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Results 351 - 400 of 1640
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Nijhawan Navdeep - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the lymphatic drainage patterns of the human eyelids. METHODS: Twenty-eight consenting patients who underwent unilateral eyelid surgery at McMaster University between March 2001 and July 2003 had their contralateral eyelids injected with 0.2 ml (0.250 mCi) of Tc 99 m sulphur colloid. The patients were divided into ...
Nayar Vikram V - - 2010
The infratentorial supracerebellar approach to the pineal region presents special challenges during patient positioning. The head must be flexed and the body positioned to allow an operative trajectory under the straight sinus. Image guidance is not useful during positioning because registration and navigation take place after the head is fixed ...
Zhou Yi-Feng - - 2010
Focal atrial tachycardia (AT) arising from non-coronary cusp (NCC) is very rare, and the experience in catheter ablation of this kind of tachycardia remains limited. This study describes the electrophysiologic characteristics and radiofrequency ablation of AT arising from NCC. The study population consisted of five consecutive patients (three females and ...
Nigro Gerardo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) accounts for about 60% of the patients presenting with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. The radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of the slow atrioventricular (AV) node pathway is the preferred therapeutic approach in patients with AV node reentrant tachycardia. The aim of our study was describe the ...
Kantoch Michal J - - 2010
AIMS: The study was designed to assess atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction with non-invasive methods at least 1 year after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the slow pathway for AV node reentry tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of all patients who underwent RFA before their 18th birthday were reviewed. Patients were brought ...
Sacher Frederic - - 2010
AIMS: Catheter ablation for Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) can be challenging and is associated with failure in approximately 1-5% of cases. We analysed the reasons for failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients (89 patients, 28 +/- 16 years old) referred for WPW ablation after a prior failure were studied. Reasons for ...
Panas Marios - - 2010
Interatrial block is a predictor of atrial arrhythmias. Aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of interatrial block (IAB) in Friedreich's Ataxia (FA) compared to controls and correlate it with echocardiographic and genetic features. IAB, defined as an electrocardiographic (ECG) derived P-wave duration >120 ms, echocardiographic variables ...
Biffi Mauro - - 2010
We evaluated the impact of an algorithm for automatic right ventricular (RV) stimulation compared to fixed-output pacing (FOP) stimulation on actual pacemaker longevity over a 9-year follow-up. Prospective observation of 300 patients implanted with VDDR/DDDR pacemakers in 1999-2000 up to October 31, 2008. Sixty-one patients were paced by Autocapture pacing ...
Pintarić Hrvoje - - 2010
The aim of this prospective, non-randomized interventional study was to assess electrophysiological effects, efficacy and safety of intravenous propafenone in termination of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT). This single-center study was carried out at Department of Cardiology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital in Zagreb, Croatia, ...
Delhaas Tammo - - 2010
To assess the prevalence, history, and treatment of arrhythmias, in particular preexcitation and Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, in patients with Ebstein anomaly (EA) during childhood and adolescence, we performed a multicenter retrospective study of all consecutive live-born patients with EA, diagnosed, and followed by pediatric cardiologists between 1980 and 2005 in ...
Padanilam Benzy J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) undergoing right heart catheterization can develop complete heart block (CHB) or right bundle branch block (RBBB) in response to right bundle branch (RBB) trauma. We hypothesized that LBBB patients with an initial r wave (>or=1 mm) in lead V1 have intact left ...
Liberman Leonardo - - 2010
In patients with pre-excitation, a short PR interval and a delta wave are not always clearly seen, particularly if the pre-excitation is mild. Absent septal Q waves have been used as additional evidence suggestive of pre-excitation. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of normalization of ...
García-Martín E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes over two years in the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) of patients with múltiple sclerosis (MS). To compare the ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx), visual evoked potentials (VEP) and visual field examination to detect axonal loss in these patients. MATERIAL ...
Blich Miry - - 2010
Current guidelines suggest the use of atrial synchronous mode (VDD) pacemakers in patients with atrioventricular (AV) block and normal sinus node function. However VDD mode is being used much less than expected. The objectives of our study were to evaluate the efficacy of VDD pacing in long-term follow-up and to ...
Satomi Kazuhiro - - 2010
Macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) involving the right atrial free wall (RAFW) has been reported in patients without atriotomy. Catheter ablation of these ATs remains challenging due to the multiple morphologies of ATs with unstable reentrant circuits in some patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the electrophysiological characteristics ...
Payne Ryan A - - 2009
We report our experience with endoscopic ablation of Hunner's lesions in women with interstitial cystitis (IC). A chart review was performed on 14 patients with IC symptoms who were identified to have bladder lesions and underwent endoscopic ablation. A Hunner's lesion was identified as an area of erythema that reproduced ...
Stiles Martin K - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The area of the functional sinus node complex exceeds that of the anatomical sinus node; however, reasons for this discrepancy are unknown. We aimed to characterize the functional sinus node complex in health and disease with high-density simultaneous mapping. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sinus node activity was characterized in 15 ...
Quaglione Raffaele - - 2010
AIM: Aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the effect of closed-loop stimulation (CLS) and DDD pacing mode on autonomic balance, and to evaluate heart rate variability (HRV) during CLS stimulation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Autonomic balance was estimated by a 24-hour HRV analysis of paced and spontaneous beats in ...
Erdo?an Ilkay - - 2009
Transesophageal electrophysiologic study (TEEPS) is a semi-invasive method widely used for evaluation of symptoms related to arrhythmia. In this study, we aimed to determine the accuracy of TEEPS in the diagnosis and differentiation of mechanisms of supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) by comparing results of transesophageal and intracardiac electrophysiologic studies. We performed ...
Thaker Jay P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Electrical devices generate electromagnetic fields that may interfere with pacemakers. Media players cause telemetry interference with pacemakers, but it is not known whether they cause direct interference with pacemakers. The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction between pacemakers and 3 different media players. METHODS: In this ...
Capulzini Lucio - - 2010
We present the case of a 49-year-old woman with atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia and a severe pectus excavatum. The patient underwent an electrophysiological study and fast pathway ablation. Fast pathway ablation was not done on purpose but accidentally, likely due to the abnormal position of the heart in the chest ...
Aliyev Farid - - 2010
We present an unusual electrocardiogram obtained from a patient with critically depleted pacemaker.
Balaji Seshadri - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Mustard operation is a complex atrial rerouting performed in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) is an important problem in these patients. While catheter ablation (CA) is successful, three-dimensional (3D) mapping is necessary to prove block at the CTI. 3D ...
Ryu C-W - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The falcine sinus has been considered as a rare variation of the venous pathway between the dural layers of the falx cerebri. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of falcine sinus and its anatomic characteristics by using CTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total ...
Padi Anupama - - 2009
Peripheral and tissue eosinophilia can occur in a wide variety of disease processes that include infectious, allergic, and primary hematologic disorders, and other more rare diseases such as hypereosinophilic syndromes (HES). We describe a case of a patient with severe eosinophilia and left bundle branch block. A 21-year-old woman with ...
Rathbun Chris R CR Department of Clinical and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73117, USA. - - 2009
Concurrent atazanavir (ATV) and lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) may be useful for patients with extensive antiretroviral resistance; however, limited information exists concerning the pharmacokinetics and safety of this combination. A parallel-arm pharmacokinetic study was conducted in HIV-infected patients (n = 10) using contemporary formulations of each agent. Intensive pharmacokinetics were conducted at ...
Erdo??an Ilkay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation has become first-line therapy for supraventricular tachycardia in all age groups, but there has been a concern regarding the long-term effectiveness of the procedure in children. This study aimed to determine the inducibility after successful ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in children; assessment was performed using a transesophageal ...
Wokhlu Anita - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves outcomes in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB), but the benefits of CRT in patients with other QRS morphologies or previous pacing are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe outcomes in patients with prior right ventricular pacing and non-LBBB ...
González-Torrecilla Esteban - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the independent predictive contribution to the electrocardiogram (ECG) of bedside clinical variables to distinguish the major forms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias. BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardias (AVNRTs) and orthodromic reciprocating tachycardias (ORTs), through concealed accessory pathways, are major mechanisms of paroxysmal ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the presence and role of decremental fibers during wide QRS tachycardia requires carefully executed intracardiac studies. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the value of the atrioventricular (AV) conduction time during pre-excited tachycardia to differentiate a fast from a decrementally conducting accessory pathway (AP). METHODS: Fifty-one patients ...
Lee Young-Soo - - 2009
Because second-degree Mobitz I atrioventricular (AV) block is usually associated with a disturbance at the AV nodal level, and rarely at the infra- or intra-His bundle level, it has been considered as mostly benign in character. We report on a patient with intra-His bundle block in second-degree Mobitz I AV ...
Di Toro Darío - - 2009
AIMS: Reciprocating atrioventricular tachycardia can be categorized into common slow-fast atrioventricular node re-entrant (AVNRT) and orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT). The electrocardiogram (ECG) during tachycardia is useful in distinguishing these two mechanisms. The presence of a pseudo-R'-wave in lead V1 or pseudo-S-wave in the inferior leads has been widely used, ...
Aliyev Farid - - 2009
AIMS: Although cases of acute mad honey intoxication have been reported earlier, chronic mad honey intoxication (CMHI) syndrome has not been described and we address this issue only in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively evaluated the history of non-commercial honey intake in all patients referred to our institution ...
Medi Caroline - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the incidence, clinical and electrophysiologic features, and long-term outcomes of patients with tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy (TCM) secondary to focal atrial tachycardia (AT). BACKGROUND: TCM is known to complicate atrial tachyarrhythmias. Little is known of the patient and tachycardia characteristics associated with the development of left ...
Lv Xianli - - 2010
We report the recovery of ophthalmoplegia in 11 patients with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) after sinus packing at follow-up. Of 18 patients with CSDAVF treated with transvenous cavernous sinus packing between August 2002 and December 2007 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, there were 9 patients with initial CNIII or ...
Stockburger Martin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Most patients with symptomatic sinus node disease (SND) receive DDDR pacemakers (PM) in order to cover SND and atrioventricular (AV) block from the outset. But the concern about adverse effects of right ventricular pacing (RVP) is increasing. So far, data on the incidence of AV block in SND are ...
Morihisa Kenji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The precise nature of the upper turnaround part of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is not entirely understood. METHODS: In nine patients with AVNRT accompanied by variable ventriculoatrial (VA) conduction block, we examined the electrophysiologic characteristics of its upper common pathway. RESULTS: Tachycardia was induced by atrial burst and/or ...
Velanovich Vic - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ablating Barrett's epithelium may reduce the risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma. This study reports the experience of a single surgeon using an endoscopic endoluminal device that delivers radiofrequency energy (the BARRx device) to ablate Barrett's esophagus. METHODS: All patients who underwent ablation of Barrett's epithelium with the BARRx system ...
Xu Dongjie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A remote magnetic navigation system (MNS) has been developed for mapping and catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias. The present study evaluates the safety and feasibility of this system to perform radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with supraventricular tachycardias (SVT). METHODS: A total of 32 patients (22 female; mean age ...
Kapa Suraj - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Defining whether retrograde ventriculoatrial (V-A) conduction is via the AV node (AVN) or an accessory pathway (AP) is important during ablation procedures for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). With the introduction of ventricular extrastimuli (VEST), retrograde right bundle branch block (RBBB) may occur, prolonging the V-H interval, but only when AV ...
Shinohara Tetsuji - - 2009
Catheter ablation with the use of radiofrequency energy has been used as a treatment for atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia in patients with Ebstein's anomaly. However, the success rate in these patients is generally low. We experienced a case in which the decision regarding precise accessory pathway (AP) localization was impaired by ...
Rassin Michal - - 2009
AIMS: The research aimed to identify the information patients find necessary, following pacemaker implantation. BACKGROUND: Although pacemaker devices do not have an adverse impact on lifestyle, they evoke anxiety related to the patient's activities and lifestyle. DESIGN: Survey. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants was taken from the entire population ...
Dalan R - - 2009
AIMS: Recently, an unlicensed aphrodisiac formulation originating from China known as 'Power 1 Walnut' penetrated the illicit markets of South East Asia including Singapore. Subsequent toxicological analyses revealed that each 'Power 1 Walnut' pill was illegally adulterated with two prescription drugs--sildenafil 1 mg (a PDE5 inhibitor) and glibenclamide 93-98 mg ...
Femenia Francisco - - 2009
Trifascicular block, which consists of impaired conduction in the three main fascicles of the ventricular conduction system, may progress to high-grade or complete atrioventricular block. Exceptionally, it is possible to register in the same patient paroxysmal alternating atrioventricular block and bilateral bundle branch block. This is the electrocardiogram of a ...
Liu Qi-Ming - - 2009
We present a 43-year-old patient with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. In the process of catheter ablation, we found interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos continuation with incomplete situs inversus. In this patient, we adopted the lower approach via the anomalous inferior vena cava and azygos continuation to achieve stability ...
Cil Aylin Pelin AP Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kırıkkale, - - 2009
There is limited data about fertility in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients using immunomodulating drugs and no data exists regarding the ovarian reserve of these patients. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate, the ovarian reserve and doppler characteristics of MS patients using immunomodulating drugs. MS patients using immunomodulating drugs (interferon (IFN) β ...
Pecora Domenico - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal programming of a pacemaker (PM) voltage output considers both efficiency (prolonging battery cell longevity) and patient safety (adequate safety margin). Currently, automatic capture (AC) algorithms are designed to ensure safe automatic stimulation threshold determination and pacing with a safety margin. METHODS: The aims of this prospective observational ...
Chelly Jacques E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Predicting the depth of needle insertion for paravertebral nerve blocks is currently based on patients' anthropometric characteristics, and the block level. Although preliminary studies report relationships between paravertebral depth and the body mass index (BMI), the number of observations, to date, are inadequate to formulate reliable conclusions. This study ...
Vavetsi Spiridoula - - 2008
AIMS: Sinus node function is commonly evaluated by the atropine test. The isoproterenol test is less used. The aim of this study was to evaluate chronotropic reserve in patients with asymptomatic sinus bradycardia using the combined administration of atropine and isoproterenol. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were ...
Mendoza-Davila Natalia - - 2008
The first documentation of a human atrioventricular (AV) block dates back to 1873, when A.L. Galabin reported a 34-year-old patient using an apexcardiogram. This was followed the same year by Luciani, recording 2nd degree AV blocks while studying frogs. In 1899, Karel F. Wenckebach provided the cardiology field with the ...
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