Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1224
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Meksawan Kulwara K Department of Food Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
♦ Background: Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) exhibit soluble-fiber properties that beneficially affect bowel function and relieve constipation. The effects of FOS supplementation on constipation and biochemical parameters were examined in elderly continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. ♦ Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study was performed in elderly CAPD patients (5 ...
Leenen M M Heinrich Heine University Hospital Duesseldorf, Department of Trauma and Handsurgery, Moorenstr. 5, 40225 Duesseldorf, - - 2014
The use of permissive hypotension includes a restrained volume preclinical therapy. However, in the elderly patients, this approach has raised concerns because of the increased cardiovascular risk profile and a higher incidence of hypertension under normal conditions. The aim of the study was to examine whether preclinical administration of restrictive ...
Maier Gerrit Steffen GS Department of Trauma Surgery, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany, - - 2014
The purpose of this observational study was to evaluate serum levels of 25-OH-D of elderly patients presenting with orthopaedic illness. Furthermore, we enquired about potential confounders and risk factors of hypovitaminosis D in comorbidities and daily medication of the elderly. Vitamin D levels in 1,083 patients aged >70 years and admitted ...
Inoue Hideki H Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Comprehensive studies of the pathophysiologic characteristics of elderly asthma, including predominant site of disease, airway inflammation profiles, and airway hyperresponsiveness, are scarce despite their clinical importance. To clarify the pathophysiologic characteristics of elderly patients with asthma. Patients older than 65 years (elderly; n = 45) vs those no older than 65 ...
Grufman Helena H Experimental Cardiovascular Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Most acute cardiovascular events are caused by rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. The incidence of cardiovascular events increases with age and inflammation is generally considered to be the main cause of increased plaque vulnerability. However, the relationship between age and plaque inflammation has not yet been fully clarified. The aim ...
Kondo Eiji E Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Tokushima, Japan ; Department of Otolaryngology, Kochi National Hospital, Kochi, - - 2014
In the present study, an attempt was made to examine the effects of aural stimulation with ointment containing capsaicin on swallowing function in order to develop a novel and safe treatment for non-obstructive dysphagia in elderly patients. A prospective pilot, non-blinded, non-controlled study with case series evaluating a new treatment. ...
Herskovitz Moshe - - 2012
Epileptic seizures are often associated with changes in cardiac autonomic function. Yet atrial fibrillation (AFib) or atrial flutter (AFlu) following epileptic seizures has only rarely been reported in the past. To describe and characterize patients who experienced lone AFib or AFlu as a consequence of epileptic seizures. Case reports. University ...
Wo Saet Byul - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between epileptiform discharges on EEGs after febrile seizures and the prognosis of patients in terms of the development of epilepsy and recurrence of febrile seizures. This study also evaluated the characteristics of epileptiform discharges and EEG changes on ...
Kalita Jayantee J Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India. - - 2012
To report the frequency and predictors of presenting seizures in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and their influence on seizure recurrence and outcome. This retrospective study, between 1995 and 2011, included 90 consecutive patients with CVST diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance venography (MRV). Clinical parameters like ...
Blumberg Julie J Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2012
To provide an estimate of the frequency of dacrystic seizures in video-electroencephalography (EEG) long-term monitoring units of tertiary referral epilepsy centers and to describe the clinical presentation of dacrystic seizures in relationship to the underlying etiology. We screened clinical records and video-EEG reports for the diagnosis of dacrystic seizures of ...
Brigo Francesco F Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, Section of Clinical Neurology, University of Verona, Italy. - - 2012
Tongue biting (TB) may occur both in epileptic seizures and in syncope. A comprehensive search of the literature to determine the accuracy of this physical finding and its prevalence in epileptic seizures and syncope is still lacking. To undertake a systematic review and a meta-analysis of studies evaluating the prevalence ...
Stapf Christian - - 2012
Symptomatic epileptic seizures constitute a common neurologic complication in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). In many patients, a first-ever seizure may be the clinical index event leading to the diagnosis of an otherwise asymptomatic AVM. This scenario seems to be particularly frequent in young adults, while during childhood and beyond ...
Steele Sonya U - - 2012
Seizure semiology and electroencephalographic (EEG) manifestations of autoimmune-mediated cerebral folate deficiency (CFD) before and after therapy have yet to be fully characterized. Here, we report these findings in two such patients. Our first patient presented with the novel manifestation of infantile spasms at the age of 3months, while the second ...
Alvarez Vincent - - 2012
Seizures appear at stroke presentation, during the acute phase or as a late complication of stroke. Thrombolysis has not been investigated as a risk factor despite its potential neurotoxic effect. We try to identify risk factors for seizures during the acute phase of ischemic stroke in a cohort including thrombolysed ...
Yum Mi-Sun MS Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a genetic disorder resulting in epilepsy and mental retardation. Vigabatrin has shown efficacy in the treatment of infantile spasms caused by tuberous sclerosis complex, but its effects on focal seizures caused by tuberous sclerosis complex have not been determined. We compared the efficacy of vigabatrin in ...
Meghana A - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study characterized the demographic, clinical, EEG and imaging profile, and therapeutic outcome among patients with hot water epilepsy (HWE). Methodology This prospective study included 70 patients with HWE (M:F=55:15; age: 25.3±8.4years). Details of demography, seizure characteristics and outcome, and imaging/EEG observations were recorded. RESULT: There was male dominance. ...
Nei Maromi - - 2012
This prospective study evaluated 19 individuals with refractory focal or generalized epilepsy utilizing an implantable cardiac loop recorder. Recording averaged 15 months (range 12-19 months) in 18 patients and 1.5 months in one patient. A median of 37 seizures per patient (range 3-657) occurred, with 1,477 seizures total. Cardiac arrhythmias and repolarization abnormalities ...
Rogers Jennifer K - - 2012
BackgroundPatients who present with only simple or complex partial seizures have a poorly documented prognosis. Treatment may be advocated to prevent future secondary generalised seizures, reduce the frequency of further simple or complex partial seizures or a combination of both.MethodsA full statistical analysis on 1334 patients was carried out. The ...
Kagawa Kota - - 2012
Patients with bilateral hippocampal atrophy (BHA) in a subgroup suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy represent a therapeutic challenge. We achieved successful surgical treatment in a case with BHA and false lateralized ictal onset on video-scalp electroencephalogram (EEG). A 27-year-old male patient with seizures since the age of 15 years ...
Ponnusamy Athi - - 2012
Purpose:  Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) superficially resemble epileptic seizures. Little is known about ictal autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity changes in epilepsy and PNES. This study compares ictal heart rate variability (HRV) parameters as a reflection of ANS tone in epileptic seizures and PNES, and explores differences between interictal and ...
Brodie M J - - 2012
To delineate the temporal patterns of outcome and to determine the probability of seizure freedom with successive antiepileptic drug regimens in newly diagnosed epilepsy. Patients in whom epilepsy was diagnosed and the first antiepileptic drug prescribed between July 1, 1982, and April 1, 2006, were followed up until March 31, ...
Gandelman-Marton Revital - - 2012
: To identify the patients who are more likely to experience a seizure during routine electroencephalography (EEG) recording. : We retrospectively reviewed the EEG recordings and medical records of 262 patients, who were admitted in the Neurology Department in Assaf Harofeh Medical Center and referred to the EEG laboratory between ...
Quek Amy M L - - 2012
To describe clinical characteristics and immunotherapy responses in patients with autoimmune epilepsy. Observational, retrospective case series. Mayo Clinic Health System. Thirty-two patients with an exclusive (n=11) or predominant (n=21) seizure presentation in whom an autoimmune etiology was suspected (on the basis of neural autoantibody [91%], inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid [31%], or ...
Guedj Eric - - 2012
This study aims to contribute to the identification of selective brain regions involved in hyperkinetic behaviors. We studied the whole-brain voxel-based interictal metabolic 18FDG-PET pattern of 23 patients with hyperkinetic seizures, in comparison with both 15 healthy subjects similar for age and gender, and 23 patients without hyperkinetic seizures. Patients ...
Poh M-Z - - 2012
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) poses a poorly understood but considerable risk to people with uncontrolled epilepsy. There is controversy regarding the significance of postictal generalized EEG suppression as a biomarker for SUDEP risk, and it remains unknown whether postictal EEG suppression has a neurologic correlate. Here, we examined ...
Maglajlija Vesela - - 2012
Ictal hypoxemia has been reported in focal seizures and can be particularly severe during sustained seizure activity involving both hemispheres. Oxygen desaturations have been linked to sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). We report a 71-year-old patient with subclinical electrographic seizure discharges involving the left temporal lobe. Electrographic seizures were ...
Cheng Mei-Yun - - 2012
PURPOSE: Epileptic seizures in Chinese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have not been studied extensively. We investigated the clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings for Chinese patients with MS who had experienced seizures. METHODS: A total of 93 (57.4%) patients were diagnosed as having conventional MS and 69 (42.6%) patients as ...
Brotherstone Ruth R Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Autonomic instability is considered a contributing factor in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). The aim of this pilot study was to measure parasympathetic activity in sub-clinical seizures to investigate autonomic instability. A prospective study based on Video-electroencephalography (EEG)/electrocardiography (ECG)/oxygen saturation (SAO2) recordings was selected from patients having sub-clinical seizures ...
Ciliberto Michael Anthony - - 2012
Object Intractable epilepsy is a significant burden on families and on the cognitive development and quality of life (QOL) of patients. Periinsular hemispherotomy (PIH) for medically intractable epilepsy can benefit patients who qualify for this procedure. The ideal hemispherotomy candidate has ipsilateral ictal and interictal epileptiform activity, unilateral MR imaging ...
Rastogi Reena Gogia - - 2012
Lacosamide is a new antiepileptic drug that is currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adults 17 years or older for partial-onset seizures. The authors reviewed 21 pediatric patients (<17 years) with various seizure types who were started on oral lacosamide as part of a prospective ...
Gökben S - - 2012
Syncope and seizure are frequently encountered problems in daily neurology practice, and they also share common findings such as transient loss of consciousness and atonia. Sometimes, it is difficult to make a differentiation between the two entities using only clinical findings. In this study, nineteen patients aged between 5 and ...
Kim Hunmin - - 2012
PURPOSE: We performed this study to evaluate the frequency, types, and ictal electroencephalography (EEG) findings of coexisting seizures in patients with infantile spasms at the onset of spasms. We also evaluated the effect of coexisting seizures on short-term seizure control. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the long-term video-EEG and electronic medical ...
Seyal Masud - - 2012
Purpose:  The relationship of postictal generalized electroencephalography (EEG) suppression (PGES) with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is controversial. It has been suggested that PGES is associated with respiratory inhibition leading to SUDEP, but the relationship between PGES and respiratory depression is unknown. Respiratory rate and amplitude of airflow increase ...
Jahodova Alena - - 2012
We report a girl with a drug-resistant frontal lobe epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia, who exhibited uncommon seizures. The seizures consisted of shoulder or whole body shuddering after a short psychic aura and face grimacing. Consciousness was fully preserved. The seizures resembled "wet dog shake" seizures described in rat ...
Bone Beata - - 2012
Purpose:  Secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizure (SGTCS) may occur rarely in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but SGTCS is the major risk factor for sudden death and for seizure-related fatal injuries. Our aim was to investigate clinical factors associated with the occurrence of SGTCS in TLE by addressing two questions: (1) What ...
Farajidana H - - 2012
To determine the prevalence, type and site of the injuries due to tramadol-induced seizures in the patients who had referred after its overdose or use of its therapeutic dose. All patients referring to Loghman Hakim Poison Hospital (February 2009 to April 2010) due to tramadol-induced seizures were included. The patients' ...
Mani Ram - - 2012
AIM: : The incidence and timing of electrographic seizures and epileptiform activity in comatose, adult, post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have not been extensively investigated. We hypothesized that onset most frequently occurs within the first 24hours post-arrest and is associated with poor neurologic outcome. METHODS: ...
Gilioli Isabella - - 2012
Purpose:  To classify the grade of antiepileptic drug (AED) resistance in a cohort of patients with focal epilepsies, to recognize the risk factors for AED resistance, and to estimate the helpfulness of "new-generation" AEDs. Methods:  We included 1,155 adults with focal epilepsies who were observed consecutively after 1990 and followed ...
Cordella Roberto - - 2012
Tumours close to cerebral cortices involved in motor and language functions represent a major challenge for neurosurgeons. Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring is useful to gain insight into the anatomy of and the relationship between pathological and normal tissues. In this study we report on the experience of electrocortical stimulation in the ...
Kosior Robert K - - 2012
PURPOSE: Voxel-based relaxometry (VBR) is a technique in which a voxel-level statistical comparison of quantitative MR T2 maps is performed to identify regions with significantly elevated T2 relaxation time. Our objective was to assess the performance of single-subject VBR at 3T as a diagnostic tool for patients whose diagnosis of ...
Gilad Ronit - - 2012
Stroke is a well-known cause for seizures in the adult population. Research in animal models indicates that abnormalities in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability can play a role in the development of spontaneous seizures or status epilepticus. The integrity of the BBB was investigated in patients with late post-stroke seizures ...
Goldlust S A - - 2012
Melanoma has a high propensity to metastasize to the brain. In patients with brain metastases (BM) survival is limited, neurologic morbidity is high, with seizure incidence reported up to 67%. Current guidelines recommend against antiepileptic drug prophylaxis (AED PPX) in patients without a history of seizure. We reviewed our experience ...
Zandi Ali Shahidi - - 2012
SUMMARY: This study evaluates a new automated patient-specific method for epileptic seizure detection using scalp electroencephalogram (EEG). The method relies on a normalized wavelet-based index, named the combined seizure index (CSI), and requires a seizure example and a nonseizure EEG interval as reference. The CSI is derived for every epoch ...
Rathore Chaturbhuj - - 2012
Neurocysticercosis (NCC), especially in the form of the single cysticercal granuloma (SCG), is one of the more common causes for new-onset seizures in endemic countries. Seizures in SCG usually occur during the active stage of the disease, as the parasite is degenerating. These lesions disappear in 80%-90% of patients within ...
Feddersen Berend - - 2012
PURPOSE: In focal epilepsy, ictal version and ictal dystonia are thought to reflect seizure spread into the frontal eye field and the basal ganglia, respectively. Here we investigated whether the occurrence of dystonia during seizure evolution reflects mechanisms preventing secondary generalization. To this aim, the evolution of seizures in patients ...
Rana Puneet - - 2012
Detection and analysis of epileptic seizures is of clinical and research interest. We propose a novel seizure detection and analysis scheme based on the phase-slope index (PSI) of directed influence applied to multichannel electrocorticogram data. The PSI metric identifies increases in the spatio-temporal interactions between channels that clearly distinguish seizure ...
Yildiz F Gokcem - - 2012
Clinical awakening can be seen just before or after seizure onsets. In this study we determined the time between onset of seizures and awakening in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Sixty-eight patients who underwent video-EEG monitoring with simultaneous PSG were retrospectively examined. TLE or ...
Tangpukdee N - - 2012
Introduction:  While hyperparasitemia is considered an important indicator for the development of severe malaria, there is currently no consensus on the quantitative definition of hyperparasitemia. This study was conducted to establish a cutoff point for peripheral parasitemia among patients with Plasmodium falciparum malaria, to define severe malaria. Methods:  The clinical ...
de Carvalho Jozélio Freire - - 2012
To evaluate the frequency of seizures in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) and their possible clinical and laboratory associations. Eighty-eight PAPS patients (Sydney's criteria) were analyzed by a standard interview, physical examination and review of medical charts. Risk factors for seizures, clinical manifestations, associated comorbidities, and antiphospholipid antibodies were evaluated. Nine ...
Kokkinos Vasileios - - 2011
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) are typically associated with gelastic seizures but also implicated in the genesis of other seizure types. In order to identify networks involved in seizure generation, we performed EEG-fMRI in two adult patients with HH, the first with predominantly gelastic seizures and the second with complex partial and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >