Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1706
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Carminati Mario - - 2005
This study reports on experience with transcatheter closure of congenital ventricular septal defects (VSDs) with Amplatzer septal occluders. From January 2000 to April 2005, transcatheter Amplatzer device implantation was attempted in 122 patients with congenital VSD (30 with muscular, 87 with perimembranous, and 5 with residual postsurgical repair of conotruncal ...
Yip William C L - - 2005
Two patients with perimembranous ventricular septal defects (VSDs) and inlet extension have undergone uncomplicated transcatheter device closure using the Amplatzer membranous VSD device. Both patients developed complete heart block 2-4 days from the closure. Both patients responded well to high-dose intravenous therapy with steroids and high-dose oral anti-inflammatory aspirin. Both ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Both focal and macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (ATs) can occur after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We report the response to pacing and pharmacologic maneuvers performed in patients with stable focal ATs after segmental PV isolation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) are considered progressive diseases. Several rhythm control therapies for treatment of AT have been proposed. OBJECTIVES: The Italian AT500 Registry was designed to prospectively study long-term AT evolution in patients paced for the brady-tachy form of sinus node disease (BT-SND). METHODS: Three hundred forty-six BT-SND patients ...
Movahed Mohammad-Reza - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality. There is some evidence that third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block occurs more commonly in patients with DM. In this study, we evaluated any possible association between DM and third-degree AV block using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, ...
Kriebel Thomas - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Cryoenergy has evolved as a safe and effective alternative for ablation of arrhythmia substrates in adult patients. Due to two specific features, cryomapping and cryoadhesion, this technique appears very attractive for pediatric patients minimizing complications and fluoroscopy time. The aim of the study was to investigate efficacy and safety ...
Sathananthar Shanmugam - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of canine fossa puncture (CFP) with clearance of the maxillary sinus during endoscopic sinus surgery on the subjective and objective outcomes as defined by quality of life questionnaires, endoscopic findings, endoscopic aspirate for culture and sensitivity, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, ...
Whinnett Z I - - 2005
The large outcome studies of biventricular pacing to date have selected patients using electrocardiogram criteria (prolonged QRS and left bundle branch block morphology). However, 20-30% of patients do not appear to respond clinically, and as a result there has been much interest in developing more specific methods of detecting mechanical ...
Ramirez Jason G - - 2005
A patient with unrecognized atypical pseudocholinesterase was given succinylcholine and then vecuronium before neuromuscular monitoring was instituted. Subsequently, when neostigmine and glycopyrrolate were given to reverse what was thought to be a nondepolarizing block, the patient became further relaxed, and his trachea could not be extubated for more than 10 ...
Sukhija Rishi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: One study showed in 506 patients with automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICDs) that the mortality at 1-year follow-up was 6.5% with ventricular backup pacing at 40/minute (VVI-40) versus 10.1% in patients with dual-chamber rate responsive pacing at 70/minute (DDDR-70). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to determine all-cause mortality in ...
Hodge Jacqueline - - 2005
Percutaneous spinal blocks are diagnostic or therapeutic procedures designed to help the neurologist or orthopaedist in their evaluation of confounding low back and/or lower extremity pain. During the initial workup, nonspinal percutaneous blocks, such as hip or sacroiliac joint injection, may be necessary to exclude one of these sites as ...
Edwards N C - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chest radiographs (CXRs) are performed routinely after permanent pacemaker implantation to identify pacemaker lead position and exclude pneumothorax. We assessed the clinical value and need for this procedure. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of pacemaker data and CXRs following permanent pacemaker insertion between December 2002 and February 2004. MATERIALS ...
Kouris Nikos T - - 2005
A 30 year-old male patient with a history of Fabry's disease, was referred to hospital with symptoms of dizziness, hypotension and weakness. Fabry's disease had been diagnosed 2 years before, based on angiokeratoma and hypohidrosis on physical examination and complete lack of alpha-galactosidase A on laboratory examination. The ECG on ...
Bae Eun-Jung - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although supraventricular tachycardia in complex congenital heart disease (CHD) has been reported after surgical repair, its exact electrophysiologic identification has been limited to intraatrial reentrant tachycardia (IART). Moreover, junctional tachycardia (JT) has not previously been described as a cause of late postoperative arrhythmia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Since 1993, a ...
Lee Shih-Huang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Junctional rhythm (JR) is commonly observed during radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the slow pathway for atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia. However, the atrial activation pattern and conduction time from the His-bundle region to the atria recorded during JR in different types of AV nodal reentrant tachycardia have not been ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2005
Short A-V manheim fiber. INTRODUCTION: A short atrioventricular decrementally conducting accessory pathway is an uncommon variant of preexcitation. Available data from small series suggest that their decremental properties might not be caused by A-V nodal-like tissue. METHODS: We compared clinical, electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic parameters in two groups of patients: 8 ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2005
Upon standing from a supine position, the normal response is an increase in heart rate to maintain blood pressure (BP). In patients with chronotropic incompetence, heart rate may not increase upon standing, and they may experience orthostatic hypotension (OH). We evaluated a new orthostatic response (OSR) pacing algorithm that uses ...
Vlietstra Ronald E - - 2005
Half of all pacemakers implanted in the United States are for patients aged 75 years and older. The expectations and needs of an older group are different from patients who are younger, yet it is only recently that different pacing mode benefits for elderly persons have been tested in clinical ...
Takenaka Sou - - 2005
Accessory pathways (APs) that can only be ablated from the coronary sinus are likely to be located subepicardially. The electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiological characteristics as well as the immediate radiofrequency ablation success rate and the recurrence rate were compared in 15 patients (11 posteroseptal and 4 left free-wall) with subepicardial ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2005
AIMS: Several studies have tested non-pharmacological therapies for atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) by measuring the cumulative time (burden) the patient spends in arrhythmia. Contradictory results questioned either therapy efficacy or statistical power of the trials. We studied AT burden variability in patients paced for sinus node disease (SND) in order to ...
Cheung Jim W - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a prolonged (>/=6 seconds) period of AV block in response to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) identifies additional patients at risk for bradycardia who may benefit from pacemaker implantation. BACKGROUND: Bradycardia is a common etiology for syncope in patients without underlying structural ...
Akiyama Masahiro - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In some patients with left AV accessory pathway (AP), double potentials are recorded along the coronary sinus (CS) during retrograde AP conduction only. This electrophysiologic study was performed to clarify the origin and clinical significance of double potentials in 11 patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The direction of activation of ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to identify the electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of the Mahaim fiber. BACKGROUND: Mahaim fibers are slowly conducting accessory pathways reaching into the right ventricle. They often play a role in tachycardias. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 40 patients with Mahaim fibers. Five patients had associated ...
Tan Bi-Hua - - 2004
Adenosine infusion can potentially be used as a diagnostic test for sick sinus syndrome (SSS) based on its negative chronotropic effects. Whether autonomic tone underlies adenosine's negative chronotropic effects remains unknown. This study was to investigate the bradycardiac response of sinus node to ATP in patients with and without clinical ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of previously described ECG criteria to identify preexcited tachycardia due to decrementally conducting accessory pathways (QRS axis between 0 and -75 degrees , QRS width < or = 0.15 seconds, an ...
Biagini Elena - - 2004
The presence of a right bundle branch block (RBBB) is associated with increased mortality. We studied the role of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the prognostic stratification of patients with RBBB. The presence of an abnormal dobutamine stress echocardiography was the strongest predictor of cardiac events and provided incremental prognostic information ...
Soulier Jean - - 2005
Fanconi anemia (FA) is characterized by congenital abnormalities, bone marrow failure, chromosome fragility, and cancer susceptibility. Eight FA-associated genes have been identified so far, the products of which function in the FA/BRCA pathway. A key event in the pathway is the monoubiquitination of the FANCD2 protein, which depends on a ...
Park Hyung-Wook - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sinus node dysfunction (SND) is caused not only by intrinsic sinus node disease, but also by the extrinsic factors. Among the extrinsic factors, autonomic imbalance is most common. Symptomatic SND usually requires permanent pacemaker therapy. However, the clinical characteristics and patient response to medical therapy for hypervagotonic SND have ...
Silvetti Massimo Stefano - - 2004
Children with single chamber pacemakers, in adolescence and young adulthood, may be upgraded to dual chamber systems, but there are no published data about indications, timing, and complications. Upgrading was attempted in 18 patients with transvenous pacing leads. A retrospective analysis of all collected data was performed. At initial pacemaker ...
Silvetti M S - - 2004
We describe 17 patients (8 girls, and 9 boys), aged 9.6 +/- 5.7 years, with paroxysmal atrioventricular block (PAVB), a condition rarely described in children. Holter monitoring documented the PAVB in 15 patients, and tilt test was performed in 4 patients (positive in 1). The electrocardiograph (ECG) was normal in ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Automatic rhythms associated with Mahaim fibers usually occur during radiofrequency catheter ablation. The incidence and significance of spontaneous automaticity in Mahaim fibers are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Spontaneous automatic rhythms were observed in 5 (12.5%) of 40 patients with Mahaim fibers referred for nonpharmacologic therapy because of recurrent episodes ...
Chetaille Philippe - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of clinical outcomes of catheter ablation of atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardias in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardias occur in patients with CHD and may be poorly tolerated. METHODS: Retrospective review of all 105 such ablations in 83 patients performed between 03/90 and 02/02 at ...
Koscielniak-Nielsen Zbigniew J - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Axillary or humeral blocks by multiple nerve stimulation (MNS) are used for ambulatory hand surgery. This double-blind study identified which of the three main components of the procedure (repeated needle passes, local anesthetic injections, or electrical stimulations) is most painful, quantified its intensity, and recorded patients' preferences ...
Guo Hangyuan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study the acute results and long-term clinical course after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). METHODS: In 18 patients (seven women, 11 men; average age 53+/-15 years) with symptomatic and medically refractory HOCM, 1.3+/-0.4 septal branches were occluded with an ...
Morita Hiroshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that patients with Brugada syndrome (BS) have atrioventricular conduction disturbance, but their sinus node function has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: The patients group consisted of 59 male patients and 1 female patient with BS. Supraventricular and ventricular programmed electrical stimulation (PES) was performed. ...
Vanerio Gabriel - - 2004
Patients with a cardioinhibitory response (asystole or atrioventricular block [AVB]) during upright tilt table test (UTT) constitute a therapeutic challenge. Our present knowledge is partial and in those who experience AVB is absent. Furthermore, we ignore if there is any difference between both groups, particularly pacemaker indication. We aimed to ...
Landewé R - - 2004
AIM: To determine the criteria considered important by Dutch rheumatologists in judging whether a patient with ankylosing spondylitis should start tumour necrosis factor (TNF) blocking therapy. METHODS: 19 Dutch rheumatologists were asked to prioritise various demographic and clinical features for their importance in judging whether a patient should be treated ...
Shah Paresh - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The effects of subthreshold stimulation performed at various sites in the perinodal and posteroseptal space on atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction were investigated. BACKGROUND: The identification of specific or preferential sites of parasympathetic innervation to the AV node is suggested by observations made in both the animal and clinical laboratories. ...
Singh Balbir - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mahaim pathways are characterized by the presence of an accessory pathway potential-the 'M' potential, at the tricuspid annulus. M potential is a very useful guide during radiofrequency ablation of Mahaim pathway. During ablation, an accelerated rhythm with ORS morphology, identical to fully pre-excited QRS complex is observed, and has ...
Ernst Sabine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Catheters are typically stiff and incorporate a pull-wire mechanism to allow tip deflection. While standing at the patient's side, the operator manually navigates the catheter in the heart using fluoroscopic guidance. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 42 patients (32 female; mean age, 55+/-15 years) underwent ablation of common-type ...
Okumura Yasuo - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Dual AV nodal physiology is the electrophysiologic substrate for AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), but the anatomic basis for this arrhythmia remains to be elucidated. Atrial flutter (AFL) has been shown to be more frequently inducible in patients with AVNRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 3.2-French, 20-MHz intracardiac ultrasound (ICUS) ...
Liu Shaowen - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Both concealed conduction and dual pathway physiology are important electrophysiologic characteristics of the AV node. The interaction of AV nodal concealment and duality, however, is not clearly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: The properties of AV conduction curves in the presence and absence of a conditioning blocked impulse were prospectively ...
Qin Jian Xin - - 2004
We observed the impact of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) and myectomy on the conduction system in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Septal reduction intervention is capable of eliminating the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in patients with obstructive HC; however, conduction system abnormalities are frequent consequences of ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: A recent study has demonstrated that the electric activity of the overactive bladder (OAB) is 'dysrhythmic'. The cause was attributed to a disordered vesical pacemaker which discharges these waves. In a subsequent study, the dysrhythmic waves have been 'normalized' by vesical pacing and the optimal parameters which are required ...
Neri Roberto - - 2003
The cephalic vein (CV) should be preferred to the subclavian vein for the insertion of permanent pacing leads because of better results. Unfortunately, the direct lead introduction using the standard CV cutdown is often unsuccessful. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a steerable hydrophilic guidewire (HGW) for lead ...
Pappone Carlo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Young age and inducibility of atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia or atrial fibrillation during invasive electrophysiological testing identify asymptomatic patients with a Wolff-Parkinson-White pattern on the electrocardiogram as being at high risk for arrhythmic events. We tested the hypothesis that prophylactic catheter ablation of accessory pathways would provide meaningful and durable ...
Tortoriello Tia A - - 2003
Approximately 60% of children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) develop their initial episode by 1 year of age. Despite resolution in most of these patients by 1 year, approximately 30% of the SVT will recur. We performed a retrospective review of all patients <1 year of age with SVT between January ...
Chan Ngai-Yin - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Biventricular pacing is a new modality of treatment for patients with drug-refractory heart failure and ECG evidence of dyssynchronous ventricular contraction. A third lead is required to be placed in a coronary vein through the coronary sinus for left ventricular pacing, in addition to the atrial and ...
Dagres Nikolaos - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We investigated possible differences between male and female patients regarding ablation therapy. BACKGROUND: Gender-related differences might have a major impact on different aspects of radiofrequency ablation therapy. Data on this topic are very limited, focusing almost exclusively on success and recurrence rates. METHODS: The study population consisted of 894 ...
Batra A S - - 2003
A case of biopsy-proven myocarditis in a 7-year-old complicated by advanced atrioventricular (AV) block prompted a review of the medical literature to determine the prognosis for recovery of AV conduction or need for pacemaker implantation. A total of 40 patients younger than 20 years of age were identified, with return ...
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