Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 917
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Koelling Todd M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in adult patients with cystic fibrosis using radionuclide ventriculography. BACKGROUND: Although myocardial fibrosis has been described in autopsy specimens of patients with cystic fibrosis, the possibility that myocardial dysfunction may occur during life in adult patients with cystic fibrosis has not ...
Strobbe Stephen - - 2003
Completion rates for outpatient opioid detoxification with clonidine generally range from 20-40%, but few studies have examined the correlates of successful completion. Of 29 consecutive patients, we compared those who completed detoxification with clonidine (n=12) to those who did not (n=17). Patients who completed treatment were significantly (p< 0.05) more ...
Lim A Y H - - 2003
Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) is thought to be a marker of asthmatic inflammation. Levels in cystic fibrosis (CF) are generally low. This study aimed to measure exhaled NO in CF patients at high risk of developing ABPA and patients at low risk. We studied nine patients at high risk of ...
O'Connor Gerald T - - 2003
CONTEXT: Poverty has been shown to be a determinant of health outcomes in many epidemiologic studies. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the association between household income and the mortality rate in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We selected white patients diagnosed before 18 ...
Wat D - - 2003
The life expectancy for patients with cystic fibrosis has improved remarkably over the last 20 years. Progressive deterioration of pulmonary function continues despite the aggressive use of antimicrobials. The absence of fever, neutrophilia, and systemic symptoms suggest that during pulmonary exacerbations other non-bacterial factors may have played a part. Some ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Development of hydrops fetalis in fetuses with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAM) is a significant risk factor for fetal or neonatal demise. In rare cases, resolution of CCAM has occurred, presumably owing to lesion maturation or involution. Steroid therapy, utilized for lung maturity, has been postulated to accelerate this ...
Arrigo Teresa - - 2003
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by respiratory and intestinal insufficiencies. It has been reported in the literature that patients with CF show delayed growth and puberty and girls with CF achieve menarche at older age than normal females. Infertility, in both sexes, and menstrual dysfunction, in ...
Matthews Brent D - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Palmaris hyperhidrosis is a disorder mediated by the sympathetic nervous system. It causes excessive sweating. This study evaluated the safety, efficacy, and outcome after thoracoscopic sympathectomy in patients with palmaris hyperhidrosis. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 18 patients (10 male) who underwent bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy between July ...
Varekojis Sarah M - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients have abnormally viscid bronchial secretions that cause airway obstruction, inflammation, and infection that leads to lung damage. To enhance airway clearance and reduce airway obstruction, daily bronchopulmonary hygiene therapy is considered essential. OBJECTIVE: Compare the effectiveness of and patient preferences regarding 3 airway clearance methods: ...
Sobey Paul W - - 2003
Using a retrospective chart review, 59 patients detoxified with tramadol were compared to 85 patients detoxified with clonidine on rates of leaving against medical advice (AMA) and control of withdrawal symptoms. Patients detoxified with tramadol had 23% (95% CI, 0.09-0.59; P < .01) the risk of leaving AMA and scored ...
Swinkels D W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients previously diagnosed as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) actually have primary haemochomatosis (PH). METHODS: The setting was a Dutch referral centre. Transferrin saturation (TS) was retrospectively evaluated in banked blood samples of 88 patients diagnosed as CFS. Patients with elevated TS values were asked to provide ...
Naschitz Jochanan E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In studying patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) we developed a method that confers numerical expression to the degree of blood pressure and heart rate lability, ie, the 'hemodynamic instability score' (HIS). The HIS in CFS patients differed significantly from healthy subjects. The present investigation compares the HIS in ...
McKone Edward F - - 2002
We present a case report of adrenal insufficiency and testicular failure in an adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patient due to megestrol acetate therapy. This is followed by a review of the literature on the use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in CF, AIDS, and cancer, with ...
Sobol Steven E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory-cell and cytokine profiles of chronic sinusitis (CS) are well documented in the literature. In contrast, little is known about the pathogenesis of this condition in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with CF have inflammatory-cell and cytokine profiles that differ from other patients ...
Akçay Sule - - 2002
Bronchiectasis is defined as acquired and permanent abnormal dilation and destruction of the bronchial walls. Secondary amyloidosis is a disorder characterized by the deposition of amyloid A (AA) in multiple organs and tissues in the body. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to bronchiectasis-related amyloidosis has only been mentioned in case ...
Bledsoe Bryan E - - 2002
It should be clear from this discussion that coma cocktails are a bad idea and should be immediately abandoned. In fact, the indiscriminate use of the coma cocktail may indeed harm patients, EMS has evolved to a point where any EMS provider should be able to reasonably determine the most ...
Andersson C - - 2002
Cystic fibrosis is a heterogenic disease, in which the phenotype can also vary for patients with the same genotype. In the present study the function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in nasal epithelial cells from 19 adult patients with cystic fibrosis was investigated. All patients had severe ...
Speert David P - - 2002
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common respiratory pathogen in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the predominant mechanism by which it is acquired is controversial. To determine the frequency of patient-to-patient spread, we evaluated P. aeruginosa isolates from 174 patients treated at the CF clinics in Vancouver, BC, Canada, since ...
Tang Simon F T - - 2002
High-resolution ultrasonography was used to examine affected sternocleidomastoid muscles in patients with congenital muscular torticollis at different times. Thirty-one female and 42 male patients were recruited and classified as having one of four types of fibrosis based on the sonograms. Compared with initial assessment, 22 (95.6%) patients with Type I ...
Bergoin Cyrille - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Nasal polyposis (NP) frequently complicates the course of cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of inflammatory cells and mediators in nasal secretions from patients with or without NP compared to patients with idiopathic NP and healthy controls. METHODS: Eighteen CF patients with ...
Hartington K - - 2002
The study proposed a clinical decision rule: In patients who have taken a deliberate overdose, but deny taking paracetamol or paracetamol containing compounds, who have a GCS of 15, understand English well, and have not taken excessive alcohol, there is no need to take blood for paracetamol estimation. 307 consecutive ...
Skov M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is a potentially fatal inflammatory disease due to the dual-type immune response provoked by the fungal antigens. Despite serious side effects long-term treatment with corticosteroids is often required. Itraconazole has been reported to be a useful steroid-sparing agent. METHODS: In ...
Fink James B - - 2002
For the past 70 years positioning and postural drainage have played an important role in increasing lung volumes, perfusion, oxygenation and mobilization of secretions. While gravity is not a primary mechanism for normal secretion clearance, it plays a major role in depth and pattern of ventilation, perfusion, and lymphatic drainage. ...
Büscher Rainer - - 2002
The cystic fibrosis membrane conductance regulator can be activated through beta2-adrenoceptor (beta2AR) stimulation. We tested the hypothesis that coding sequence polymorphisms in the beta2AR gene contribute to the disease state in patients with cystic fibrosis. The Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, and Thr164Ile beta2AR polymorphisms were studied by specific polymerase chain reaction and ...
Walkowiak Jaroslaw - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Exocrine pancreatic function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) can be evaluated by direct and indirect tests. In pediatric patients, indirect tests are preferred because of their less invasive character, especially in CF patients with respiratory disease. Fecal tests are noninvasive and have been shown to have a high ...
Le Brun P P H - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to perform a proof of principle study with a new colistin dry powder inhalation system in six healthy volunteers and five patients with cystic fibrosis. All subjects were asked to inhale 25 mg colistin sulfate dry powder. The patients were also asked to ...
Foster J A - - 2002
The main aim of this study was to investigate the role of N-(2,4,6 trimethyl-3-bromophenylcarbamoylmethyl) iminodiacetic acid (IDA; Mebrofenin) scintigraphy in follow-up assessments of the biliary system in patients with cystic fibrosis associated liver disease. Fourteen patients from a study published in 1996 were re-examined after a mean interval of 4.7 ...
Gann Horst - - 2002
Complaints of sleep disturbances are common among alcohol dependent patients during subacute abstinence. Recovered patients may show persistent sleep abnormalities for months or even years. In the present study we studied the issue whether periodic limb movements in sleep and disturbances of nocturnal respiration are more frequent in alcohol dependent ...
Aktay Atiye Nur - - 2002
Patients with cystic fibrosis often develop upper gastrointestinal symptoms, which may be due to abnormal gastric motor function. The aim of the study is to determine the characteristics of gastric electrical activity in patients with cystic fibrosis and to compare electrogastrography patterns in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Electrogastrography was recorded ...
Husarik Daniela - - 2002
Digital clubbing has been associated with a large number of disorders. To overcome the limitation of subjective clinical assessment, several objective measurements have been developed among which the hyponychial angle was considered most accurate for quantification of finger clubbing. Here we investigated hyponychial angles in 123 healthy subjects and 515 ...
Máiz Luis - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans in the sputa of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), to assess serologic IgE responses of these patients to the presence of fungi in the sputum, to evaluate what effect this may have on ...
Wyatt H A - - 2002
AIM: To determine whether serum hyaluronic acid (HA) concentrations are abnormal in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) liver disease, and if so, whether the abnormality is associated with disease severity. METHODS: A total of 74 patients with CF were assessed for evidence of liver involvement as indicated by clinical, ultrasound, ...
Elisaf Moses - - 2002
Hypokalaemia is commonly found among the electrolyte abnormalities observed in chronic alcoholics. However, the underlying mechanisms of the decreased potassium levels are not well known. We undertook the present study to analyse the possible pathogenetic mechanisms of hypokalaemia in a large group of alcoholic patients (n = 127) admitted to ...
Lumb R - - 2002
Over a 7-year period, three patients with cystic fibrosis had multiple sputum specimens that were smear- and culture-positive for Nocardia asteroides. Two of the patients had received long-term, low-dose inhalational corticosteroid therapy. Although all three patients were treated with cotrimoxazole, resulting in eradication of the organism from the sputum, there ...
O'connor T M - - 2002
Patients with chronic hypoxaemia develop secondary polycythaemia that improves oxygen-carrying capacity. Therefore, normal haemoglobin and haematocrit values in the presence of chronic arterial hypoxaemia in cystic fibrosis constitute 'relative anaemia'. We sought to determine the cause of this relative anaemia in patients with cystic fibrosis. We studied haematological indices and ...
Erisen Levent - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to evaluate whether quantitative analysis of neck drainage contents is an important parameter of objective and early diagnosis of chylous fistula (CF) in the postoperative period. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We prospectively evaluated 103 consecutive neck dissections during a 2-year period at a tertiary academic ...
Häusler M - - 2002
Interstitial lung disease, although of prognostic impact for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), remains difficult to assess without histopathologic investigations. As changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (LS) may accompany severe systemic lymphocyte immune responses, we compared peripheral LS of 44 patients with CF, 23 non-CF patients with recurrent pulmonary ...
Speert David P - - 2002
The Burkholderia cepacia complex is an important group of pathogens in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Although evidence for patient-to-patient spread is clear, microbial factors facilitating transmission are poorly understood. To identify microbial clones with enhanced transmissibility, we evaluated B. cepacia complex isolates from patients with CF from throughout Canada. ...
Henriksson Gert - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Nasal polyps frequently appear in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aims of this study were to focus on what problems (symptoms, endoscopic findings, and laboratory correlates) nasal polyps cause the CF patient, and how these correlate to the total health situation of this patient group. PATIENTS AND ...
Hanawalt-Squires Cindy - - 2002
Little is known about the chronic sequelae of isopropanol ingestion. Acute effects of isopropanol ingestion include central nervous system depression, gastrointestinal irritation, impaired gluconeogenesis, delirium, hypotension, and coma. We present a case of a patient who preferentially consumed isopropyl alcohol for at least 17 years and developed sequelae of alcoholic ...
Eggesbø Heidi B - - 2002
PURPOSE: In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) the prevalence of paranasal sinus affection approaches 100%. We hypothesized that the hyperviscous mucus reducing mucociliary clearance in CF patients could give sinonasal inflammatory patterns different from those in non-CF patients. We wanted to compare the extent and distribution of paranasal sinus disease ...
Herrmann Martin J - - 2002
The serotonergic neurotransmission seems to be involved in the neuropsychobiology of alcoholism. The intensity dependence of the N1/P2 component of auditory-evoked potentials is discussed as an indicator of the central serotonergic neurotransmission in healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to verify this correlation between intensity dependence and serotonergic ...
Reoux Joseph P - - 2002
We evaluated whether the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) predicted clinically meaningful alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) in 118 alcohol dependent patients without a history of seizures. Patients were monitored by serial administration of the revised Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment Scale for Alcohol (CIWA-Ar) during inpatient detoxification. Patients (N = ...
Romano M - - 2001
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a persistent inflammatory state, which can be secondary to chronic pulmonary infection and may affect vascular endothelium. We measured circulating levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF), tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA), and P-selectin in 20 CF patients and 20 healthy subjects. vWF, t-PA and P-selectin levels ...
Walter H - - 2001
Information provided by patients about the amounts of alcohol they drink may often be too subjective and therefore unreliable. Because of the possible serious consequences of interactions between alcohol and medication, reliable laboratory test markers for alcohol consumption are needed. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is at present the best available objective ...
Dendy C - - 2001
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterised by fatigue and other symptoms. Both psychological and biological aetiological factors have been proposed, but the disorder is of uncertain origin. The aetiology of the symptoms is therefore ambiguous. It has been suggested (a) that patients with CFS tend to interpret their ...
Mahenthiralingam E - - 2001
Infection with Burkholderia cepacia complex in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) results in highly variable clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine if there are genomovar-specific disparities in transmission and disease severity. B. cepacia complex was recovered from 62 patients with CF on > or =1 occasions ...
Eggesbø H B - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe variations of paranasal sinus development in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and in non-CF patients examined for inflammatory sinonasal disease. We focused on anatomic variants that predispose to orbital and cerebral penetration during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), e.g. hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus and low ethmoid ...
de Leeuw N - - 2001
Explanted hearts were examined to determine whether specific histopathologic features are present in the myocardium of patients with end-stage idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). Extensive histopathologic examination by light microscopy, electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry revealed marked fibrosis in the hearts of 21 of 37 IDC patients and in 26 of 35 ...
De Becker P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The Holmes and Fukuda criteria are widely used criteria all over the world, yet a specific European study regarding chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patient symptomatology has not been conducted so far. This study was performed to answer the need to assess the homogeneity of a large CFS population in ...
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