Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1217
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Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) is a well-established marker of early ischemia on noncontrast computed tomography of the brain (NCCT). Recently the MCA dot sign has been described and proposed to indicate thrombosis of the M2 or M3 middle cerebral artery branches. The purpose of ...
Sato Shinji - - 2008
We conducted the present study to determine the level of physical activity required to retard the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The daily walking distance (km/day) of 40 patients with CHD (male/female ratio: 37/3, mean age: 61.2 years, mean interval time after ...
Debing Erik - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We compared levels of inflammatory markers between patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and controls, and between patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients with ICA ...
Széplaki Gábor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Complement activation plays an important role in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The objective of the present study was to detect the presence and mechanism of complement activation in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: Complement activation products C1rsC1-inhibitor, C4d, C3a and SC5b-9 and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) were ...
Setacci C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this prospective observational registry was to study the outcome of symptomatic patients presenting with recent TIA or minor stroke and severe carotid stenosis, submitted to early percutaneous treatment by stenting. A secondary aim was to evaluate the biological activity of the symptomatic carotid plaques by serial ...
Eder Lihi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Forty patients with PsA were enrolled. Controls were matched by age, sex, and atherosclerotic risk factors. All patients and controls underwent duplex scan of the carotid arteries. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was evaluated and the ...
Gonzalez-Juanatey Carlos - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether carotid intima-media wall thickness (IMT) may be a good predictor for the development of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A series of 47 RA patients who at the time of recruitment did not have traditional CV risk factors or CV disease ...
Deveci Serkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To define the ability of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) to differentiate between organic and psychogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting for the evaluation and treatment of ED who had penile duplex Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) completed the IIEF questionnaire. Accepted ranges of the IIEF ...
Zuromskis T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Echolucent carotid plaques, as well as downstream micro-embolisation, may be associated with an increased risk of stroke. However, the relationship between carotid plaque ultrasound characteristics and micro-embolic signals (MES) detected in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Papas Theophanis T - - 2008
The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and E-selectin with clinical manifestations and plaque characteristics in 88 patients (69 with and 19 without neurological symptoms) with high-grade stenosis of the carotid bifurcation who underwent endarterectomy. The grade of stenosis was quantified by duplex ...
Aslim Erdal - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the short-term results in patients more than 75 years of age undergoing carotid endarterectomy at a single institution. METHODS: Between June 2004 and June 2007, carotid endarterectomy operations were performed in 123 patients. A total of 70 patients had regional anesthesia. The data for all patients ...
Martinez-Fernandez Eva - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Syncope and carotid sinus reactions (CSR) occur frequently in patients undergoing carotid angioplasty (CA). We investigated risk factors and the neurological consequences of carotid sinus syncope induced by CA. METHODS: We examined 359 consecutive patients. Patients underwent assessment of cerebrovascular reserve before CA and continuous electroencephalographical monitoring ...
Fuwa Nobukazu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We proposed a new selective intra-arterial infusion method via the superficial temporal artery for preventing dislocation of the catheter. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 92 patients who were treated by this combination therapy between May 1999 and December 2004. Primary tumor sites included the tongue in 73 patients, base ...
de Monyé Cécile - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) is not uncommon. Whether patients with this anomaly have a higher risk of ischemic stroke in the territory of the PCA is not known. The clinical benefit of screening for a fetal origin in patients with TIA or stroke ...
Seyahi Emire - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We had the impression and preliminary evidence that atherosclerosis was not much increased in Behçet's syndrome (BS). Thus, we evaluated the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in a sizeable group of patients with BS both with major organ involvement and mucocutaneous disease along with diseased and healthy controls. METHODS: We ...
Müller-Schunk S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clopidogrel and aspirin are antiplatelet medications used in patients intended for endovascular stent placement. Although various studies have investigated individual responsiveness to clopidogrel in patients undergoing coronary interventions, there are no studies regarding patients undergoing stent placement of supra-aortic arteries supplying the brain. We analyzed platelet function ...
Ojini, F I; ;
Cerebral white matter lesions (WML) on MRI have been related not only to age but also to cerebrovascular disorders. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WML in a population of patients attending a stroke clinic and relate it to the presence of carotid atherosclerosis as determined by increased ...
Ekart Robert - - 2008
Atherosclerosis is accelerated in dialysis patients, but less is known about asymptomatic atherosclerosis and major risk factors in patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We compared intima media thickness (IMT) and plaque occurrence in the carotid arteries in 104 nondiabetic patients (stages 1-5 of CKD; mean age: ...
Ballotta Enzo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused directly on carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in symptomatic and asymptomatic diabetic patients, reporting controversial outcome. We compared perioperative (30-day) and late outcomes in diabetic versus nondiabetic patients undergoing CEA for severe asymptomatic carotid disease. METHODS: Over 10 years, data were prospectively collected for diabetic and nondiabetic ...
Corriere Matthew A - - 2008
Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) with embolic protection is currently accepted as treatment for patients considered to be at high risk for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The purpose of this study was (1) to determine what proportion of patients treated with CEA would be categorized as "high" risk by currently accepted ...
Bishara Rashad A - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of significant carotid artery disease (SCAD) in a cohort of Egyptian patients to compare it with matched groups of patients in published data of Western populations. One thousand consecutive patients referred for color flow duplex scanning of the carotid arteries ...
Maatz Winfried - - 2008
The role of a contralateral carotid occlusion in the appearance of neurological complications after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) operations is a matter of some debate. In the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial, the risk of perioperative stroke was found to be higher in patients with a contralateral carotid occlusion. In ...
Ozay B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to review our experience in the management of carotid body tumours. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of patients in whom carotid body tumour was diagnosed between 1998 and 2005. Data were retrieved from hospital discharge files. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were operated on. There ...
Yu Zan-zhe - - 2008
AIMS: Adiponectin is an adipocytokine with antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated associations between circulating adiponectin, inflammation and cardiovascular disease in peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in 59 non-diabetic patients. The concentrations of serum adiponectin, biochemical data and ultrasound of carotid artery were measured at enrollment. ...
Uddin Muhammad Azeem - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results, complications and initial follow-up of patients after percutaneous stent placement for carotid artery disease. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on patients treated with carotid artery stenting at the Radiology Department of Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from September 2002 to December 2005. The ...
Turgut Faruk - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The atherosclerotic process progresses more dynamically in hemodialysis (HD) patients than in the general population. In HD patients, lower magnesium levels were reported to be associated with increased atherosclerosis of the common carotid artery. We tested the hypotheses that magnesium supplementation helps to improve carotid intima media thickness (IMT) ...
Hillenbrand Renata - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as a potential risk for atherosclerotic disease in epidemiologic studies. This study investigates the impact of elevated serum homocysteine on restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: In a retrospective study, we compared fasting plasma homocysteine levels of 51 patients who developed restenosis during an eight ...
Kadoglou Nikolaos P E - - 2008
Osteopontin (OPN) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are well-known vascular calcification inhibitors, which have been recently demonstrated to correlate with inflammation and cardiovascular events incidence. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to survey whether OPN and OPG are involved in carotid plaque vulnerability. For this reason, we assessed serum OPN and ...
Koutouzis Michael - - 2008
Statin treatment is considered as first line therapy in patients with atherosclerotic disease. We evaluated the effect of pre-treatment with statins on carotid plaque infiltration by macrophages and on the circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy. One hundred fourteen patients were enrolled; 89 men and ...
Rerkasem Kittipan - - 2008
Hypercholesterolemia is a critical problem in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. The adequacy of attention to lipid risk factors in patients with carotid stenosis awaiting carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has rarely been studied. We also assessed patient awareness of hypercholesterolemia and carotid plaque morphology. A prospective study was conducted of 141 consecutive ...
Soljanlahti Sami - - 2008
Arterial elasticity changes in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) with different but overlapping mechanisms. We compared aortic elasticity between 19 FH patients with the same mutation, 18 type 2 DM patients, and 30 controls, all aged 48 to 64. They underwent aortic magnetic resonance imaging, risk-factor assessment, and ...
Baroncini Liz Andréa Villela - - 2008
To describe the findings and evaluate appropriateness of a carotid artery study including the measurement of IMT, the presence of atherosclerotic plaque, and their correlation with cardiovascular risk factors. 555 patients (220 men; 67.06 +/- 12.44 years) were included in the study. 120 patients (21.62%) presented carotid plaque: 108 (19.45%) ...
Bosch Enrique - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gadofosveset, a gadolinium-based albumin-binding MRI contrast agent, in patients with pedal arterial disease. A total of 185 adult patients with known or suspected pedal arterial disease were randomized in a group receiving 0.03 mmol/kg and a group ...
Ulusoy Rifat Eralp - - 2008
Noninvasive assessment of endothelial dysfunction (ED) and diagnosing the early vascular development of atherosclerosis in active mucocutaneous Behçet's disease. Twenty-nine active BD patients (study group) without any obstructive vascular involvement were compared with twenty-nine healthy controls (control group) in terms of ED utilizing endothelium-dependent dilation as well as endothelium-independent dilation ...
Gonzalez-Juanatey Carlos - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the presence of atherosclerosis in a series of giant cell arteritis (GCA) patients attended to in a community hospital and to determine whether clinical features or steroid therapy might be associated with the development of atherosclerotic disease. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients diagnosed with biopsy-proven GCA, periodically followed ...
Pipitone S - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of carotid and/or peripheral atherosclerotic lesions in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease (previous acute myocardial infarction [AMI] or stable angina). METHODS: We studied 248 patients (168 male and 80 female), mean age 63+/-10 years, which were investigated ...
Farage Luciano - - 2007
We present a biopsy proven case of 47 years-old man with a carotid pseudotumor, clinically presented as carotidynia. CT showed a mass encasing and narrowing the common carotid artery and MRI showed hypointense signal in T2 and intense enhancement after contrast media administration. The patient was suspected to have an ...
Novo Giuseppina - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to evaluate, in patients with proven coronary artery disease (CAD) and treated with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether the coexistence of asymptomatic carotid and femoral atherosclerotic lesions would provide prognostic information in terms of occurrence of restenosis. METHODS: We studied 104 patients ...
Kayigil Onder - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Arterialization operations of the penis are recommended for young patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). In this study, we investigated the efficiency of deep dorsal vein arterialization (DDVA) in carefully selected healthy elderly patients PATIENTS AND METHODS: An initial extensive evaluation with corpus cavernosum electromyography, cavernosometry, and penile doppler ultrasonography ...
Arnold Marcel - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isolated Horner syndrome without associated cranial nerve palsies or ischemic symptoms is an important presentation of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (sICAD). Ultrasound is often used as a screening method in these patients because cervical MRI is not always available on an emergency basis. Current knowledge on ...
Hahalis George - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM) demonstrate an increased incidence of vascular complications, which are thought to result from a procoagulant/proinflammatory environment. We investigated the arterial vasorelaxing capacity and sought for early carotid atherosclerosis and underlying pathophysiological correlates in these transfusion-dependent patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The vasodilatory properties of the ...
Turk A S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wingspan is a self-expanding, microcatheter-delivered microstent specifically designed for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease. Our aim was to discuss the effect of patient age and lesion location on in-stent restenosis (ISR) rates after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) with the Wingspan system. MATERIALS AND ...
Eloi-Stiven Marie L - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examined the ways by which patients obtain nonprescription sildenafil and the patient predictors associated with nonprescribed use. METHODS: We conducted this descriptive study by distributing an anonymous questionnaire to 231 male sildenafil users (ages 18 to 80) between December 1, 2002 and April 30, 2003 at outpatient ...
Kim E Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the hyperattenuated middle cerebral artery sign is known to be related to acute infarction, the volume of clot associated with it is not known. We investigated whether the presence or absence of hyperattenuated artery sign (HAS) on noncontrast CT (NCCT) can predict the thrombus volume. MATERIALS ...
Mullenix Philip S - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: There is no relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) level and the presence and degree of carotid stenosis (null hypothesis). DESIGN: Institutional review board-approved cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care regional medical center. PATIENTS: Patients (N = 146) referred to a vascular surgery clinic for possible carotid stenosis. INTERVENTIONS: Baseline serum ...
Morelli A - - 2007
According to all the consensus and statements of the major societies, hypogonadism should be considered a medical problem, termed late onset hypogonadism (LOH) or testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS), only when symptoms are present. One of the most common symptoms of LOH/TDS is sexual dysfunction (SD). The main purpose of this ...
Telman Gregory - - 2007
PURPOSE: To estimate the possible predictors for the need for shunting during carotid endarterectomy in patients with severe unilateral carotid stenosis based on preoperative transcranial Doppler sonographic examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six patients were included in the study. Pulsatility index, flow acceleration, peak systolic velocity, and mean velocity ...
Dunlap Allan B - - 2007
Ocular symptoms and signs often herald hemispheric neurological events associated with extracranial cerebrovascular disease. However, the presence of a Hollenhorst plaque (HP) or retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and the risk of stroke is unclear. The purpose of this study was to review the outcomes of all patients who presented with ...
Aygun Cem - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate metabolic syndrome (MetS) frequency and carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) as risk factors for atherosclerosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 40 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients and 40 age-matched healthy control subjects. Common carotid ...
Kendirci Muammer - - 2007
PURPOSE: The cause of erectile dysfunction is mostly organic in nature and is most commonly associated with a vasculogenic etiology. This study evaluates the relationship between penile hemodynamic parameters and vascular risk factors in men with erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,216 patients with erectile dysfunction were ...
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