Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 917
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Brinson G M - - 1998
Hemoptysis is common in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Bleeding may vary in severity, ranging from minor blood-streaking of sputum to expectoration of significant quantities of blood. Major hemoptysis, defined as bleeding greater than 240 ml/24 h, represents a medical emergency. Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is one of the treatment ...
Tsang K W - - 1998
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiological investigation profiles, and ciliary function and ultrastructure in Chinese patients with Kartagener's syndrome (presence of dextrocardia, sinusitis and bronchiectasis). All patients with dextrocardia were assessed for the presence of sinusitis and bronchiectasis in our hospital network. Patients identified with ...
Benabdeslam H - - 1998
We examined the protein and fat nutritional status of 65 cystic fibrosis patients aged 4-26 y (x +/- SD: 11.2 +/- 5.6 y). Patients were treated with pancreatic enzyme extracts to improve nutrient absorption; in addition, most patients were supplemented with vitamins A and E. Results were compared with those ...
Sweeney P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of epididymectomy as a method of treating epididymal pathology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients who underwent epididymectomy between 1990 and 1995 were analysed retrospectively; their clinical records were reviewed and their satisfaction with the outcome and relief of symptoms assessed using a questionnaire and/or telephone ...
Gahl W A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is characterized by oculocutaneous albinism, a storage-pool deficiency, and lysosomal accumulation of ceroid lipofuscin, which causes pulmonary fibrosis and granulomatous colitis in some cases. All identified affected patients in northwest Puerto Rico are homozygous for a 16-bp duplication in exon 15 of a recently cloned gene, HPS. ...
Wilson D C - - 1998
The diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) is not always certain, despite extensive clinical evaluation, multiple sweat chloride tests, and genotype analysis. We hypothesized that nasal transepithelial potential difference measurements have a useful role in this situation. In 11 patients without an established diagnosis of CF, results of simultaneous nasal potential ...
De Rose V - - 1998
A marked influx of inflammatory cells occurs into the airways of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), which may contribute to the development of lung injury. Leukocyte-endothelial adhesion molecules play a crucial role in the recruitment of inflammatory cells, and soluble forms of these molecules have been shown to increase in ...
Peters J - - 1998
AIMS: To assess the value of opportunistic screening in Accident and Emergency (A&E) for patients with alcohol-related problems and provision of an intervention. DESIGN: Screening of A&E attendees for the purpose of recruitment to a randomized trial of a counselling intervention. SETTING: A General Hospital A&E department. PARTICIPANTS: All 17,000 ...
El-Gamel A - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent immunosuppressive cytokine that promotes fibrosis by enhancing the synthesis of extracellular matrix components. The repair process following lung allograft injury is due to rejection or infection replaces lung parenchyma by fibrotic tissue, leading to pulmonary dysfunction. The role of TGF-beta1 in ...
Jorissen M - - 1998
A prospective cross-sectional study was done to investigate the involvement of middle ear disease in cystic fibrosis. Eighty-eight patients with cystic fibrosis, aged 1-28 years, were examined during the winter period 1995-1996 at regular follow-up visits to detect history and prevalence of inflammatory and infectious middle ear disease by questionnaire, ...
Young A H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Impairments in both basal activity and activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) have been reported in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS; neurasthenia). We sought to replicate these findings and examined basal activity of the HPA in a carefully selected sample of patients with CFS. METHODS: Basal activity of the HPA ...
Larsson A - - 1998
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) has been reported to be one of the best laboratory markers in serum (S) for detection of alcohol abuse. We have studied S-CDT values in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and show that CF patients have increased S-CDT values without high alcohol consumption. CF patients have abnormalities in ...
Saitz R - - 1998
Heavy drinkers who suddenly decrease their alcohol consumption or abstain completely may experience alcohol withdrawal (AW). Signs and symptoms of AW can include, among others, mild to moderate tremors, irritability, anxiety, or agitation. The most severe manifestations of withdrawal include delirium tremens, hallucinations, and seizures. These manifestations result from alcohol-induced ...
Freitas J P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Adamantiades-Behçet's disease is a chronic systemic disorder associating oral and genital ulcerative lesions with ocular and cutaneous manifestations. Previous publications report increased superoxide production by neutrophils and macrophages, increases in cytokines and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as low levels of enzymatic antioxidant defenses. AIM: We looked for another marker ...
Kuratsune H - - 1998
The chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a condition of unknown etiology, characterized by a persistent debilitating fatigue, the muscle-related symptoms and the neuropsychiatric symptoms. Recently, it has been reported that the patients with CFS might have impaired activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and suggested that a part of the patho-genesis ...
Grasemann H - - 1998
Although the activity of nitric oxide (NO) synthases are increased in lung tissue of patients with cystic fibrosis, the concentrations of nasal and exhaled NO have recently been found to be decreased in cystic fibrosis. This could either be due to reduced NO formation or metabolism of NO within airway ...
Andrews B T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Compensatory sweating is a common symptom following thoracic sympathectomy; however, the reported incidence of this complication varies greatly, and its severity has not been quantified. METHODS: In this study changes in the distribution of sweating following bilateral T2-3 thoracoscopic sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis were assessed in 42 patients. Sweat production ...
Morison S - - 1997
Cross sectional data reporting the height, weight, and body mass index of UK patients with cystic fibrosis are presented. During the first decade of life height and weight in patients with cystic fibrosis are maintained at about 0.5 SD below those of the general population, which reflects an improvement over ...
Shah P L - - 1997
Cystic fibrosis is characterised by chronic bronchopulmonary sepsis. Various therapeutic modalities attempt to enhance the clearance of airway secretions. Dornase alfa (recombinant human deoxyribonuclease) reduces the viscoelasticity of sputum from patients with cystic fibrosis by depolymerising extracellular DNA. The drug is administered as an aerosol using a jet nebuliser at ...
Vercoulen J H - - 1997
This paper describes the assessment of physical activity in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and investigated the following questions: Do patients with CFS have low levels of physical activity; is there a relationship between actual level of physical activity and fatigue; can self-report measures adequately assess actual level of physical activity; ...
Minugh P A - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: 1) To cluster patients according to self-reported drinking patterns using cluster analysis; 2) to externally validate clustered groups on variables related to drinking but not used in the cluster analysis; and 3) to use the clustered patients' responses to alcohol consumption questions to develop a brief screening tool emergency ...
Huseby N E - - 1997
A test was constructed by combining carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (%CDT) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GT) and was evaluated in detecting alcohol-dependent patients in a surgical ward. The performance of the combined test was significantly better than that of either %CDT alone or GT alone, as evaluated by calculating sensitivity and likelihood ratio at ...
El-Sakka A I - - 1997
PURPOSE: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in many chronic fibrotic conditions such as pulmonary and hepatic fibrosis. We postulated that TGF-beta may play a role in the pathogenesis of Peyronie's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissues from the tunica albuginea of 30 Peyronie's disease patients (study group) and from ...
Bazelmans E - - 1997
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by severe fatigue, lasting for at least 6 months, for which no somatic explanation can be found. Because hyperventilation can produce substantial fatigue, it seems worthwhile to investigate the relationship between it and CFS. It might be hypothesized that hyperventilation plays a causal or ...
Cullen K M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The cholinergic nucleus basalis (Ch4) is an exclusive site of neurofibrillary degeneration in alcoholic patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy. AIM: To test the hypothesis that the loss of Ch4 neurons contributes to the memory disorder, Korsakoff's psychosis, commonly seen in Wernicke's encephalopathy. METHODS: Magnocellular basal forebrain neurons were quantified in ...
Ho L P - - 1997
In cystic fibrosis (CF), the clinical condition of patients correlates poorly with genotype. One possible explanation is that clinical status is influenced by net preserved chloride secretion rather than the CF mutation. We tested the relationships between residual chloride secretion, as measured by nasal potential difference (PD) and the type ...
Sendrowski D P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: There are many theories, but the etiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) remains unknown. Diagnosticians have set guidelines to try to classify the condition, but its clinical definition is one of exclusion rather than defined by specific clinical testing. The primary goal of this investigation was to find a ...
Greco A - - 1997
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of MR white matter abnormalities in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Brain MR studies of 43 patients (29 women and 14 men, 22 to 78 years old) with a clinical diagnosis of CFS (n = 15), CFS with associated depression (n = 14), ...
De Lorenzo F - - 1997
The relationship between orthostatic hypotension and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been reported previously. To study the pathogenesis and management of delayed orthostatic hypotension in patients with CFS, a case comparison study with follow-up of 8 weeks has been designed. A group of 78 patients with CFS (mean age 40 ...
Shah R M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were threefold: to compare high-resolution CT (HRCT) of adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) during acute exacerbations with asymptomatic patients with CF, to evaluate reversibility of HRCT abnormalities after exacerbations, and to correlate HRCT with clinical parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nineteen symptomatic and eight ...
Kim H J - - 1997
Chronic sinus disease in patients with and without cystic fibrosis may have an impact on the pattern of paranasal sinus pneumatization. Arrest of pneumatization has been reported in both of these conditions. To assess the development of the paranasal sinuses in relationship to chronic sinusitis and cystic fibrosis (CF), a ...
Kerem E - - 1997
Some patients express various features of cystic fibrosis (CF) even though essential characteristics of the disease might be absent. Such patients may suffer from respiratory disease without pancreatic insufficiency and normal sweat chloride levels. Others may present as male infertility because of congenital bilateral aplasia of the vas deferens (CBAVD) ...
Muhr D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of autoantibodies to complement-fixing sympathetic ganglia (CF-SG), and tyrosine phosphatase (IA-2) with electrocardiogram (ECG)-based cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in long-term IDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the prevalence of autoantibodies to CF-SG (by complement-fixing indirect immunoflourescence), GAD, and IA-2 (by radioligand assay) and islet ...
Armengot M - - 1997
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a deadly hereditary disease that produces an abnormally thick, viscous and abundant secretion in the respiratory tract. This secretion in turn leads to the development of recurrent respiratory infections and irreversible lung damage. We have studied nasal mucociliary transport by means of an isotopic technique in ...
Cannon J G - - 1997
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition that affects women in disproportionate numbers, and that is often exacerbated in the premenstrual period and following physical exertion. The signs and symptoms, which include fatigue, myalgia, and low-grade fever, are similar to those experienced by patients infused with cytokines such as interleukin-1. The ...
Rowe-Jones J M - - 1997
The eosinophil may play a key role in the pathogenesis of nasal polyposis. Polyps in cystic fibrosis, however, have been described as neutrophilic. We compared the cell counts in polyps from 44 patients with cystic fibrosis to polyps from 50 patients without cystic fibrosis. The clinical profile, CT-scan and time ...
Eisenberg J - - 1997
To determine whether adequate concentrations of a new formulation of tobramycin could be delivered to the lower respiratory tract of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) using a jet nebulizer delivery system. A multicenter, open-label, randomized, crossover study. Ten tertiary care, university-affiliated, teaching hospitals in the United States. Sixty-eight patients recruited ...
Emory T S - - 1997
We reviewed 84 cases coded as mesenteric lipodystrophy (ML), mesenteric panniculitis (MP), or retractile mesenteritis and sclerosing mesenteritis (SM), grading fibrosis, inflammation, and fat necrosis, and evaluating clinical subgroups. There was no gender or racial predominance. Patient age range was 23-87 years (average 60). Patients most often presented with abdominal ...
Haber H P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Colonic strictures represent an advanced stage of fibrosing colonopathy in patients with cystic fibrosis. AIMS: To clarify whether ultrasonography can identify patients with an early stage of fibrosing colonopathy and to determine clinical factors that influence bowel wall thickening. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with cystic fibrosis, median age 10 years, ...
Madonna D - - 1997
The impact of sinus surgery on the pulmonary status of cystic fibrosis patients is unknown. This retrospective study reviewed the charts of the cystic fibrosis patients presenting to our institution's cystic fibrosis center with nasal obstruction, recurrent sinusitis, and nasal polyposis. This group subsequently underwent endoscopic ethmoidectomy and antrostomy. Fourteen ...
Gill D R - - 1997
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common, serious, inherited disease. The major cause of mortality in CF is lung disease, due to the failure of airway epithelial cells to express a functional product of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. A potential treatment for CF lung disease is the ...
Bennett A L - - 1997
The level of bioactive transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) was measured in serum from patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), healthy control subjects, and patients with major depression, systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), and multiple sclerosis (MS) of both the relapsing/remitting (R/R) and the chronic progressive (CP) types. Patients with CFS had ...
Lacy D E - - 1997
Early and accurate diagnosis of Burkholderia cepacia infection is important, particularly if segregation is to prevent patient-to-patient transmission. We have examined the serum response to a B. cepacia-specific 80-kDa outer membrane protein. 21 patients colonised with B. cepacia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa for 2-51 months (mean 11 months) were age- and ...
Kalayci D - - 1996
Twenty-three cystic fibrosis patients and 20 controls were examined for ocular surface changes and tear fluid ferning characteristics. The patients were also evaluated systemically and given numerical scores according to Schwachman's scoring system. Frequency of blepharitis, fluorescein staining, and the Schirmer's test values did not differ between patients and controls. ...
Gregory P C - - 1996
I reviewed the literature (1966-1994) concerning gastrointestinal (GI) pH, motility/transit, and permeability in cystic fibrosis (CF). Most studies reported were performed with very small numbers of patients, but even when considered together the published data do not confirm some generally expressed views on these topics. The only clear findings were ...
Dötsch J - - 1996
We evaluated the effects of asthma and cystic fibrosis on nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in the respiratory tract. NO levels in orally exhaled air and nasal gas samples were studied in 90 asthmatic patients (4-14 yrs), 67 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) (5-32 yrs), and 68 controls (4-34 yrs). NO ...
Gilman S - - 1996
Disulfiram is an aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor that is widely used as an adjunctive agent in the treatment of patients with severe chronic alcoholism. Recent positron emission tomography (PET) studies of local cerebral metabolic rates for glucose (ICMRglc) and benzodiazepine receptor binding in alcoholic patients have shown regional cerebral abnormalities; however, ...
Hubert D - - 1996
In cystic fibrosis (CF), relationships between genotype and phenotype have been shown for pancreatic status but not for pulmonary disease. One hundred and ten adult CF patients were classified according to the expected effect of their mutations on cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein: Group 1 (n=48) included deltaF508 ...
Chaun H H Adult Cystic Fibrosis Clinic, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia. - - 1996
Two adult women with cystic fibrosis (CF) who developed colonic carcinoma, both at age 31, are described. In both patients the carcinoma occurred in the midtransverse colon. The diagnosis had not been suspected, partly because of the patients' relatively young age. In case 1, the symptoms also mimicked the distal ...
Verweij P E - - 1996
Twenty-three sequential Aspergillus fumigatus sputum isolates, which had been collected over a period of 2 years, from two patients with cystic fibrosis were genotyped by random amplified polymorphic DNA PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. In patient B, one genotype was predominantly present in the sputum samples, while in ...
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