). ...
Nomura Sadahiro - - 2010
PURPOSE: Spinal canal stenosis (CS) occurs in patients with hydrocephalus who are treated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting. The pathophysiology of CS comprises CSF overdrainage. We analyzed the incidence of CS and the factors causing it. METHODS: Thirty-three patients who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt during childhood visited the Outpatient Department in ...
Song Sook K - - 2011
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) has been regarded as a unique entity within the spectrum of oligodendrogliopathy. However, the pathomechanisms underlying the initial trigger and aggravating factors responsible for disease progression remain unknown. Even though the implication of blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction has not been fully elucidated, this dysfunction may act ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2010
In order to better understand enteroviral encephalitis we investigated the clinical symptoms and several disease markers. Between 2000 and 2005 eight patients aged between 9 months and 5 years were admitted to our hospital with one case having sequela. Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), serum IL-6, and ferritin were elevated in ...
Franzini Angelo - - 2010
OBJECT: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a potentially serious pathological syndrome consisting of specific symptoms and neuroradiological signs that can sometimes be used to assess the efficacy of the treatment. In this paper the authors report a series of 28 patients with this syndrome who were all treated with an ...
Horai Yoshiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) interleukin-6 (IL-6) measurement in patients with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE), we studied CSF IL-6 levels in patients with NPSLE and analyzed the association between CSF IL-6 levels and other clinical findings of NPSLE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed ...
Schievink Wouter I - - 2010
Subdural hematoma is a relatively common complication of long-term anticoagulation, particularly in the elderly. The combination of anticoagulation and cerebral cortical atrophy is believed to be sufficient to explain the subdural bleeding. The authors report a series of elderly patients who were on a regimen of anticoagulation and developed chronic ...
Darreh-Shori T - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cognitive decline associated with a deficit in cholinergic function. Inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and/or butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), such as donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, are widely prescribed as symptomatic treatments for AD. These agents exhibit a wide variation in their pharmacological properties. ...
Han F - - 2010
We hypothesised that hypocretin (orexin) plays a role in the determination of ventilatory chemosensitivity. 130 patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy (mean ± SD age 20 ± 10 yrs, 69% male) and 117 controls (22 ± 6.9 yrs, 62% male) were recruited and tested for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1*0602 status, hyperoxia hypercapnic (change ...
Yu Yingxin - - 2010
The clinical presentations and MRI of six patients with general paresis due to neurosyphilis were reviewed. Diagnosis was based on neurological and psychiatric symptoms, positive Treponema pallidum hemagglutination in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera, and serology that was negative for human immunodeficiency virus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Most patients had ...
Mashayekhi Farhad - - 2010
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), also called FGF-1, which influences the proliferation and differentiation of various cell types in vitro, was originally isolated from neural tissue. It is released from the ependymal cells of the cerebral third ventricle into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). FGF-1 promotes the survival of neurons. Reactive ...
Stomrud Erik - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are believed to be involved in the pathologic processes behind Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we aimed to examine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in individuals with AD dementia and cognitively healthy elderly individuals, and to investigate their ...
Ikeda Tokuhei - - 2010
Oligomers of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We hypothesized that AD patients have a central nervous system environment that promotes Abeta oligomerization. We investigated the effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 33 patients with AD and 33 age-matched, non-demented controls on oligomerization of ...
Cieslicki Krzysztof - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The problem of adequate diagnosis of hydrocephalus followed by administration of an effective treatment has not yet been properly solved. Specifically, this pertains to the decision about the surgical insertion of a flow diverting device. AIMS: A lumbar infusion test was used to examine the compensatory parameters of intracranial ...
Bahar Burak - - 2010
Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important subject threatening public health. There is not a marker for early detection of this cancer type in practice yet. When studies on this subject were searched, cytokines show promise in diagnosis and guiding treatment. The reason for selecting serum M-CSF and ...
Spasojević Ivan - - 2010
Ferrous iron, released from iron deposits in the motor cortex and other brain regions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, participates in the Fenton reaction in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) alongside H(2)O(2), which is continuously released by neuronal cells. In vivo, the production of notoriously reactive hydroxyl radicals via this reaction ...
Zimmermann Rüdiger - - 2010
Neurochemical Dementia Diagnostics (NDD), i.e., analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of amyloid-beta peptides and tau/phospho-tau proteins plays important role in the diagnosis of neurodegeneration and dementias. Several studies show alterations of these biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however, only a few reports address alterations of other CSF biomarkers ...
Borroni Barbara - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau ratio decrease (33kDa/55kDa forms) and mid-saggital midbrain-to-pons (MP) atrophy have been suggested as diagnostic markers for progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The usefulness of their combined evaluation has never been tested. We evaluated the CSF tau ratio and the MP atrophy as a combined marker for early ...
Mihalj M - - 2010
Gait apraxia is most commonly a part of the Hakimov triad (gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, dementia) in normotensive hydrocephalus (NPH), although it may be a symptom of some other conditions. In our case the patient was a long term Parkinson's disease sufferer who developed normotensive hydrocephalus and consequently gait apraxia. ...
Denes Eric - - 2010
PCR in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has become the sole method used for the diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Nevertheless, PCR results may sometimes be false negative, and in this situation other techniques may be useful. 3 patients hospitalised for meningoencephalitis with fever showed a negative result for herpes ...
Reesink Fransje E - - 2010
In this study, we assessed whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the biomarker α-synuclein have a diagnostic value in differential diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We also analyzed associations between CSF biomarkers and cognitive performance in DLB and in AD. We included 35 DLB ...
Picariello C - - 2010
Procalcitonin concentrations are considered as a component of the inflammatory response and as an acute-phase marker, after shock or tissue injury (i.e. burn, trauma, surgery) or infections and sepsis. No data are so far available on the dynamics of procalcitonin levels in patients with cardiogenic shock following ST-elevation myocardial infarction, ...
Mattsson Niklas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The metabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-amyloid (Abeta) is widely studied in Alzheimer's disease, where Abeta deposition and plaque development are essential components of the pathogenesis. However, the physiological role of amyloid in the adult nervous system remains largely unknown. We have previously found altered cerebral amyloid ...
Eckerström C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition, and the prognosis differs within the group. Recent findings suggest that hippocampal volumetry and CSF biomarkers can be used to predict which MCI patients have an underlying neurodegenerative disorder. OBJECTIVE: To examine the combined predictive value of hippocampal volume and CSF ...
Steinacker Petra - - 2010
The clinical diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) can be supported by several biochemical markers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) such as 14-3-3 proteins and tau protein. Unfortunately, none of the currently known markers are suited for screening or seems to be directly related to the pathophysiological process. A marker fulfilling these ...
Ikeuchi Takeshi - - 2010
Recent genetic and pathological studies have suggested that a lipoprotein receptor, LR11, is intricately implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). We have recently established a novel sandwich ELISA, which enabled the sensitive quantification of a soluble LR11 (sLR11). By this ELISA, we attempted to determine the difference in ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that immunological factors may be involved in pathogenic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interleukin (IL)-15 and IL-12 are proinflammatory cytokines produced by activated blood and glial cells. They promote T cell differentiation and proliferation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured by ELISA serum and cerebrospinal fluid ...
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