Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1221
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Sari Ismail - - 2007
Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis (AS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of early AS in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) that is characterized by recurrent inflammatory attacks of serositis. Sixty-one FMF patients (30 Male/31 Female; 31.5 [18-54] years) ...
Der H - - 2007
Primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by venous or arterial thrombotic events and/or recurrent abortions, fetal death, preeclasmpsia, eclampsia in the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies or lupus anticoagulant, in the absence of accompanying diseases. Antiphospholipid antibodies can activate endothelial cells, and were recently implicated in atherosclerosis. To assess potential endothelial ...
Hizli Fatih - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the impact of extracorporeal circulation and cross clamping period on erectile function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing CABS were evaluated in this prospective study. Before and 6-12 months ...
Konstantinidis Konstantinos - - 2007
Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have become the corner stone of antithrombotic treatment but their administration protocol needs to be optimized for certain groups of patients. In this paper, we studied the influence of nadroparin treatment on clot formation process assessed by thromboelastography in patients with carotid artery disease undergoing angioplasty and ...
Hamaguchi Tsuyoshi - - 2007
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is defined by evaluating postural blood pressure (BP) change, but the correlation between postural BP decreases and OH-associated symptoms is poor. We examined carotid duplex ultrasonography during HUT in 27 patients with various neurological disorders. Nine patients were diagnosed to have OH, and 4 of them had ...
Dziewas Rainer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Of late, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested to be a risk factor for atherosclerotic artery disease. In the present study, we analyzed the prevalence of atherosclerosis in stroke patients with and without OSA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen consecutive patients with ischemic stroke were included ...
Uno Masaaki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We used the result of monitoring to evaluate patients with post-operative neurological deficits attributable to hemodynamic cerebral ischemia owing to cross-clamping of the carotid artery. METHODS: We evaluated 131 carotid endarterectomy (CEA) procedures performed on 118 patients, 96 men and 22 women ranging in age from 38 to 82 ...
Lacroix V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of new ischemic cerebral lesions after carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting and their clinical significance. METHODS: Prospective and non-randomized single-center study including 121 patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic significant carotid stenosis. 60 patients were treated by surgery and 61 treated by carotid stenting. Stenting was ...
Jin Seon Mi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the endothelial function in Fontan patients, and to investigate the associated factors which influence the endothelial function in these patients. METHODS: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerin induced dilatation (NG) of the brachial artery, and intima media thickness (IMT) of common carotid artery ...
Yamamoto K K - - 2006
AIM: A few studies have observed reduced vascular reserve measured by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to be a risk factor for stroke in patients with carotid artery occlusion, but stenosis has been excluded from these former studies. This study has evaluated the prognosis of reduced vascular reserve in ...
Suwanwela Nijasri C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Large vessel atherosclerosis and small vessel disease are two major causes of ischemic stroke. In patients with large vessel disease, the lesions can be located in the extracranial carotid or intracranial arteries. OBJECTIVE: To search for the differences of risk factors and inflammatory markers among patients with each subtype ...
Suliman M E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Homocysteine and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), which accumulate in chronic kidney disease (CKD), are recently proposed cardiovascular risk factors. In this study, we evaluated the association between changes in calculated intima media (cIM) area of the common carotid artery during the first year of dialysis therapy and plasma total ...
Lumachi Franco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The intima-media thickness (IMT) measurement of the common carotid artery is recognized as a reliable marker of systemic atherosclerosis and may be useful in predicting the likelihood of cardiovascular events, since it is related to the extent and severity of coronary artery disease. The aims of this study were ...
Helgason Cathy M - - 2006
Statistical correlations are linear noninteractive relationships, but the dynamics of causation are nonlinear and involve complex interactions where variables change through their effect on one another and interact with the context of the patient over time. The discovery and interpretation of plaque vulnerable features in the individual patient are not ...
Er┼čahin Yusuf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic aqueductoplasty (EA) was considered as a good alternative to endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in selected patients. A personal experience on EA is presented in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with primary or secondary aqueductal stenosis underwent EA with or without a stent between June 2000 and ...
Takagi Yasushi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a cerebrovascular occlusive disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion at the distal ends of bilateral internal arteries. In MMD, a decreased number of medial smooth muscle cells in these vessels was previously reported. In this study focusing on the mechanism of remodeling in intracranial ...
Zhang Wei-ru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, with atherosclerosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight CKD patients were enrolled in this study. Serum levels of L-arginine, ADMA, and SDMA were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography ...
Cheng Wen-li - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of garlicin in treating carotid artery atherosclerotic plaque (CAAP) in patients with primary hypertension and coronary heart disease (PHT-CHD). METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with PHT-CHD were randomly divided into the treated group (39 patients) treated with garlicin and fosinopril and the control group (40 patients) treated ...
Weimar Christian - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of steno-occlusive disease and the associated rate of recurrence in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. DESIGN: An inception cohort was prospectively recruited after an index event and followed up to assess recurrent stroke and death up to 1 year after the event. SETTING: Eleven German ...
Ni Jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution and clinical manifestations of intracranial arterial occlusive lesions (IAOLs), and their correlation with thyroid function. METHODS: We enrolled 7 patients who had Graves' disease (GD) with IAOLs screened and evidenced by transcranial Doppler, then further confirmed with digital substract angiography in 2 patients and magnetic ...
Krupinski Jerzy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although atherosclerosis is a silent widespread disease, the focal character of the lesions triggering the clinical manifestations is unquestionable. We hypothesized that symptomatic patients with advanced, unstable carotid plaques have increased local intraplaque and circulating levels of fibrin-fibrinogen related products. METHODS: Plaque tissue and plasma samples were studied in ...
Petit Christopher J - - 2006
Hypoxemia is a significant cause of early and interstage death in patients with single ventricle (SV). Obstruction of Blalock-Taussig shunts (BTS) in patients with SV has traditionally been managed with surgical revision. PURPOSE: We report on the experience at our institution of deploying endovascular stents within BTS as well as ...
van Raamt A Fleur - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively investigate which characteristics are related to total arterial blood flow to the brain in patients with symptomatic vascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the ethics committee of the authors' institution, and written informed consent was obtained. The total volume flow rate (tVFR) values ...
Mlekusch Wolfgang - - 2006
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of using physical examination to identify puncture-related groin pseudoaneurysms, as assessed by using duplex ultrasonography (US), after percutaneous transluminal procedures and to prospectively evaluate the association between preinterventional platelet count, antiplatelet medication, and the occurrence of pseudoaneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved ...
Gaines Peter - - 2006
Carotid artery stenting as an alternative to traditional carotid endartrectomy is becoming increasingly important in the treatment of transient ischemic attack and stroke. Physicians from several different medical disciplines are interested in treating appropriate patients by this method. Patients are entitled to know what training and experience the surgeon or ...
Bilora Franca - - 2006
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: The aim of the present paper was to study the role of irradiation in the atherosclerotic process in patients affected by Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: We studied 84 subjects, 42 with Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin disease and 42 controls. All 42 cases had been irradiated and were ...
Bitar Richard - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to assess the feasibility of MR direct thrombus imaging (MRDTI) to evaluate the prevalence and location of complicated upper thoracic aortic and arch vessel plaque in patients referred for evaluation of cerebrovascular disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients referred for investigation of cerebrovascular disease ...
Rautio R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the angiographic findings of patients who have inadvertently injected oral formulations of drugs into an upper extremity artery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The radiology files for the previous 4 years were analyzed retrospectively. Seven patients were referred from the Emergency Department for angiography and possible thrombolysis during that ...
Lee Y H YH Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Korea University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea - - - 2006
In this study, in order to evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of simultaneous bilateral carotid artery stenting (CAS) with the use of neuroprotection in symptomatic patients, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 27 patients (19 men, eight women; median age, 69.2 years), all of whom had been scheduled to undergo ...
Bari Vaqar - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of Color Doppler Sonography in the evaluation of erectile dysfunction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Radiology Department, Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi from 5-6-2002 to 2-9-2003. All consecutive patients presenting with erectile dysfunction and undergoing penile color Doppler evaluation with injection PGE1 ...
Piñero P - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess by diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) the efficacy of cerebral protection devices in avoiding embolization and new ischemic lesions in patients with severe internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis undergoing carotid artery stent placement (CAS). METHODS: One hundred sixty-two CASs in the extracranial ICA were performed with ...
Bo Mario - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CE) for symptomatic left internal carotid artery (LICA) stenosis have greater risk of cognitive decline than patients with asymptomatic LICA disease or right internal carotid artery (RICA) disease. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Vascular surgery day hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The analysis included 103 patients (mean ...
Satani K - - 2006
AIMS: Recent studies have provided increasing evidence that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has a pathophysiological role in the development of diabetic complications. We set out to determine the relationship between serum HGF and risk factors for macroangiopathy including carotid atherosclerosis. Carotid atherosclerosis is an established and important risk factor for ...
Derubertis B G - - 2006
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) was established as the gold standard for treatment of carotid occlusive disease by several landmark papers published in the 1990's. Several decades of experience with CEA, however, has revealed high-risk subsets of patients in whom CEA carries increased risk of adverse events. These patients have subsequently been ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although carotid intima-media thickness is a well-recognized indicator of atherosclerosis, it may not be an appropriate indicator of microangiopathy. We evaluated the parameters of extracranial carotid artery (CA) duplex ultrasonographic scanning in relation to microalbuminuria, which is an indicator of microangiopathy in patients with diabetes. The relationships of CA ...
Aversa Antonio - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disease characterized by Raynaud's phenomenon, degenerative changes and vascular lesions in the presence of thickened, sclerotic skin lesions determined by cellular proliferation, and excess of extracellular matrix production. The role of ultrasound in the investigation of penile pathology is well established as vasculogenic ...
Assadian A - - 2006
Antiplatelet therapy is one of the most important modalities for secondary prevention of ischemic events. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the current practice of antiplatelet therapy in patients with high grade stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA), who were referred by neurologists, stroke physicians and ...
Allocca M - - 2006
Hypercholesterolaemia often occurs in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) as a result of chronic cholestasis, but whether these patients are exposed to greater cardiovascular risk is unknown. To establish whether hypercholesterolaemia is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in PBC. 103 consecutive patients with PBC (37 with total cholesterol > or =6.21 mmol/l) ...
Hudorovi─ç Narcis - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare hospital, clinical, and health care cost among patients undergoing reversed staged procedure coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG) first and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) second (control group), compared with patients who had simultaneous CEA and off-pump CABG (study group). From ...
Srinivasan A - - 2006
The treatment of acute stroke distal to an occluded cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) presents a challenge. We report our results of endovascular therapy in 7 patients presenting with acute symptomatic cervical ICA occlusion. Among patients presenting with acute stroke at our institution from June 2001 to June 2005, we ...
Coll Blai - - 2006
Individuals with HIV-1 infection are at increased risk for cardiovascular events, and lipodystrophy is generally associated with pro-atherogenic metabolic disturbances. We conducted a case-control study to assess the presence of sub-clinical atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected patients with or without lipodystrophy (LD) and to evaluate the influence of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) ...
Pretnar-Oblak J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate systemic endothelial function and atherosclerotic changes in patients with lacunar infarctions (LI) we examined flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and intima-media thickness (IMT) and compared them to patients with similar risk factors (SR) and healthy controls. METHODS: FMD and IMT were investigated in patients with LI (20 patients, aged ...
Fiotti Nicola - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare a microsatellite polymorphism (PM) of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in patients with carotid atherosclerosis and control population, and to assess the relationship between this PM and plaque structure. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients referring to vascular diagnostic centers for suspected ...
Melman A - - 2006
To determine whether the results of the self-reported International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) to assess erectile function can overestimate the degree of erectile impairment. A total of 32 consecutive patients seeking treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) at a urologist's office were evaluated by completion of the erectile function domain ...
Dominiak Marzena - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between temporo-mandibular dysfunction (TMD), and disturbances of occlusion and gingival recession (GR) in a group of youth students. The following measurements were performed: Anamnestic Index by Helkimo (AI), Diagnostic Index by Helkimo (DI), clinical evaluation of centric (CO) and excentric ...
Giral Philippe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a chronic recurrent infection and inflammation is part of the disease which may remain undiagnosed for months. Furthermore immunization with recombinant heat shock protein-65-rich mycobacterium tuberculosis increased atherogenesis in hypercholesterolemic animal models. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential interrelationships between past tuberculosis with carotid and femoral atherosclerosis in ...
Engelhardt M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One major risk factor of the sitting position for neurosurgery is air embolism, especially in patients with persistent foramen ovale (PFO). The first aim of this prospective study was to evaluate a bedside method for detecting PFO using transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) with contrast medium. A second aim was ...
Mussack Thomas - - 2006
PURPOSE: To characterize the course of S-100B serum levels, a reliable marker for cellular brain damage, in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS) or endarterectomy (CEA) for carotid artery stenosis compared to control groups undergoing hemithyroidectomy (HT) or coronary angiography (CA). METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients scheduled for revascularization of internal ...
Oztürk Mehmet Akif - - 2006
Subclinical atherosclerosis can be demonstrated by measuring the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid arteries by high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography (US). Endothelial injury appears a key event in the atherogenesis. Endothelial cell activation and/or injury are the characteristic features of Behçet's disease (BD). In this study, we investigated morphologic evidence of ...
Habib Hamed S - - 2006
To describe the clinical profile of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) patients and to assess the best antiepileptic drug combination. Patient files of all children diagnosed with LGS at King Abdul-Aziz University (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2000 to January 2005 were retrieved and analyzed. Details on clinical data, ...
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