Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1661
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Etemadifar M - - 2009
Co-occurrence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is rare. In this study, we describe the clinical and neuroimaging features of seven patients with NF1 and MS. In our patients, six patients with MS were women, in all of them history of NF1 existed. Three of our patients ...
Basiri Keivan - - 2009
This study was designed to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of myasthenia gravis (MG) in a large cohort of Persian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) living in the province of Isfahan. We reviewed the case records of patients with definite MS (McDonald's criteria) registered in the Isfahan MS Society ...
Staff Nathan P - - 2009
To describe the characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) presenting with severe cognitive impairment as its primary disabling manifestation. Retrospective case series. Tertiary referral center. Patients Patients were identified through the Mayo Clinic data retrieval system (1996-2008) with definite MS (McDonald criteria) and severe cognitive impairment as their primary neurological symptom ...
Abou Zeid Nuhad E NE Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota - - 2009
Gait apraxia is a gait disorder not attributable to motor, cerebellar, or sensory dysfunction. Gait impairment is common in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), but is mostly attributed to spasticity and ataxia. Impairment ratings scales are designed accordingly and do not separately evaluate apraxia. To describe 15 patients with gait apraxia resulting ...
Sampat M P - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The different clinical subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) may reflect underlying differences in affected neuroanatomic regions. Our aim was to analyze the effectiveness of jointly using the inferior subolivary medulla oblongata volume (MOV) and the cross-sectional area of the corpus callosum in distinguishing patients with relapsing-remitting multiple ...
Drager Luciano F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, but the relative role of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is largely unknown. The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of OSA on markers of atherosclerosis in patients with MS. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive patients with MS according to ...
Debouverie M - - 2009
We sought to identify (a) the change of incidence rates among gender from 1990 to 2002 from the LORSEP (Lorraine Multiple Sclerosis) population-based cohort, and (b) the role of gender as a predictive demographic factor of disability during the initial course of the disease among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The ...
Magaña Setty M - - 2009
The aquaporin-4-specific serum autoantibody neuromyelitis optica (NMO) IgG is a validated biomarker distinguishing NMO spectrum disorders from multiple sclerosis (MS). Because fulminant attacks are more common in NMO spectrum disorders than in MS, some investigators suggest that NMO IgG may be a marker of destructive demyelination rather than a disease-specific ...
Siva A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Natural history of patients with incidentally discovered lesions that fulfill magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) in the absence of objective clinical symptoms suggestive of central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory-demyelinating disease is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the risk of developing symptomatic MS in patients ...
Steinacker Petra - - 2009
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are neurodegenerative disorders with heterogeneous clinical presentation but common neuropathological characteristics and pathophysiological substrates, which led to the view of ALS and FTLD representing two manifestations of a clinicopathological spectrum. For both diseases, changes in metabolism of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) ...
Rocca Maria A MA Department of Neurology, Scientific Institute and University, Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, - - 2009
In this multicenter study, we used dynamic causal modeling to characterize the abnormalities of effective connectivity of the sensorimotor network in 61 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with 74 age-matched healthy subjects. We also investigated the correlation of such abnormalities with findings derived from structural MRI. In a subgroup ...
Alvarez-Lafuente R R Servicio de Neurología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. - - 2010
In a previous report, a strong gene-environment interaction between human herpesvirus 6A (HHV6A) active replication and MHC2TA rs4774C was demonstrated. The objectives of this study were: (i) to reappraise the association that was found in the previous study; (ii) to evaluate if MS patients with minor allele C and HHV-6A ...
Stosic Milena - - 2010
MRI findings of primary anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome (PAPLS) are difficult to distinguish from those of multiple sclerosis (MS). Only a few previous studies have compared conventional and non-conventional MRI findings in MS and PAPLS patients. In addition, MRI differences between anti-phospholipid antibody (APLA) positive (+) and APLA negative (-) MS ...
Cameron Elizabeth M - - 2009
We identified a unique antibody gene mutation pattern (i.e. "signature") in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) B cells from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients not present in control populations. Prevalence of the signature in CSF B cells of patients at risk to develop MS predicted conversion to MS with 91% accuracy in a ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in children and adolescents treated with valproate (VPA). METHODS: One hundred fourteen patients (54 male and 60 female) were studied. These patients were followed from the beginning of therapy for at least 24 months; at the end of follow-up, 46 patients ...
Zamboni P - - 2009
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a vascular picture that shows a strong association with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between a Doppler cerebral venous hemodynamic insufficiency severity score (VHISS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow dynamics in 16 patients presenting with CCSVI ...
Ghosh Sudip Kumar - - 2009
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disease resulting in a wide array of clinical manifestations, primarily affecting the skin and central nervous system. Mucocutaneous features play a very important role in the recognition of this syndrome. To review the prevalence and patterns of cutaneous manifestations in tuberous ...
Burgess John - - 2010
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is a complex multi-system disease manifesting a diverse range of primary and secondary metabolic and neoplastic disorders. It is possible to improve patient prognosis by early disease detection and treatment. Regular biochemical and radiological screening for parathyroid, gastro-enteropancreatic, pituitary, intrathorasic and adrenal lesions ...
Comabella M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 15-deoxi delta prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist with potent anti-inflammatory properties. It has been suggested that 15d-PGJ(2) may modulate multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Here, we investigated the plasma levels of 15d-PGJ(2) by enzyme-linked immunoassay in 28 healthy controls and 140 MS patients [30 patients ...
Bradley D - - 2009
Familial adult-onset primary torsion dystonia is an autosomal dominant disorder with markedly reduced penetrance. Most adult-onset primary torsion dystonia patients are sporadic cases. Disordered sensory processing is found in adult-onset primary torsion dystonia patients; if also present in their unaffected relatives this abnormality may indicate non-manifesting gene carriage. Temporal discrimination ...
Ahram M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is hypothesized to be caused by an infectious agent that initiates an autoimmune reaction. Among the infectious agents linked to MS is human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). Due to the high occurrence of MS among Jordanian population and the deficiency of MS studies in Jordan, the prevalence ...
Lou Xin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Not uncommonly, differentiating multiple sclerosis (MS) from ischemic cerebral vascular disease is difficult based on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aim to determine whether preferential occult injury in the normal-appearing corpus callosum (NACC) is more severe in patients with MS than symptomatic carotid occlusion by comparing fractional anisotropy ...
Batchvarov Velislav N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although cases of Brugada-type electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern in peripheral (limb) leads have been reported ("atypical" Brugada syndrome [BS]), their incidence in patients investigated for BS is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed an ECG database collected during ajmaline test in 143 patients (89 men) with suspected BS. In 42 patients, ...
Ganesvaran G - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We identified a subgroup of 20 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and psoriasis within a total group of 692 patients with MS. RESULTS: There was a high (80%) incidence of brainstem and/or cerebellar involvement and a high mean (+/-SD) Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (6.06 +/- 2.88) in this subgroup. ...
O'Connor P - - 2009
Approximately 85% of multiple sclerosis (MS) cases begin as clinically isolated syndromes (CIS). Results from the Controlled High-Risk Subjects Avonex((R)) Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study (CHAMPS) demonstrated that, in patients with CIS, treatment with intramuscular (IM) interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a) 30 mug once weekly delayed conversion to clinically definite MS (CDMS) in ...
Rose Rebecca F - - 2009
Previous studies report the benefit of UVA1 phototherapy in treating acrosclerosis in patients with systemic sclerosis. We carried out a retrospective study to examine the effectiveness of UVA1 phototherapy in scleroderma affecting acral and proximal sites in patients with this disease. Patients with systemic sclerosis (diffuse type, n=5; limited type, ...
Marfella Raffaele - - 2009
We evaluated the role of sterol-regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c/peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) pathway on heart lipotoxicity in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and aortic stenosis (AS). Echocardiographic parameters of heart function and structural alterations of LV specimens were studied in patients with (n = 56) and without (n ...
Nickerson Joshua P - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As potential therapies aimed at halting or slowing the decline in upper motor neuron function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are developed, a quantitative method for monitoring response will be necessary. Measurement of fractional anisotropy (FA) using diffusion tensor imaging ...
Di Lazzaro Vincenzo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Motor cortex stimulation has been proposed for treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and preliminary studies have reported a slight reduction of disease progression using both invasive and noninvasive repetitive stimulation of the motor cortex. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this proof of principle study was to investigate the effects ...
Millonig A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neutralizing antibodies (NABs) against interferon beta (IFNbeta) are associated with a loss of IFNbeta bioactivity and clinical effectiveness. To date, there are no anti-NAB strategies available. The primary objective of this trial was to investigate whether intravenous IFNbeta-1b can restore bioactivity in NAB-positive patients with MS. METHODS: NAB-positive patients ...
Idiman Egemen - - 2009
There has been no data on oligoclonal IgG bands (OCBs) for Turkish MS population, who is believed to be placed between Western and Eastern world regarding the clinical and immunological features. In the present study, we examined the correlation between the frequency of OCB and clinical and demographical features of ...
Saari A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To measure sweating in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sweating was measured by an evaporimeter after a heating stimulus in 29 MS patients and in 15 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: The MS patients sweated markedly less than the controls. After 10 min of heating the sweating ...
Azoulay David - - 2009
We had reported that immune cells from relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients secrete low levels of BDNF and that there is a defective regulation of its secretion via DC40. We now studied the effect of interferon-beta (IFN-beta1) on the secretion and regulation of BDNF from immune cells in patients ...
Tallantyre E C - - 2009
The pathological substrate of progressive disability in multiple sclerosis is hypothesized to be axonal loss. Differences in the demographic, pathological and radiological features of patients with primary progressive compared with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis raise the question as to whether they actually represent separate clinical entities. So far, large pathological ...
Denney Douglas R - - 2009
Deficits in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' performance on the Stroop Test have been attributed to problems with processing speed and selective attention. Data for 248 MS patients and 178 controls on all three trials of the Stroop were combined using various scoring formulas proposed for assessing processing speed, color difficulty, ...
Varma Niraj - - 2009
Left ventricular activation delay (LVAT) >100 ms may determine response to cardiac resynchronization therapy, but its prevalence and relation to QRS configuration are unknown. QRS duration and LVAT in control subjects (n = 30) were compared with those in patients with heart failure (HF; LV ejection fraction 23 +/- 8%, ...
Hiremath G S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is important for bone health and immune regulation, and has been shown to be low in multiple sclerosis (MS). We sought to determine the effect of over the counter low dose cholecalciferol (LDC) and high dose ergocalciferol (HDE) on the vitamin D levels in MS patients. METHODS: ...
Deriu Marcello - - 2009
The aim of our study was to explore restless legs syndrome (RLS) frequency in multiple sclerosis (MS)-patients and establish whether RLS could be a symptom of MS. Over a period of 1 year, we consecutively enrolled 202 MS-patients and 212 healthy controls, matched for sex and age, in a case-control ...
Teunissen C E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Axonal degeneration is the likely cause of disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous results indicated that neuron-specific N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a candidate CSF biomarker for disease progression in MS. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of NAA as an early biomarker of axonal ...
Calabrese M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), a discrepancy exists between the modest brain white matter (WM) lesion burden and the severity of neurologic disability. Double-inversion recovery (DIR) sequences have improved MRI sensitivity in the detection of cortical lesions (CLs) in patients with relapsing-onset MS. OBJECTIVE: This 2-year longitudinal study ...
Park Jeong Ha - - 2009
Although digital ulceration frequently occurs in patients with systemic sclerosis, there have been few reports on macrovascular involvement. Macrovascular disease in systemic sclerosis has recently been described. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and brachial angiographic findings of 19 systemic sclerosis patients, who exhibited Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulceration. We ...
Li Peng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many studies have suggested that periodontal disease is related to metabolic disorders. Few studies have investigated metabolic syndrome (MS), as defined by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005, in the Chinese population. The aim of this study was to assess the association of periodontitis with MS. METHODS: In this ...
Bogaardt Hans - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We explored the possible effects of neuromuscular electrostimulation on the swallowing function of patients with multiple sclerosis and swallowing problems. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (average age, 53.1 years; SD, 9.8 years) with multiple sclerosis and swallowing problems were treated for 3 weeks with 2 sessions per week of neuromuscular electrostimulation. ...
Martínez-Juárez Iris E - - 2009
Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are at higher risk for epilepsy. Epilepsy was frequent among our MS patients (6.55%). Progressive MS forms were associated with higher incidence of epilepsy (p=0.021). Partial motor seizures were observed in five patients (62.5%) and generalized tonic-clonic in three (37.5%). Electroencephalogram (EEG) revealed epileptic activity in ...
Perogamvros Ilias - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) eliminates cross-reactivity, which is a major limitation of immunoassays used for the measurement of salivary cortisol (SalC). We aimed to evaluate the potential of SalC measured by LC-MS/MS in patients undergoing assessment of the HPA axis. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Cross-sectional study of 78 patients ...
Zéphir H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To establish whether or not multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are different pathological entities, we wondered whether MS patients and NMO patients share the same pattern of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) predisposition. OBJECTIVE: To study a putative association between susceptibility to NMO and HLA class I or ...
Zéphir H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We previously showed that serum IgG repertoires distinguished multiple sclerosis (MS) patients from healthy subjects and from patients with other inflammatory neurological diseases (OIND). We questioned whether the serum IgG repertoire of patients presenting a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) could predict MS. METHODS: The global IgG immune responses against ...
Oturai A B - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies of natalizumab (Tysabri) in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have included patients with moderate disease activity. We studied a patient population with high disease activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 234 consecutive, natalizumab-treated patients, followed for at least 3 months. Three groups of patients were ...
Grasso M G - - 2009
AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment in multiple sclerosis (MS) and identify reliable prognostic factors. METHODS: Two hundred patients were enrolled for this study (65% females), with a mean age of 49.77+11.32 years and a mean disease duration of 17.33+10.15 ...
Conte A - - 2009
We designed this study to investigate possible correlations between variables measuring primary motor cortex excitability detected by single and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and the severity of clinical manifestations in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Thirty patients with MS in remission, 16 with relapsing-remitting (RR), 14 with secondary progressive ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >