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Bienias Piotr - - 2010
Arrhythmias, conduction disturbances, and cardiac autonomic nervous system dysfunction are the most frequent cardiovascular complications in systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). The aim of the study was to assess heart rate turbulence (HRT) in systemic sclerosis patients and to identify the relationship between HRT and occurrence of arrhythmias. Forty-five patients with scleroderma ...
Nagahori Masakazu - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, its prevalence in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients remains largely unknown. This study was planned to determine the prevalence of MS in Japanese IBD patients. The prevalence of MS among outpatients with IBD aged 18 or older ...
Rocca M A - - 2010
This study explores default-mode network (DMN) abnormalities in patients with secondary progressive (SP) and primary progressive (PP) multiple sclerosis (MS) and whether such abnormalities correlate with cognitive impairment and damage to selected white matter (WM) fiber bundles, quantified using diffusion tensor (DT) MRI tractography. Resting state (RS) functional MRI and ...
Kelleher K J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory deficit is a common feature of MS. One method serving to combat impaired plantar sensation may be to provide enhanced sensory feedback from the sole of the foot by changing the characteristics of a shoe sole or surface. This study aimed to inspect the effect of textured insoles ...
Audoin Bertrand - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The existence of grey matter (GM) atrophy right after the first clinical event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) remains controversial. The aim of this study was therefore to establish whether regional GM atrophy is already present in the earliest stage of MS assessing regional GM atrophy in a large ...
Antulov Ronald - - 2011
To determine to what extent T1- and T2-regional lesion volumes (RLVs) contribute to total and/or regional gray matter (GM) atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). We studied 110 (67 relapsing-remitting and 43 secondary-progressive) MS patients. SABRE program was used to parcel the brain into 13 regions per hemisphere. Total and regional ...
Heidbrink Claudia - - 2010
Relapses during multiple sclerosis (MS) are treated by administration of exogenous corticosteroids. However, little is known about the bioavailability of endogenous steroids in the central nervous system (CNS) of MS patients. We thus determined cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 34 MS patients, ...
Buckle C - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: IRIS occurs in a small percentage of patients with AIDS following the initiation of HAART. Because PML lesions have a characteristic DWI/ADC appearance, our purpose was to determine if DWI/ADC measurements of PML lesions can be used to follow HAART treatment response and/or identify patients at risk ...
Zamboni P - - 2010
AIM: We previously reported unexpectedly robust associations between vascular haemodynamic (VH) anomalies in the principal extracranial cerebral veins, causing chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), and multiple sclerosis (MS). Aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the VH changes and MRI measures of MS disease severity in a ...
Argyriou Andreas A - - 2010
We sought to identify significant ulnar nerve conduction abnormalities and also to detect ulnar F-wave variable changes in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). Conventional conduction study was performed unilaterally to ulnar nerves of eight men and 12 women with secondary progressive MS (mean age, 47.5 +/- 6.6 years), ...
Hojnacki D - - 2010
AIM: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a vascular condition characterized by anomalies of primary veins outside the skull that restrict normal outflow of blood from the brain. CCSVI was recently described as highly prevalent in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and can be non-invasively diagnosed by Doppler sonography (DS) ...
Carrubba Simona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to find evidence that brain electrical activity associated with processing the abrupt appearance or disappearance of a sensory stimulus differed in the presence and absence of the neuropathological changes that are characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A subliminal stimulus (electrical field) was applied, and ...
Bartolomei I - - 2010
AIM: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). CCSVI is detected by transcranial and extracranial color-Doppler high-resolution examination (TCCS-ECD) and venography that permit to identify five types of venous malformations and four major (A-D) hemodynamic patterns of anomalous extracranial-extravertebral venous outflow. We investigated possible correlation between ...
Al-Omari M H - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the hemodynamics and the morphology of the internal jugular veins using colour-Doppler and B-mode sonongraphy in multiple sclerosis patients (MS) and in controls. METHODS: The internal jugular veins of 25 MS patients and 25 controls were examined using colour Doppler and ...
Ghabaee Mojdeh - - 2010
Oxidative stress through the changes in the levels of reactive oxygen species and antioxidative parameters can cause various neurological disorders. The aim of the present study was to show antioxidant activity (AOA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in affected people with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and multiple sclerosis (MS). A total of ...
Plasmati R - - 2010
The pyramidal pathway is frequently affected early on in multiple sclerosis (MS) and impaired motor performance is a major cause of disability. Pyramidal tract function can be assessed using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS supports the diagnosis of MS, detecting corticospinal tract involvement and monitoring its course with or without ...
Simka M - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this open-label study was to assess extracranial Doppler criteria of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: Seventy patients were assessed: 49 with relapsing-remitting, 5 with primary progressive and 16 with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. The patients were aged 15-58 years and they suffered ...
Gillett Alan - - 2010
Definition of dysregulated immune components in multiple sclerosis may help in the identification of new therapeutic targets. Deviation of the interleukin 18 receptor 1 (IL18R1) is of particular interest since the receptor is critical for experimental neuroinflammation. The objective of this study was to determine whether expression of IL18R1 varies ...
Cipriano G F B - - 2010
Marfan syndrome (MS) is a dominant autosomal connective tissue disease that impacts multiple systems, such as the cardiovascular system, tissue viscoelastic properties, bone calcification matrix and, most specific to the present investigation, pulmonary parenchyma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate pulmonary function (PF) in patients with MS ...
Saidha S - - 2010
Parkinsonism due to multiple sclerosis (MS) is rare. In previously reported patients with MS-induced parkinsonism, MS manifested first, followed a typical clinical course, and parkinsonism developed later in the course of the illness. We report a 52-year-old male presenting with parkinsonism as the initial manifestation of MS, in whom a ...
Saari Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Optic neuritis (ON) is a frequent initial manifestation of multiple sclerosis (MS). Autonomic failure affecting the pupillary function is known to exist in ON patients, and patients with MS are known to have more widespread autonomic dysfunction. For example, sudomotor dysfunction is well known in MS. We carried out ...
Yaldizli Ozgür - - 2010
Prediction of long-term disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is essential. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement of brain volume may be of predictive value but sophisticated MRI techniques are often inaccessible in clinical practice. The corpus callosum index (CCI) is a normalized measurement that reflects changes of brain volume. ...
Markianos M - - 2010
There is considerable evidence that prolactin (PRL) exerts immunomodulatory actions, thus being involved in the processes of autoimmune diseases. Animal studies suggest that elevated serum PRL levels may be related to neuroprotection or participate in remyelination after brain injury. To address this question, we estimated PRL levels in both serum ...
Calabrese Massimiliano - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the occurrence, extent, and frequency of formation of cortical lesions (CLs) in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) and secondary progressive (SP) multiple sclerosis (MS), and their relationship with cortical atrophy and disability progression. METHODS: One-hundred seven MS patients (76 RRMS and 31 SPMS), enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal ...
Papuńá Ewa - - 2010
Considering the multiplicity of symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), there is possibility that hypocretin system function might be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. The current study aimed to investigate the hypocretin-1 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of MS patients in relation to different neurological deficit measures including: ...
Klupka-Sari? Inge - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the selected indicators of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Herzegovina (Western Herzegovina Canton and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton). By using all available health and medical sources in the studied area and using McDonald's criteria, a total of 96 patients were identified in the period from ...
Poorjavad Marziyeh - - 2010
Swallowing disorders are commonly observed in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The complications of dysphagia are common causes of morbidity and death in late stages of MS. However, dysphagia in MS usually receives limited attention. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of different kinds of swallowing disorders ...
Khan Omar - - 2010
A chronic state of impaired venous drainage from the central nervous system, termed chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), is claimed to be a pathologic phenomenon exclusively seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). This has invigorated the causal debate of MS and generated immense interest in the patient and scientific communities. A ...
Rojas Juan Ignacio - - 2010
The objective of the study was to evaluate whether the presence of oligoclonal bands (OB) adds information in predicting CIS conversion to clinical definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) and conversion time to CDMS. From 1998 to 2006, CIS patients were included in a prospective study. Patients underwent brain MRI and OB ...
Wei Qiu - - 2010
Previous autoantibody (AAb) studies in multiple sclerosis MS have produced conflicting results. The objective of this study was to determine AAb frequency and association with the HLA-DRB1 genotype. Antinuclear antibody, antithyroid peroxidase and anti-aquaporin-4 assays and HLA-DRB1 genotyping were performed in 198 MS patients and 188 controls. There were no ...
Prosperini Luca - - 2010
Lack of balance and falls are common and disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a novel visuo-proprioceptive feedback training in ameliorating balance and reducing the risk of falls. Patients with multiple sclerosis with unrestricted walking ability and healthy age/sex-matched controls ...
Cova Emanuela - - 2010
Oxidative stress markers have been found in nervous and peripheral tissues of familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Here, we evaluated the activity of some antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase in erythrocyte, the marker of non-enzymatic antioxidant response (total antioxidant status), as well as ...
Henderson Andrew P D - - 2010
Thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of clinically unaffected eyes is seen in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is uncertain when this thinning occurs, and whether ongoing RNFL loss can be measured over time with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Using time-domain OCT, we studied 34 patients with ...
Berthelot Laureline - - 2010
Glatiramer acetate (GA) is a random copolymer used as an immunomodulatory treatment in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS). Its mechanisms of action are poorly understood, and several hypotheses have been put forward, the majority of which rely on in vitro studies. It has been hypothesised that further to processing by APC, ...
Kirilmaz Bahadir - - 2010
It has been known that each component of the metabolic syndrome (MS) has an atherogenic potential and increases the risk of cardiovascular events. Therefore, patients who have MS are candidates for the development of atherosclerosis and accompanying complications. In this study, the authors assessed the levels of acute phase reactants ...
de Freitas Mariana Vaini - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) probably occurs by oxidative, inflammatory and autoimmune mechanisms. This study investigated the influence of statin on the stability of erythrocyte membranes in MS patients. The population was composed of one group with simvastatin therapy (20 mg/day), another group without statin therapy and a healthy control group. The ...
Young Nathan P - - 2010
Distinction between acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and acute multiple sclerosis is often clinically difficult. Perivenous demyelination is the pathological hallmark of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, whereas confluent demyelination is the hallmark of acute multiple sclerosis. We investigated whether perivenous demyelination versus confluent demyelination distinguishes acute disseminated encephalomyelitis from multiple sclerosis. Patients with ...
Weinstock-Guttman B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: African American (AA) patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have more rapid disease progression and poorer responses to disease-modifying therapies than white American (WA) patients with MS. OBJECTIVES: To investigate brain MRI characteristics in AA compared to WA in a cohort of consecutive patients with MS. METHODS: We studied 567 ...
Sahraian M A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) is a severe inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with distinguishing features from multiple sclerosis (MS). NMO has an unknown etiology with poor prognosis in which anti-aquaporin-4 receptor IgG seems to play a major role. The purpose of this study is to represent a ...
Ottervald Jan - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuro-inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease that results in damage to myelin sheaths and axons in the central nervous system and which preferentially affects young adults. We performed a proteomics-based biomarker discovery study in which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from MS and control individuals was analyzed (n=112). Ten ...
Almarcegui C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between functional eye examinations (visual evoked potentials: VEPs; pattern electroretinogram: PERG) and structural measurements of the optic nerve (optical coherence tomography: OCT; scanning laser polarimetry: GDx) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients with definite MS and disease-free controls were ...
Liggett Thomas - - 2010
There is growing interest for identification of new targets for biomarker development in multiple sclerosis (MS). The goal of this study was to compare the concentration and the methylation patterns of cell-free plasma DNA (cfpDNA) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and healthy individuals. Three 30-patient cohorts were examined: ...
Rocca M A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We investigated motor network function in patients with benign multiple sclerosis (BMS) and contrasted the results with those obtained from patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and healthy controls (HC) to elucidate better the factors associated with a favorable clinical evolution in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Diffusion tensor ...
Martinelli-Boneschi F - - 2010
KIF1B gene represents the first non-inflammatory gene with a putative role on axonal loss and neurodegeneration found to be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of this study is to test the association of the rs10492972 C allelic variant of KIF1B gene in a large Italian cohort of patients ...
Rosenblum Sara - - 2010
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease with a wide-ranging impact on functional status. The aim of the study was to examine the added value of simultaneously evaluating fatigue, personal ADL and handwriting performance as indicators for functional decline among patients with MS. Participants were 50 outpatients with MS and 26 ...
Edwards L J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Th17 cells are thought to contribute to the immunopathology of allergic and autoimmune conditions. Their role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology remains to be fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To assess peripheral blood Th17 responses in patients with MS compared to controls. METHODS: We isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 41 ...
Svestkova Olga - - 2010
To describe functioning and disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) according to the model endorsed by the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Adult patients with MS were consecutively enrolled. The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II) and the ICF ...
Akcali A - - 2010
Elevated levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) have been observed in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis. This study was designed to determine if MIF gene polymorphisms are associated with multiple sclerosis and disease severity. In total, 120 relapsing-remitting patients with multiple sclerosis and 120 control subjects ...
Sutliff Matthew H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is frequently diagnosed during a person's most productive years, and because life expectancy for patients with MS approaches that of the general population, MS is associated with a considerable economic burden from medical costs and lost productivity. In addition, there is a substantial negative impact on ...
Tenorio-Laranga Jofre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex, inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system leading to long-term disability. Recent studies indicate a close association between inflammation and neurodegeneration in all lesions and disease stages of MS. Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a proline-specific serine protease that cleaves several neuroactive ...
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