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Guth James C JC Division of Vascular and Critical Care Neurology, Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seizures are common in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage, potentially by inciting cortical irritability. Seizures are also commonly seen after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), although the mechanisms and risk factors within that population are not well understood. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether subarachnoid hemorrhage extension (SAHE) is associated ...
Lusiak-Szelachowska Marzanna M 1 Laboratory of Bacteriophages, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy (IIET) , Polish Academy of Sciences, Wrocław, Poland - - 2014
Abstract The aim of our investigation was to verify whether phage therapy (PT) can induce antiphage antibodies. The antiphage activity was determined in sera from 122 patients from the Phage Therapy Unit in Wrocław with bacterial infections before and during PT, and in sera from 30 healthy volunteers using a ...
Rodríguez-Gutiérrez René R Endocrinology Division, Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital "Dr. José E. González", Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Avenida Madero y Avenida Gonzalitos s/n, Colonia Mitras Centro, 64460 Monterrey, NL, - - 2014
Adrenal function might be impaired in patients with primary hypothyroidism. The objective was to evaluate adrenocortical function using the low-dose cosyntropin test in patients with primary hypothyroidism. Consequently a prospective, longitudinal, controlled study of sixty adult patients with primary hypothyroidism was carried out. Patients naïve to L-T4 treatment were compared ...
Matrozova Joanna J Clinical Center of Endocrinology and Gerontology, Medical University - Sofia, 1431, Sofia, - - 2014
We describe a patient with a rare combination of acromegaly and primary aldosteronism. A 37 year-old female patient was diagnosed with acromegaly on the basis of typical clinical, hormonal and image characteristics. She presented also with one of the most common co-morbidities - arterial hypertension. The patient has been regularly ...
Wagner Josef - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The role of bacteriophage in Crohn's disease (CD) is unknown. This study investigated the abundance of phages in ileal and colonic samples from pediatric CD patients and controls. METHODS:: Ileal and colonic biopsies from 6 CD patients, gut wash samples from 3 CD patients, and ileal biopsies from 6 ...
Liu Chien Cheng CC Department of Anesthesiology, E-DA Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 82445, Taiwan, - - 2012
To investigate whether the incidence of hiccups in patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or same-day bidirectional endoscopy (EGD and colonoscopy; BDE) with sedation is different from those without sedation in terms of quantity, duration and typical onset time. Consecutive patients scheduled for elective EGD or same-day BDE at the gastrointestinal endoscopy ...
Takatsuki Akiko - - 2012
In this case series study, we prospectively examined whether it might be possible to check the effect of spinal anesthesia (SA), based on the disappearance of lower extremity reflexes and spasticity, in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), in whom the effect cannot be confirmed by the pinprick test or ...
Molnár Cs - - 2012
Cerebral state monitor (CSM) is a recently developed anaesthesia depth monitor based on EEG measurement. Medline search confirmed that the accuracy of this monitor has already been compared with BIS monitoring; however, we did not find any studies comparing CSM monitor with AEP monitoring. Therefore, the aim of our study ...
Kwon Min A - - 2012
Heat and moisture exchangers (HME) are often used to maintain humidity of breathing circuits during anesthesia. It is also known to increase dead space ventilation in respiratory distress syndromes. However, the effect of a pediatric HME in healthy pediatric patients has not yet been clarified. The purpose of this study ...
Ismail Samina - - 2012
The percentage use of regional anaesthesia (RA) and failure rate of RA for different grades of caesarean section (CS) has become a marker of quality for obstetric anaesthesia service. The objective of our prospective observational study is to find out the technique of anaesthesia used in different grades of CS, ...
Stroud Michael H - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to determine the usefulness of cerebral oxygenation monitoring during interfacility helicopter transport of pediatric patients and to determine the effect of changes in altitude during transport on cerebral oxygenation readings in pediatric interfacility transport patients. A convenience sample of pediatric interfacility helicopter transport patients ...
Moerman Annelies T - - 2012
Cases of ischaemic brain damage have been reported in relatively healthy patients undergoing shoulder surgery in the beach chair position. Unrecognised cerebral hypoperfusion may have contributed to these catastrophic events, indicating that routine anaesthesia monitoring may not suffice. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides a non-invasive, continuous method to measure regional cerebral ...
El Chafic Abdul Hamid - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Deep sedation is increasingly used for endoscopy. The impact of sedation level on hemodynamic status, oxygenation, and aspiration risk is incompletely described. AIMS: To describe the incidence of intraprocedural cough, hemodynamic changes, oxygen desaturation, and their relationship to clinical factors and sedation level. METHODS: Detailed prospective recordings of hemodynamic ...
Pereira Juliana Vianna - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the bacterial diversity in the saliva of patients with different oral hygiene indexes using of two 16S rRNA gene libraries. Each library was composed of samples from patients with different averages of the differentiated Silness-Löe biofilm index: the first library (A) ...
Vaidyanathan Subramanian - - 2012
Some tetraplegic patients may wish to undergo urological procedures without anaesthesia, but these patients can develop autonomic dysreflexia if cystoscopy and vesical lithotripsy are performed without anaesthesia. We describe three tetraplegic patients, who developed autonomic dysreflexia when cystoscopy and laser lithotripsy were carried out without anesthesia.In two patients, who declined ...
Rakesh S V - - 2012
The role of regional anesthetic techniques such as cervical epidural and inter-scalene brachial plexus blockade (ISB) in rehabilitated stroke patients remains uncertain. We present a case of rehabilitated stroke patient with reactive airway disease, which was managed using cervical epidural anesthesia for an above the elbow amputation. We further discuss ...
Poulton Thomas J - - 2011
Many ad hoc fasting guidelines for pre-anesthetic patients prohibit gum chewing. We find no evidence that gum chewing during pre-anesthetic fasting increases the volume or acidity of gastric juice in a manner that increases risk, nor that the occasional associated unreported swallowing of gum risks subsequent aspiration. On the contrary, ...
Nielsen Janel L - - 2011
A parturient presented at 35 weeks' gestation with worsening neurological symptoms caused by syringomyelia. She underwent urgent cesarean delivery. The etiology and anesthetic considerations for an obstetrical patient with syringomyelia are discussed.
Ishiyama Tadahiko - - 2011
We present the case of cardiac arrest in a patient with neurally mediated syncope (NMS). A 66-year-old male patient was scheduled to undergo right inguinal hernioplasty. He had a history of syncope, which occurred a few times a year in childhood and once a year recently. One minute after the ...
Pilge Stefanie - - 2011
Background:The Cerebral State Monitor™ (CSM) is an electroencephalogram (EEG)-based monitor that is claimed to measure the depth of hypnosis during general anesthesia. We calculated the prediction probability (P(K)) for its ability to separate consciousness from unconsciousness in surgical patients with different anesthetic regimens.Methods:Digitized EEG recordings of a previous study of ...
Takkenberg Bart - - 2011
We investigated whether intrahepatic markers could predict response in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients treated with peg-interferon and adefovir for 48 weeks. Intrahepatic covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), total intrahepatic HBV DNA and the proportion of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) positive hepatocytes ...
Fernández-Torre José L - - 2011
We report the case of a patient with an extensive right cerebral hematoma complicated by focal nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) in whom the use of the new bilateral BIS-Vista™ monitor was helpful in managing profound sedation and antiepileptic treatment in the absence of continuous EEG monitoring (CEEG). The analysis of ...
Abrão João J Disciplina de Anestesiologia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2011
It is presented in this case report a very rare complication after spinal anesthesia to provide subsidies to the management and therapeutic conduct. This is a 63-year old African-Brazilian patient, ASA I, scheduled for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). He underwent subarachnoid anesthesia with bupivacaine (15 mg) without adrenaline. ...
Zhu Hongjian - - 2011
We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy (URS-PL) for the treatment of urological calculi under sacral block anesthesia. URS-PL was performed with a semirigid ureteroscope under sacral block anesthesia in 90 patients between January 2006 and April 2010. Calculi were located in the middle ureter in 20 ...
M Tsutsumi Yasuo - - 2011
Brugada syndrome is characterized by an electrocardiograph pattern of right bundle-branch block and has an increased risk for cardiac arrest due to malignant arrhythmia. We describe the successful anesthetic management for electroconvulsive therapy in a patient with Brugada electrocardiograph pattern. Patients with Brugada ECG pattern are not recommended to use ...
Wrede Karsten H - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to objectively assess the patients' acceptance for awake craniotomy in a group of neurosurgical patients, who underwent this procedure for removal of lesions in or close to eloquent brain areas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients acceptance for awake craniotomy under local anesthesia and conscious ...
Lynch Johanne - - 2011
Introduction:  It is thought that patients with cardiomyopathy have an increased risk of cardiac arrest on induction of anesthesia, but there is little available data. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and potential risk factors for cardiac arrest upon induction of anesthesia in children with cardiomyopathy ...
Kloesel Benjamin - - 2011
PURPOSE: To review the anesthetic management and perioperative outcomes of patients diagnosed with Brugada syndrome (BrS) who were treated at a single centre and to compare those results with a comprehensive review of the existing literature. CLINICAL FEATURES: A retrospective chart review of anesthesia records from patients diagnosed with BrS ...
Hubert Dominique - - 2011
Electrochemical skin conductance measurement is an active electrophysiologic method in which incremental low direct voltage is applied on the skin. It generates a current due to reverse iontophoresis which previous studies suggested to be mostly related to chloride anion movements. As sweat chloride movements upon electric stimulation were likely to ...
Lavallard Vanessa Jeannette - - 2011
Quantification of hepatocyte death is useful to evaluate the progression of alcoholic liver diseases. Our aims were to quantify and correlate the circulating levels of Cytokeratin 18 (CK18) and its caspases-generated fragment to disease severity in heavy alcoholics. CK18 and CK18-fragment were evaluated in the serum of 143 heavy alcoholics. ...
Edry Ruth R Department of Anesthesiology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel. - - 2011
Intravenous sedation is an efficient method to facilitate dental treatment delivery to uncooperative children. Entropy is used for monitoring anesthetic depth. Nonetheless, scarce data is found on entropy monitoring in intellectually-disabled patients during sedation. This comparative study set out to evaluate entropy values of normal and intellectually-disabled patients during the ...
Sahin Levent - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive demyelinating disease presenting with a relapsing-remitting course and affects large areas of the brain and the spinal cord. Surgical stress often induces exacerbation of MS symptoms. It is mandatory to prepare the MS patient very carefully for the surgery and anaesthesia with an effective ...
Oliveira C - - 2011
The etiopathogenesis of pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and its relationship to congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) remain controversial. Our recent analysis indicates that both the co-incidental occurrence and the outcome of PPB among CCAM patients are significant. We report here on our efforts to determine clinical and radiological features discriminating PPB ...
Chen Chun-Hsin - - 2011
Background:  Chronic and excessive alcohol consumption enhances the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ethanol-derived free radicals. 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a marker to estimate ROS-induced DNA damage. The study objective was to compare serum 8-OHdG levels between patients with alcohol dependence and healthy controls and to investigate the correlation ...
Stressmann Franziska A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether geographical differences impact the composition of bacterial communities present in the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients attending CF centers in the United States or United Kingdom. Thirty-eight patients were matched on the basis of clinical parameters into 19 pairs comprised ...
Gild R - - 2010
Aquagenic wrinkling of the palms (AWP) is hyperwrinkling occurring within 3 min of exposure to water. It is associated with cystic fibrosis (CF) and has been reported in a CF carrier. To ascertain if AWP is a sign of the CF carrier state and to test for an association between ...
Paugam André A Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, France. - - 2010
A total of 657 sputum samples from 201 cystic fibrosis adult patients were collected during a 24-month period (2005-2006). We retrospectively analyzed the fungal colonization of the respiratory tract of these individuals by linking medical records and microbiological data. Filamentous fungi were isolated from specimens of 65.6% of the patients, ...
Lebecque Patrick P Cliniques Universitaires St Luc, Université de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2010
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the prevalence of Exophiala dermatitidis in respiratory secretions of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and to identify risk factors for its presence. The results of all cultures performed over a 2-year period in non lung-transplant patients in our CF clinic were ...
Van Biervliet Stephanie - - 2010
In cystic fibrosis (CF), changes in fatty acid (FA) composition of serum phospholipids (PL) and cell membranes can account, in part, for the inflammatory state of the disease. The severity of the genotype is known to correlate with the degree of FA changes. Liver diseases, such as cholestasis and cirrhosis ...
Bensel Tobias - - 2011
Antibiotic therapy is thought to improve lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) by decreasing neutrophil-derived inflammation. We investigated the origin and clinical significance of lactate in the chronically inflamed CF lung. Lactate was measured in sputa of 18 exacerbated and 25 stable CF patients via spectrophotometry and gaschromatography. ...
Waters Valerie - - 2011
Rationale: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is one of the more common multidrug-resistant organisms isolated from the respiratory tract of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the effect of chronic S. maltophilia infection on CF lung disease is unknown. Objectives: To determine the impact of chronic S. maltophilia infection on lung disease in ...
Goodson M L - - 2010
Alcohol is known to be a risk factor for oral precancerous lesions, but evidence has been weakened by subjective estimates of alcohol intake from patients, and confounded by their use of tobacco. Red cell macrocytosis, assessed by calculation of mean corpuscular volume (MCV), may be a useful objective indicator of ...
Tcherakian Colas - - 2011
Background In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) the distribution and spatial-temporal progression of fibrotic changes may be influenced by general or locoregional conditions. From this perspective, patients with asymmetrical disease (AIPF) may be unique. Methods This retrospective study included 32 patients (26 men, mean±SD age 69±7 years) with AIPF, as defined by ...
Marshak Tal - - 2011
The objective of this paper is to study the correlation between sinonasal involvement and type of cystic fibrosis (CF) in Israeli's CF patients. The comparative study includes 70 CF patients: 40 typical and 30 atypical CF patients. History and physical examination data were recorded, including endoscopic nasal examination as well ...
Sökücü Semra - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the non-invasive serum marker FibroTest-ActiTest (FT-AT) reliably predicts the histological stage of fibrosis and/or activity, and decreases the need for a liver biopsy. Twenty-five children with naïve chronic hepatitis B were analyzed for haptoglobin, alpha2-macroglobulin, apolipoprotein A1, bilirubin, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and ...
McPherson Stuart - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is important to identify patients who may develop complications. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of simple non-invasive tests in identifying advanced fibrosis among patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. METHODS: Consecutive patients ...
Lisowska Aleksandra - - 2010
Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) has been reported in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, the potential link to intestinal inflammation has not been studied so far. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether SIBO correlates with intestinal inflammation in CF patients. As a preliminary study, we assessed whether calprotectin is detectable ...
Werlin Steven L - - 2010
Treatment with pancreatic enzymes fails to completely correct malabsorption and gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of the present study was to examine the small intestine of patients with CF without overt evidence of gastrointestinal disease using capsule endoscopy (CE). Patients with CF received the agile ...
Sumida Yoshio Y Center for Digestive and Liver Diseases, Department of Pathology, Nara City Hospital, - - 2010
  The biological basis of variability in histological progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unknown. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most abundant steroid hormone, has been shown to influence sensitivity to reactive oxygen species, insulin sensitivity and expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α. Our aim was to determine whether more histologically ...
Fricker-Hidalgo Hélène - - 2010
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a frequent complication in cystic fibrosis patients. The diagnosis remains difficult and requires a combination of clinical, radiological, biological, and mycological criteria. The aim of this study was to analyze the added value of two recombinant antigens, rAspf4 and rAspf6, associated with the detection of ...
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