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Ghoti Hussam - - 2010
Iron overload (IO) in the heart is a life-threatening complication in transfusion-dependent patients with thalassaemia major (TM) and to a lesser extent in sickle cell disease (SCD), while no data are available in patients with sickle/beta(0)-thalassaemia. Iron deposition in the heart, liver and pancreas was assessed using T2* MRI sequences, ...
Busca Alessandro - - 2010
Iron overload (IO) is a known adverse prognostic factor in patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for thalassemia and appears to play a similar role in patients with other hematologic disorders. The estimation of IO is based primarily on serum ferritin level; however, many confounding factors can ...
Inati Adlette - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect organ-specific iron overload is becoming increasingly common. Although hepatic iron overload has been recognized in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), cardiac iron deposition has only been examined in a few reports. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 23 ...
Noetzli Leila J - - 2009
Diabetes mellitus and cardiomyopathy are common in chronically transfused thalassemia major patients, occurring in the second and third decades of life. We postulated that pancreatic iron deposition would precede cardiac iron loading, representing an environment favorable for extrahepatic iron deposition. To test this hypothesis, we examined pancreatic and cardiac iron ...
Easom Andrea - - 2009
In healthy individuals, the body remains in an iron-balanced state. Iron intake and loss on a daily basis is minimal, and the majority of iron in the body is recycled. However, patients on hemodialysis may have an insufficient supply of iron available to the bone marrow for erythropoiesis, a condition ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios - - 2009
Iron deficiency is a common disorder; it can also be the first indicator of significant gastrointestinal pathology. Total iron stores are evaluated by ferritin measurement, but this is often difficult, as coexistent disease can obscure ferritin results. Bone marrow (BM) examination was previously felt to be superior to all known ...
Adamkiewicz Thomas V - - 2009
Chronic blood transfusion is increasingly indicated in patients with sickle cell disease. Measuring resulting iron overload remains a challenge. Children without viral hepatitis enrolled in 2 trials for stroke prevention were examined for iron overload (STOP and STOP2; n = 271). Most received desferrioxamine chelation. Serum ferritin (SF) changes appeared ...
Taher Ali - - 2009
Thalassaemia intermedia (TI) is a syndrome marked by its diverse underlying genetic basis although its pathophysiology remains unclear, particularly regarding the nature of iron loading and toxicity. It is, however, evident that there are key differences from the extensively studied thalassaemia major (TM) population and caution is required when assessing ...
Girelli Domenico - - 2009
Patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) often have increased liver iron, a condition associated with reduced sustained response to antiviral therapy, more rapid progression to cirrhosis, and development of hepatocellular carcinoma. The hepatic hormone hepcidin is the major regulator of iron metabolism and inhibits iron absorption and recycling from erythrophagocytosis. ...
Wang Zhao - - 2009
Elevated levels of serum ferritin and a low percentage of glycosylated ferritin have been reported in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) as well as in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). The objective of the current study was to investigate total ferritin levels and the percentage of glycosylated ferritin in patients with secondary HLH. ...
Spada P L - - 2009
The present study describes the specific content of ferritin iron, zinc and aluminium in four different groups: 1) hemodialysis hyperferritinemic patients; 2) septic patients; 3) iron overloaded patients with hematologic diseases; and 4) blood donors. In all four groups high levels of aluminium and zinc were found in addition to ...
McLoughlin Mark T - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine whether patients who have had a negative gastrointestinal evaluation (i.e. oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and a colonic examination) for iron deficiency anaemia are subsequently found to have recurrent anaemia or significant pathology. METHODS: From a prospectively entered endoscopy database, we identified a cohort of patients who had ...
Positano Vincenzo - - 2009
The present study investigated myocardial T2* heterogeneity in thalassaemia major (TM) patients by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), to determine whether is related to inhomogeneous iron overload distribution. A total of 230 TM patients consecutively referred to our laboratory were studied retrospectively. Three short-axis views (basal, medium and apical) of the ...
Sutton Lisa - - 2009
Copper deficiency is likely an underrecognized cause of anemia and neutropenia and may masquerade as a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We report 2 cases of copper deficiency in which the diagnosis was suggested based on the characteristic morphologic findings, such as cytoplasmic vacuolization of erythroid and myeloid precursors and iron-containing plasma ...
Ghugre Nilesh R - - 2009
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) appear to be at lower risk of endocrinopathies and cardiac dysfunction than those with thalassemia major (TM). Circulating redox active iron is lower in these patients, possibly due to increased systemic inflammation and circulating cytokines. Hepcidin synthesis is upregulated during chronic inflammation, reducing intestinal ...
Borgna-Pignatti Caterina - - 2009
Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder whose main symptoms are anemia, diabetes mellitus, and sensorineural deafness. We describe a 20-year follow-up of 2 previously reported patients and of 1 patient diagnosed before onset of symptoms and treated with thiamine since the first sign of disease.
Miwa N - - 2010
The evaluation of iron status in dialysis patients provides information essential to the planning of adequate recombinant human erythropoietin treatment. The cellular iron status of the patients can be determined from the recently available measurement of reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He). RET-He is measured on the basis of automated fluorescent flow ...
Wick Gail - - 2009
It is essential for nephrology nurses to understand the basics of iron function and the importance of maintaining iron balance in their patients. Iron forms the cornerstone of oxygen delivery in the body and is the most essential nutrient for the building of healthy erythrocytes. Given the vital importance of ...
Aaseb?? Willy - - 2009
Even though the use of erythropoietin and intravenous iron has improved the treatment of anemia in hemodialysis patients, a considerable proportion of these patients still have anemia. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of anemia in a hemodialysis population. In a single-center hemodialysis unit, all patients were ...
Sancho A - - 2009
Hepcidin is a hormone that regulates the intestinal absorption of iron and its release from the reticuloendothelium. The objective of this study was to determine the use of hepcidin for kidney disease patients with a diagnosis of iron deficiency pretransplantation by evaluating the soluble transferrin receptor (sRTfR-F) index as a ...
Gupta S - - 2009
Anemia in patients with chronic renal failure is multifactorial with an absolute or functional iron deficiency present in 60-80% of patients. In this study, 102 patients of stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) were enrolled. Thirty six age- and sex-matched anemic patients without any known renal disease were taken as ...
Nadarajan V S - - 2010
Individuals with alpha-thalassaemia (ATT), beta-thalassaemia (BTT) and HbE trait (HET) are often initially identified based on haematological parameters. However, the values of these parameters usually overlap with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and anaemia of chronic disease (ACD). We evaluated the use of RBC-Y in 156 normal individuals and 332 patients; ...
Hasin Tal - - 2009
Anemia is an independent indicator of mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs). Although anemia may be a transient phenomenon, secondary to acute blood loss, the prevalence and clinical significance of anemia after recovery from AMI are not known. In this study, 1,065 patients with AMIs for whom postdischarge ...
Bolignano Davide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An iron deficiency is often present in haemodialysis (HD) patients; however, although transferrin saturation (TSAT) of <20% and/or serum ferritin of <200 ng/mL should express iron scarcity, in HD patients high ferritin levels could be related to inflammation rather than reflecting optimal iron stores. METHODS: The aim of the ...
Valenti Luca - - 2009
Increased serum hepcidin has been reported in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis, and hypothesized to contribute to the alterations of iron metabolism of end-stage renal disease. However, no quantitative assessment is available to date; the clinical determinants are still under definition; and the role of genetic factors, namely HFE mutations, has ...
Venturini Danielle - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine oxidative stress in patients with untreated chronic hepatitis C (CHC), relating the obtained results with iron status and disease activity markers. Two groups (CHC patients and controls) were studied. CHC patients presented significantly higher values than the control group in some parameters: ...
Lahner Edith - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Atrophic body gastritis (ABG) is an autoimmune condition eventually manifesting itself as pernicious anemia (PA). Parietal cell autoantibodies (PCAs) and intrinsic factor autoantibodies (IFAs) are considered characteristics of these conditions. Recent studies on IFA and PCA frequency with respect to cobalamin deficiency in biopsy-proven ABG patients are lacking. We ...
Fukushima Tatsuo - - 2009
Quantitative adjuvant zinc therapy using polaprezinc was performed to examine the correlation between zinc concentration and anemia in maintenance hemodialysis patients to propose appropriate treatment. Anemia and serum zinc concentration were measured in 117 patients with chronic renal failure receiving outpatient maintenance hemodialysis at Tsuyama Chuo Kinen Hospital. Two bags ...
Höblinger A - - 2009
Here we report a 33-years-old woman with hereditary spherocytosis and hemochromatosis due to homozygosity for the C282Y mutation of the HFE gene. The coinheritance of both conditions led to severe iron overload and liver cirrhosis at young age. The patient was treated by repeated phlebotomy, and reversibility of cirrhosis was ...
Parfrey Patrick S - - 2009
The purpose was to evaluate changes in the left ventricular mass index (LVMi) among anemic chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO). A systematic review of the literature, reporting LVMi for patients before and after EPO therapy, was performed. The change ...
Haddad Ayham - - 2009
This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of iron sucrose in hemodialysis (HD) patients with documented hypersensitivity reactions to iron dextran. Of 205 HD patients who received low molecular weight iron dextran, 15 (7.3%) patients developed documented hypersensitivity reactions. The patients were treated with iron sucrose (100 mg ...
Elliott James - - 2009
In patients with chronic kidney disease, erythropoietin resistance is common, costly, and has implications beyond the management of anemia because the presence of erythropoietin resistance portends mortal outcomes. Exploring the provenance of erythropoietin resistance may be facilitated by the consideration of the pathogenetic triad of iron-restricted erythropoiesis, inflammation, and bone ...
Ehsani M A - - 2009
The present study reports the results in 284 patients of applying a recently developed index, MCV-(10 x RBC), for discrimination between beta-thalassemia trait (beta-TT) and Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA), the two most common causes of microcytic hypochromic anemias. A total of 284 carefully selected patients (130 patients with IDA and ...
Tobiasson Magnus - - 2010
In order to examine whether symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are due to the iron deficiency itself or the associated anemia, 34 patients with polycytemia vera (PV) treated with venesectio, who had iron deficiency but normal hemoglobin (Hb) levels, were given a questionnaire covering symptoms of iron deficiency including the ...
Ibrahim Hassan N - - 2009
Use of parenteral iron for anemia management in dialysis patients has greatly increased. Exceeding hemoglobin target levels is not without risk, and whether parenteral iron administration contributes to exceeding targets has not been tested. The authors aimed to determine prevalence of parenteral iron administration and its contribution to exceeding hemoglobin ...
Urrechaga E - - 2010
The percentage of hypochromic red cells (%Hypo) is a diagnostic tool that has been used with biochemical markers to diagnose iron disturbances and is incorporated to National Kidney Foundation KDOQI guidelines for monitoring recombinant human erythropoietin therapy. %Hypo measurement has been restricted to analysers manufactured by Siemens. Low haemoglobin density ...
Chan Kevin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anemia management remains complicated in patients with endstage renal disease on hemodialysis. We wished to evaluate the effect of protocol adherence to EPO and intravenous iron dosing on achieving the desired range of hemoglobin levels. METHODS: A cohort of hemodialysis patients was studied to evaluate the rate of adherence ...
Itzykson R - - 2009
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) remain the first-line treatment of anemia in lower risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) without 5q deletion. A preliminary report suggested that adding all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) to ESAs may improve their erythroid response, particularly in patients with high endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) level, and may improve other cytopenias. We ...
Lindgren, Stefan
Objective. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often have low iron stores or anaemia. There is controversy about whether iron should be supplemented orally or intravenously (i.v.). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether treatment with intravenous iron is superior to treatment with oral iron. The primary end-points ...
Krafft Alexander - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a stepwise use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in pregnant patients with severe anemia or nonresponsive to intravenously administered iron only. METHODS: All subjects had iron deficiency anemia, i.e., a hemoglobin (Hb) level <10.0 g/dl and ferritin < or =15 microg/l. Patients with an ...
Gentile Ivan - - 2009
It is not known whether iron depletion before pegylated IFN or combination treatment improves sustained virological response (SVR) rate in patients with chronic hepatitis C, despite its use in clinical practice in this setting. We aimed to investigate whether blood letting improves the efficacy (SVR) and tolerability of PEG-IFNalpha2b + ...
Maconi M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Anaemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly in dialysis patients. The recent European guidelines for anaemia treatment in CKD indicate the percentage of hypochromic red cells (%HYPO) and reticulocyte haemoglobin content (CHr) calculated by Siemens ADVIA haematology analysers as a useful tool indicating iron deficiency. ...
Lindgren Stefan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often have low iron stores or anaemia. There is controversy about whether iron should be supplemented orally or intravenously (i.v.). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether treatment with intravenous iron is superior to treatment with oral iron. The primary end-points ...
Heidari Mohammad Mehdi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an inherited recessive disorder characterized by progressive neurological disability and heart abnormalities. A deficiency in the protein frataxin causes this disease. Frataxin deficiency leads to progressive iron accumulation in mitochondria, excessive free radical production and dysfunction of respiratory chain complexes. The expansion (GAA) repeat in ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2009
Hepcidin is the key regulator of iron metabolism. Iron supplementation is often introduced in dialyzed patients to replete or to maintain iron stores, particularly in patients treated with erythropoietic-stimulating agents. The present study was aimed to assess possible relation between hepcidin and erythropoietin therapy, with particular attention being paid to ...
Ng Hwee-Yeong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most common factor associated with erythropoietin (EPO) hyporesponsiveness. Current iron indices are inadequate to demonstrate the status or utility of iron in erythropoiesis. The aims of this study are to investigate the value of the reticulocyte hemoglobin content, RET-Y, in hemodialysis (HD) patients and compare ...
Thomas Harry J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Although the factors predisposing to coeliac disease (CD) are largely understood, it remains unclear what determines the clinical heterogeneity of the disease. The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of histological, serological, and genetic factors to disease presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as ...
Gilbertson David T - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemoglobin level variability in hemodialysis patients is common, and has been associated with comorbidity, intercurrent illness, and mortality risk. We aimed to describe the influence of anemia management interventions (erythropoiesis-stimulating agents [ESAs], intravenous iron, and transfusions) on hemoglobin variability. METHODS: We studied all Medicare primary payer hemodialysis patients who ...
Besarab Anatole - - 2009
In treating moderate to severe anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), oral iron is effective only in a minority of nondialysis patients. Intravenous iron is more effective and can raise levels of hemoglobin even without the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Unfortunately, the current assays of iron status that are ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2009
Hepcidin is the predominant negative regulator of iron absorption in the small intestine, iron transport across the placenta, and iron release from the macrophages. Iron supplementation is often introduced in dialyzed patients to replete or to maintain iron stores, particularly in patients treated with erythropoietin-stimulating agents. The aim of this ...
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