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Senel Makbule M Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, - - 2014
Oligoclonal bands (OCB) are the most widely used CSF test to support the diagnosis of MS and to predict conversion of clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to multiple sclerosis (MS). Since OCB tests are based on non-quantitative and difficult to standardise techniques, measurement of immunoglobulin kappa free light chains (KFLC) may ...
Yoshimura Satoshi S Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Abnormal intrathecal synthesis of IgG, reflected by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal IgG bands (OBs) and increased IgG index, is much less frequently observed in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS) cohorts compared with Western cohorts. We aimed to clarify whether genetic and common infectious backgrounds influence CSF IgG abnormality in Japanese MS ...
Tortorella Paola P Unit of Motor Neurorehabilitation, Multiple Sclerosis Center, Fondazione Don Gnocchi, IRCCS Santa Maria Nascente, Via Capecelatro 66, 20148 Milan, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by a wide interpatient clinical variability and available biomarkers of disease severity still have suboptimal reliability. We aimed to assess immunological and MRI-derived measures of brain tissue damage in patients with different motor impairment degrees, for in vivo investigating the pathogenesis of MS-related disability. Twenty-two ...
Servillo G G Department of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, 34100 Trieste, Italy ; Service de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Caremeau, 30029 Nîmes, - - 2014
Background/Aims. Ocular motor disorders (OMDs) are a common feature of multiple sclerosis (MS). In clinical practice, if not reported by patients, OMDs are often underdiagnosed and their prevalence is underestimated. Methods. We studied 163 patients (125 women, 76.7%, 38 men, 23.3%; median age 45.0 years; median disease duration 10 years; ...
Imura Satoru - - 2014
This study was carried out to clarify the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in patients without viral infection and to confirm the influence of metabolic syndrome (MS) on characteristics in HCC patients. Two hundred and thirty-three hepatectomized HCC patients were enrolled. The status of the hepatitis viral infection ...
Kuračka Lubomír L Institute of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, 811 08 Bratislava, - - 2014
In the pathogenesis of demyelinating diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS) an important role is played by oxidative stress. Increased energy requirements during remyelination of axons and mitochondria failure is one of the causes of axonal degeneration and disability in MS. In this context, we analyzed to what extent the increase ...
Wang Kai-Chen KC Department of Neurology, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; National Yang-Ming University, School of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Interferon-beta (IFN-β) treatment may not be effective in neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Whether the poor response to IFN-β is related to long spinal cord lesions (LSCL) or the NMO disease entity itself is unclear. We evaluated the spinal cord involvement of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and NMO, as well as ...
Stilund Morten M Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark; Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, - - 2014
Soluble CD163 (sCD163) is a macrophage specific protein known to be up-regulated in serum from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To investigate sCD163 in serum and CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) from patients undergoing MS diagnostic work-up and analyse its potential as a diagnostic biomarker. After a full MS diagnostic work-up, including ...
Unal Mustafa M Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Background Metabolic syndrome (MS) has become a pandemic in Turkey, as is the case globally. Increase in carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and erectile dysfunction (ED) may be evident before the clinical signs of cardiovascular disease appear. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of increased CIMT and ED as markers ...
Adli Oussama El Yazami Oel Y Department of Urology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common neuroinflammatory disease of the central nervous system and a leading cause of disability in young adults. Symptoms related to vesicourethral dysfunction are very prevalent, but not specific to underlying urodynamic abnormalities. Detrusor overactivity and detrusor external sphincter dysynergia are the most frequent findings ...
Gordon Lynn K LK Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, is more commonly seen in women. It has been associated with both anterior and intermediate uveitis as well as retinal vasculitis. Ocular inflammation may develop concurrent with, prior to, or after the development of neurologic signs and symptoms. Patients ...
Vijayasarathi Arvind A Emory University Hospital Radiology, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2014
Background. Our goal was to compare the carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT) of untreated pediatric patients with metabolic syndrome (MS), heterozygous familial hyperlipidemia (heFH), and MS+heFH against one another and against a control group consisting of healthy, normal body habitus children. Methods. Our population consisted of untreated pediatric patients (ages 5-20 yrs) ...
Mandia Daniele D Interdepartmental Research Center for Multiple Sclerosis (CRISM), C. Mondino National Neurological Institute, Pavia 27100, Italy. - - 2014
Growing evidence suggests that environmental factors play a key role in the onset of multiple sclerosis (MS). This study was conducted to examine whether environmental factors may also be associated with the evolution of the disease. We collected data on smoking habits, sunlight exposure and diet (particularly consumption of vitamin ...
Balantrapu Swathi S Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 231 Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2014
Background. Spasticity of the legs is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but there has been limited research examining its association with ambulatory outcomes. Objective. This study examined spasticity of the legs and its association with multiple measures of ambulation in persons with MS. Methods. The sample included 84 patients with ...
Cavallari Michele M Center for Neurological Imaging, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America; Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Salute Mentale e Organi di Senso (NESMOS), Università La Sapienza, Rome, - - 2014
Grey matter (GM) damage is a clinically relevant feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) that has been previously assessed with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Fractional anisotropy (FA) of the basal ganglia and thalamus might be increased in MS patients, and correlates with disability scores. Despite the established role of the striatum ...
Serbecic Nermin N Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria ; Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg , Mannheim , - - 2014
Recent studies investigating the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have resulted in wide-ranging and often contradictory outcomes. This is mainly due to the complex etiology and heterogeneity of MS, physiological variations in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and/or total macular volume (TMV), and ...
Tonelli Adriano R AR Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland, - - 2013
Scarce information exits on the electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients close to their death and whether observed abnormalities progress from the time of PAH diagnosis. We analyzed the characteristics of the ECG performed at initial diagnosis, during the course of the disease and close to the ...
Fernández-Jaén Alberto A Department of Neuropediatrics, Hospital Universitario Quirón, Madrid, Spain; Department of Neurology, Hospital Universitario Quirón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with a low incidence in the paediatric population; cortical atrophy is often striking, even in the early stages of the disease. Evidence of cortical thinning in childhood MS is scant. This study aimed to assess cortical thickness ...
Maillart Elisabeth E APHP, Hôpital Pitié Salpêtrière, - - 2013
We report two cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Severe MS relapses occurred between four and five months after natalizumab discontinuation. After failure of immunomodulatory treatment, both patients were treated with fingolimod. The outcome was positive on clinical and MRI disease activity, without worsening of ...
Morote J J Servicio de Urología, Hospital Vall d́Hebron, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2013
Cardiovascular mortality is the leading cause of death in patients with prostate cancer (PC), metabolic syndrome (MS) being related to it. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MS in patients with CP undergoing androgen suppression (AS). We performed a retrospective study of cases and ...
Bakalidou Daphne D Department of Physiotherapy, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, 24 Mitrodorou Street, 10441 AK. Platonos, Athens, Greece; Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2013
Fatigue limits daily functioning of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and has a severe impact on their quality of life. Fatigue is considered a result of biological, psychological and environmental factors. This study investigated the effect of the ambient temperature on the levels of fatigue during each season of the ...
Huppke B B Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Neurology, University Medical Center, Georg August University Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) onset before puberty is extremely rare and establishment of diagnosis is often difficult due to atypical presentation. The study aims to identify the typical presentation of MS in this age group. Pediatric MS patients were identified from the database of the Center for Multiple Sclerosis in Childhood ...
Cappellani R R Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center, and Jacobs Neurological Institute, Department of Neurology, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York; and Department GF Ingrassia, Section of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Catania, - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The association between subcortical deep gray matter, white matter, and cortical pathology is not well understood in MS. The aim of this study was to use DTI to investigate the subcortical deep gray matter alterations and their relationship with lesion burden, white matter, and cortical atrophy in patients ...
Thomson Benjamin K A BK From the *London Health Sciences Centre and Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; †Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; ‡Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, The Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada; and §Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2013
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains the leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. We performed a retrospective electrocardiograph (ECG) and chart review to determine whether hemodialysis modality, frequency, or duration could predict change in ECG parameters associated with SCD. Frequent nocturnal hemodialysis was associated with an improvement in Tpeak to ...
Zéphir Hélène - - 2013
An association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to compare the disease course of patients with both MS and IBD with that of patients with isolated MS or isolated IBD. Sixty-six MS-IBD patients were identified and were matched ...
Cramer S P SP Functional Imaging Unit, Dept. of Diagnostics, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark ; Dept. of Neurology, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability is disrupted in normal appearing white matter in MS patients, when compared to healthy controls and whether it is correlated with MS clinical characteristics. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was used to measure BBB permeability in 27 patients with MS and compared to 24 matched ...
Conforti Renata - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess differences in the presence, size, number and site of dilated cerebral Virchow-Robin spaces (VRSd) between patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in the inactive phase and healthy controls, and between MS patients with disabling (MSd) or nondisabling (MSnd) disease. The study was performed ...
Bakalidou Daphne - - 2013
The study provided validity and reliability evidence of the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in Greek patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The FSS was administered to 72 MS patients, without co morbid fatigue and 75 matched paired controls with respect to gender and age. Both groups responded to the FSS, SF-36v2, ...
Kennedy Patricia - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive inflammatory disease with several possible clinical courses; before the development of definite MS, some patients may have clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), which is a single attack of neurological symptoms caused by inflammation or demyelination. Disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) have been extensively used for the management ...
Salinas María Jezabel Haye - - 2013
The increased mortality reported among patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been attributed to cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as dyslipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. There is a lack of reporting on the prevalence of MS in RA patients ...
Fenoglio Chiara - - 2013
Emerging evidence underlines the importance of micro(mi)RNAs in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Free-circulating miRNAs were investigated in serum from MS patients compared to controls. Statistically significant decreased levels of miR-15b, miR-23a and miR-223 were observed in MS patients (p < 0.05). Results were validated and replicated in two ...
Jazi Mohammad Hashemi - - 2013
The underlying mechanisms of the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remained unclear. We investigated P wave parameters as indicators of atrial conduction status among OSA patients. We studied 42 untreated OSA patients, categorized into mild (6), moderate (18), and severe (18) OSA based on the ...
Uyar M E - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome (MS) components, such as dyslipidemia, prothrombotic status, and increased blood pressure, are risk factors for patients with renal disease. Visceral fat mass is closely related to the MS and atherosclerosis. We investigated the effects of body compositions and MS on anemia parameters and recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) ...
Adamec Ivan I University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Neurology, Referral Center for Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System, Zagreb, - - 2013
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for multiple sclerosis (MS) recommend the time from initial presentation to first neurological evaluation to be no longer than 6 weeks, and a further 6 weeks until any necessary investigations are completed. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Adamec Ivan I University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Neurology, Refferal Center for Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of neurological disability in young adults. Since the pathophysiology of MS is characterized by dissemination in space, as well as in time, the autonomic nervous system is inevitably damaged in the course of the disease in many patients and the proportion of affected ...
Bayir Pinar Türker PT Dept. of Cardiology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment is widely used to determine significance of intermediate coronary lesions. Previously, components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) which may affect FFR validity were not tested cumulatively. In this study, we investigate the possible effect of MS on FFR assessment. We retrospectively evaluated 178 consecutive patients ...
Nakahara Shiro - - 2013
Linear left atrial (LA) ablation in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF) resulting in the elimination of most complex fractionated electrogram (CFE) sites has been demonstrated. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of a localized CFE ablation in addition to a representative linear LA ablation in patients with ...
Tejera-Alhambra Marta M Department of Immunology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Doctor Esquerdo 46, 28007 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a prototypic Th1/Th17 chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4 or CD26) is a multifunctional molecule involved in autoimmune diseases' pathophysiology. We sought to integrate disparate pieces of data and analyze the plasma levels of sDPP4, DPP activity and DPP4 surface ...
Zare Nasrin N Deparment of Immunology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Treatment with interferon beta (IFN-β) induces the production of binding antibodies (BAbs) and neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). NAbs against IFN-β are associated with a loss of IFN-β bioactivity and decreased clinical efficacy of the drug. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence ...
Salvatore Serena - - 2013
To evaluate dark-adapted retinal sensitivity in patients with Stargardt disease (STGD1) using a modified MP-1 microperimeter and to compare the sensitivity loss with structural changes observed using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope infrared imaging. Twelve STGD1 patients and 10 normally sighted controls participated. Dark-adapted mean ...
Ali En - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to investigate the pattern of abnormalities and establish the diagnostic power of multifocal objective pupil perimetry (mfPOP) in multiple sclerosis (MS). A prospective study enrolling 35 normal (47.9 ± 16.8 years, 22 females) and 85 MS subjects (49.8 ± 11.3 years, 62 females; 72 ...
Ruck T - - 2013
Dalfampridine is the extended-release formulation of 4-aminopyridine and is approved for the symptomatic treatment of impaired mobility in patients with multiple sclerosis. Our aim was to examine the short- and long-term effects of treatment with dalfampridine on motoric and cognitive assessment parameters of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients over 9-12months. Fifty-two ...
Tabrizi Yousef Moghadas - - 2013
Motor imagery (MI) has been recently considered as an adjunct to physical rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is necessary to assess MI abilities and benefits in patients with MS by using a reliable tool. The Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ) was recently developed to assess MI ...
Floreani Annarosa - - 2013
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterized by a long natural history and a low incidence of cardiovascular events despite high serum cholesterol levels. The role of any metabolic conditions (obesity, hypertension, diabetes) in association with PBC has not been analyzed, however. AIM:: To assess the influence of metabolic syndrome (MS) ...
Yang Dan - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease that is caused by an abnormal immune system that attacks the central nervous system. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play essential roles in the immune system. Most of the previous studies about miRNA dysregulation in MS have focused on European populations. ...
Tu Chengjian - - 2013
Proteomic analysis of bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid (BALF) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients may provide new biomarkers and deeper understanding of the disease mechanisms but remains challenging. Here we describe an ion-current-based strategy for comparative analysis of BALF proteomes from patients with moderate and stable COPD vs. healthy controls. The strategy ...
Thomson B K A - - 2013
Background: Nephrologists need effective screening tools to identify hemodialysis patients at elevated risk for sudden cardiac death, the leading cause of death in this population. QTc intervals longer than 450 ms in males and 470 ms in females, measured by the gold standard tangent method (trueQTc), are prolonged and increase ...
Markowitz Clyde E CE - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic but incurable disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that is often diagnosed in the second or third decade of life. It is more common among women than men, significantly impairs patient quality of life, and is associated with substantial costs to patients, healthcare ...
Salah Ahmed - - 2013
P-wave indices are appealing markers for predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences post ablation. This study evaluates the value of P wave indices to predict recurrences post pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with paroxysmal AF. We selected 198 patients (57 ± 8 years, 150 males) with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal AF ...
Pulimamidi Vinay Kumar VK M. Sc., Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research , Puducherry, India - - 2013
Rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) causes stagnation of blood flow, leading to thrombus formation in the left atrium (LA), which may lead to systemic thromboembolic complications. We compared alterations in circulating levels of pro-/anti-oxidants and markers of inflammation in patients of severe rheumatic MS with and without LA thrombus and studied ...
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