Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1282
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Ng Hwee-Yeong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most common factor associated with erythropoietin (EPO) hyporesponsiveness. Current iron indices are inadequate to demonstrate the status or utility of iron in erythropoiesis. The aims of this study are to investigate the value of the reticulocyte hemoglobin content, RET-Y, in hemodialysis (HD) patients and compare ...
Thomas Harry J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Although the factors predisposing to coeliac disease (CD) are largely understood, it remains unclear what determines the clinical heterogeneity of the disease. The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of histological, serological, and genetic factors to disease presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as ...
Gilbertson David T - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemoglobin level variability in hemodialysis patients is common, and has been associated with comorbidity, intercurrent illness, and mortality risk. We aimed to describe the influence of anemia management interventions (erythropoiesis-stimulating agents [ESAs], intravenous iron, and transfusions) on hemoglobin variability. METHODS: We studied all Medicare primary payer hemodialysis patients who ...
Besarab Anatole - - 2009
In treating moderate to severe anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), oral iron is effective only in a minority of nondialysis patients. Intravenous iron is more effective and can raise levels of hemoglobin even without the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Unfortunately, the current assays of iron status that are ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2009
Hepcidin is the predominant negative regulator of iron absorption in the small intestine, iron transport across the placenta, and iron release from the macrophages. Iron supplementation is often introduced in dialyzed patients to replete or to maintain iron stores, particularly in patients treated with erythropoietin-stimulating agents. The aim of this ...
Flint Shaun - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many hemodialysis patients receive antiplatelet therapy or warfarin; however, little is known about the effect of this on iron requirements. Given the association of antiplatelet therapy with bleeding we hypothesized that there should be a greater need for iron in such patients, which we tested in this study. METHODS: ...
Galanello R - - 2009
Iron overload is one of the major causes of morbidity in patients with thalassemia major. Deferiprone (DFP), an orally active iron chelator, emerged from an extensive search for new drugs to treat iron overload. Comparative studies have shown that at comparable doses the efficacy of DFP in removing body iron ...
Cappellini M D - - 2009
Deferasirox is a once-daily oral iron chelator with established dose-dependent efficacy in both adult and pediatric patients with transfusional iron overload. The clinical development program has demonstrated the efficacy of deferasirox for up to 4.5 years of treatment in patients with various underlying anemias, including beta-thalassemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, sickle cell ...
Zamani Farhad - - 2008
AIM: To determine the prevalence of gluten sensitive enteropathy (GSE) in a large group of patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) of obscure origin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with IDA of obscure origin were screened for GSE. Anti-endomysial antibody (EMA) and tissue transglutaminase antibody (tTG) levels were evaluated ...
Burlina A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) is a potential new orphan drug for the treatment of some patients with phenylketonuria (PKU), mostly mild forms. Numerous studies have confirmed this finding and BH(4)-responsiveness may be predicted to some extent from the corresponding genotype. AIM: To investigate the response to BH(4) loading test, the phenylalanine ...
Reddy K Rajender - - 2009
Ribavirin in combination with peginterferon alfa shows strong clinical efficacy against chronic hepatitis C, and is now established as the standard of care. However, the precise role of ribavirin is still being defined, suggesting that optimal ribavirin dose should be maintained over the whole treatment period. Ribavirin dosage varies by ...
Hayat Amir - - 2008
Anemia is a very common clinical problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in these patients. Erythropoietin is a hormone synthesized that is deficient in the majority of patients with advanced kidney disease, thereby predisposing these patients to anemia. The other ...
Patel Uptal D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a purported risk factor for adverse outcomes, particularly among patients with cardiac disease. Although anemia at the time of discharge has been associated with poor functional status and survival, its impact over time is not clear. HYPOTHESIS: Among patients with significant coronary artery disease (CAD), anemia (hemoglobin ...
Alleyne Michael - - 2008
Iron deficiency is one of the most common disorders affecting humans, and iron-deficiency anemia continues to represent a major public health problem worldwide. It is especially common among women of childbearing age because of pregnancy and menstrual blood loss. Additional patient groups include those with other sources of blood loss, ...
Rozen-Zvi Benaya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation is essential for the treatment of patients with anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is not clear which is the best method of iron administration. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. A search was performed until January 2008 of MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ...
Rocha Lillian A - - 2009
As well as being a marker of body iron stores, serum ferritin (sFerritin) has also been shown to be a marker of inflammation in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to analyze whether sFerritin is a reliable marker of the iron stores present in bone marrow of ...
Dalle J-H - - 2008
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by congenital abnormalities, cancer predisposition and progressive BM failure. FA patients present spontaneous and induced chromosome breakage. Hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) represents the unique therapeutic option to restore normal hematopoiesis when marrow failure or clonal hematopoietic abnormality occurs. Conventional myeloablative conditioning ...
De Sanctis Vincenzo - - 2008
From 1990 to 1991, the Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrine Outpatient Clinic of Arcispedale S. Anna admitted 97 thalassaemia major (TM) patients for endocrine evaluation. Their mean age was 14.2+/-5.7 years (range 5-28 years). Sixty-eight (70%) had normal thyroid function and twenty-one (21.6%) were discharged with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism of ...
Lacson Eduardo E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Medicare data indicate that black hemodialysis patients receive greater doses of erythropoietin (EPO) than white patients when achieving similar hemoglobin levels. We confirmed and evaluated this observed association between race and EPO dose. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Primary Medicare-insured white (57%) and black (43%) adult ...
Kaye P - - 2008
AIMS: Upper gastrointestinal injury from iron tablets at therapeutic dose is not widely recognized. The aim was to document cases of iron-related upper gastrointestinal (GI) pathology and to determine frequency of occurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied patients with iron deficiency anaemia undergoing upper GI endoscopy from November 2005 ...
PIPERNO, ALBERTO (21786)
AIM: To re-evaluate the diagnostic criteria of insulin resistance hepatic iron overload based on clinical, biochemical and histopathological findings. METHODS: We studied 81 patients with hepatic iron overload not explained by known genetic and acquired causes. The metabolic syndrome (MS) was defined according to ATPIII criteria. Iron overload was assessed ...
Park J S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although endoscopy is recommended for patients with iron deficiency anaemia, there is, currently, no consensus on the role of endoscopy for iron-deficient patients without anaemia. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of serious gastrointestinal (GI) lesions, identified by endoscopy in patients with iron deficiency and ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) suggests that a serum ferritin level <or=50 microg/L is still consistent with iron deficiency in the presence of coexistent pathology (inflammation, infection or malignancy), by implication excluding iron deficiency above this level. We aim to examine the validity of this cut-off level in ...
Pamuk Gülsüm Emel - - 2009
We determined the frequency of gallstones (GS) in iron deficiency anemia (IDA) patients and evaluated factors that could affect GS formation-like lipid levels and gallbladder (GB) motilities of the patients. One hundred and eleven IDA patients (88 females, 23 males; median age, 42) and 81 healthy controls (68 females, 13 ...
Gaya Anna - - 2008
After allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) some patients develop persistent anemia in association with an inadequate erythropoietin (Epo) secretion. We determined the frequency and risk factors for this complication and the response to treatment with erythropoiesis stimulating proteins (ESP). Of 83 evaluable allo-SCT patients, 63 (76%) developed persistent anemia at ...
Vlachaki Efthimia - - 2008
Deferiprone (DFP), the first oral iron chelator, has been used in patients with beta-thalassemia major to reduce serum ferritin levels and total iron burden, leading to decreased cardiac iron levels. Major side effects include embryotoxicity, agranulocytosis, zinc deficiency and gastrointestinal disorders, while arthropathy is rarely reported. Herein, we present a ...
Valenti L - - 2009
SUMMARY: In 87 patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, osteoporosis was detected in 25%, and osteopenia in 41%. Bone mineral density was independently associated with BMI, ALP levels, hypogonadism/menopause, and the amount of iron removed to reach depletion, but not with cirrhosis. Osteoporosis is influenced by iron overload in hemochromatosis. INTRODUCTION: To ...
Lee Jong Wook - - 2008
Emerging clinical data indicate that transfusion-dependent patients with bone marrow-failure syndromes (BMFS) are at risk of the consequences of iron overload, including progressive damage to hepatic, endocrine, and cardiac organs. Despite the availability of deferoxamine (DFO) in Korea since 1998, data from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, and other ...
Suzuki Takahiro - - 2008
Many patients with bone marrow failure syndromes need frequent transfusions of red blood cells, and most of them eventually suffer from organ dysfunction induced by excessively accumulated iron. The only way to treat transfusion-induced iron overload is iron chelating therapy. However, most patients have not been treated effectively because daily/continuous ...
Sohn Il-Suk - - 2008
Cardiac hypertrophy in a patient with severe iron deficiency anaemia associated with long-term bloodletting using cupping, called 'puhang' in oriental medicine, is discussed using chest electrocardiographic and radiographic images. With iron supply, the patient showed remarkable improvement of cardiomegaly, which is a unique feature of chronic severe iron deficiency anaemia.
Mennella G - - 2008
AIM: Hemochromatosis (HH) was a common inherited disease characterized by iron overload. This disease is usually the result of mutations in the HLA-linked hemochromatosis gene (HFE). The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of HFE mutations in a group of Venetian hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Sixty-one hemodialysis patients, ...
Liu Xiang-Bao - - 2008
Erythropoietin (EPO) was first identified as a hematopoietic cytokine that stimulates proliferation and differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells and was approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for chronic renal disease patients with anemia. In neural tissues, EPO is working via EPO receptors and induces non-hematopoietic effects. ...
Tsuchihashi Daisuke - - 2008
Hepcidin has recently been recognized as a hormone essential to the negative regulation of iron. Synthesis of hepcidin is increased by iron overload or inflammation, and decreased by iron deficiency, anemia and erythropoietin. Dialysis patients frequently suffer the effects of both hepcidin increasing and decreasing factors. In this study, we ...
Fung Ellen B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transfusion therapy is frequently used to prevent morbidity in sickle cell disease (SCD), and subsequent iron overload is common. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current standard of care in monitoring iron overload and related complications in patients with SCD compared to thalassemia (Thal). STUDY DESIGN ...
van der Meer Peter - - 2008
AIMS: We examined the adequacy of endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) levels for the degree of anaemia in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and its relation to prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 74 anaemic CHF patients from a cohort of 240 patients. The adequacy of endogenous EPO levels was assessed ...
Mimura Erika C Mayumi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Postgastrectomy iron deficiency anemia has a variable prevalence and occurs in 20-50% of patients. Food fortification reports examining ferrous glycinate chelate have shown that it can be 2.5-3.4 times more bioavailable than ferrous sulfate, with minimal gastrointestinal symptoms. The present study was designed as a controlled experimental study including ...
Casaulta C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A false-positive sweat test in patients with deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate-1-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49; G6PD) is repeatedly reported. METHODS: Sweat chloride or conductivity was measured in 11 patients with G6PD deficiency. RESULTS: Mean (SD) chloride level (n = 8, median age 9.2 years, range 1.9-48.5) was 18.8 (9.6 mmol/l) and, mean ...
Vialet R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies in critically ill patients, physiological adaptation to acute anaemia and the pattern of erythropoietin (EPO) secretion has not been well described in severely injured patients. The aim of this study was to describe EPO secretion and its relationship with haemoglobin (Hb) levels in severely injured patients. ...
Lawitz Eric - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study assessed the safety and antiviral effects of telaprevir (VX-950) in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin. METHODS: Twelve treatment-naïve patients with chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C virus infection received telaprevir (750 mg q8h), peginterferon alfa-2a (180 microg/week), and ribavirin (1000 or 1200 mg/day) for 28 days. Patients ...
Valent Peter - - 2008
Little is known about factors contributing to disease-evolution in early-phase myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In this article, low erythropoietin (EPO) production is discussed as a 'non-oncogenic' co-factor responsible for disease-manifestation in a group of patients with low-risk MDS. The hypothesis is based on the observations that (i) individuals with bone marrow ...
Pamuk Gülsüm Emel - - 2008
In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) in iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and thalassemia minor (TM) patients and associated factors. In addition, we investigated the prevalence of IDA in outpatients with fibromyalgia, and its effect on clinical findings. The study included 205 IDA, 40 TM patients and ...
Brookhart M Alan - - 2008
For poorly understood reasons, patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) differ substantially in their response to treatment with recombinant erythropoietin (EPO). Because hypoxia influences many of the biologic pathways involved in erythropoiesis, the altitude at which a patient lives may affect the dose-response relationship of EPO. In this retrospective cohort ...
Tanner Laura M - - 2008
The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and mechanisms of development of carnitine deficiency in patients with lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI). In our cohort of 37 Finnish patients with LPI, 8 (8-52 years of age) have been diagnosed with hypocarnitinemia. Their free and total serum carnitine levels, ...
Ficicioglu Can - - 2008
Gaucher disease is a progressive lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of glucocerebrosidase, and characterized by intralysosomal storage of glucosylceramide that leads to dysfunction in multiple organ systems. Intravenous enzyme replacement with imiglucerase is the accepted standard for treatment of symptomatic patients and has been effective in reducing many ...
Siegal D - - 2008
Prevention of GVHD is one of the most desirable goals of BMT in aplastic anemia (AA). We reviewed the medical records of 24 consecutive patients treated with BMT for acquired AA using two different GVHD prevention strategies. Ten patients were given alemtuzumab-based GVHD prophylaxis (50-60 mg in three divided doses ...
Sanhueza Pablo I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful use of a transdermal contraceptive in a patient with hereditary angioedema. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENT(S): A patient who had used oral contraceptives contracted SC and submucosal tumefaction every 1 or 2 months. She was diagnosed with type I hereditary ...
De Sanctis V - - 2008
Hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is a late complication of iron-overloaded patients with b-thalassaemia major (TM). The majority of patients have mild disease with parasthesias, while in the more severe form tetany, seizures or cardiac failure may occur. In the last 20 years we observed heart failure in 2 out ...
Ho Chao-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancy is an important cause of chronic iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of IDA and its clinical implications in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 101 patients who were admitted to Taipei Veterans General ...
Usmanov Rustam I - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent finding in many patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of intravenous (i.v.) iron on the anemia of CHF patients and on cardiac remodeling, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification and renal function. METHODS: ...
Lavados Manuel - - 2008
Oxidative stress constitutes a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies also point to redox active metals such as iron, copper and zinc in mediating oxidative stress in AD pathogenesis. However, the reactivity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) iron and its possible correlation with the severity of cognitive decline in both ...
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