Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1715
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Liberman Leonardo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) can be identified from any lead of the bedside monitor, the mechanism of tachycardia is not always obvious. We analyzed the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in SVT of pediatric patients with different mechanisms of SVT to determine if there is a consistent optimal lead for rhythm ...
Fukuzawa Koji - - 2008
We investigated the differences in the endocardial substrates between ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ICM (NICM) by using electro-anatomical mapping and pace-mapping. We studied 18 patients (ICM and NICM, 9 each) with monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) documented by 12-leads ECG. Low voltage area was defined by signal amplitude <1.5 mV. A ...
Ekpe E E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic heart block is a treatable cardiac cause of death which occurs globally. In Nigeria it is increasingly diagnosed and treated with permanent artificial cardiac pacemaker insertion and pulse generator implantation, sometimes after a period of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. METHODS: Twenty-three patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic heart ...
Veerareddy Srikar - - 2007
Previous studies have reported gender differences in pacemaker selection. This study aimed to assess gender-related differences in pacemaker mode selection in patients undergoing their first implantation. A retrospective analysis was undertaken from a single-center database of pacemaker implants during the years 2001 to 2003. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used ...
Ali Arif - - 2007
In patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, the presence of maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) may be obscured by extensive mucosal disease or nasal polyposis. Recognition of MSH and its effect on adjacent anatomic structures is of utmost clinical significance in endoscopic sinus surgery. Failure to recognize the impact that MSH has on ...
Arru Giannina - - 2007
We designed a large multicentric study to analyse the presence of MSRV particles in blood and CSF of a large cohort of patients and controls from different European areas. 149 MS patients and 153 neurological and healthy controls were selected from Sardinia, Spain, Northern-Italy and Sweden. To avoid biological and ...
Das Saumya - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Atrial tachycardias (AT) originating from the anteroseptal region of the aortic root, near the atrioventricular node can be challenging to eliminate safely by catheter ablation. In this study, we examine the characteristics of anteroseptal ATs in a cohort of patients at our centers, and demonstrate the long-term efficacy and ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2007
AIMS: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and uncontrolled ventricular rate, radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) node and pacemaker (PM) implantation (ablate and pace) is a valid therapeutic approach, especially in elderly patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the PM dependence and the incidence of ...
O'Hara Gilles E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is a curative treatment with excellent success and minimal complication rates for patients with supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: The acute outcomes and complications of all catheter ablation procedures for supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias performed at the Quebec Heart Institute (Sainte-Foy, Quebec) during a 14-year period from ...
Topilski Ian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data on the incidence and significance of catheter-induced trauma to fast and slow pathways are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence, predictors, and clinical implications of inadvertent catheter-induced mechanical trauma to fast and slow pathways during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). METHODS: A total of ...
Satomi Kazuhiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The macroreentrant tachycardia that involves the left atrium (LA) and the pulmonary veins (PVs) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has not been described. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism and electrophysiological characteristics of this tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight patients presented with recurrent regular tachycardia after the initial procedure, which ...
Gianotti Nicola - - 2007
The QRS interval of 56 out of 75 (74.7%) HIV-infected, drug-experienced patients (66.7% men) increased during treatment with boosted or unboosted atazanavir by a median 5 ms (interquartile range 0-9; P < 0.0001); the PR and the QTc intervals did not change significantly. New asymptomatic bundle branch blocks were observed ...
Choi Yun-Shik - - 2007
We report a 34-year-old female patient with preexcitation electrocardiogram and recurrent paroxysmal palpitations. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram showed minimal preexcitation with normal PR interval and normal frontal QRS axis. The electrophysiologic study showed normal AH intervals, short HV intervals, and no change in the degree of preexcitation by rapid atrial pacing. ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In sinus node disease (SND) atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) may frequently occur, after implant of a pacemaker for bradycardia, and are to be managed by rate or rhythm control. METHODS: We evaluated ventricular heart rate (HR) during AT, AT-related symptoms and hospitalizations in 333 patients who received DDDRP pacemakers for ...
Toogood Geoffrey - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Since the first cardiac pacemaker was inserted in 1958 vast changes have occurred in both the technology of the devices and their indications. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the indications for pacemakers, currently available devices, insertion procedure, and patient follow up. DISCUSSION: Pacemakers have evolved from simple, single chamber devices ...
Lawrenz Thorsten - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed changes in intracardiac conduction during transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH) to identify predictors for pacemaker dependency after TASH. BACKGROUND: Transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy is an accepted therapeutic option in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). However, atrioventricular conduction disorders, requiring permanent pacemaker implantation, remain a major ...
Baker Meredith - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most patients have minimal pain after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of a renal tumor. However, anecdotally, there is some variation in the amount of patient discomfort. Our goal was to identify relevant patient factors and characteristics of their renal tumors that may influence pain after percutaneous RF ...
Duray Gabor Z - - 2007
The atrioventricular (AV) node allows ante- and retrograde conduction between atria and ventricles. It is commonly assumed that these AV nodal conduction properties go hand in hand. However, ante- and retrograde AV conduction can be completely independent from each other in individual patients. We report about a patient with permanent ...
Sethi K K - - 2007
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is a disorder characterized by presence of an accessory pathway which predisposes patients to tachyarrhythmias and sudden death. Among patients with WPW syndrome, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) is the most common arrhythmia, accounting for 95% of re-entrant tachycardias. It has been estimated that one-third of patients with WPW ...
Harvey Monika - - 2007
Patients with hemispatial neglect show deficits in size perception. We investigated how this effect would be modulated by a change in object orientation. Seven right-hemisphere-lesioned patients, with and without neglect, and a control group, were asked to indicate which one of two bilaterally presented lines was longer, shorter or the ...
Garrigue Stéphane - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases leading to pacemaker implantations are suspected of being associated with a high rate of undiagnosed sleep apnea syndrome (SAS). We sought to determine the prevalence and consequences of SAS in pacemaker patients according to pacing indications: heart failure, symptomatic diurnal bradycardia, and atrioventricular block. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Gururangan Sridharan - - 2007
We conducted a phase II study to assess the efficacy of oral temozolomide (TMZ) in children with progressive low-grade glioma. Thirty eligible patients were enrolled on this study. Median age at enrollment was 10 years (range, 4-18 years). Eligible patients received TMZ (200 mg/m(2) per day) by mouth for five ...
Erol-Yilmaz Ayten - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure (HF) patients improves systemic circulation, its acute effects on microcirculation are as yet unknown. Therefore we investigated the sublingual microcirculatory changes in HF patients from CRT and right ventricular (RV) pacing by use of orthogonal polarization spectral ...
Zhou Y - - 2007
This study describes the electrophysiologic characteristics and radiofrequency ablation of focal atrial tachycardia (AT) arising from para-Hisian region in 14 (6.0%) patients of a consecutive series of 224 patients patients. Inverted or biphasic P wave in V(1) and uncharacteristic P wave in inferior leads were observed during tachycardia, suggesting that ...
Thanopoulos Basil Vasilios D - - 2007
There are very few published reports of the transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PMVSDs) using the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder with encouraging initial results. This report presents initial and 1-year results from 54 patients with PMVSDs who underwent transcatheter closure at 5 different institutions with the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder. ...
Roberts-Thomson Kurt C KC Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2007
To characterize the electrocardiographic and electrophysiological features and frequency of focal atrial tachycardia (AT) originating from the right atrial appendage (RAA). The RAA has been described as a site of origin of AT, but detailed characterization of these tachycardias is limited. Ten patients (3.8%) of 261 undergoing radiofrequency ablation (RFA) ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elderly pacemaker patients with chronotropic incompetence (CI) may experience orthostatic hypotension (OH) upon standing. The objective of this study was to determine whether a transient increase in heart rate (HR) by overdrive pacing upon standing prevents OH in elderly pacemaker patients. METHODS: We studied the effect of transient overdrive ...
Tanel Ronn E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with a history of atrial surgery are at risk for the development of sinus node dysfunction and atrial arrhythmias. However, there has been no comprehensive, long-term, electrophysiologic study of patients who have undergone repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. METHODS: We evaluated school-aged and adolescent survivors ...
Sodeck G H - - 2007
AIM OF THE STUDY: Bradycardia may represent a serious emergency. The need for temporary and permanent pacing is unknown. METHODS: We analysed a registry for the incidence, symptoms, presenting rhythm, underlying mechanism, management and outcome of patients presenting with compromising bradycardia to the emergency department of a university hospital retrospectively ...
Burri Haran - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular septal pacing has been proposed as an alternative to apical pacing. However, data concerning thresholds and requirement for lead repositioning with this technique are scant. METHODS: We reviewed data at implantation and follow-up of 362 consecutive recipients of the same model of active fixation lead (Medtronic 5076-58, ...
Lelakowski Jacek - - 2007
Pacemaker dependency (PD) can be defined as the risk of serious injury or death from sudden pacemaker failure, an event more dangerous than progressive rate decrease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of PD during long-term follow-up after pacing system implantation. The study included 3638 patients ...
Ong Mary Gertrude Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of eccentric retrograde atrial activation has been demonstrated to be from 6 to 8% in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) by several previous reports. However, most of those reports were limited by the absence of coronary sinus venography to confirm if the retrograde activation was ...
Melzer Christoph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pacemaker-induced superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a rare but serious complication of permanent pacemaker implantation. Because of its rarity, little is known about the long-term prognoses of such patients. METHODS: Five patients, mean age 62 +/- 11.4 years, with pacemaker-induced SVC syndrome for more than 10 years were ...
Iturralde Pedro - - 2006
The abnormal development of the tricuspid valve in patients with Ebstein's anomaly results in several activation abnormalities including delayed intraatrial conduction, right bundle branch block (RBBB), and ventricular preexcitation. The aim of the present study was to define the ECG characteristics before and after ablation of an accessory A-V pathway ...
Trajkov I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a radiofrequency catheter ablation in the patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome or paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia involving a concealed accessory atrio ventricular connection. METHODS AND RESULTS: During a 45 month period (1st January 2002 until 30th September ...
Kothari Snehal - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atriofascicular accessory pathway (AP), often referred to as Mahaim pathway, is an uncommon form of preexcitation. The usual target for ablation is at the site of a high-frequency potential along the tricuspid annulus (TA). We present our observations in mapping and ablation of 29 patients with atriofascicular APs. METHODS ...
Kawamura Hiroshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Escape rhythm is thought to play a considerable role in protection against adverse outcome due to pacemaker malfunction. We studied the escape rhythms in 32 patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmia refractory to medical therapy who underwent radiofrequency ablation of the atrioventricular junction combined with implantation of a pacemaker. METHODS AND ...
Shalaby Alaa - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the feasibility of automatically detecting advanced sleep disordered breathing (SDB) from a pacemaker trans-thoracic impedance sensor. BACKGROUND: SDB is prevalent yet under-diagnosed in patients with cardiovascular disease. The potential for automated detection of SDB in patients receiving pacemakers with respiration sensors has not been fully explored. ...
Villain Elisabeth - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the presentation and prognosis of children with complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) were related to maternal antibody status. BACKGROUND: Comparative studies related to the presence or absence of maternal antibodies anti-SSB/La and anti-SSA/Ro are lacking in children with isolated complete CAVB. METHODS: From 1980 to ...
Takagi Yasuhiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that both atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrial flutter (AFL) have an area of slow conduction located in the low posterior right atrium near the ostium of the coronary sinus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inducibility of AFL in patients ...
Wong Tom - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that the use of a 20-pole catheter (Halotrade mark) positioned around the tricuspid valve annulus (TVA) is helpful in rapidly localising right free wall accessory pathways (AP), enhancing catheter stability during ablation, and leading to increased success in ablating these challenging pathways. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven consecutive ...
Krittayaphong Rungroj R Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, - - 2006
Recent reports have shown abnormalities on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) tachycardia. OBJECTIVES of this study were to demonstrate abnormalities on MRI and signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) in patients with RVOT tachycardia and their correlation with the outcome of radiofrequency (RF) ablation. We ...
Ruiz-Arango Andres F - - 2006
Acute cervical spinal cord injury frequently results in bradydysrhythmia, which may lead to hypotension and asystole. Such symptoms are more common in the first 2 weeks after the injury. Treatment modalities include atropine, epinephrine, aminophylline, and pacemaker insertion. The criteria for pacemaker use in this population are not well defined. ...
Bar-Cohen Yaniv - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: ECG algorithms used to localize accessory pathways (AP) in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome have been validated in adults, but less is known of their use in children, especially in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). We hypothesize that these algorithms have low diagnostic accuracy in children and even ...
Reithmann Christopher - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Delayed higher-degree atrioventricular (AV) block can develop after slow pathway ablation for AV nodal reentrant tachycardia with a preexisting first-degree AV block. Retrograde fast pathway ablation is considered as an alternative approach for patients with a markedly prolonged PR interval and no demonstrable anterograde fast pathway function at baseline. ...
Amitrano D - - 2006
AIM: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is a very frequent type of arrhythmia. Atrioventricular nodal reciprocating tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia through extranodal accessory pathways (AVRT) are the most common types of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. We describe our experience in diagnosing these tachycardia by electrophysiological transesophageal study (ETS). METHODS: Three ...
Law Ian H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Junctional ectopic tachycardia in the normal heart is rare and often is resistant to pharmacologic management. Transcatheter ablation using radiofrequency energy places the AV node at risk. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report our experience with transcatheter cryothermal ablation using three-dimensional mapping in six patients with ...
Barker, Paul S.
A single dose of 0.6 Gm. of quinidine sulfate was given by mouth to each of five patients with sinus tachycardia. The cardiac rate was either not affected or was slightly increased.In one patient, transient right bundle branch block occurred two hours after the administration of quinidine, upon two separate ...
Milasinovic Goran - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients requiring permanent pacing, preservation of intrinsic ventricular activation is preferred whenever possible. The Search AV+ (SAV+) algorithm in Medtronic EnPulsetrade mark dual-chamber pacemakers can increase atrioventricular (AV) intervals to 320 ms in patients with intact or intermittent AV conduction. This prospective, multicenter study compared the percentage of ...
Jose Maria Calvo-Romero, Esther ...
Aim: We study the electrocardiographic abnormalities at time of diagnosis of acute PE in our series of consecutive patients of the last years. We conclude that the electrocardiogram may have diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with acute PE. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 154 consecutive patients with ...
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