Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 917
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Lebuffe G - - 1999
Gastrointestinal automated online air tonometry has been proposed for monitoring gastric perfusion in patients at risk of circulatory failure (CF) after cardiopulmonary bypass. In this study, CF was prospectively defined as the requirement for vasoactive support to maintain mean arterial pressure > or = 70 mm Hg after optimization of ...
Eichler I - - 1999
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by the production of abnormally thick secretions in the airways, chronic bacterial endobronchial infections and a chronic, predominantly neutrophilic inflammatory response. Therefore, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and lactoferrin are frequently used as inflammatory markers. Recently, a new protein in the neutrophil granules, human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL) has ...
Wojnarowski C - - 1999
In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), the progression of pulmonary disease differs considerably, even in identical cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-genotypes which could reflect an additional influence of the host's immune response. This study therefore measured cytokine expression patterns in CF patients with different clinical presentation. Expression of interleukin (IL)-8, ...
Weber A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation was made of eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) in nasal secretion for measuring the degree of nasal inflammation and monitoring response to therapy in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Symptoms and findings in regard to ECP levels before and after treatment were described. STUDY DESIGN: Study was ...
Glatt W - - 1999
The purpose of the study was to investigate a new method for detoxifying opioid-dependent patients. Butorphanol is an opiod with mixed agonist-antagonist properties, and is marketed as a nasal spray. Undiluted, it will cause significant physical withdrawal symptoms in a population dependent on opioids. Forty patients dependent on opioids were ...
Häussler S - - 1999
In the context of chronic lung infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis (CF), attention has been focused on the presence of the most common mucoid phenotype. In this study, the presence of small-colony variants (SCVs) of P. aeruginosa in respiratory tract specimens from patients with CF was investigated, ...
Stewart J M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To describe the orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (OTS) in adolescents, similarities to and differences from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and patterns of orthostatic intolerance during head-up tilt (HUT). STUDY DESIGN: Using electrocardiography and arterial tonometry, we investigated the heart rate and blood pressure responses during HUT in 20 adolescents with ...
Moritz F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the toxicological etiologies in agitated patients and to evaluate their initial clinical diagnosis in the light of toxicological results analysis. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Emergency Department (ED) in a 2,650-bed University Hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight consecutively enrolled patients admitted to the ED in agitated states over a ...
Gilljam M - - 1999
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients require higher dosages of many antibiotics. The relapse of tuberculosis in one CF patient, and the repeated growth of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare in another, despite conventional therapy, raised the question of whether the serum levels of the antimycobacterial drugs were adequate. Antimycobacterial drug serum concentrations were assayed ...
Lynch D A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: In a multicenter study, we evaluated the relationships between the extent and severity of bronchiectasis on CT and clinical symptoms, spirometric abnormality, and sputum characteristics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population included 261 patients with symptomatic, physiologically significant bronchiectasis, who were enrolled in another study evaluating the clinical efficacy ...
Ledson M J - - 1999
We present a prepubertal male cystic fibrosis patient with high circulating oestrogen levels (as a consequence of sever cystic-fibrosis-related hepatobiliary disease) who subsequently developed a large pelvic arteriovenous malformation. This has not previously been described in patients with cystic fibrosis, despite the association between high oestrogen levels and arteriovenous malformations. ...
Bell S C - - 1999
In this study, intra-individual variation of resting energy expenditure (REE) in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the effect of measurement duration were determined. Twelve adults with CF and chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Ps. aeruginosa) infection and 12 healthy volunteers, matched for age and sex were studied whilst clinically stable on ...
Benabdeslam H - - 1999
Lipid peroxidation biomarkers and antioxidant status were measured in 76 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and compared to 40 control subjects. Univariate and multivariate statistics were performed in this study. Results showed that indicators of lipid peroxidation were higher in CF patients than in controls; thiobarbituric acid reactants and autoantibodies against ...
Malhotra S - - 1999
AIMS: To study and compare the perspectives of relapsed alcohol-dependent patients and their family members regarding relapse precipitants. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: An addiction centre in northern India. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive male patients attending the centre with relapse of alcohol dependence following previous inpatient treatment, and their respective family ...
Mundle G - - 1999
Abstract Although biological markers such as carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) have been used as indicators for heavy alcohol consumption and alcoholism little information is available on the utitlity of these markers in detecting relapses. In this study the value of the biological markers ...
Ricard-Blum S - - 1999
We measured the concentrations of several serum and urinary fibrosis markers, which are metabolites of extracellular matrix, in schistosomiasis patients to investigate their relationship with the ultrasonographic scoring system and with parasitologic data. This study was conducted in patients with various stages of the disease evaluated by ultrasonography (intestinal disease ...
Wallace H L HL - - 1999
We have conducted a double-blind study to assess the possible involvement of the human herpesviruses (HHVs) HHV6, HHV7, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and cytomegalovirus in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients compared to age-, race-, and gender-matched controls. The CFS patient population was composed of rigorously screened civilian and Persian Gulf War ...
Ottomanelli G - - 1999
A literature review was conducted on the excess use of alcohol by methadone patients. Although the rate of alcohol abuse among methadone patients was found to be high (compared to general population estimates), the rate was comparable to individuals who engaged in risk-taking behaviors and individuals under stress, such as ...
Wilschanski M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Right lower quadrant abdominal pain may pose a diagnostic problem in patients with cystic fibrosis. Abdominal ultrasound examination, used commonly in the diagnostic work-up, may reveal abnormalities of the appendix. However, interpretation of such findings is problematic, because the appearance of the gastrointestinal system during routine examination has not ...
Nepomuceno I B - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the relationship between IgE levels and the prevalence of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, (2) to establish the usefulness of assessing atopy as an identifying risk factor for ABPA, (3) to evaluate the clinical course of patients receiving and not receiving ...
Binkovitz L A - - 1999
This report describes the unusual presentation of Clostridium difficile colitis in five patients with cystic fibrosis and the role of CT in first suggesting the correct diagnosis in this group of patients. Because of the absence of watery diarrhea and the presence of abdominal bloating and decreased stooling, cystic fibrosis ...
Rudolph C M - - 1999
We present two types of "new" foreign body granulomas caused by the injectable aesthetic microimplants Bioplastique and Artecoll. We report the clinical and histopathologic findings in five patients who had undergone treatment of mainly facial contour abnormalities with one of these implants. All patients were women, and the mean age ...
Stewart J M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the association between orthostatic intolerance and the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adolescents and to delineate the form that orthostatic intolerance takes in these children. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the heart rate and blood pressure (BP) responses to head-up tilt (HUT) in 26 adolescents aged 11 to ...
Padman R - - 1999
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that the Scandipharm Flutter airway clearance device has increased the ability of cystic fibrosis patients to expectorate mucus. Studies that show the effects of the Flutter on pulmonary function among the pediatric cystic fibrosis patients are limited. Thus, we embarked on a study to assess ...
Yung B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) has become increasingly common with the increasing longevity of patients with cystic fibrosis. The diagnosis of CFRD is important as its development may lead to a clinical deterioration which may be reversed with treatment. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is the method of ...
Bartel K - - 1999
A retrospective analysis of files of patients with cystic fibrosis and pulmonary exacerbations was performed to investigate whether an individual dosage of tobramycin once established by serum level determination allows a reliable prediction of the adequate dosage in a consecutive exacerbation. All patients hospitalized > or = 2 times between ...
Grasemann H - - 1999
Airway nitric oxide concentrations in patients with cystic fibrosis or primary ciliary dyskinesia syndrome have been shown to be lower than in healthy subjects. Decreased NO concentrations may contribute to impaired ciliary clearance, respiratory tract infections, or obstructive lung disease in these conditions. Nasal and exhaled NO concentrations were compared ...
Misra S P - - 1998
Fifty-five patients with oral submucosal fibrosis and an equal number of patients with no evidence of the disease were studied. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and any abnormality was noted. Multiple oesophageal biopsies were obtained from the upper end of the oesophagus and from any endoscopically observed abnormality. The ...
Szegedi A - - 1998
A decreased basal and/or stimulated activity of the G-protein/adenylyl cyclase (AC) system in peripheral blood cells has been proposed to represent a trait marker for alcoholism. However, AC activity may underlie state-dependent changes, which may impair a proper interpretation of AC activity measurements. Our study examined systematically the AC activity ...
Mahadeva R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Alpha-1 antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) is the most abundant proteinase inhibitor within the lung. We have recently reported the surprising observation that cystic fibrosis patients with mild to moderate deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin have significantly better pulmonary function than non-deficient patients. This study may have been biased as it did ...
Redmond A - - 1998
Ciprofloxacin is effective for treating pulmonary infection in adult cystic fibrosis patients, and demonstrates excellent efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but its use in paediatric cystic fibrosis patients has been limited because quinolone-induced cartilage toxicity has been observed in juvenile animals and has been considered a potential risk for children. Children ...
Held P - - 1998
PURPOSE: We compared MRI of the membranous labyrinth in patients with chronic non-neoplastic inner ear disease and MR signs of labyrinthine fibrosis and controls depending on their age, in order to establish whether there were any MR differences regarding patient age groups, control age groups and between the patients and ...
Frühwirth M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the dye 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein (DCF) assay in screening for alterations in polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) and monocyte (MC) oxidative burst of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. STUDY DESIGN: 56 CF patients aged between 2 and 20 years were investigated. Purified cells were stimulated ...
Ho L P - - 1998
Airways inflammation has been associated with increased nitric oxide (NO) in the exhaled breath. It was, therefore, questioned whether exhaled NO could act as an indicator of the severity of airways inflammation in the chronic suppurative lung diseases cystic fibrosis (CF) and bronchiectasis. NO levels in a single exhalation were ...
Fajac I - - 1998
This study investigated the relations between nasal transepithelial electric potential difference (PD) and the phenotype and genotype of cystic fibrosis (CF) adult patients. Basal nasal PD was measured in 95 adult CF patients who were classified into three groups of nasal PD (expressed as absolute values) according to the 10th ...
Mikkelsen I M - - 1998
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a useful indicator of excessive alcohol consumption with higher sensitivity and specificity than other markers that are used. In the present study, CDT was analysed in 161 patients hospitalized in a surgical ward to evaluate whether history of drinking and chronic alcohol misuse are important determinants ...
Brown K - - 1998
Glucagon-producing neuroendocrine tumors typically present with a characteristic constellation of symptoms including necrolytic migratory erythema, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, weight loss, anemia, glossitis, and an increased thrombotic tendency. Most glucagonomas are solid and arise in the body or tail of the pancreas. We report two cases of cystic glucagonoma, one found incidentally ...
Guyader D - - 1998
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The diagnosis of hemochromatosis is now possible for C282Y homozygous patients using noninvasive molecular genetic tests. The aim of this study was to define noninvasive factors predictive of severe fibrosis (bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis) to avoid unnecessary liver biopsies in such patients. METHODS: Clinical and biological data ...
Bell S C - - 1998
Improved survival has been associated with better nutritional status in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). In this study we examined the relationship between nutritional state and other measures of clinical severity in adult patients with CF, attending a regional centre. Eighty-one patients (median age 21 years) were studied. Patients with ...
Chermack S T - - 1998
Little is known about the utility of collateral reports in substantiating self-report for individuals assessed in nonalcoholism treatment contexts. This study examined the concordance of 581 pairs of medical patient and collateral responses to a commonly used alcohol screening instrument, the CAGE Questions, as well as to reports of the ...
Tirelli U - - 1998
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been widely studied by neuroimaging techniques in recent years with conflicting results. In particular, using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and perfusion tracers, hypoperfusion has been found in several brain regions, although the findings vary across research centers. The objective of this study was to ...
Sidhu H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Patients with cystic fibrosis have an increased risk of hyperoxaluria, and of subsequent nephrocalcinosis and calcium-oxalate urolithiasis. Oxalate homoeostasis is controlled, in part, by the intestinal bacterium, Oxalobacter formigenes. The loss of this bacterium from the gut flora is associated with an increased risk of hyperoxaluria and calcium-oxalate urolithiasis. ...
Fujita J - - 1998
A 53-year-old Japanese female, who had been suffering from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) for 3 years, was admitted with dyspnoea. The important laboratory finding on admission was a serum CA19-9 level of 649 U/mL. Despite steroid treatment for IPF, her respiratory condition gradually deteriorated with the increase of serum CA19-9 ...
Ott S M - - 1998
Decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures are seen in patients with cystic fibrosis. Suboptimal vitamin D levels, nutrition problems, hypogonadism, inactivity, corticosteroid use, and cytokines may contribute to the low bone mass seen in these patients. Treatment recommendations must be individualized and may include nutrition, vitamin D, estrogen ...
Harms H K - - 1998
Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the accumulation of thick viscous purulent secretions. Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I (rhDNase) breaks down extracellular DNA, which contributes to the increased viscosity of sputum. A multinational, open-label study was conducted in 974 cystic fibrosis patients with moderate lung disease [forced vital capacity (FVC) 40-70% of ...
Ando Y Y First Department of Internal Medicine, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan. - - 1998
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is metabolized by esterase to form a SN-38, which is further conjugated by UGT1A1. Genetic polymorphism has been shown in a promoter region of UGT1A1 and is related to its activity. We investigated whether there might be an inter-individual difference in pharmacokinetics of SN-38 and its glucuronide, depending ...
Linnane S J - - 1998
Nitric oxide (NO) can be detected in exhaled gas in human subjects. It is produced by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and is rapidly metabolized to nitrite and nitrate (NO2/NO3). Exhaled NO is reported to be elevated in patients with asthma, bronchiectasis, or upper respiratory tract infection. Recent reports have shown ...
Wöber C - - 1998
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ataxia of stance in different types of alcohol-dependent patients. Posturographic measurements were performed in 82 abstinent alcohol-dependent patients and 54 healthy controls in order to analyse postural control. According to Lesch and co-workers, alcohol dependence was classified as total ...
De Lorenzo F - - 1998
We investigated whether chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients have physical and/or cardiovascular de-conditioning, in 273 CFS patients and 72 healthy controls. We used laboratory tests to assess haematological, biochemical, endocrinological and immunological systems. The cardiovascular system was assessed by echocardiography and carotid echography. Body composition was determined by dual energy ...
Langenderfer B - - 1998
The purpose of this article is to review published studies on the efficacy of old and new mucus clearance techniques and to develop recommendations for different groups of patients. Mucus clearance is a problem in cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and many other pulmonary conditions. Percussion and postural drainage (P & PD) ...
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