Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1217
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Cotroneo Antonio Raffaele - - 2007
A retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cutting-balloon angioplasty (CBA) for the predilatation of tight fibrocalcified carotid stenosis before carotid artery stenting (CAS). We also compared the intraprocedural results of CBA with those of conventional percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in terms of postdilatation rate. ...
Shihabuddin Bashir S - - 2007
In adults, seizures manifesting with abdominal complaints are usually associated with complex partial or secondary generalized seizures. Also, seizure periodicity is not expected in postmenopausal women. We encountered a 72-year-old woman with episodic nausea and abdominal pain that usually occurred with predictable regularity. When symptoms persisted after extensive gastrointestinal investigations ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and flow characteristics of nonatherosclerotic pathologies of the cervical vessels. DESIGN: From 1997 to 2003, 11 480 ultrasound tests were performed for neck vessel evaluation on patients with cerebrovascular symptoms and trauma, and on asymptomatic patients with a bruit, cervical mass, or prior to aortocoronary ...
Noël B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Only about half the patients with xanthelasma are hyperlipidemic. The clinical significance of xanthelasma as a marker of cardiovascular disease is not yet well defined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic xanthelasma. METHODS: Carotid ultrasonography (7 MHz using B-mode images, Advanced ...
Biggs Kristen L - - 2007
The management of carotid bifurcation disease continues to evolve. Carotid endarterectomy remains the gold standard for symptomatic patients, and for selected asymptomatic patients who have hemodynamically significant carotid stenosis. Medical management of the high-risk plaque has continued to improve and is complementary to carotid endarterectomy. Carotid angioplasty and stenting is ...
Hans S S - - 2007
AIM: Evaluate the results of carotid re-exploration for post-carotid endarterectomy (CEA) thrombosis associated with major neurological deficit. METHODS: Data obtained from ongoing vascular registry. Retrospective analysis of 2216 consecutive CEAs performed in a single surgical practice. RESULTS: New neurological deficits developed in 53 patients (2.4%) following CEA. Fourteen patients sustained ...
Demircan Senol - - 2007
The aim of the study was to determine carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS). Between January 2001 and December 2003, 112 consecutive patients who had been diagnosed with RMS were screened. Patients with known cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, diabetes, hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, ...
Lamacchia Olga - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Anthropometric parameters may play a role in modulating the risk of kidney dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether anthropometric indices and the metabolic syndrome are associated with alterations of the renal resistive index (RI) in normoalbuminuric type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. METHODS: A sample of ...
Wilson David A - - 2008
Up to 25% of patients experience subtle declines in post-operative neurocognitive function following, otherwise uncomplicated, carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We sought to determine if post-CEA neurocognitive deficits are associated with cerebral blood flow (CBF) abnormalities on post-operative MR perfusion brain scans. We enrolled 22 CEA patients to undergo a battery of ...
Pitoulias G A - - 2007
AIM: The majority of patients with carotid occlusive disease (COD) have one or more of the conventional risk factors of atherosclerosis. In addition, hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) and hypercoagulable state (HCGS) are increasingly recognized as potentially ''novel'' risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine the role of these factors ...
Schmitt Cédric - - 2007
Only a minority of patients with carotid arterial disease have warning symptoms, because the majority of strokes are caused by previously asymptomatic lesions. Because morbidity and mortality after acute stroke are high, patients should be diagnosed and treated before symptoms develop. The hypothesis of this study is that vascular elasticity ...
Palombo D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the extent of subtle cerebral damage (SCD) in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy with or without shunt placement. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed a consecutive series of 96 patients undergoing endarterectomy for severe unilateral left carotid stenosis who had been randomly assigned to receive ...
Tedesco Maureen M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine risk factors predictive of microemboli found on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) following carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) with distal protection and carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all carotid interventions at a single institution between 2004 and 2006. In that time frame, ...
Heuberger B M - - 2007
Data on female patients with atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are scarce, and limited primarily to the elderly population with multilevel disease. In this longitudinal observational study we compare female patients below 60 years of age with isolated lesions at the aortic bifurcation or focal superficial femoral artery disease. Analysis ...
Popov P - - 2007
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAA) represent a rare clinical entity with possible life-threatening complications. The presentation, diagnosis and management vary accordingly to the artery involved and the underlying pathology. During a 25-year period (1980-2005), 35 patients (25 males + 10 females, age range 36-73 years-median 59.2 years) with VAA were treated ...
Nemcsik János - - 2007
Aortic valve calcification (AVC) and carotid artery calcification (CAC) are considered to be markers of generalized atherosclerosis. However, the role of intracardiac calcification (ICC) (valvular and perivalvular calcification) is unclear. The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the relationship between ICC and CAC, risk factors, and clinical atherosclerotic ...
Gahn G - - 2007
To evaluate the timecourse of cerebrovascular reserve response to breath-holding. Using simultaneous bilateral transcranial Doppler (TCD) recordings from the MCA during a breath-holding challenge, we measured the time interval between baseline and peak blood flow velocity values in 25 patients with critical unilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (> 85% ...
Aksoy Sercan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Information on male potency in lymphoma survivors is insufficient. In this study, we assessed male sexual function and serum gonadotropins in successfully treated lymphoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients treated for Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) or non-HL (NHL) with chemotherapy +/- radiotherapy were included in the study. RESULTS: The ...
Dalla Pozza Robert - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the carotid artery intima-media-thickness (IMT) of children with Kawasaki disease with normative data for Western children. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-eight children (20 patients after Kawasaki disease, mean age 12.1 +/- 4.7 years; 28 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, mean age 12.0 +/- 3.1 years) were studied. RESULTS: Mean ...
Nienhuis Hans L A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess endothelial cell (EC) function of the cutaneous microcirculation in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and to relate EC function to EC activation and presence of atherosclerosis. METHODS: We studied 28 WG patients with inactive disease and 28 age and sex matched controls. Common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), ...
Cakan Murat - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's patients with notching deformity represent a small percentage of disease population, and the features of these patients have not been well established yet. AIM: To analyze the characteristics of Peyronie's patients with notching deformity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Peyronie's patients with notching deformity were compared with those with other ...
Bossema Ercolie - - 2007
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is performed to prevent stroke, but the possible restorative function of CEA on neuropsychological functioning has frequently been considered. Restorative effects might be clearer in functions mediated by the hemisphere ipsilateral to the operated side than in those of the contralateral hemisphere. The present study examined this ...
Katsumata T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of extracranial carotid plaque and the association between risk factors and carotid plaque in Japanese patients with ischemic stroke. METHODS: We consecutively recruited patients with ischemic stroke admitted to our hospital from January 2000 to September 2002. Neurologic signs ...
Ucar G - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between penile color Doppler sonography (CDS) findings and sonographic endothelial parameters in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED), including intima-media thickness (IMT) of common carotid arteries (CCA) and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of brachial artery. Fifty-six ED patients were included in the ...
Sherer Yaniv - - 2007
The aim of this study was to examine whether heat-shock protein (HSP)-65 autoantibodies are associated with early atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured in the carotid arteries of 100 RA patients and 69 control subjects. The IMT was evaluated on both carotid arteries in the common ...
Futrell Nancy - - 2007
Extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery was used to prevent stroke in patients with carotid occlusion and inadequate collateral flow. Because of inappropriate proliferation of EC-IC bypass, a randomized clinical trial was carried out. The failure of the trial may have been related to inappropriate patient selection and all eligible patients not ...
Bartoli Francesca - - 2007
Increased evidence suggests an accelerated macrovascular disease in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) are two indicators of subclinic cardiovascular disease and are frequently used as surrogate measures of subclinic atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate macrovascular involvement in SSc. ...
Kougias Panagiotis - - 2007
We examined the safety of performing synchronous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in specific groups of patients with coexistent cerebral and coronary vascular disease. Between 1981 and 2003, 8,277 patients who underwent CABG in our institution had noninvasive screening for carotid disease. Two hundred seventy-seven (3.34%) ...
Astarci P - - 2007
The aim of this study is to compare measurement of stump pressure (SP) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) made during carotid surgery as criteria upon which to base the decision whether or not to use a shunt. We included 288 patients who underwent for carotid surgery under general anaesthesia. We ...
Bourke B M - - 2007
Introduction Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is a powerful tool to detect early cerebral ischaemia and can detect new post-operative but clinically silent lesions before CT and conventional MR. Studies to date have used 1.5 T magnets and concerned CEA patients under general anaesthesia. This study concerns CEA patients under ...
Kisselgoff David - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to describe sonographic findings in patients with Peyronie disease that may explain persistent penile pain in these patients. We propose the term penile compartment syndrome for use in radiology and urology practice to describe this condition. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive patients were examined. All these patients had ...
van Keulen J Karlijn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Extra domain A (EDA), splice-variant of fibronectin, is a Toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4) ligand. Recently, EDA has been demonstrated to enhance atherogenesis in mice but human data on the role of EDA in atherosclerotic disease are lacking. We hypothesized that EDA is associated with unstable plaque phenotypes and that ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measured noninvasively by ultrasonography is now widely used as a surrogate marker for atherosclerotic disease and directly associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Hyperuricemia (HU) is a well recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The independence of this association from other confounding factors has ...
Caliskan Mustafa - - 2008
We measured carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), brachial artery flow mediated dilation (FMD), and coronary flow reserve (CFR) in 38 Behcet's disease (BD) patients without vascular involvement, 15 BD patients with vascular involvement, and 35 control subjects. BD patients with and without vascular involvement were similar regarding carotid IMT (0.52+/-0.14; ...
Xu Gelin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) have been investigated extensively. However, cognitive impacts of carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS), an emerging alternative to CEA, have not been studied. This study is aimed at investigating pattern and degree of cognitive changes after CAS among patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. PATIENTS ...
Chambers Brian R - - 2007
Severe asymptomatic carotid stenosis is associated with a stroke risk of approximately 2% per annum. Aggressive management of risk factors is recommended, including cessation of smoking, and treatment of hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia. Patients should be treated with antiplatelet agents. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with greater than or equal ...
Yekeler Ensar - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the endothelial dysfunction (ED) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with glycogen storage disease (GSD) types Ia and III. In 22 patients with GSD (13, type Ia; 9, type III) and 18 healthy subjects, endothelial functions of the brachial artery and ...
Wong George K C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Profuse epistaxis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) previously treated with radiotherapy (RT) can be life threatening. Surgical means to prevent rebleeding may at times be difficult and unsuccessful. We aim to investigate the characteristics of this group of patients and our experience of endovascular embolization technique in the ...
Erdogan-Poyraz Ceren - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of punctal occlusion on ocular tear clearance and occurrence of epiphora in patients with conjunctivochalasis (CCh). METHODS: Seventy-five eyes with the diagnosis of CCh were included in the study. CCh was graded on the basis of the extent of inferior lid margin involvement as follows: ...
Jiang Wei-Jian - - 2007
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the cerebrovascular complications from elective stent placement for symptomatic intracranial stenosis and to explore preliminarily which factors are associated with complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional ethics committee approval was obtained, with waiver of informed consent. Records were reviewed of 181 consecutive elective stent placement procedures in ...
Kanwar Manpreet - - 2007
Carotid ultrasound is a useful tool to detect plaque and measure carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT), which help identify asymptomatic patients at risk of cardiovascular events. However, the role of carotid ultrasound in stratifying risk in symptomatic patients has not been studied. We prospectively examined the hypothesis that in symptomatic patients ...
Kim Jung Eun - - 2007
Impairment of cognitive function is often present in patients with carotid artery stenosis but the details of this dysfunction have rarely been reported. Our purpose was to elucidate the cognitive dysfunction in patients with unilateral severe carotid stenosis using comprehensive neuropsychological testing, and also to identify the specific underlying clinical ...
Pruissen D Martijn O - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of athersclerosis in the difference between the pathogenesis of large-vessel disease (LVD) and small-vessel disease (SVD) is a matter of debate. Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA IMT) is a marker of atherosclerosis. Our aim was to compare CCA IMT between SVD and LVD patients. ...
Kai Yutaka - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cellulose porous beads (CPBs) are exceptionally uniform in size and nonabsorbable and they provide highly effective tumor devascularization. The risk of cranial nerve palsy must not be overlooked when embolization with CPBs is considered in meningioma patients. We attempted to identify patients at risk of cranial nerve palsy after ...
Uzunca Ilkay - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In patients with large artery disease, determining the cerebral hemodynamic state and following its alterations may be a good marker for predicting long-term outcome. The aim of our study was to compare the changes in vasomotor reactivity (VMR) of patients with symptomatic intracranial and extracranial artery stenosis. We also ...
Ballotta Enzo - - 2007
The best way to manage both symptomatic and asymptomatic severe carotid stenoses has been thoroughly demonstrated by large randomized clinical trials, but less is known about the natural history and management of the contralateral asymptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA). This prospective study was undertaken to determine whether disease progressed in ...
Tedesco M A - - 2007
We evaluated the relationship between renal resistive index (RRI) of the intrarenal vasculature and cardiovascular (CV) organ damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic dysfunction and carotid atherosclerosis in a large sample of hypertensive patients. 566 hypertensive patients underwent echocardiography with conventional Doppler and Doppler tissue imaging (DTI), carotid ...
Sari Ismail - - 2007
Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis (AS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of early AS in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) that is characterized by recurrent inflammatory attacks of serositis. Sixty-one FMF patients (30 Male/31 Female; 31.5 [18-54] years) ...
Der H - - 2007
Primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by venous or arterial thrombotic events and/or recurrent abortions, fetal death, preeclasmpsia, eclampsia in the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies or lupus anticoagulant, in the absence of accompanying diseases. Antiphospholipid antibodies can activate endothelial cells, and were recently implicated in atherosclerosis. To assess potential endothelial ...
Hizli Fatih - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the impact of extracorporeal circulation and cross clamping period on erectile function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing CABS were evaluated in this prospective study. Before and 6-12 months ...
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