Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1260
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Gutierrez Guillermo - - 2004
This review addresses the pathophysiology and treatment of hemorrhagic shock - a condition produced by rapid and significant loss of intravascular volume, which may lead sequentially to hemodynamic instability, decreases in oxygen delivery, decreased tissue perfusion, cellular hypoxia, organ damage, and death. Hemorrhagic shock can be rapidly fatal. The primary ...
Zimmer J - - 2004
To define usefulness and response to therapy and outcome in adults with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in clinical practice. We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of 201 consecutive patients with ITP, diagnosed between 1985 and 1994. In particular, we analyzed the therapies used, their response rates, prognostic indicators of response and ...
Baradarian Robin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy, the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has remained relatively constant. Inadequate early resuscitation is believed to be a major factor in the persistently high mortality rate in patients with UGIB. In order to evaluate the role of intensive resuscitation ...
Udvardy Miklos - - 2004
Severe, life-threatening acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding may occasionally occur in patients receiving coumarol prophylaxis for prosthetic heart valves. These patients are exposed to two potential, serious risks: bleeding due to the severe blood loss induced by excessive anticoagulant effect or as a consequence of the cessation of anticoagulation subsequent thrombotic ...
Magnano Antonio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of capsule endoscopy in the detection of causes of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: Fifteen patients, nine males and six females, mean age 46 years (range 20-75 years), were investigated. All patients had undergone upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy with no evidence of causes of bleeding. ...
Potapov Evgenij V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although bleeding and thromboembolism remain major complications after implantation of ventricular assist devices (VADs), no standard anticoagulation protocols are available. Genetic polymorphism of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa may contribute to the development of complications. The present study demonstrates a relationship between the PlA genotype and postoperative complications in patients implanted ...
Pennazio Marco - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is a promising diagnostic tool for the study of patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. However, the diagnostic yield of this technique has not been adequately studied. We evaluated sensitivity and specificity of CE and the outcome after CE in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. ...
Clark A D - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the effect of activated recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) on the natural history of massive transfusion episodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2002, outcome parameters were assessed in 50 patients transfused with more than 10 units of packed red cells. ...
Tan Benita K T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bleeding per rectum is a common indication for acute hospital admissions to the colorectal department. The frequencies of aetiologies in Singapore are different from those in Western populations. A retrospective analysis of the demography, pathology and management of acute bleeding per rectum was performed to determine the outcome and ...
Park C H - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The use of endoscopic band ligation (EBL) is being extended to treat various causes of upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of EBL for control of acute peptic ulcer bleeding and to define the lesions that are ...
Hui Aric J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents commonly are used to treat patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Data on the safety of the use of these drugs before colonoscopic polypectomy are scanty. METHODS: An audit was conducted for a 2-year period of consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy and polypectomy. Patient demographics, site ...
Fukuda Tetsuya - - 2004
We report two cases of gastric varices complicated by massive ascites that disappeared after balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO). The first patient had progressive gastric varices that continued to enlarge even after three episodes of esophagogastric variceal bleeding, and the second patient was admitted to our hospital because of the ...
Fireman Zvi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Chronic occult blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract is a recognized major cause of iron-deficiency anemia. After conventional investigation of the upper and lower parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the source of bleeding remains unidentified in approximately 10% of these patients. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of capsule endoscopy ...
van Dijk Karen N - - 2004
NSAIDs are reported to increase the risk of bleeding in coumarin users. The mechanism underlying this risk is inhibition of platelet aggregation, however a pharmacokinetic mechanism resulting in an increased International Normalised Ratio (INR) was proposed in some case reports in warfarin treated patients. In this retrospective cohort study the ...
Goodnough Lawrence Tim - - 2004
In addition to its proven benefits in hemophilia, recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa), is predicted to be of benefit in other situations characterized by profuse bleeding and impaired thrombin generation, due to its ability to enhance thrombin generation on already activated platelets. This article reviews studies that have described the use ...
Grant Paul - - 2004
Herein, the case is reported of a persistently elevated INR consequent to an interaction between warfarin and cranberry juice in a patient with a prosthetic mitral valve. The elevation in INR was noted two weeks after the patient began to drink cranberry juice. Subsequent symptoms included postoperative bleeding problems. The ...
Lubetsky Aaron - - 2004
Bleeding is the most serious adverse event of oral anticoagulants and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in such patients. Rapid reversal of anticoagulation in bleeding patients or prior to urgent surgery is mandatory. The therapeutic options in these situations include administration of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and ...
Aki Semih - - 2003
The aim of our study was to evaluate the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract side effect profile in 759 female patients that had taken alendronate (10 mg/day), for at least 6 months, for the treatment of osteoporosis, in relation to the safety of alendronate and the compliance of patients to its ...
Mercadante Sebastiano - - 2004
There is a lack of information on the frequency of symptomatic gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with advanced cancer. This group of patients presents several risk factors for developing gastrointestinal bleeding. The aim of this multicenter longitudinal survey was to assess the frequency of gastrointestinal bleeding and possible factors implicated in ...
Korman U─čur - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The diagnostic value of enteroclysis in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding of small bowel origin was evaluated. Further diagnostic approaches in patients in whom enteroclysis did not yield a source for bleeding are discussed. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin were retrospectively evaluated ...
Ashrani A A - - 2003
Iliopsoas haemorrhage in patients with bleeding disorders is a potentially life-threatening condition, with significantly associated morbidity. Despite its clinical importance, little has been published on the frequency, complications or outcomes of this entity since the advent of modern therapies for haemophilia. In a retrospective review of 297 patients with bleeding ...
Moeller Karen E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe prolonged thrombocytopenia possibly associated with isotretinoin. CASE SUMMARY: A 27-year-old white woman developed severe thrombocytopenia and elevated transaminases after 3(1/2) months of treatment with isotretinoin. Prior to the onset of thrombocytopenia, the patient had also received a 10-day course of cephalexin. Rectal bleeding ...
Johansson Peter - - 2003
Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a heterogeneous disorder with respect to plasma erythropoietin concentration at diagnosis and clonality of haematopoiesis. Polycythaemia rubra vera-1 (PRV-1) positivity, i.e. PRV-1 mRNA overexpression, is known to be present in the vast majority of patients with polycythaemia vera and also in some patients with ET. In ...
Shah Sudeep R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The natural history of portal hypertension due to extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) in the presence of a non-cirrhotic liver is not well understood. AIM: To evaluate the presenting features and the natural history of EHPVO by assessing the bleed patterns prior to definitive management in these patients. METHODS: ...
Reichardt Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The number of effective cytotoxic agents for the treatment of patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is limited, especially when patients have failed anthracyline-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1999 and 2000 a total of 16 patients with histologically proven STS progressing during or after first-line anthracycline-based chemotherapy ...
Spirt Mitchell J - - 2003
Stress-related mucosal disease is a frequent complication in critically ill patients. A wealth of evidence suggests that hypoperfusion to the upper gastrointestinal tract can lead to ulceration and is associated with increased morbidity. Management of stress ulcers depends on aggressive therapy that includes acid-suppressive agents. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have ...
Smoot Rory L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Urgent colonoscopy has been proposed for the diagnosis and management of acute colonic diverticular bleeding. Identification of active bleeding and nonbleeding stigmata facilitates diagnosis and endoscopic therapy, but it is unclear whether urgent colonoscopy after presentation increases the diagnostic yield. This study evaluated the association between timing of colonoscopy ...
Abramowsky Carlos - - 2003
From 1995-2002, 14 patients with predominantly prehepatic, noncirrhotic portal hypertension were evaluated. At presentation, the eight females and six males had a mean age of 9 years (range 2-18). Seven were admitted with gastrointestinal, mostly esophageal bleeding, three with splenomegaly, three with hepato-pulmonary syndrome, and one with hyperammonemia. Imaging studies ...
Prakash Chandra - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Historically, acute lower intestinal bleeding has incorporated small bowel with colonic sources. This potentially obscures the unique characteristics of small bowel bleeding, which are eclipsed by the attributes of the much more common colonic bleeding. Separating acute lower intestinal bleeding into small bowel and colonic sources may delineate characteristics ...
Nakayama Hisashi - - 2003
Several non-surgical techniques have been developed to treat esophagogastric varices that occur secondary to portal hypertension, including those performed endoscopically or with interventional radiologic therapies. In patients with large gastric fundal varices and associated gastrorenal shunting, controversy still remains in defining the most appropriate non-surgical intervention. Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration ...
Rubin Timothy A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Acute GI bleeding is a life-threatening complication of warfarin therapy. Acute GI bleeding in patients with an international normalized ratio of 4.0 or greater (supratherapeutic) is often attributed to trivial mucosal lesions. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of potentially significant lesions that would warrant ...
Van Kouwen Mariëtte C A - - 2003
We performed a cross sectional analysis of the feasibility and yield of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) in a cohort of patients aged 85 years or more. The study involved 218 patients who underwent diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a district general hospital between 1994 and 1998. Indication, use of sedation, ...
Rinella Mary E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Management of fundal variceal bleeding is challenging. Generally, a portal pressure of greater than 12 mm Hg is required for bleeding to occur, but fundal variceal bleeding persists in some patients despite adequate portal decompression. Methods and Observations: Five patients with cirrhosis evaluated for upper GI hemorrhage from fundal ...
Saurin J-C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: This study was designed to prospectively compare the diagnostic yield of the M2A endoscopic capsule with that of video push-enteroscopy in exploring the small intestine in patients with obscure digestive bleeding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with either occult or overt obscure digestive bleeding and a negative ...
Thomopoulos K C - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The usual clinical practice is to screen all patients with established cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis by upper endoscopy for the presence of varices. Patients with large varices should be treated with non-selective beta blockers to reduce the incidence of first variceal bleeding. However, fewer than 50% of ...
Winiarski Marek - - 2003
BACKGROUND: H. pylori infection and peptic ulcerations and their complications such as bleeding are causally related, but the available methods used in bleeding to confirm active H. pylori lack accuracy. AIM To evaluate the usefulness of 13C-urea breath test (UBT) in diagnosing of H. pylori infection in bleeding patients. PATIENTS ...
Van Gossum André - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare the global and specific diagnostic yields of push and wireless videocapsule enteroscopy for small bowel lesions in patients with obscure digestive bleeding after esogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy. METHODS: The patients studied had unexplained chronic iron-deficient anemia or digestive blood loss after routine investigations. Small bowel investigation was ...
Anand Sonia S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Antithrombotic therapy with intravenous heparin in conjunction with aspirin reduces negative cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The need for a therapeutic range with the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) has not been validated in patients with arterial thrombosis who receive heparin. Therefore, it is unclear ...
Icoz G - - 2003
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is one of the most common gastroenterologic complications following liver transplantation. The aim of this study is to define the prevalence of GIB due to Roux- en Y (R-Y) enteral anastomoses after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and recommend an anastomotic technique for easy surgical intervention. ...
Armenian S - - 2003
Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common bleeding disorder, and usually presents with either easy bruising or mucus membrane bleeding. Many patients are also diagnosed as a result of abnormal pre-operative laboratory tests. In this report, we describe two patients presenting with painless, persistent urethral bleeding as their initial ...
Ohta S - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine the efficacy of prospectively performing endoscopic hemoclipping in patients with severe gastrointestinal bleeding by assessing in relation to the severity of the case. METHODOLOGY: Endoscopic hemoclipping was performed in 44 patients in shock caused by severe gastrointestinal bleeding. The level of severity was categorized using two factors. ...
Hummers-Pradier Eva - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In patients on oral anticoagulation with warfarin, genetic variations of the cytochrome P 450-CYP2C9 have recently been associated with very low warfarin requirements. Patients needing low doses had an increased risk for bleeding complications. In Germany, phenprocoumon (having a similar metabolic pathway) is the most commonly employed vitamin K ...
Haciyanli Mehmet - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Esophageal variceal bleeding is a major complication of portal hypertension and the optimal therapeutic modality for each individual patient differs. We reviewed the results of modified Sugiura procedure in patients with variceal bleeding of esophagus. METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 13 patients who were subjected to modified ...
Hartmann D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy is a new method enabling non-invasive diagnostic endoscopy of the entire small intestine. In this study we prospectively examined the diagnostic precision of capsule endoscopy compared with push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: Between July 2001 and October 2002 we examined 48 patients ...
Misra U K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) haemorrhage is an important and sometimes serious complication in critically ill neurological patients who suffered from stroke and head injury and those in intensive care. There is no study evaluating frequency, severity and risk factors of GI haemorrhage in patients with primary intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). AIMS: To ...
Adamopoulos Adam B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate, among patients presented at the emergency department with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, those who need early urgent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from those who do not. METHODS: Seventeen variables for each patient presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding were prospectively recorded and considered in a multivariate analysis. We used ...
Tokunaga Nobuhiro - - 2003
Cytomegalovirus infection of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare serious complication in patients with collagen diseases receiving immunosuppressive agents. We report 3 such cases diagnosed by endoscopy followed by proper treatment. The patients include 38 and 53 years old females with systemic lupus erythematosus. They presented epigastric pain after pulse ...
Kantsevoy Sergey V - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thermal therapy is the cornerstone of endoscopic treatment of bleeding mucosal lesions of the GI tract. However, there is a 20% failure rate and contact devices may be cumbersome in the treatment of large bleeding areas. A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ...
Veroux M - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Acute gastrointestinal bleeding is rare in Crohn's disease. METHODS: We characterized the clinical features and course of such hemorrhage in patients seen at our institution from 1992 to 2000. RESULTS: Five patients had gastrointestinal bleeding during Crohn's disease. All patients had a known Crohn's disease, with a mean duration ...
Todisco Mauro - - 2003
The prognosis of patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura refractory to corticosteroids and splenectomy (refractory ITP) is poor; these patients present high morbidity from disease and its treatment and have a mortality rate of approximately 16%. A patient is reported with severe bleeding symptoms related to refractory ITP successfully treated with ...
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