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Barros Pedro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several studies analyzing the month of birth (MOB) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and the risk of the disease have been published; as a whole, MS patients were found to be predominantly born in spring months, leading to the current assumption that MOB is somewhat related to the risk ...
Scott T F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggested a relationship between low vitamin D and relapse rate. We examined whether vitamin D levels were associated with: 1) MS severity and 2) recent MS relapse activity, in patients treated with natalizumab. METHODS: All patients (n=118) were treated with natalizumab and were tested for vitamin D ...
Yamout Bassem - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mean and standard deviation (SD) of the contact quotient (CQ) of the sustained vowels ([a] and [e]) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients versus controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine subjects (24 patients and 15 controls) participated in this study. Laryngeal electroglottography was performed ...
Reuß Reinhard - - 2013
Objective: To elucidate the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor signal transduction in multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the gene expression of TRAF2 (TNF receptor-associated factor 2) and RIP (receptor-interacting protein) in peripheral blood leukocytes of 23 relapsing-remitting (RR), 19 secondary progressive (SP) and ...
Yokote Hiroaki - - 2013
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is known to promote the development of T helper 17 cells (Th17) and can be a critical mediator of disease pathogenesis. We analyzed SAA levels in 40 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and related disorders, and 10 with non-inflammatory neurological disease (NIND) as controls. We found ...
Gajofatto A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Initial demyelinating event (IDE) diagnosis and prognosis are not straightforward. OBJECTIVE: To identify potential diagnostic markers and outcome predictors of IDEs suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS), that is, clinically isolated syndromes (CISs). METHODS: Clinically isolated syndrome cases (i.e., subjects with an IDE compatible with MS onset and no alternative ...
Stangel Martin - - 2013
Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) requires the exclusion of other possible diagnoses. For this reason, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) should be routinely analysed in patients with a first clinical event suggestive of MS. CSF analysis is no longer mandatory for diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS, as long as MRI diagnostic criteria ...
Kuhle Jens - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of reliable biomarkers of axonal degeneration. Neurofilaments are promising candidates to fulfil this task. We compared two highly sensitive assays to measure two subunits of the neurofilament protein (neurofilament light (NfL) and neurofilament heavy chain (NfH)). METHODS: We evaluated the analytical and clinical performance of ...
Comini-Frota Elizabeth Regina - - 2013
Recent reports on the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) have described discrepancies between the rates in cities in the northeastern and southeastern regions of Brazil, representing a north-south gradient. European immigrants settled in southeastern and southern Brazil at the beginning of the twentieth century. In this study, we report the ...
Ashtari Fereshteh - - 2013
Uric acid (UA) is a hydrophilic antioxidant product associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). We conducted a randomized case-control study to evaluate the serum level of UA in different phases of MS in comparison with levels in a healthy control population. Serum UA was checked in 130 patients with relapsing-remitting MS ...
Pandit Lekha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent in India. The association between vitamin D status and multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been previously studied in Indians. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to determine whether vitamin D status is associated with MS in India. METHODS: In this study 110 ...
Fekih Mrissa Najiba - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease characterized by central nervous system (CNS) inflammation and demyelination of nerve axons. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and multiple sclerosis in Tunisian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Miller Elżbieta - - 2013
Oxidative stress plays a major role in multiple sclerosis (MS). Melatonin is a potent neuroprotectant. The aims of this study were to determine the actions of melatonin in the reduction of oxidative stress in MS. Therefore, we estimated lipid peroxidation and activities of main antioxidative enzymes in the red blood ...
Calabrese M - - 2013
BACKGROUND.: Clinical and neuroimaging parameters predictive of the changing clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) from relapsing remitting to secondary progressive have not been clarified yet. We specifically designed a prospective five-year longitudinal study aimed at assessing demographic, clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters that could predict the changing ...
Jasse Laurence - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients the prevalence of persistent complaints of visual disturbances and the mechanisms and resulting functional disability of persistent visual complaints (PVCs). METHODS: Firstly, the prevalence of PVCs was calculated in 303 MS patients. MS-related data of patients ...
Gu Wenlong - - 2013
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is prevalent and widely proved as a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in general population. However, there was no large sample study concerning MS in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We aimed to study the prevalence, risk factors ...
De-He Wang - - 2013
Objective To explore the potential decrease of serum erythropoietin (EPO) level in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) complicated with anemia. Methods The serum EPO levels were detected in the patients with MS complicated with anemia (MS group, n=31), patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA group, n=33), and healthy subjects (normal ...
Taveira Fernanda Machado - - 2013
The present study aimed at evaluating respiratory parameters in multiple sclerosis (MS). The sample comprised 30 patients with MS diagnosis and 30 healthy subjects, matched by gender and age. Neurological assessment, expanded disability status scale (EDSS), manovacuometry, and peak flow (PEF) were performed. Patients with MS had lower values of ...
Najafi Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Epilepsy is more common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) than in the general population, occurring in 2-3% of patients. Convulsions may be either tonic-clonic in nature or partial complex. In these individuals, seizures most likely result from lesions present in the cerebral cortex and subcortical white matter. A Jacksonian ...
Shaygannejad Vahid - - 2013
To evaluate seizure characteristic among multiple sclerosis patients with coexistent seizure activity compared to control group. This study is a cross-sectional study which was conducted by reviewing the clinical records of patients with definite diagnosis of MS according to McDonald's criteria from March 2007 to June 2011, who referred to ...
Frau J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is an infectious factor recently found in association with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Sardinia. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to confirm this association and evaluate its role in clinical features. METHODS: A total of 436 patients and 264 healthy controls (HCs) were ...
Dobson Ruth - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Oligoclonal bands (OCBs) unique to the cerebrospinal fluid are used in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The precise prevalence of OCBs in MS and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) is unknown. The influence of OCBs on clinical outcomes has not been quantified. OCB prevalence has been associated with latitude ...
Kim Su-Hyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asia is thought to have different clinical characteristics from MS in Western countries; however, previous studies in Asia were performed without properly differentiating neuromyelitis optica (NMO) from MS. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of MS in Korea after careful exclusion of potential explanations other ...
Lanzillo Roberta - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical relevance of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy controls using extra- and intracranial colour Doppler sonography. METHODS: We examined 146 MS patients, presenting with a clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting, secondary progressive, or primary ...
Patrucco L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The International Panel on Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis has proposed new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). We aimed to evaluate these new criteria in a cohort of patients from Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: Patients with ...
Imperiale Daniele - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) and cerebral venous anomalies in a consecutive series of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), other neurologic diseases (NEU) and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: A consecutive series of 80 MS patients, 41 HC and 40 NEU cases underwent a transcranial ...
Taş Ahmet - - 2013
Aim To explore amplitude and latency-check size function in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients without optic neuritis history. Methods Thirty-six MS patients and 21 control subjects were included. Pattern visual evoked responses to ive check sizes (2°, 1°, 30', 15', and 7') were recorded. Results P100 amplitudes were signiicantly reduced in ...
Gabelić Tereza - - 2013
: The aim of this study was to evaluate latencies and corrected p13-n23 cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) and n10-p13 ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) amplitudes in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). : This was a prospective, case-control study. Thirty patients with MS and 15 healthy ...
Macatrão-Costa Milena Frota - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several mechanisms may be involved in the trigger of syncope in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), including hemodynamic collapses that might be related to an autonomic imbalance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the autonomic function of patients presenting HCM with unexplained syncope (US) to those without syncope. METHODS: Thirty-seven ...
Khanna Roopali - - 2013
Background & objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an important determinant of cardiovascular (CV) risk. Framingham Risk Scores (FRS) often underestimate the CV risk in Asians, younger patients and those with MS. Asians often develop coronary artery disease (CAD) at a younger age and also have a high prevalence of MS. ...
McAuliffe W - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Stenosis of the internal jugular, azygos, and other veins detected by using intracranial and neck Doppler and B-mode sonography and confirmed by venography has been reported in MS with a high degree of sensitivity. This article reports the results of sonographic findings in patients with MS and controls, ...
Comi Giancarlo - - 2013
Chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a "congenital malformation" implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, numerous studies failed to confirm its presence in MS patients. This paper presents the rationale, design, and methodology adopted in the CoSMo study, conducted with the aim of verifying ...
Fletcher Sophie G - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to determine the prevalence of renal ultrasound (RUS) abnormalities over time in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: Data were examined retrospectively from MS patients with LUTS, from 2000-2009. Study inclusion requirements were both baseline urodynamics (UD) and RUS data, with ...
Kim Sung-Min - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the utility of aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4-Ab) in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). METHODS: The clinical and radiological characteristics of 78 patients with NMOSD and 22 with multiple sclerosis (MS), who were tested for AQP4-Ab by a cell-based assay, were assessed. RESULTS: The ...
Pauwels Ine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest an association between rare variants in Mediterranean fever (MEFV), the gene underlying the auto-inflammatory disorder Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), the risk to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) and severity of MS. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate these findings in a Belgian MS population ...
Li Y Y Clinical laboratory, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, - - 2013
Early serum detection is of critical importance to improve the therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most deadly cancers. Hepatitis infection is a leading cause of HCC. In the present study, we collected total serum samples with informed consent from 80 HCC patients with HBV (+)/cirrhosis (+), 80 ...
Klaas James P JP Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2013
To review descriptions of paroxysmal dysarthria and ataxia in multiple sclerosis (MS), with special attention given to Parker and his 1946 case series. Evaluation of original publications describing paroxysmal dysarthria and ataxia, bibliographic information, writings, and unpublished letters from the Mayo Clinic Historical Unit. In 1940, Störring described a patient ...
Marousi S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on Natalizumab (NAT) have shown increased circulation of most white blood cells (WBC) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients shortly after its introduction. AIM: To describe peripheral immune cell phenotypes after more than 2 years of continuous NAT therapy and test for associations with clinical response to therapy. METHODS: ...
Alroughani R - - 2013
Abstract Background: Chronic Cerebro-Spinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed to be associated with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Zamboni et al reported significant improvement in neurological outcomes in MS patients who underwent Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA). Objectives: To retrospectively evaluate the neurological outcomes in MS patients who underwent PTA. Method: Relapsing remitting ...
Pandit Lekha - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) seroprevalence is high from early childhood in Indian populations, though multiple sclerosis (MS) is uncommon. The present study aims to evaluate the association of EBV infection with MS in Indian patients. METHOD: In this study 140 MS patients and equal number of matched controls were included. ...
Martínez-Lapiscina E H - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported an increased risk for epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, data on the pathogenesis of seizures remain inconclusive. The aim of our study is to evaluate prevalence, clinical and paraclinical features of epileptic attacks in our MS cohort and to search MS-specific risk ...
Liu S-Y - - 2013
Our objective was to determine metabolic syndrome (MS) prevalence in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to investigate the conditions that contribute to its development. 116 patients with SLE classified according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria, and 115 controls were enrolled. MS was defined ...
Shaygannejad Vahid - - 2013
To determine the short-term safety of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone in acute attacks of multiple sclerosis (MS). In a prospective study, we evaluated the patients with MS who received high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone for acute attacks. By repeated physical and laboratory examinations and history taking, patients were assessed for adverse effects that ...
Hagemeier Jesper - - 2013
The association between clinical outcomes and abnormal susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)-filtered phase, indicative of increased iron content, as well as atrophy, was investigated in the subcortical deep-gray matter (SDGM) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. 149 relapsing-remitting (RR) and 61 secondary-progressive (SP) MS patients underwent SWI on a 3T scanner. Mean phase ...
Kubicka Katarzyna - - 2013
Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of 25(OH)D3 and the indices of calcium and phosphorus metabolism at different times of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). The relationships between the concentrations of 25(OH)D3 and the indices of calcium-phosphate metabolism were determined, depending on the duration ...
Bove Riley - - 2013
To assess the potential of an online platform, PatientsLikeMe.com (PLM), for research in multiple sclerosis (MS). An investigation of the role of body mass index (BMI) on MS disease course was conducted to illustrate the utility of the platform. First, we compared the demographic characteristics of subjects from PLM and ...
Ramroodi Nourollah - - 2013
Background. Recently, it has been suggested that human herpes virus 6 (HHV6) may play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Our purpose is to determine the incidence of reactivated HHV6 in MS patients. Methods. Viral sequence analyzed by qPCR in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), serum, ...
Brum Doralina Guimarães - - 2013
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is considered relatively more common in non-Whites, whereas multiple sclerosis (MS) presents a high prevalence rate, particularly in Whites from Western countries populations. However, no study has used ancestry informative markers (AIMs) to estimate the genetic ancestry contribution to NMO patients. Twelve AIMs were selected based on ...
Prüss Harald - - 2013
The severity and longevity of inflammation is controlled by endogenous counter-regulatory signals. Among them are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-derived lipid mediators, which promote the resolution of inflammation, an active process for returning to tissue homeostasis. To determine whether endogenous production of lipid-derived resolution agonists is regulated differentially in patients ...
Miranda-Grajales Hector - - 2013
It has been proposed that some deaths attributed to methadone are related to prolongation of the QTc interval; however, there are no clear recommendations on electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in patients undergoing intravenous methadone infusion. This is a report on a patient receiving methadone intravenous patient-controlled analgesia titration for the treatment ...
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