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Results 101 - 150 of 917
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Hossain Noreen - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic liver disease. We investigated factors associated with advanced fibrosis in NAFLD. METHODS: The study included 432 patients with histologically proven NAFLD (26.8% with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis [NASH] and 17.4% with moderate-to severe fibrosis). NASH was defined as ...
Hayes Don D - - 2009
Inquilinus limosus is a alpha-proteobacterium that has been recently isolate in the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. We report the isolation of a mucoid strain of I. limosus from the sputum of a 20-year-old male patient with CF over 1 year that was associated with the clinical, spirometric, and ...
Orlandi Richard R - - 2009
Care of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has extended the expected survival far into adulthood. The morphological changes of adult CF patients' paranasal sinuses have not been thoroughly addressed. A retrospective review was performed of computed tomography imaging of adult CF patients at an academic medical center. Developmental changes, bone sclerosis, ...
Béghin Laurent - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Repeated intravenous antibiotic therapy (IVAT) against chronic pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa is often necessary in cystic fibrosis patients (CF). The aim of this study was to monitor kinetics of degradation of pulmonary and nutritional status after IVAT in CF patients. METHODS: Lung function, nutritional status and ...
Goubau C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with symptoms suggestive of cystic fibrosis (CF) and intermediate sweat chloride values (30-60 mmol/l), extensive CFTR gene mutation analysis and nasal potential difference (NPD) measurement are used as additional diagnostic tests and a positive result in either test provides evidence of CFTR dysfunction. To define the phenotype ...
Fluge G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The co-morbidity of cystic fibrosis (CF) and celiac disease (CD) has been reported sporadically since the 1960s. To our knowledge, this is the first time a systematic screening is performed in a large cohort of CF patients. METHODS: Transglutaminase-IgA (TGA), endomysium-IgA (EMA) and total IgA in serum were measured ...
Tonelli Adriano R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal manifestations are frequently encountered in cystic fibrosis patients. Gastroparesis evidenced by a variety of diagnostic methods has been described in patients with cystic fibrosis, predominantly in children and in individuals with advanced lung disease. The presence of gastroparesis in adult patients with different degrees of lung involvement and ...
Frémont Marc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), Epstein-Barr virus and parvovirus B19 have been suggested as etiological agents of chronic fatigue syndrome but none of these viruses is consistently detected in all patients. However, active viral infections may be localized in specific tissues, and, therefore, are not easily detectable. The aim of this ...
Sakudo Akikazu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients show a persistent fatigue condition with muscle pain and impairment of concentration, memory, and sleep. Presently, the physiological basis of CFS remains unclear. In this study, spectroscopic differences in the thumb were compared between 103 CFS patients and 122 healthy controls to examine possible ...
Goedendorp M M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifestyle of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and its influence on symptoms of CFS. The present study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of patients with CFS, and to assess whether lifestyle factors are related to fatigue and functional impairments. METHODS: Two hundred and ...
Mohan Kamlesh - - 2009
Pneumothorax is a common complication in cystic fibrosis and is associated with worsening of lung function. However, bilateral simultaneous pneumothorax in cystic fibrosis is a rare condition. We describe the case of a 17-year-old female with cystic fibrosis who presented with spontaneous pneumothorax. Clinically, she presented right-sided chest pain and ...
Almstrand Ann-Charlotte - - 2009
We describe a new method for simultaneously collecting particles in exhaled air for subsequent chemical analysis and measuring their size distribution. After forced exhalation, particles were counted and collected in spots on silicon wafers with a cascade impactor. Several phospholipids were identified by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometric analysis of ...
Burton Christopher - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterised by pervasive physical and mental fatigue without specific identified pathological changes. Many patients with CFS show reduced physical activity which, though quantifiable, has yielded little information to date. Nonlinear dynamic analysis of physiological data can be used to measure complexity in ...
Nunes F B - - 2009
Nasal polyposis often complicates the progress of patients with cystic fibrosis and there has been little study about the importance of cytokines in the polyps of such individuals. OBJECTIVE: To assess RNAm expression for interleukins 4, 5, 6, 8, GM-CSF and IFN-gamma by RT-PCR in eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic polyps of ...
Maes Michael - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a medical illness characterized by disorders in inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative (IO&NS) pathways. METHODS: This paper examines the role of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a mitochondrial nutrient which acts as an essential cofactor for the production of ATP in mitochondria and which displays ...
Lee Yong W - - 2009
The pulmonary function test (PFT) is used to evaluate and monitor respiratory function. The PFT is critical for the care of patients having cystic fibrosis (CF) and adjusting their clinical treatments. We analyzed the percent predicted value of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)%) from PFT of CF patients ...
Fluge Øystein - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disease of unknown aetiology. A patient with CFS had unexpected, marked recovery of CFS symptoms lasting for five months during and after cytotoxic chemotherapy for Hodgkin's disease. We reasoned that the transient CFS recovery was related to methotrexate treatment, which induces immunomodulation in ...
Guerrera Ida Chiara - - 2009
The aim of this study was to search for lipid signatures in blood plasma from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients using a novel MALDI-TOF-ClinProTools strategy, initially developed for protein analysis, and thin layer chromatography coupled to MALDI-TOF (TLC-MALDI). Samples from 33 CF patients and 18 healthy children were subjected to organic ...
Pandya Shruti - - 2009
Oral submucous fibrosis is a common oral health problem in India. This study was conducted to correlate the histopathological diagnosis with habits and clinical findings in patients suffering from oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Patients suffering from oral submucous fibrosis from the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and Pathology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical ...
Gottlieb J - - 2009
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) represents the leading cause of late mortality after lung transplantation (LTx). Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients frequently show airway colonization with gram-negative bacteria (GNB) both before and after LTx. Graft colonization with GNB and its relevance towards BOS development were investigated in a CF population after LTx. ...
Fujita Ken-ichi - - 2008
ATP-binding cassette, sub-family C, number 2 (ABCC2) is involved in the biliary excretion of irinotecan and its metabolites, SN-38 and SN-38 glucuronide. Effects of the ABCC2 genotype on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of irinotecan and the metabolites were examined in Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer receiving irinotecan plus infusional 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin ...
Khan Dilshad Ahmad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several non-invasive markers are being used to assess the structural liver damage in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We evaluated Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to platelet ratio index (APRI) in comparison with Metavir scoring for assessing the severity of hepatic fibrosis in the CHC patients in district Rawalpindi. METHODS: ...
Fisher M McD - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic environmental intolerance syndrome (IEI), formerly known as multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome (MCSS), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are controversial diseases and there is little information in the literature regarding the appropriate conduct of anaesthesia in such patients. METHODS: We studied 27 patients referred to our anaesthetic allergy clinic ...
Morrow Brenda M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document the change in pulmonary function of a pediatric cystic fibrosis population managed at the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, between January 1999 and December 2006. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records and best spirometry results within 3-monthly intervals. RESULTS: A total ...
Garber Elizabeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In 2003, the American Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Foundation published revised, evidence-based guidelines for infection control. We sought to assess potential barriers to adherence to these guidelines experienced by health care professionals (HCPs) caring for CF patients. METHODS: From April 2004 to December 2005, a knowledge, attitude, and practice survey ...
Parsons Henrique A - - 2008
Alcoholism is a devastating disease that can cause patient and family suffering and is frequently underdiagnosed. Preliminary studies suggest that it is associated with increased symptom expression and opioid dose escalation. The CAGE questionnaire is a widely used tool for alcoholism screening. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Kim Richard D - - 2008
Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (PNTM) disease is increasing, but predisposing features have been elusive. To prospectively determine the morphotype, immunophenotype, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator genotype in a large cohort with PNTM. We prospectively enrolled 63 patients with PNTM infection, each of whom had computerized tomography, echocardiogram, pulmonary function, and ...
Mennecier D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In a department of hepatology and gastroenterology, a significant number of patients are hospitalized for alcohol withdrawal. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify factors predictive of severe or complicated alcohol withdrawal in order to improve patient management. METHODS: Between June 2002 and June 2005, 182 patients ...
Bormate Adolfo B AB - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fox-Fordyce disease (FFD) or apocrine miliaria is a rare condition with features that are characteristic clinically but not histopathologically. It is traditionally described as a condition that shows infundibular plugging, acanthosis, parakeratosis, spongiosis, and a nonspecific infiltrate. The so-called retention vesicle, which reputedly involves the apocrine duct, is often ...
Nainani Neha - - 2009
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a recently diagnosed disease that occurs in patients with chronic kidney disease and acute renal failure. The patients develop skin thickening and fibrosis which is usually symmetrical, and typically of the upper and lower extremities. In some cases the progression is rapid leading to joint contractures ...
Wertman Rebecca - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively determine the benchmark incidence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) related to the confirmed use of different gadolinium chelate contrast agents at four U.S. university tertiary care centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this HIPAA-compliant multi-institutional study; the requirement for informed patient consent ...
Soni Rajeev - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies using the multiple inert gas elimination technique (MIGET) to characterise the mechanisms of impaired gas exchange in CF, provide conflicting results on the importance of ventilation-perfusion (VA/Q) inequality over shunt. We hypothesise that the mechanisms of gas exchange abnormality have changed with changing CF management over the last ...
de Lange Floris P - - 2008
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling disorder, characterized by persistent or relapsing fatigue. Recent studies have detected a decrease in cortical grey matter volume in patients with CFS, but it is unclear whether this cerebral atrophy constitutes a cause or a consequence of the disease. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) ...
McGee Shawn M - - 2009
Cystic dysplasia of the testis (CDT) is a rare entity that typically does not present with orchalgia in affected patients. Most patients with CDT are asymptomatic and have ipsilateral renal malformations. Our patient with CDT was referred because of prolonged unilateral orchalgia. Computed tomography demonstrated an ipsilateral atrophic kidney and ...
Jacqueminet Sophie - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with diabetes are at risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease leading to advanced fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. We examined the efficacy of a screening strategy with a noninvasive fibrosis biomarker (FibroTest) in patients with diabetes. METHODS: We prospectively studied 1131 consecutive patients without a history ...
Escobar Mauricio A - - 2008
A 10-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis (CF) (DeltaF508/G551D mutation) underwent an uneventful elective interval laparoscopic appendectomy. During routine laparoscopic inspection of the abdomen and groins, congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens was noted. Pictures of the patient's internal inguinal ring noted at time of laparoscopy are presented and compared ...
Jaron Ranit - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nasal potential difference (NPD) measurement is an electrophysiological test that assesses cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity and is a recognized diagnostic tool in CF. The aim of this study is to assess in the long term the role of NPD in patients whose diagnosis is questionable. METHODS: ...
Vanhee L M E - - 2008
A series of 256 Aspergillus fumigatus isolates, recovered from eight patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), were genotyped using microsatellite-based typing. Only a limited number of genotypes were shared between patients and co-colonisation with multiple strains was indicated for all patients. Additionally, some genotypes were isolated recurrently, indicating that they are ...
Keckler Scott J - - 2008
The significance of meconium plug syndrome is dependent on the underlying diagnosis. The incidence of pathologic finding, particularly Hirschsprung's disease, contributing to the presence of these plugs, has been debated. However, there are little recent data in the literature. Therefore, we reviewed our experience with meconium plugs as a cause ...
Araya Jun - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical features and acute component of the pathological findings in patients with acute exacerbation of IPF are similar to those of acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP). A growing body of research suggests that acute exacerbation of subclinical IPF is similar to AIP. This study tested the hypothesis ...
Caseras X - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the central symptom in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and yet very little is known about its neural correlates. The aim of this study was to explore the functional brain response, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), to the imaginal experience of fatigue in CFS patients and controls. ...
Marckmann Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gd-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis was successfully treated with intravenous sodium thiosulfate according to a recent case report. METHODS: Four haemodialysis patients with severe Gd-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis were treated with intravenous sodium thiosulfate for 3-5 months. Symptoms and patients' experiences were investigated. The dialysate Gd content was monitored. RESULTS: ...
Fung James - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence and factors associated with severe fibrosis and cirrhosis in a large population of Asian chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: Transient elastography was performed in unselected CHB patients. Liver stiffness score of <8.1 kPa was used as a cut-off for the presence of severe fibrosis ...
Hanak Viktor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Histopathologic evidence of fibrosis on surgical lung biopsy has been associated with reduced survival in patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). Changes of pulmonary fibrosis detected on CT may also correlate with prognosis in patients with HP. METHODS: We identified 69 consecutive patients with HP diagnosed between January 1997 and ...
Hirota Sílvio K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors and clinical aspects associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in young patients as compared to older ones. STUDY DESIGN. Data was obtained by retrospective analysis of files of patients with OSCC, who were categorised into two groups: the ...
Marckmann Peter - - 2008
The nephrological department of Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev experienced an epidemic accumulation of patients developing nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in the period 2002-2006. Systematic studies of these patients revealed that they all had a gadodiamide-enhanced magnetic resonance examination prior to their symptoms, and that they all had severe renal insufficiency (chronic ...
Nasr Samya Z - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease. It affects multiple body organs. The lungs and pancreas are the most affected which results in progressive lung damage and pancreatic insufficiency. Due to the disease process, CF patients require significantly higher caloric intake than recommended for other individuals. The nutritional goal ...
Shabana Wael M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and its relation to renal failure and the administration of gadolinium-based contrast material at an academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dermatopathology database was searched to identify patients in whom nephrogenic systemic fibrosis was ...
Marckmann P - - 2008
AIMS: To further characterize the clinical signs and symptoms of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, a new and serious disease affecting renal failure patients and caused by some Gd-containing contrast agents, including gadodiamide. MATERIAL: 22 cases of gadodiamide-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis followed at the nephrology department of Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev. METHOD: ...
Nijs Jo - - 2008
The study aimed to 1) examine the point prevalence of asynchronous breathing in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients; 2) examine whether CFS patients with an asynchronous breathing pattern present with diminished lung function in comparison with CFS patients with a synchronous breathing pattern; and 3) examine whether one session of ...
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