Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1642
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Rokas S - - 1999
Considering the electrophysiologic study as a reference, the RR interval distribution analysis is a sensitive (88%) and specific (80%) noninvasive method for detecting dual atrioventricular (AV) node physiology. This method may prove useful in selecting patients with atrial fibrillation who are considered appropriate candidates for radiofrequency modification of AV nodal ...
Simantirakis E N - - 1999
The aim of this study was to examine whether DDD pacing affects time-domain indexes of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). We studied 11 patients (7 men, age 52 +/- 8 years) with HOCM refractory to drugs. In all patients a DDD pacemaker was implanted ...
Dobelle W H - - 1999
To suppress intractable neurologic hiccups that were unresponsive to pharmacologic management, seven patients have been implanted with modern breathing pacemakers of our design and manufacture. These devices control excursions of the diaphragm by electrical stimulation of the phrenic nerve. The first five patients have been able to control their hiccups ...
Geller J C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and origin of T-wave changes after ablation of an accessory atrioventricular connection (AC), which could either be a sign of damage to the coronary circulation or a result of persistent abnormal repolarization secondary to previously abnormal ventricular activation ("cardiac ...
Sparks P B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Tachycardia-mediated mechanical remodeling of the atrium is considered central to the pathogenesis of thromboembolism associated with chronic atrial fibrillation. Whether atrial mechanical remodeling also occurs in response to atrial stretch induced by chronic asynchronous ventricular pacing in patients with permanent pacemakers is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study design ...
Bellocci F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: While the haemodynamic benefits of DDDR pacing compared with DDD pacing in patients with brady-tachy syndrome and chronotropic incompetence (CI) are well demonstrated, the antiarrhythmic advantage is controversial and so far not clearly demonstrated. AIM: We have performed a prospective, randomized, multicentre study to evaluate the efficacy of DDDR ...
Alkoutami G S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress testing in conjunction with radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging may be used in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and risk assessment. Adenosine can cause atrioventricular nodal (AV) block during infusion. In this study, we evaluated whether patients with baseline first-degree AV block could safely undergo adenosine stress ...
Karpawich P P - - 1999
Previous studies have demonstrated that right ventricular apical pacing inherently alters ventricular contraction, regional blood flow, wall stress, and predisposes to diminished function. However, histological consequences of chronic apical pacing potentially contributing to the observed ventricular dysfunction remain conjectural. Previous canine studies have demonstrated histopathological cellular abnormalities with apically initiated ...
Lai L P - - 1999
General anesthesia is sometimes required during radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of various tachyarrhythmias because of an anticipated prolonged procedure and the need to ensure stability during critical ablation. In this study, we examine the feasibility of using propofol anesthesia for RFCA procedure. There were 150 patients (78 male, 72 female; ...
Lukl J - - 1999
This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence and significance of chronotropic incompetence in 211 patients [age 71.1 6 10.6 years (mean 6 SD)] by means of maximum exercise test in order to determine the indication for rate-responsive pacing before primary pacemaker implantation (147 patients) or pacemaker replacement (64 ...
Gauss A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Complete heart block is dreaded perioperatively in patients with chronic bifascicular or left bundle branch block (LBBB) and additional first-degree A-V block. Our aim was to investigate the necessity as well as the efficacy and safety of transcutaneous pacing in the perioperative setting. METHODS: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with asymptomatic ...
Mandel WJ - - 1999
Sinus node dysfunction is a common entity with significant clinical implications. Establishing a diagnosis may, on occasion, tax the skills of the clinician. Many causes have been cited, but no single factor appears to be established. Immunologic abnormalities may play a part in the etiologic process. Clinical invasive electrophysiology studies ...
Weiss C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Previous retrospective studies could find a predominant incidence of coronary sinus (CS) anomalies in patients with accessory pathways and a characteristic anatomy of the CS ostium in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardias (AVNRT). HYPOTHESIS: In the present prospective study, CS angiograms were prospectively performed to analyze the incidence ...
Campbell R M - - 1999
Continued miniaturization of permanent pacing systems has promoted use of this technology in younger and smaller pediatric patients. Intermedics ThinLine 438-10 active fixation pacing leads (4.5 Fr lead body) were implanted in 26 patients (17 males/9 females; 9.9 +/- 6.9 years). Twenty of 26 patients received dual chamber systems, 6 ...
Welch P J - - 1999
It is apparent that pacing threshold increases following an ICD shock, although the degree of change observed is dependent on the method used to assess pacing and the lead design used. We previously demonstrated a rise in postshock pacing threshold using a lead with integrated bipolar pacing in which the ...
Bogun F - - 1999
Electrocardiograms of 37 consecutive patients with minimal preexcitation (i.e., PR >120 ms, QRS <120 ms) were compared before and after ablation with electrocardiograms of 37 age-matched patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. The presence of a septal Q wave could be used to exclude minimal preexcitation with a high degree ...
Girard S E - - 1999
The His bundle electrogram recorded at electrophysiologic study clearly differentiates atrioventricular (AV) node disease from distal conduction system disease. The distal conduction system may be tested further by infusing procainamide (10-15 mg/kg) intravenously. High-grade distal AV block or prolongation of the HV interval <80 ms was defined as an abnormal ...
Rodríguez E V - - 1999
Junctional ectopic tachycardia is an arrhythmia seen principally in infants and children, in adults it is even more rare and is difficult to treat with antiarrhythmic drugs and is associated with a poor prognosis. To our knowledge, there is not information about treatment with nonpharmacological methods in adults. We report ...
Sorbera C - - 1999
Two patients with symptomatic fast/slow pathway double responses were evaluated with electrophysiology studies. Chronic palpitations were resistant or worsened by medical therapy. No reentry tachycardias were induced. A nonreentrant paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia was documented. Radiofrequency ablation of the slow pathway was safely and successfully performed. Patients remain asymptomatic for 16-18 ...
Shah D C - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and outcome of cavotricuspid isthmus ablation guided by local electrogram-based criteria of linear block were prospectively assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 40-consecutive patients (age 65+/-11 years) with typical right atrial (RA) flutter (cycle length = 255+/-31 msec), radiofrequency (RF) energy was delivered at electrograms in the isthmus ...
Fodor J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The value of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) of the axilla and supraclavicular fossa is controversial in early-stage breast cancer. This retrospective study was undertaken to identify pathological risk factors that would predict which subsets of patients would benefit from regional nodal irradiation (RNI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of ...
Cuschieri A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Radiofrequency (RF) thermal ablation has been applied almost exclusively through the percutaneous approach under radiological/external ultrasound guidance. We have embarked on a programme of laparoscopic ultrasound-guided RF ablation of hepatic tumours in view of the potential advantages of this approach, i. e. reduced heat sink effect, ...
Teo W S - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac tachyarrhythmias present as supraventricular or ventricular tachycardia. Catheter ablation has completely revolutionised the treatment of patients with these arrhythmias. METHOD: We reviewed the experience of radiofrequency catheter ablation in a single centre. RESULTS: A total of 1,022 patients underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation from October 1991-December 1997. There were ...
Nielsen J C - - 1999
AIM: Most patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and normal atrioventricular (AV) conduction receive dual chamber (DDDR) pacemakers. Programming a long AV delay has been proposed to avoid ventricular pacing. The present study aimed to evaluate ventricular stimulation in SSS patients with DDDR pacemakers with a long AV delay. METHODS ...
Markowitz S M - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The effects of adenosine on atrial tachycardia (AT) remain controversial, and the mechanistic implications of adenosine termination have not been fully established. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the differential effects of adenosine on focal and macroreentrant AT and describe the characteristics of adenosine-sensitive AT. METHODS AND ...
Glatter K A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We correlated the electrophysiologic (EP) effects of adenosine with tachycardia mechanisms in patients with supraventricular tachycardias (SVT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Adenosine was administered to 229 patients with SVTs during EP study: atrioventricular (AV) reentry (AVRT; n=59), typical atrioventricular node reentry (AVNRT; n=82), atypical AVNRT (n=13), permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia ...
Kuga K - - 1999
Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) associated with the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, sometimes terminates spontaneously, generally sustains and eventually becomes drug resistant. Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic drug that is sometimes effective in patients with AVRT which is resistant to conventional antiarrhythmic drugs. However, systematic studies concerning the effects of amiodarone on ...
Gadler F - - 1999
Atrioventricular (AV) synchronous pacing reduces left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction and symptoms in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). The duration of gradient reduction, if pacing is discontinued for a prolonged period of time, is unknown. This question is addressed in the present randomized double-blind crossover study comparing continued ...
Teragaki M - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to examine the histopathological findings of right ventricular endomyocardial biopsies from ten patients less than 60 years of age (47 +/- 9.8 (mean +/- SD) years) with documented atrioventricular block but without apparent heart disease. They underwent electrophysiological testing, echocardiography, coronary angiography, and right ...
Lauck G - - 1999
Ectopic activity originating in the right ventricular outflow tract is a frequent finding and may result in severe symptoms such as dyspnea, palpitations, and lack of physical capacity correlated with a low cardiac output. In 12 consecutive symptomatic and drug refractory patients, we performed a study with intracardiac mapping and ...
Uchida F - - 1998
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) has been shown to result in local parasympathetic denervation. The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between RF cumulative energy and parasympathetic denervation at three different ablation sites. METHODS: 45 patients who underwent RF ablation of 36 AV reentrant ...
Laforêt P - - 1998
In a series of 100 patients exhibiting clinical and molecular features of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD), five patients had conduction defects or arrhythmia in the absence of cardiovascular risk factors--namely, intraventricular conduction delay and supraventricular arrhythmia induced by electrophysiologic investigations (two patients), palpitations associated with supraventricular arrhythmia (one patient), severe ...
Altun A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Advanced atrioventricular (AV) block is a frequent complication in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction (AIMI). This conduction abnormality is associated with narrow QRS complex in conducted or junctional escape beats, suggesting that the site of block is the AV node; however, its pathophysiology has not been properly established. ...
Donahue J K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Adenosine is an established first line therapy for the treatment of narrow complex tachycardias. The two most common etiologies of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) are atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT). HYPOTHESIS: We postulated that adenosine might have different effects on the termination of AVNRT ...
Clarke K W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and cost effectiveness of single chamber atrial pacing in patients with sinus node disease. DESIGN: Retrospective follow up study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: 81 patients with single chamber atrial pacemakers implanted between 1992 and 1996. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The development of high grade atrioventricular ...
Andersen H R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that patients with sick sinus syndrome have an increased risk of developing AV block, but this has never been assessed prospectively. The aim of the present study was to evaluate in a prospective trial AV conduction during the long-term follow-up of patients with sick sinus ...
Allen M R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular function in patients with right bundle branch block is variable and depends on the population under study. This study assessed the implications of right bundle branch block for the estimation of resting left ventricular function in patients with right bundle branch and suspected coronary artery disease. METHODS ...
Wu M H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the prevalence and mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia in patients with right atrial isomerism. BACKGROUND: Paired SA and dual atrioventricular (AV) nodes have been described in patients with right atrial isomerism. However, the clinical significance remains unclear. METHODS: From 1987 to 1996, a total of 101 patients (61 ...
Souza J J - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that the fast pathway is more responsive to adenosine than the slow pathway in patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. Little information is available regarding the effect of adenosine on anterograde and retrograde fast pathway conduction. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of adenosine on anterograde ...
Belhassen B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) represents the most commonly encountered type of regular paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. This study determined whether administration of adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) during sinus rhythm may be useful in the noninvasive diagnosis of dual AV nodal pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS: During electrophysiological study, we intravenously administered incremental ...
Cossú S F - - 1998
Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias occur quite commonly and are now evaluated more often because of technological advances in the field of electrophysiology. Arrhythmias that involve the sinus node, namely, the syndrome of inappropriate sinus tachycardia and sinus node reentry, are rare. Because of their origin in the sinus node, the surface electrocardiogram ...
Takayanagi K - - 1998
We report on four elderly women in whom carbamazepine was suspected of inducing sinus node dysfunction (3 patients) and atrioventricular block (1 patient). Patients were treated with carbamazepine, 200 to 600 mg a day, for trigeminal neuralgia (n = 3) or epilepsy (n = 1). After 1 to 16 months ...
Rosenthal M E - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the incidence of noise detection during bradycardia pacing by an FDA approved hybrid nonthoracotomy ICD system. An illustrative case report which prompted this investigation is provided. Backup bradycardia pacing by tiered therapy cardioverter defibrillators has been useful in preventing postshock bradycardia ...
Pehrson Steen - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of conventional M-mode echocardiography in localizing the site of the accessory pathway in 21 patients with overt Wolff-Parkinson-White (W-P-W) syndrome during sinus rhythm (SR) and during transesophageal atrial stimulation (TAS). METHODS: The invasive electrophysiological study was used as a ...
Fishberger S B - - 1998
Adenosine has been demonstrated to reliably produce transient block of atrioventricular nodal (AVN) conduction, and has been advocated as a method of differentiating retrograde conduction via the atrioventricular node from accessory pathway conduction. However, the response of retrograde AVN to adenosine in patients with typical atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) ...
Reithmann C - - 1998
AIMS: This study aimed to clarify the safety and efficacy of selective fast pathway ablation in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and a prolonged PR interval during sinus rhythm. Such patients have been reported to have an increased incidence of complete atrioventricular block. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, ...
Lindinger A - - 1998
AIMS: Permanent junctional re-entry tachycardia is a relatively uncommon form of re-entry tachycardia with antegrade conduction occurring through the atrioventricular node and retrograde conduction over an accessory pathway usually located in the postero-septal region. It was the aim of the study to investigate the course of permanent junctional re-entry tachycardia ...
Hsiao H C - - 1998
Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a useful method for assessment of the activities of autonomic nervous system. The RR intervals in ECG is measured for this purpose. However, RR intervals are not suitable for HRV analysis in atrioventricular block (AV) block patients with ventricular inhibited (VVI) pacemaker, as the ...
Geelen P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of patients with paroxysmal palpitations and neck pounding during sinus rhythm. METHODS: Clinical, electrocardiographic, and electrophysiological characteristics of six patients with paroxysmal palpitations and neck pounding during sinus rhythm were studied in basal conditions and when symptomatic. Response to treatment was observed. ...
Lee T M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the possible role of transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of patients with clinical pacemaker syndrome. BACKGROUND: Several reports on transthoracic echocardiographic features of ventricular pacing were described; however, no previous study of transesophageal echocardiography has been undertaken in patients at the ...
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