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Results 551 - 600 of 918
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Brown R K - - 1995
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may be more susceptible to oxidative-cell injury due to impaired absorption of dietary-antioxidants. In addition, recurring pulmonary infections regularly subject them to oxidative stress. Our objective was to determine whether the concentration of urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (oh8dG), a marker of free radical-induced DNA damage, is elevated ...
Guignon I - - 1995
We have measured static lung volumes after heart-lung transplantation (HLT) in seven patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) (Group 1), three patients with chronic hyperinflation due to diseases other than CF (Group 2), and six patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) (Group 3). Total lung capacity was within normal limits at ...
Ben-Haim S - - 1995
Technetium-99m mebrofenin hepatobillary excretory patterns were assessed in 36 infants with hyperbilirubinemia. Phenobarbital was administered to 22 patients before imaging. Final diagnoses included: intrahepatic cholestasis (14 patients), neonatal hepatitis (nine patients), biliary atresia (eight patients), alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (two patients), Alagille's syndrome (two patients), and cystic fibrosis (one patient). No patient ...
Mizukoshi K - - 1995
In order to clarify the influence of a cold front (CF) upon the onset of Meniére's disease (MD), major CFs were defined by meteorological observations, and the influence of CFs on MD was evaluated by using the time n method. From our preliminary study it was seen that the onset ...
Pedroli G - - 1995
The acid-base balance of 199 patients with cystic fibrosis, seen from 1987 through 1992 at the Bern Outpatient Clinic, were evaluated. Simple metabolic alkalosis was demonstrated in 16 and mixed metabolic alkalosis and respiratory acidosis in 9 patients. When compared with 10 patients with simple respiratory acidosis and 16 with ...
Nelson J D - - 1995
PURPOSE: To simultaneously determine the tear turn over rate (TT) and corneal epithelial permeability (Pdc) in normal subjects and patients with KCS by a single-drop fluorophotometric technique using disodium fluorescein (DSF) or carboxyfluorescein (CF). METHODS: DSF was instilled in one eye chosen at random and CF in the fellow eye ...
Plioplys A V - - 1995
Carnitine is essential for mitochondrial energy production. Disturbance in mitochondrial function may contribute to or cause the fatigue seen in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients. One previous investigation has reported decreased acylcarnitine levels in 38 CFS patients. We investigated 35 CFS patients (27 females and 8 males); our results indicate ...
Shimizu T - - 1994
To investigate the effects of glucocorticoids on leukotriene (LT) generation in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), we evaluated calcium ionophore A23187-induced LTB4 and LTC4 production by leukocytes with and without pretreatment with dexamethasone. The CF patients were in good condition and did not have acute infection. There were no significant ...
Bryson H M - - 1994
By cleaving neutrophil-derived DNA present in the infected lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), dornase alfa (recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I) reduces the adhesiveness and viscoelasticity of CF sputum. Well designed clinical studies performed in patients with CF and mild to moderate pulmonary disease [forced vital capacity (FVC) > or ...
el-Dahr J M - - 1994
Although the ability of Aspergillus organisms to colonize the respiratory tract in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is well recognized, the contribution of Aspergillus to the disease process is poorly understood. Using sera from 147 CF patients (age 5 to 43 yr), we measured IgE antibody (ab) to Aspergillus fumigatus ...
Ozçelik U - - 1994
Sodium chloride deficiency (SCD) was observed within the 1st year of life in 12 of 46 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients between July 1989 and September 1992. All patients showed sweating, loss of appetite, fever, vomiting, irritation, dehydration, weakness, and cyanosis during an attack. Mean plasma sodium, potassium and chloride levels ...
Humphreys H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) cepacia is an increasingly important pathogen in patients with cystic fibrosis but it is unclear how it spreads from patient to patient. A study was undertaken to determine whether B cepacia could be recovered from room air occupied by colonised adult patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Air ...
Margolin A - - 1994
Prior to entering a pharmacotherapy trial for the treatment of cocaine dependence, 19 patients participated in a pretreatment cue-reactivity protocol that concluded with a relaxation exercise. Measures included self-reported craving and skin conductance level (SCL). Post hoc exploratory analyses suggest that neither craving nor change in SCL in response to ...
Durie P R - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To assess the advisability of routine vitamin K supplementation in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). DATA SOURCES: Studies identified through a MEDLINE search with the use of MeSH terms vitamin K, cystic fibrosis, PIVKA-II (protein induced by vitamin K absence-II), coagulation abnormality and cystic fibrosis, and hepatic disorder and ...
Arens R - - 1994
Clearance of bronchial secretions is essential in the management of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients admitted for acute pulmonary exacerbation. Conventional physiotherapy (CPT) is labor-intensive, time-consuming, expensive, and may not be available as frequently as desired during hospitalization. High frequency chest compression (HFCC), which uses an inflatable vest linked to an ...
Power C - - 1994
The potential role of neutrophil elastase in causing lung damage and exacerbating the inflammatory response in cystic fibrosis (CF) has received considerable attention. Although another potent neutrophil-derived enzyme, collagenase, is implicated in tissue destruction in several interstitial lung disorders, there has been no reference to this enzyme in CF. The ...
Greene K E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: We set out to determine whether specific findings can be seen on chest radiographs of adult patients with cystic fibrosis who are having acute exacerbation of respiratory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, 22 adults with cystic fibrosis had both a baseline chest radiograph and a radiograph ...
Henderson R C - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to examine children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis for an increased frequency of fracture and excessive thoracic kyphosis, which may result from inadequate skeletal mineralization. In a survey of 143 patients (ages 4.7 to 21.9 years; mean, 11.3 years), the fracture rate for male ...
Cooper D M - - 1994
Two male patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), both 18 years old, developed frontal lobe brain abscesses. Both patients presented with histories of intermittent headache over several days and occasional vomiting. Headache was not more evident in the mornings and not associated with visual disturbance in either patient. Neither was hypertensive ...
Vaisman N - - 1994
Increased free radical production has been suggested as a possible mechanism involved in lung deterioration of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Vitamins A and E are known to be involved in the defense mechanism preventing damage caused by free radicals. Both vitamins are fat-soluble and are therefore malabsorbed in patients ...
Doershuk C F - - 1994
Bacterial peritonitis presents with classic symptoms of fever and abdominal pain. Some patients, however, are completely asymptomatic. Death in the short term is considerable, especially in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. Cystic fibrosis patients occasionally develop biliary cirrhosis and may have secondary hypersplenism, varices, and ascites. These patients should be at ...
Cryz S J SJ - - 1994
The long-term safety and immunogenicity of a polyvalent Pseudomonas aeruginosa conjugate vaccine was evaluated in 30 noncolonized cystic fibrosis patients. Four doses were administered over 3 years, and patients were followed for a mean of 38 months. No acute or long-term adverse effects were noted. Immunization engendered a significant antibody ...
Mangione S - - 1994
To evaluate the role of red blood cell (RBC) antioxidants as clinical markers of oxidative exposure, we measured RBC glutathione (GSH) concentrations in 32 adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and 8 healthy age-matched control subjects. We chose patients with CF because this disease is characterized by severe bronchial inflammation ...
Vandenberg M K - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with gout with chronic alcoholism have lower serum urate levels than nonalcoholic patients. METHODS: Of 95 consecutive consults for acute gout at a VA medical center, 42 were excluded from study due to lack of crystal documentation, lack of urate value within 2 years, or ...
Roulet M - - 1994
Protein-energy malnutrition with associated specific nutrient deficiencies is an important feature of cystic fibrosis and has been recognized as a poor prognostic factor. Therefore, the nutritional status of cystic fibrosis patients has to be evaluated regularly by diet diaries, clinical evaluation, anthropometry and more sophisticated methods, such as bioelectrical impedance ...
Colombo C - - 1994
We prospectively screened for liver disease patients with cystic fibrosis who were more than 3 years of age and who were followed at the cystic fibrosis center of the University of Milan. From January 1991 to December 1992, we screened 189 patients; clinical, biochemical, and echographic abnormalities suggestive of overt ...
Oda H - - 1994
Alcohol is known to sometimes cause coronary spasm, the mechanism of which is still unknown. The authors monitored changes in plasma levels of prostanoids (thromboxane [TX B2], 6-keto prostaglandin F1 alpha [PGF1 alpha]), catecholamines (CA), serotonin (5-HT), cyclic nucleotides (cyclic adenosine monophosphate--cAMP, cyclic guanosine monophosphate--cGMP), and platelet aggregation after alcohol ...
Veeze H J - - 1994
Previous Ussing chamber measurements of secretagogue-provoked changes in short circuit current in rectal suction biopsies of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients showed that in a minority of patients chloride secretion in response to cholinergic agonists is reduced but not completely absent. To assess a possible relationship between this phenomenon and both ...
Jurd S - - 1994
Three lines of argument support the use of in-patient treatment for alcohol dependence. The first of these is that of natural justice. People ailing from their dependence on alcohol have a right to as full a range of treatment options as other people have for other disorders. Alcohol dependence is ...
Schweitzer R - - 1994
The study examines the illness behaviour of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The Illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ), the twenty-eight version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to forty patients with a diagnosis of CFS. The results revealed that CFS patients in ...
Mroueh S - - 1994
In order to determine the incidence of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), we reviewed the records of 236 patients followed up at the Duke CF Center. Sixty patients (25 percent) had colonies of Aspergillus fumigatus. These patients were older and had more severe disease as ...
Lieb R J - - 1994
Effective treatment of alcoholism requires adopting a psychodynamically informed case-specific approach. Control mastery theory provides a powerful way to understand and treat the alcoholic patient. The theory posits that individuals hold unconscious pathogenic beliefs that contribute to the development and maintenance of alcoholism. The primary therapeutic goal is to create ...
Stein M - - 1994
Eighty-four patients with testicular seminoma were treated at the Northern Israel Oncology Center during the years 1968-1988. Using the staging classification of Hussey, 69 patients (82%) had Stage I, eight (10%) had Stage IIA, four (5%) had Stage IIB, one (1%) had Stage IIIA, and two (2%) had Stage IIIB ...
Calabrese L H - - 1994
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), as currently described in the working criteria proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta), may be associated with multiple, distinct, and possibly unique clinical and/or etiopathogenic subsets. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by dryness of the ...
Natelson B H - - 1993
Two neuroradiologists compared the brain MR scans of 52 patients with the CDC criteria for the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with those of 52 age and sex matched controls who had undergone imaging because of histories of head trauma or headache. CFS patients had significantly more abnormal scans than controls--27% ...
Borgo G - - 1993
In an attempt to ascertain a relationship between genotype and phenotype, we studied the pulmonary and nutritional status of 123 cystic fibrosis patients with known genotype at an age of 8.5-10 years. Patients represent a cohort as they are almost all those born and diagnosed in a given area and ...
Aitken M L - - 1993
Respiratory disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is characterized by purulent secretions in the airways, recurrent respiratory infections and progressive deterioration of lung function. Sputum from CF patients has a high concentration of DNA which is released by dead leukocytes. DNA is a contributor to the viscoelastic properties of sputum. ...
Elborn J S - - 1993
1. We investigated the relationship between circulating tumour necrosis factor-alpha concentrations, resting energy expenditure, cachexia and altered intermediary metabolism in patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic pulmonary infection. 2. Twenty adult patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic bronchial sepsis covering a spectrum of severity of lung disease (forced expiratory volume ...
Lerner A M - - 1993
This study surveys the occurrence of repetitively negative to flat T waves, alternating with normal upright T waves in 24-h electrocardiographic recordings from a subspecialty infectious diseases outpatient practice during the years 1982 to 1990. Patients with normal resting electrocardiogram in the assayed leads, but with repetitively inverted to isoelectric ...
Rosenberg S M - - 1993
The optimal duration of therapy for acute exacerbations of cystic fibrosis (CF) has not been defined, and the utility of serial pulmonary function testing in predicting the duration of therapy has yet to be established. In a review of 90 pulmonary exacerbations of 39 patients with CF requiring hospitalization, we ...
Malcolm R - - 1993
Records of inpatients (N = 1,483) over a three-year period at an addiction treatment center were evaluated for the presence of benzodiazepine (BZ) dependence (N = 136). The preferred BZ for 43% of the subjects was diazepam, and alprazolam for 14% of subjects. Chlordiazepoxide, lorazepam, and clorazepate were each the ...
Borzì R M - - 1993
1. Tissue damage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is due in part to oxidant-antioxidant imbalance. 2. We evaluated the serum levels of the antioxidant enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) in 25 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, 34 patients with sarcoidosis and 40 healthy control subjects by an enzyme immunometric assay. ...
Fawzy M E - - 1993
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a disease of unknown origin. It was first described by Davies in Uganda in 1948. The clinical enchocardiographic, and hemodynamic findings in 18 patients are presented. Six patients had right-sided involvement, four had left-sided involvement and eight had biventricular involvement. The presence of a small ventricle ...
Robinson C B - - 1993
Previous studies using the CA 19-9 antibody have demonstrated that serum mucin levels in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are elevated and that the degree of elevation relates to the age of the patient and possibly to his or her clinical status. However, CA 19-9 only recognizes the mucin-associated blood ...
Rahme H - - 1993
Biopsies from the subacromial bursa were obtained from 30 patients with an impingement syndrome and from an autopsy series of 13 "normal" shoulders. Bursal fibrosis seemed to be a characteristic of the patient group; inflammatory cells, found in 7/30 specimens from the patients, were not found in the autopsy series. ...
Lawrence J M JM - - 1993
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have demonstrated more arthritides with their longer life expectancy. The most common presentations have been that of an episodic arthritis or a hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. However, other arthropathies have been associated with CF. We now describe 3 new patients with CF and arthritis, and review the ...
Amundson D E - - 1993
In the patient I have described, evaluation of chronic progressive pulmonary coccidioidomycosis presenting itself as cryptogenic pericarditis revealed an unsuspected large endobronchial coccidioidoma. At follow-up after 2 years of fluconazole therapy, the patient was asymptomatic, with a dramatic decrease in infiltrate but no change in CF titers. In endemic areas, ...
Carlsson A V - - 1993
In this study, detection of relapses in male alcohol-dependent patients by biochemical markers and self-reports of alcohol consumption were examined. The patients were trying to stay abstinent from alcohol for 6 months. Four of 15 patients dropped out from treatment after 50-110 days. Ratios of urinary 5-hydroxytryptophol (5-HTOL)/5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid and ...
Elborn J S - - 1993
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the respiratory tract in patients with cystic fibrosis is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality. However, it has been postulated that the earliest phase of colonization is not associated with injury. To test this hypothesis we determined the association of the first recorded isolation of ...
Vaideeswar P - - 1993
Case histories of three male patients diagnosed as idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis either on autopsy or following intra-operative biopsy are reported. Two of them were in the 5th decade and one aged 22 yrs. All of them presented with features of urinary tract obstruction and renal failure. The obstruction was detected ...
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