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Irsel Tezer F - - 2011
Bradycardia or asystole that occur during some seizures may be life threatening as a leading cause of SUDEP. A patient with right and left temporal lobe onset seizures and preceding bardycardia or asystole is presented. He had bilateral hippocampal atrophy on MRI. The unreliability of ictal bradycardia or asystole as ...
Hsieh Hsiang-Yao - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between intracranial lesions and epileptic seizures in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients. BACKGROUND: NF1 is one of the most common autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorders, and epilepsy is more prevalent in NF1 patients than in the general population. Epileptic seizures were found to be related to ...
Wusthoff Courtney J - - 2011
Although acute seizures are common among neonates with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS), the incidence of subsequent seizures is unknown. The goals of this study were to determine the incidence of seizures following hospital discharge after perinatal acute AIS, and to assess lesion characteristics associated with later seizure occurrence. Neonates with ...
Staack Anke M - - 2011
Purpose:  Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is usually associated with automatisms. Hyperkinetic seizures are supposed to be unusual. Because we witnessed several patients with TLE and ictal hyperkinetic symptoms, we retrospectively assessed the number, clinical findings, and seizure outcome in such patients who had undergone temporal lobe resection. Methods:  We reviewed ...
Kandil Emad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate whether lithium-induced hyperparathyroidism (LIHPT) is caused by single-gland versus multigland disease. METHODS: Medical records of 7 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for LIHPT were reviewed. RESULTS: The mean preoperative calcium was 11.1 ± 0.7 mg/dL. Six of 7 patients were rendered eucalcemic with surgery. Of ...
Kutler David I - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report our decade-long experience in using modified 4D-computed tomography in combination with ultrasonography (Mod 4D-CT/US) to localize abnormal parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review at a university-based academic medical center. METHODS: Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent a ...
Adler Joel T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism depends on accurate preoperative imaging, which is traditionally accomplished by (99m)Tc-sestamibi scanning. Cervical ultrasound is gaining in use, but it is unclear how much information it adds to the routine use of (99m)Tc-sestamibi scans. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy ...
Sansa Gemma - - 2011
Purpose:  Epilepsy and electroencephalographic abnormalities are frequent in idiopathic autism, but there is little information regarding treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE) in this group. We sought to define the clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics and treatment outcomes in these patients. Methods:  We retrospectively reviewed clinical and laboratory data of patients with idiopathic autism ...
Schneider Ralph - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The frequency of intrathymic parathyroid glands (IPGs) in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for renal hyperparathyroidism (rHPT) varies considerably between 14.8% and 45.3%. Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation and subtotal parathyroidectomy are the most accepted surgical procedures to treat patients with rHPT. However, routine bilateral cervical thymectomy (BCT) is still discussed, although ...
Soudan Rania A - - 2011
To assess any alteration in the levels of some salivary components, and to correlate the same with the severity of the disease. Unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected and analyzed in 20 randomly selected Syrian uncomplicated psoriatic patients presenting to the Dermatological Diseases Hospital, Damascus University, Syria between February and ...
Kelemen Anna - - 2011
Zonisamide is licensed in the European Union for adjunctive therapy for partial epilepsy, but its efficacy in generalized epilepsy was less explored. This prospective observational study included 47 patients (mean age 29 years, range 3-50) with different resistant generalized epilepsy syndromes: idiopathic generalized syndromes (IGE) 15 patients, (juvenile myoclonic epilepsy ...
Huang Qin - - 2011
Cardiac glands (CG), along with oxyntocardiac glands, in a normal human constitute cardiac mucosa (CM) that is positioned in the proximal stomach with a length of 10-30 mm, according to traditional teaching. This doctrine has been recently challenged. On the basis of studies on autopsy and biopsy materials in the esophagogastric ...
Stoopler Eric T - - 2011
The aims of this study were to (1) determine the feasibility of tandem assessment of the presence of amyloid in subcutaneous abdominal fat by fine-needle aspiration and oral mucosal tissue biopsy in patients initially diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) and (2) determine the optimal site for detection of amyloid in ...
Kharevich Olga - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the pH of saliva from xerostomic patients before and after the use of Salese lozenges (Nuvora Inc., Santa Clara, CA). After IRB approval, ten subjects were selected to participate in this pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of Salese. The inclusion criteria ...
Fluri F - - 2011
Background:  Progressive carotid artery disease has been shown to cause cerebrovascular events years after a patient's carotid thromboendarterectomy (CEA). Yet, some late cerebrovascular events in CEA patients are attributable to other etiologies. Objective:  We sought to determine frequency and characteristics of late cerebrovascular events in post-CEA patients attributable to etiologies ...
Kamp S - - 2011
The pathogenesis of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) is not clearly understood. The nomenclature suggests an important role for the apocrine glands but recent evidence implicates the pilosebaceous unit as a more likely candidate to play a central role in the pathogenesis. Our aim was to estimate the volume of the follicular ...
Wojno Ted H - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To describe the author's experience with the use of botulinum toxin (Botox, Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA, U.S.A.) injection in the palpebral lobe of the lacrimal gland for symptomatic epiphora due to lacrimal obstruction or gustatory tearing. METHODS:: This is a retrospective review of 46 patients treated by the author ...
Ching K H - - 2011
Simple and non-invasive saliva-based diagnostics may be useful for the identification, understanding, and monitoring of autoimmune and infectious diseases. Previously, Luciferase Immunoprecipitation Systems (LIPS) were used for sensitive detection of patient serum autoantibodies in Sjögren's Syndrome (SjS), a chronic autoimmune disease affecting the salivary and lacrimal glands. Here we explored ...
Harari Avital - - 2011
Standard preoperative imaging for primary hyperparathyroidism usually includes sestamibi scanning (MIBI) and ultrasound (US). In a subset of patients with a positive MIBI and a negative US, we hypothesize that the parathyroid adenomas are more likely to be located posteriorly in the neck, where anatomically they are more difficult to ...
Moseley Brian Darryl - - 2011
A 45-year-old gentleman presented for classification of spells precipitated by startle. During these spells, he would briefly lose awareness, develop tonic stiffening of his extremities and fall. He had previously been diagnosed with paroxysmal kinesogenic dyskinesia and treated unsuccessfully with clonazepam, levetiracetam and carbamazepine. The patient was admitted for prolonged ...
Kurosaki Yoshitaka - - 2011
An association between magnetic resonance imaging detection of intraplaque hemorrhage and the risk of cerebral ischemic events has been described. However, few studies have followed patients with intraplaque hemorrhage. We used 3-dimensional gradient-echo black-blood T1-weighted imaging (screening BB [S-BB]) as a magnetic resonance imaging sequence to evaluate acute cerebrovascular stroke. ...
Wulsin Drausin - - 2011
Epilepsy patients who do not respond to pharmacological treatments currently have only brain surgery as a major alternative therapy. Identifying which brain areas to remove is thus of critical importance for physicians and the patient. Currently, this process is almost entirely manual, can vary greatly between clinical experts and centers, ...
Misra Usha Kant - - 2011
A provoked seizure may be due to structural damage (resulting from traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, tuberculosis, or neurocysticercosis) or due to metabolic abnormalities (such as alcohol withdrawal and renal or hepatic failure). This article is a part of the Guidelines for Epilepsy in India. This article reviews the ...
Berryman Rosanna - - 2011
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is a rare complication of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). DAVFs develop as a result of direct arterial to venous sinus communications evolving in response to an occluded sinus. The authors present a patient with Down's syndrome who developed progressive, uncontrolled seizures and chronic CVST secondary ...
Cunniffe M Geraldine - - 2010
The popular use of topical prostaglandin analogues (TPAs) in glaucoma patients has a well-documented association with changes in number, length, thickness, and growth pattern of eyelashes. A link between meibomian gland disease and seborrheic blepharitis resulting from topical administration of prostaglandin analogues has not been made to the authors' knowledge. ...
Kuo Yuh-Chen - - 2010
Penile color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) with pharmacotesting has become an important tool for evaluating vascular erectile dysfunction (ED), and audio-visual sexual stimulation (AVSS) has been suggested to be helpful in assisting the performance of CDUS during the examination. To investigate the feasibility of using a novel, remotely controllable AVSS system ...
Cervini Patrick - - 2010
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have been used to treat advanced heart failure refractory to medical management, as bridge therapy to myocardial recovery, as bridge therapy to cardiac transplantation, or as destination therapy for patients with unfavorable transplant candidacy. Neurologic complications are some of the most common and devastating complications ...
Almeida Juliana Pereira - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: The purpose of this study was to assess the late side effects of radioiodine therapy (RIT) on salivary gland function. One hundred eighty two patients were evaluated. METHODS.: Assessment of salivary gland function was performed with salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS), sialometry, and subjective open questions to determine common side ...
González A - - 2011
The natural history of the carotid NO is poorly characterized, and the management of patients remains controversial. We report the results and complications associated with CAS and follow-up. Between March 2000 and March 2009, 116 of 836 CAS procedures were performed in patients with carotid NO (13.9%). A total of ...
Yang Huai-Che - - 2010
Treatment options for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have expanded with the application of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). To assess the role of SRS with or without embolization, we reviewed our entire DAVF experience. Between 1991 and 2006, 40 patients with 44 DAVFs underwent Gamma knife SRS. Twenty-eight patients had upfront SRS ...
Chiriano Jason - - 2010
Carotid stump pressure (CSP) is frequently measured to determine the need for shunt use during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We hypothesized that the preoperative carotid duplex examination correlates with preoperative symptoms and intraoperative CSP. Patients undergoing CEA over a 7-year period were identified from our vascular registry. CEA was performed with ...
Katsargyris Athanasios - - 2011
A growing body of evidence supports a role for Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a primary receptor of the innate immune system, in atherosclerosis initiation and progression. Carotid atheroma macrophages (MACs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) express TLR4; nevertheless, correlations with epidemiological and clinical variables and especially cerebrovascular symptomatology remain unsettled. ...
Lamotte Christophe - - 2011
Increased carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in adults may be caused by a childhood exposure to cardiovascular risk factors. We systematically reviewed observational studies to determine whether obesity, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), dyslipidemia (DL), hypertension (HT), and chronic renal failure (CRF) are associated with increased cIMT in children and adolescent patients ...
Haruki Nobuhiko - - 2010
Aging and westernization of lifestyle has accelerated the prevalence and severity of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases in the Japanese population. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of complex plaque formation in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) as assessed by real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) and its relation ...
Novo Salvatore - - 2010
To show that subclinical atherosclerosis (subclinical-ATS) of carotid arteries [intima-media thickness (IMT) or asymptomatic carotid plaque (ACP)], may provide additional information for risk stratification, in asymptomatic patients, aged greater than 45 years, with a cluster of risk factors (RFs). We studied 558 asymptomatic patients (235 males). RFs for atherosclerosis were ...
Cho Tae H - - 2011
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction occurs in patients with intrathoracic malignancies. Clinical symptoms can be distressing but presentation is insidious. We investigated the outcome of endovascular management for patients with SVC syndrome. We retrospectively reviewed the case histories of 17 patients (9 men) from January 2003 to June 2009. All ...
Sachpekidis Vasileios - - 2011
to evaluate whether the three-dimensional (3D) left atrial volume index (LAVI) and/or the presence of carotid plaques (CP) can predict the result of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), thereby aiding interpretation. we studied 130 patients (52 male, mean age 63 ± 11 years) with normal resting wall motion (WM) undergoing DSE. ...
Hill E J R - - 2010
Introduction Stroke is the third most common cause of death world wide. Most cases of stroke are caused by atherosclerotic plaque rupture. A challenge facing clinicians is identifying asymptomatic patients at risk of plaque instability. Locally released angiogenic growth factors may contribute to microvessel instability within plaques. Growth factors and ...
Bujak Mathew - - 2010
Two patients with dural carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) presented with optic neuropathy and marked congestive ophthalmopathy, including 1 patient with a narrowed anterior chamber angle due to choroidal effusions. Endovascular intervention was planned but deferred for logistic reasons. While the patients awaited the procedures, the clinical features markedly improved, and time-resolved ...
Schaaf M - - 2010
Significant extracranial stenosis of the ICA is a known risk factor for future stroke and it has been shown that revascularization reduces the risk of future stroke. We applied BOLD fMRI in patients with carotid artery stenosis before and after CEA. Our purpose was to determine whether fMRI is able ...
Riles Thomas S - - 2010
With the decline of diagnostic angiography, clinicians increasingly rely upon duplex scan criteria to select appropriate asymptomatic candidates for carotid intervention. Some recent trials have enrolled patients for intervention based upon end diastolic velocities (EDVs) as low as 100 cm/second, and peak systolic velocities (PSVs) as low as 230 cm/second. ...
De Martino M C - - 2010
Acromegaly is known to be associated to vascular damage characterized by an increase of vascular wall thickness and an impairment of vascular function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of medical treatment with the GH receptor antagonist pegvisomant on vascular structure and function in acromegalic patients ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2010
To determine the prevalence and impact of subclavian steal syndrome (SSS) in patients undergoing assessment of the carotid arteries. Vertebral artery flow reversal is often found among patients undergoing imaging of the extracranial vessels; however, there are no large studies evaluating the prevalence and natural history of SSS in stratified ...
Signorelli Salvatore Santo - - 2011
Many studies have been carried out to assess the prevalence, risk factors and co-morbidities of peripheral artery disease (PAD). By contrast, to date there is a lack of data on patients with high-ABI. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of increased ABI (ABI>1.4) and to evaluate the involvement of ...
Jales-Neto L H - - 2010
To compare prognosis parameters and arterial site involvement in Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients with disease onset at age ≤ 18 and ≥ 21 years. Sixty-two TA patients [American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and European League Against Rheumatism/Paediatric Rheumatology European Society (EULAR/PreS) criteria] were enrolled consecutively and divided into two groups ...
Duffels Mariëlle G J - - 2010
Cyanotic patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) might be protected against atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic risk factors and carotid intima - media thickness (IMT) were investigated in adults with cyanotic CHD and in unaffected age- and sex-matched controls. Fifty-four cyanotic patients (30 men, mean age 38, range 19-60 years) and 54 controls ...
Azizi Michel - - 2010
Background: Endothelial dysfunction may be involved in the pathophysiology of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). This study compares endothelial function and large artery stiffness between 10 TAO patients assessed during an exacerbation phase and 10 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Flow-mediated vasodilation after gradual hand skin heating (from 28 degrees C to ...
Markus Hugh S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Whether surgery is beneficial for patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis is controversial. Better methods of identifying patients who are likely to develop stroke would improve the risk-benefit ratio for carotid endarterectomy. We aimed to investigate whether detection of asymptomatic embolic signals by use of transcranial doppler (TCD) could predict ...
Grima Pierfrancesco - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate whether perirenal fat thickness (PRFT), a parameter of central obesity, is related to carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an index of atherosclerosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected patients. METHODS: We enrolled 70 consecutive HIV-1-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy for more ...
Gallelli Beniamina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of carotid plaques in patients with long-term lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaques were evaluated with ultrasound in 75 patients after a follow-up of LN of 158+/-106 months and in 75 sex -and age-matched controls. Traditional and non-traditional atherosclerotic risks factors ...
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