Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 921
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nasr Samya Z - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease. It affects multiple body organs. The lungs and pancreas are the most affected which results in progressive lung damage and pancreatic insufficiency. Due to the disease process, CF patients require significantly higher caloric intake than recommended for other individuals. The nutritional goal ...
Shabana Wael M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and its relation to renal failure and the administration of gadolinium-based contrast material at an academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dermatopathology database was searched to identify patients in whom nephrogenic systemic fibrosis was ...
Marckmann P - - 2008
AIMS: To further characterize the clinical signs and symptoms of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, a new and serious disease affecting renal failure patients and caused by some Gd-containing contrast agents, including gadodiamide. MATERIAL: 22 cases of gadodiamide-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis followed at the nephrology department of Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev. METHOD: ...
Nijs Jo - - 2008
The study aimed to 1) examine the point prevalence of asynchronous breathing in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients; 2) examine whether CFS patients with an asynchronous breathing pattern present with diminished lung function in comparison with CFS patients with a synchronous breathing pattern; and 3) examine whether one session of ...
Chao Chi-Chao - - 2008
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is an idiopathic, progressive, systemic fibrosis that occurs in patients with renal diseases. Recently, gadolinium-containing contrast (Gd-contrast) has become a suspected causal factor for NFS. This report discusses two female patients with end-stage renal disease, aged 70 and 51 years, respectively, who developed histologically proven NSF ...
Babinski Dariusz - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Chronic inflammation of sinuses and nasal mucosa is found in 74-100% patients suffering from cystic fibrosis, whereas nasal polyps in 6-44% patients. The aim of this paper is to assess rhinosinusitis types taking into account the forms of cystic fibrosis and the kind of CFTR gene mutation. MATERIAL AND ...
Sartori R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chest physiotherapy (CP) is used in cystic fibrosis (CF) even if there is no robust scientific evidence of a beneficial effect. We investigated the effects of a training with a specific device (SpiroTiger) in a group of CF patients. This device, developed for respiratory training through maximal inspirations and ...
Efrati Ori - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of CF patients with hemoptysis in Israel and to compare clinical features and risk factors to a control group of CF patients without hemoptysis. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS: All CF patients in Israel who experienced hemoptysis between 2001 and 2005 and a control group ...
Tinley Christopher G - - 2008
This is the first report of a supplemented CF patient presenting with clinical vitamin A deficiency to be successfully treated with zinc therapy alone. Therefore in addition to retinol supplementation, normalizing serum zinc levels may be important in maintaining the vitamin A status of CF patients. The interactions and synergistic ...
Stenbit Antine - - 2008
Early diagnosis, treatments of acute exacerbations, and chronic therapies have all improved the lifespan of cystic fibrosis patients; however, the natural history remains one of worsening bronchiectasis and obstructive airways impairment. The progression of disease leads to eventual respiratory failure, but some will have other acute respiratory complications that require ...
Ahmadi Jamshid - - 2008
Recent studies of substance dependence typologies briefly show that multivariate systems originally developed for identifying subtypes of alcoholics, such as Babor's Type A and B system, may also be valid in abusers of other substances, such as cocaine. Type B patients are characterized by an earlier onset of addiction and ...
Magoffin Annabel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether elevated resting energy expenditure (REE) in female patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) persists longitudinally during late childhood and puberty. STUDY DESIGN: REE and body composition were measured 3 times in 2 years in 86 children with CF. Pubertal status, bacterial colonization, liver disease, pancreatic and pulmonary ...
Panagopoulou Paraskevi - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate adiponectin (AD) serum concentrations in 43 stable CF patients and 27 healthy subjects and to correlate them with their nutritional status. Body Composition (Bioelectrical Impedance), visceral/subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT-SAT) in CF patients (CT-scan at L4), insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and AD serum concentrations ...
Webster W Scott - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Previous observations suggest that cystic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is cured with surgical resection. However, long-term outcome data are lacking. We reviewed our experience with RCC and report on pathologic features and patient outcome associated with the cystic variant. METHODS: We identified 2431 patients treated with nephrectomy ...
Barth Afonso Luís - - 2007
Burkholderia pseudomallei is rarely isolated from cystic fibrosis patients outside known areas of endemicity. We report the recovery of B. pseudomallei from the sputum of a cystic fibrosis patient who lives in Brazil. We highlight the importance of careful attention to unusual nonfermentative gram-negative rods in cystic fibrosis patients.
Clorius S - - 2007
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a disease recently described in patients with kidney failure. It is characterized by scleroderma-like thickening of the skin, subcutaneous edema and ensuing joint contractures leading to profound disability. Furthermore, involvement of internal organs has been described. Whereas the pathogenesis is not known to date, recent ...
Ibele Anna R - - 2007
The increase in longevity among patients with cystic fibrosis has brought to light comorbidities associated with the disease that are less acutely fatal than its pulmonary manifestations. Modern retrospective analysis has demonstrated an increased risk of gastrointestinal malignancy in patients with cystic fibrosis, with a marked elevation in malignancy rates ...
Lindstrom D Richard DR Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2007
To assess the effects on nasal polyposis from high-dose ibuprofen therapy used in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary disease. Retrospective case series. Presence or absence of nasal polyps. Twenty-two patients treated with high-dose ibuprofen therapy to benefit pulmonary function were identified from 235 patients with CF. Sinonasal disease was ...
Othersen Jennifer B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a debilitating disease occurring exclusively in patients with renal failure. The aetiology of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is unclear, but recent reports suggest that exposure to gadolinium for enhancement of magnetic resonance imaging may play a role. In the present study, we assessed the association of ...
Alexander C L - - 2008
The life expectancy for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has increased dramatically over the last 30 years. Although the overall cancer risk for CF patients does not appear to be increased there is a marked increased risk of gastrointestinal malignancies especially in the post lung transplant population. CF patients that do ...
Ohlmeier Martin D - - 2007
Several studies have shown that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) represents a significant risk factor for the onset and development of an addiction. Thirty-five per cent of adult ADHD patients are known to be addicted to alcohol. Many ADHD patients also have an increased nicotine consumption, which typically, leads to an improvement ...
Richmond Heather - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), previously known as nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, is an idiopathic condition seen in patients with renal disease that is characterized by cutaneous sclerosis that can often result in contractures, pain, and functional disability as well as systemic complications. Recent reports have suggested a possible link with ...
Buster Erik H C J - - 2007
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with advanced fibrosis are often not considered for treatment with peginterferon (PEG-IFN) because IFN therapy may precipitate immunological flares, potentially inducing hepatic decompensation. We investigated the efficacy and safety of treating hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB patients with 52 weeks of PEG-IFN-alpha-2b (100 microg ...
Hsu Stephanie C - - 2007
CONTEXT: Patients with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) have defects in stimulatory G protein signaling due to loss of function mutations in GNAS. The mechanism by which these mutations lead to the AHO phenotype has been difficult to establish due to the inaccessibility of the affected tissues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Bogaerts Katleen - - 2007
Hyperventilation has been suggested as a concomitant and possible maintaining factor that may contribute to the symptom pattern of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Because patients accepting the illness and trying to live with it seem to have a better prognosis than patients chronically fighting it, we investigated breathing behavior during ...
Jaggarajamma K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To elicit reasons for treatment default from a cohort of TB patients under RNTCP and their DOT providers. METHODS: A total of 186 defaulters among the 938 patients registered during 3rd and 4th quarters of 1999 and 2001 in one Tuberculosis Unit (TU) of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu and ...
Bressler Adam M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Burkholderia cepacia complex is associated with colonization or disease in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). For patients without CF, this complex is poorly understood apart from its presence in occasional point source outbreaks. OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for B. cepacia bacteremia in hospitalized, intensive care unit patients ...
Pomerantz Benjamin - - 2007
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder affecting approximately one in 2,500 births in the United States. Nearly 1% of patients with CF will develop intussusception, which is commonly ileocecal and felt to be secondary to inspissated feces. These patients generally present before the age of ten. Once the diagnosis ...
Kaza Vaidehi - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common lethal genetic disorder. The aim of this study was to determine the common chest radiograph (CXR) patterns in adult CF, and correlate disease distribution on CXRs with genotype, age, and gender. METHODS: One hundred nine CF patients treated at Baylor Adult Cystic Fibrosis ...
Viel Marion - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical phenotype varies among cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with identical CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)genotype, suggesting that genetic modifiers exist. Transgenic mice that overexpress SCNN1beta present CF-like lung disease symptoms. Mutations or variants in SCNN1beta may therefore potentially modulate the clinical phenotype in CF patients. METHODS: We analysed by ...
Hillemacher Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A role of appetite-regulating peptides like leptin and ghrelin in the neurobiology of alcohol craving has been proposed by several studies. Aim of this analysis was to search for differences regarding an association between these peptides and alcohol craving with respect to different subtypes and beverage consumption patterns in ...
Enright Stephanie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Weight loss and loss of fat-free mass (FFM) are associated with peripheral muscle wasting in cystic fibrosis (CF) although whether this co-exists with loss of diaphragm mass remains unclear. METHODS: FFM was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and bioelectrical impedance in 40 adults with CF and 30 age-matched healthy ...
Jacobson Jerry O - - 2007
To assess racial and ethnic differences in rates of completion from publicly funded alcohol treatment programs, and to estimate the extent to which any identified racial differences in completion rates are related to differences in patient characteristics. Administrative intake and discharge records from all publicly funded outpatient and residential alcohol ...
Jockers-Scherübl Maria C - - 2007
Long-term alcohol abuse has deleterious effects on the peripheral and central nervous system. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a pleiotropic neurotrophic protein involved in development, maintenance of function and regeneration of nerve cells. We examined patients in different stages of alcohol disease and measured their NGF serum concentrations based on ...
Keen Christina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Airway nitric oxide (NO) is low or normal in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. This may affect bacterial status since NO has antimicrobial properties. Arachidonic acid (AA), which is increased in the serum and airways of CF patients, has been shown to reduce NO levels. The aim of this study ...
Jönsson Bodil E - - 2007
Mycobacterium abscessus has been isolated increasingly often from the respiratory tracts of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. It is not known whether these organisms are transmitted from person to person or acquired from environmental sources. Here, colony morphology and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern were examined for 71 isolates of M. ...
Endo Yukie - - 2007
We reported two patients with refractory eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) and provided a systematic review of the literature to determine the clinical variables associated with prognosis of EF. We enrolled 88 cases, whose clinical characteristics were analyzed by separating the patients into two or three groups based on outcome. The incidence ...
Scott Bart L - - 2007
Marrow fibrosis is considered a poor prognostic factor in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The affect of fibrosis on outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in patients with MDS has not been examined. We performed a retrospective analysis in 471 patients with MDS or acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia ...
Paschoal Ilma Aparecida - - 2007
The aim of this cross-sectional retrospective study was to describe clinical and functional characteristics and the microbiological profile of an adult population with cystic fibrosis. The study was performed at the Pulmonary Diseases Service of the Hospital of the Medical School of the State University of Campinas. The charts of ...
Fridge Jacqueline L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of small bowel bacterial overgrowth in patients with pancreatic-insufficient cystic fibrosis (CF) compared with age-matched controls and to identify potential risk factors for small bowel bacterial overgrowth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients, 25 pancreatic-insufficient CF study patients (mean age, ...
Banjar Hanaa Hasan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study represents the experience of a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia on non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with confirmed Non-Cystic Fibrosis (Non-CF) bronchiectasis by chest X-ray and or CT chest in a pulmonary clinic for the period 1993-2005 at a tertiary care ...
Kim Jong Sung - - 2007
This study was performed to examine the relationship between the abstinence results of alcohol dependents after discharge and the level of insight at the time of discharge. 117 male Korean alcohol dependents discharged from a community-based alcohol treatment center were followed up to determine the initial months of abstinence on ...
Sadowski Elizabeth A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review data in 13 patients with biopsy-confirmed nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), assess the associated risk factors, and report the incidence of NSF at the authors' institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This HIPAA-compliant study had institutional review board approval; informed consent was waived. Statistical analysis was performed for all ...
Banjar Hanaa
<b>Objective: </b> This study was conducted to review the etiological factors and diseases associated with pediatric noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> A retrospective review of all patients with confirmed noncystic fibrosis (Non-CF) bronchiectasis by chest X-ray and/or CT chest in ...
Carlsson, Malin
In cystic fibrosis (CF) colonization of the airways with Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of deterioration and death. Host defence fails to clear the invading bacteria, which results in a chronic destructive inflammatory process. This thesis deals with factors in the interaction between bacteria and host defence that determine ...
Knoop Hans - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) leads to a decrease in symptoms and disabilities. There is controversy about the nature of the change following treatment; some suggest that patients improve by learning to adapt to a chronic condition, others think that recovery is possible. The objective ...
Brant William O - - 2007
PURPOSE: Classically Peyronie's disease presents with penile curvature and/or pain, and is associated with a palpable penile plaque. We frequently examine patients with suspected Peyronie's disease ultrasonographically and have noted a subset of patients in whom we could identify only a circumscribed septal lesion. We identified characteristics of these patients. ...
McCormick J - - 2007
AIM: To create the first national centile charts for the chest radiograph Northern Score using the UK Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Database (UKCFD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All active patients for 2002 from the UKCFD were analysed in 1-year cohorts from 0 to 18 years. Northern Score results from the annual review ...
Raman Subha V - - 2007
AIMS: We sought to identify patterns of myocardial fibrosis in vivo in patients with lamin cardiomyopathy, and to determine its functional significance. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven patients sharing the identical mutation in LMNA without contraindication to magnetic resonance were identified from a 1016-member pedigree. Eight autopsy hearts from deceased relatives ...
Reid David W - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In cystic fibrosis (CF) very few studies have assessed sputum 8-iso-PGF2alpha levels during pulmonary exacerbations as a direct measure of airway oxidative stress. The role of other lipid-derived inflammatory mediators, such as the cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) and prostaglandin (PG)-E2, during exacerbations is also poorly defined and the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >