Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1706
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Eandi Chiara M - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To describe the clinical and angiographic features of a series of patients with acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis (ASPPC) in the context of previously published cases. METHODS:: A retrospective, noncomparative, multicenter chart review was performed on 16 patients with active ASPPC. Positive serologic tests supported the diagnosis in all ...
Annaloro Claudio - - 2012
The term metabolic syndrome (MS) defines a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, formerly known as syndrome X. There is some debate about the diagnostic criteria; but the most widely accepted framework is that defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, which requires the simultaneous occurrence of ...
Kaya Muhsin M Department of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır 21280, Turkey. - - 2012
To identify the frequency of bacterial growth, the most commonly grown bacteria and their antibiotic susceptibility, and risk factors for bacterial colonization in bile collected from patients with different biliary diseases. This prospective study was conducted between April 2010 and August 2011. Patients with various biliary disorders were included. Bile ...
Bertoni M A - - 2012
This study evaluated whether different imaging techniques correlate with specific variables routinely used to grade the types and complexities of patient conditions in neurorehabilitation services and their clinical outcomes, and if there are radiological patterns, topography or distribution of the lesions correlated to spasticity. The cohort studied included 75 patients, ...
Cojocaru Manole - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) generally affects people between the ages of 20 and 50. Patients with RA have a significantly higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) compared to the general population. The increased cardiovascular risk (CVR) associated with RA places this disease among the most widely studied. The duration of ...
Montemurro Pasqualina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether antibiotic therapy for lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) has an influence on circulating polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) function and apoptosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood PMNs were obtained from 14 CF patients before and after antibiotic treatment for an acute exacerbation, and from 10 healthy ...
Rasmussen Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several episodes of sudden death among young Faroese individuals have been associated with primary carnitine deficiency (PCD). Patients suffering from PCD have low carnitine levels and can present with metabolic and/or cardiac complications. Pivalic acid exposure decreases carnitine levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe ...
Jiang Wei - - 2012
: Restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA is the surgical treatment of choice in patients with ulcerative colitis who require colectomy. Pouchitis is the most common long-term complication in patients with IPAA. While immune-mediated disorders frequently coexist with IBD, they appear to be associated with an increased risk for chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis. ...
Duff Oc - - 2012
It is uncertain whether reactive thrombocytosis is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. This prospective case-control study assessed the in vitro thrombotic tendency of patients with reactive thrombocytosis. Forty-eight patients with reactive thrombocytosis, defined by platelet count >500x10(9)/l and 55 similar, randomly selected critically ill patients who did not ...
Strle Klemen - - 2012
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that alter immune function, inflammatory responses, and disease susceptibility have been identified in several genes encoding Toll-like receptors (TLRs). The TLR SNPs with the best evidence of an effect on immune function are those in TLR1 (1805GG), TLR2 (2258GA), and TLR5 (1174CT). This study was undertaken to ...
Ren Clement L CL University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA. - - 2012
The goal of this study was to determine the association of multiple antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MARPA) acquisition with lung function decline in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Using data from Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF), we identified patients with spirometry data and MARPA, defined as PA (1) resistant to ...
Grace Edward - - 2012
Vancomycin was the first glycopeptide antibiotic introduced into clinical practice. Despite the numerous benefits of vancomycin, clinicians have struggled to dose vancomycin successfully in obese patients to achieve a therapeutic concentration for optimal bacterial killing. Owing to the hydrophilicity of vancomycin and the increase in both adipose tissue and muscle ...
Shaygannejad Vahid - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of young and middle aged individuals with a demyelinative axonal damage nature in central nervous system that causes various signs and symptoms. As color vision needs normal function of optic nerve and macula, it is proposed that MS can alter it via influencing optic ...
Gavasso S - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system in genetically susceptible persons. Fcγ receptors (FcγR) are involved in autoimmune diseases. Sixteen Norwegian patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) were studied to see whether treatment with either interferon-beta (INF-β) or glatiramer acetate (GA) influenced the proportion of FcγR1a, ...
Miñambres Inka - - 2012
Background. It remains uncertain whether the metabolic syndrome (MS) or insulin resistance contribute to the association between vitamin D deficiency and obesity. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 343 subjects who were overweight or obese. We analyzed anthropometric data and the presence or absence of MS. Additionally, we determined ...
Holmøy T - - 2012
Observational studies suggest that increasing the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with 50 nm could halve the relapse risk in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Assuming that the association between disease activity and vitamin D status is entirely causal may however exaggerate the potential benefit. The aim of this paper is to ...
Tomizawa Y - - 2012
This study evaluated blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity, using blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers, and assessed the practicality of these markers in the differential diagnosis of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS). This was a retrospective observational study of consecutive patients presenting with acute phase NMO or MS (first ...
Braley Tiffany J - - 2012
Objectives. To assess the relationship between nocturnal polysomnographic (PSG) findings and a group of key self-reported symptoms-fatigue, tiredness, lack of energy, and sleepiness-among sleep-laboratory referred patients with and without multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods. PSG and questionnaire data from n = 30 MS patients and n = 30 matched controls were ...
Carini Fabrizio - - 2012
This study investigates the association between cross linked C-terminal telopetide test (CTX) and individual surgical risk of osteonecrosis in patients taking oral bisphosphonates. 32 patients receiving bisphosphonate were treated surgically. Patients were divided into three groups according to type of drug administrated and were subjected to a treatment of oral ...
Koudounarakis Eleftherios - - 2012
Nasal bleeding is a frequent problem for patients receiving anticoagulant agents. Most cases are successfully managed with anterior or posterior nasal packing. However, the complications of nasal packing should be always considered. We report the case of a 78-year-old man with Alzheimer's disease who was treated for anterior epistaxis with ...
Sweileh Waleed M - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of the most dangerous cardiac risk factors and is associated with high mortality. Ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome (MS) criteria and prevalence rates have been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the MS prevalence among patients with schizophrenia in Palestine. We ...
Bielekova Bibiana - - 2012
Diagnosis and management of the neuroinflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) are hindered by the lack of reliable biomarkers of active intrathecal inflammation. We hypothesized that measuring several putative inflammatory biomarkers simultaneously will augment specificity and sensitivity of the biomarker to the clinically useful range. Based on our ...
Huizinga Ruth - - 2012
Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a ubiquitously expressed enzyme which can neutralize endotoxin as well as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an endogenous danger signal released during brain injury. In this study we assessed a potential therapeutic role for AP in inhibiting neuroinflammation using three complementary approaches. Mice were immunized to induce experimental ...
Yoshimura Satoshi - - 2012
Nationwide surveys conducted in Japan over the past thirty years have revealed a four-fold increase in the estimated number of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, a decrease in the age at onset, and successive increases in patients with conventional MS, which shows an involvement of multiple sites in the central nervous ...
Grecchi Sabrina - - 2012
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system, the etiology of which, although not completely known, involves inflammation and autoimmunity. In the present study we aimed at identifying molecular markers of apoptosis, cellular stress and DNA damage in isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of MS ...
Dominguez-Mozo Maria Inmaculada - - 2012
In previous studies we found that MHC2TA +1614 genotype frequency was very different when MS patients with and without human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) in serum samples were compared; a different clinical behavior was also described. The purpose of the study was: 1. To evaluate if MHC2TA expression in MS patients ...
Pakpoor Julia - - 2012
Studies investigating a proposed association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and migraine have produced conflicting results and a great range in the prevalence rate of migraine in MS patients. By meta-analysing all available data we aimed to establish an overall estimate of any association in order to more accurately inform clinicians ...
Nissen Kari K - - 2012
Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are suspected to play a role in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS). This suspicion has in part been based on increased expression of viral RNA or proteins or antibodies targeting retroviral products in MS patients. Recently, our group provided genetic evidence for association between the ...
Castello Luigi M LM Medicina e Chirurgia d'Accettazione e d'Urgenza, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Maggiore della Carità, Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina d'Emergenza-Urgenza, Dipartimento di Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, - - 2012
Two Italian adults arrived at the Emergency Department referring diarrhea, nausea and vomiting for 4 days; weakness, fatigue and visual hallucinations were also complained of. Patients reported the ingestion of some leaves of a plant, which they supposed to be "donkey ears", a week before. Physical examination showed hypotension and ...
Leventhal Douglas - - 2011
A 75-year-old immunocompetent man presented to our office with right otalgia. After a comprehensive workup, he was found to have right temporal bone osteomyelitis and was treated with intravenous antibiotics. He then began to experience left-sided otalgia and was diagnosed with and treated for left temporal bone osteomyelitis. Subsequently, he ...
Husted Janice A - - 2011
To determine whether the presence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is associated with greater comorbidity, in particular cardiovascular morbidity, compared to psoriasis without arthritis. Six hundred eleven patients with PsA were recruited from the University of Toronto Psoriatic Arthritis Clinic and 449 psoriasis without arthritis patients were recruited from the University ...
Inokuchi Go - - 2011
A case of a spontaneous retropharyngeal hematoma in a patient on chronic hemodialysis is described. A 75-year-old man presented with a 5-day history of throat discomfort and neck swelling. He had been on hemodialysis for chronic renal failure with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Examination showed a massively enlarged neck and bruising on ...
Montazeri Mahdi - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony is a prevalent feature in heart failure (HF) patients. The current study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of inter and intraventricular dyssynchrony in HF patients with regard to the QRS duration and etiology. The available data on the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) of 230 patients with ...
Ge Xiushan - - 2011
The authors retrospectively studied the natural history of 237 patients with infantile spinal muscular atrophy in China. The onset ages (mean ± SD) for types I to III were 3.1 ± 2.7, 8.7 ± 3.8, and 21.1 ± 11.7 months, respectively. The survival probabilities for type I patients at 1, ...
Duytschaever Gwen - - 2011
Although only poorly documented, it can be assumed that intensive antibiotic treatments of chronic lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) also affect the diversity and metabolic functioning of the gastrointestinal microbiota and potentially lead to a state of dysbiosis. A better knowledge of the differences in gut microbiota ...
Bag A K - - 2011
MRI is extremely useful for the assessment of initial disease burden and to identify the dissemination of the multiple sclerosis (MS) in time and space. Though MRI of the spinal cord is not used to establish the diagnosis of MS, spinal cord is frequently involved in this disease and there ...
Afshar Masoud - - 2011
Background. A 73-year-old man on hemodialysis with a tunneled central venous catheter presented to the emergency room with a fever and severe back pain.Investigations. Physical examination, laboratory investigations, chest radiography, lumbar spine radiography, renal ultrasound, lumbosacral spine MRI and transthoracic echocardiography.Diagnosis. Spondylodiscitis as a result of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia.Management. ...
Law Siu-Tong - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) is recognized as an important cause of pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA). Although it is endemic to Southeast Asia, it is seen increasing in the west mainly owing to immigration. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical characteristics of PLA in patients with ...
Spiro Deborah B - - 2012
Research demonstrates that 3.5% to 5% of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) present before the age of 18 years. MS can present in early childhood through adolescence and must be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with motor impairment, sensory changes, and cognitive disability. The diagnosis of early-onset MS ...
Wouthuyzen-Bakker M - - 2011
Fat malabsorption in pancreatic insufficient cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is classically treated with pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT). Despite PERT, intestinal fat absorption remains insufficient in most CF patients. Several factors have been suggested to contribute to the persistent fat malabsorption in CF (CFPFM). We reviewed the current insights concerning ...
Cantu Giulio - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to identify the role of work exposure to organic dusts in patients with malignant paranasal sinus tumors. We analyzed all patients surgically treated for a malignant paranasal sinus tumor at our institution between 1987 and 2006. All patients were specifically asked about their occupational ...
Huang Ming-Jhe - - 2011
In patients who have antibiotic-loaded cement hip spacers in the interim period, the correct diagnosis of infection eradication is the major determinant before reimplantation arthroplasty. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical findings and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. However, diagnosis can be challenging when the clinical findings are normal but ...
Amirian Ilda - - 2011
An unknown number of patients have had male to female gender transformation. Various surgical techniques have been employed to construct the neovagina. The more traditional techniques include inverted penile grafts and vascular pedicle grafts, but also the small bowel and sigmoid colon have been used. In this case, the authors ...
Wegmüller Barbara - - 2011
We report on a 43-year-old patient undergoing a hysteroscopic myomectomy. After 80 minutes of operation, the patient developed laryngeal edema, requiring emergency tracheostomy. Hyponatremia (serum sodium 78 mmoL/L) indicated an irrigation fluid absorption. The patient developed shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute renal failure, and diffuse intravascular coagulopathy. Resuscitation including continuous ...
González Eduardo J - - 2011
Esophageal variceal bleeding is a frequent complication in patients with chronic liver disease. There is no published study that evaluates the management of this complication in Puerto Rico. Our study describes the management of patients with esophageal varices admitted to the emergency room of the Puerto Rico Medical Center from ...
Fenollar Florence - - 2011
Tropheryma whipplei, the agent of Whipple's disease, causes localised infections in the absence of histological digestive involvement. Our objective is to describe T. whipplei encephalitis. We first diagnosed a patient presenting dementia and obesity whose brain biopsy and cerebrospinal fluid specimens contained T. whipplei DNA and who responded dramatically to ...
Sahraian M A - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive immune-mediated neurodegenerative disease of human central nervous system (CNS), which causes irreversible disability in young adults. The cause and cure for MS remain unknown. Pathophysiology of MS includes two arms: inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration. The inflammatory demyelination of MS which is mainly promoted by ...
Robert Stefanie Christina SC ICU, Barts and the London NHS Trust, London, UK. - - 2011
A 74-year-old patient presented with constitutional symptoms and was found to have acute kidney injury. He was known to have a prosthetic aortic valve. He was febrile with splenomegaly and vasculitic lesions on both hands. Nephritic screen revealed strongly positive cytoplasmic-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA). Differential diagnosis thus included a small ...
Chen Ming Long - - 2010
the aim of this study was to delineate the electroanatomic substrates of right-sided free wall (RFW) accessory pathways (APs) that were refractory to conventional catheter ablation utilizing 3-dimensional (3-D) mapping. eleven patients with RFW APs that failed initial conventional catheter ablation(s) by a mean of 1.9 ± 0.5 attempts were ...
Roten Laurent - - 2010
Atrioventricular (AV) conduction impairment is well described after surgical aortic valve replacement, but little is known in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We assessed AV conduction and need for a permanent pacemaker in patients undergoing TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve Revalving System (MCRS) or the Edwards Sapien Valve ...
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