Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1175
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Tomita Takeshi - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have suggested that paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) of vagal origin often occurs at night and PAF of sympathetic origin occurs during the daytime; however, autonomic tone after spontaneous termination of PAF has not been determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate by heart rate variability ...
Workman Antony J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Chronic beta-adrenoceptor antagonist (beta-blocker) treatment reduces the incidence of reversion to AF in patients, possibly via an adaptive myocardial response. However, the underlying electrophysiological mechanisms are presently unclear. We aimed to investigate electrophysiological changes in human atrial cells associated with chronic treatment with beta-blockers and other cardiovascular-acting drugs. METHODS: ...
Leyh Rainer G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Vasoplegia is a frequent complication after cardiopulmonary bypass that often requires the application of norepinephrine. In a number of cases, however, vasoplegia is refractory to norepinephrine. The guanylate cyclase inhibitor methylene blue could be an attractive treatment alternative in such cases. This study examines the results of methylene blue ...
Groundstroem K W E - - 2003
Patients benefit from surgical seclusion of atrial septal defect but have excessive cardiovascular morbidity after the operation. We evaluated haemodynamics and looked for abnormalities of cardiac structures and function late after surgical seclusion of the defect. Serum N-terminal natriuretic peptide measurement and transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography were performed in 61 ...
Mantovan R - - 2003
Supraventricular arrhythmias are often observed in patients before and after atrial septal defect repair. Although several papers report different incidences of sustained supraventricular arrhythmias, postoperative 'incisional' macroreentrant tachycardias have not been systematically investigated. METHODS: We reviewed 136 consecutive patients (79 female, 57 male, mean age 36.8+/-17.8 years) who underwent atrial ...
Wu Chih-Cheng - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patient-activated event recorders are useful for the diagnosis of arrhythmia in patients with palpitation and presyncope. However, the utility of event recorders in patients suspected of arrhythmia but presenting with other symptoms is not clear. Furthermore, the factors influencing their utility have not been evaluated. METHODS: Event recorder reports ...
Yoshimura Hideaki - - 2003
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of DICOM worklist software for radiological modalities from the viewpoint of risk management, to reduce mislabeled image data in an electronic archiving environment. We focused on the following five points: 1) the effectiveness of the DICOM modality worklist, 2) problems involving incorrect patient and image ...
Herregods Luc L - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare, in pairwise fashion, the effects of propofol and etomidate during ambulatory cardioversion and early recovery. DESIGN: Clinical, prospective, randomized, blinded, monocenter, pairwise, comparative study SETTING: OR and recovery area of the electrophysiological department, University Hospital Ghent, Belgium. PATIENTS: 34 patients with atrial arrhythmia who were scheduled ...
Ay Hakan - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blood stasis is the fundamental mechanism leading to thrombus formation in the venous system. Homocysteine also poses a significant risk for venous thrombosis through its endothelial toxic and prothrombotic properties. In the present study, we hypothesized that high homocysteine might be associated with thrombus formation in another ...
Banet Gerald A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Whether clinicians should decrease the warfarin dose in response to a mild, asymptomatic elevation in the international normalized ratio (INR) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were as follows: (1) to evaluate the safety of an anticoagulation service (ACS) policy advocating that the warfarin dose not be changed for ...
Koenig Peter - - 2003
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been successfully used for guiding transcatheter device closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO). However, the use of TEE for device closure requires general anesthesia. Experience with intracardiac echocardiographic (ICE) guidance to close ASD and PFO is limited. One hundred eleven ...
Kanoupakis Emmanuel M - - 2003
In clinical practice the use of intravenous amiodarone has been proposed for the conversion of recurrent atrial fibrillation in patients already under chronic treatment with the same drug. Given that intravenous amiodarone exhibits different electrophysiological properties than when the drug is taken orally over a long period, this approach seems ...
Abbott Kevin C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The incidence and risk factors for hospitalized atrial fibrillation have not been previously assessed in a national population of dialysis patients. METHODS: We analyzed the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) Dialysis Morbidity and Mortality Study (DMMS) Wave II in a historical cohort study of hospitalized atrial fibrillation. Data ...
Hessling G - - 2003
To prospectively assess the incidence of cardiac dysrhythmias before and after closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO), 24-hour Holter electrocardiograms (ECGs) were performed before and 1 year after the procedure in 23 pediatric patients (9 male and 14 female). Patients' ages ranged from 2 ...
Nagpal Seema - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants reduce the incidence of stroke by 68%, yet suboptimal use has been documented in surveys of patients with atrial fibrillation. The present study examined current patterns of anticoagulant use for patients hospitalized with atrial fibrillation across an entire health care system. METHODS: Improving Cardiovascular Outcomes in Nova ...
Nowatzke William L - - 2003
To report a comparison of international normalization ratio (INR) measurements on four near-patient (point-of-care or bedside) whole blood INR monitors in children. The INR results from 19 ambulatory pediatric subjects (30 hospital visits) receiving warfarin sodium were analyzed on four near-patient monitors and compared with plasma INR measurements on the ...
Leow M K S - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective intra-arterial calcium-stimulated hepatic venous sampling (ASVS) as a preoperative regionalisation modality for insulinomas. DESIGN AND METHODS: Four patients with biochemically-proven endogenous hyperinsulinism and negative spiral computed tomographic (CT) pancreas were subjected to ASVS between October 1999 to May 2001. Results obtained ...
Grönefeld Gerian C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of isthmus dependent atrial flutter is considered the therapy of choice. There is, however, controversy with regard to the thrombogenicity of atrial flutter in comparison with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for catheter ablation of documented typical atrial flutter receiving insufficient (INR < 2.0) or ...
Nalbant S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Many factors are involved in the osteoarthritic process. It is not yet known which are initiators, promoters or simply results. Thus, we have evaluated some of those potentially important factors in osteoarthritis (OA) as observed sequentially for the first time in synovial fluids. DESIGN: Synovial fluids (SF) obtained between ...
Goethals M - - 2003
AIMS: To evaluate incidence and mechanism of a special form of automatic mode switching (MS) failure in patients with atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospectively the charts of 134 patients implanted with dual chamber pacemakers with MS algorithms were reviewed. Seven patients (5.2%) were identified that presented with sustained rapid ...
Lindgren K S - - 2003
AIMS: Chronic atrial fibrillation causes mechanical remodelling of the atria, but it is uncertain whether self-terminating episodes of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) alter atrial mechanical function during normal sinus rhythm. This study was designed to assess the relationship between the frequency of symptomatic arrhythmic episodes and pulmonary venous flow (PVF) ...
Zanchetta Mario - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the balloon sizing maneuvers and deployment of an Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO). In addition, intraprocedural balloon sizing was compared with off-line intracardiac echocardiographic measurements. METHODS: The intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) measurements were: maximum transverse and longitudinal atrial septal defect (ASD) diameters in the aortic ...
Leibowitz D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a common complication of cardio-pulmonary bypass and improved pre-operative risk assessment could help guide prophylactic therapy. This study examined whether reduced left atrial appendage flow velocities measured by transoesophageal echocardiography pre-operatively in patients in sinus rhythm predicted development of postoperative atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: All ...
Izquierdo Ricardo - - 2002
In this study, an assessment was made of the possibilities of single lead DDD pacing in two groups: a group of 15 patients in whom a lead with a longitudinal atrial "floating" dipole was implanted, and another group of 10 patients with a lead with a diagonal atrial "floating" dipole. ...
Sinkovic A - - 2002
Atrial arrhythmias (AA), especially atrial fibrillation (AF), during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are often associated with increased mortality and heart failure. Impaired fibrinolysis with elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity is associated with resistance to fibrinolytic therapy in AMI patients, but it is also found in patients with AF. Our ...
Grinzaid Karen A - - 2002
PURPOSE: Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is a promising therapeutic intervention for lysosomal storage diseases. Posttranslationally engineered human beta-glucocerebrosidase (Ceredase/Cerezyme) is commercially available and is the standard ERT for Type I Gaucher disease. Cessation of therapy is sometimes necessary for personal or financial reasons, but the consequences of discontinuation are unknown. ...
Leclercq C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: One third of chronic heart failure patients have major intraventricular conduction and uncoordinated ventricular contraction. Non-controlled studies suggest that biventricular pacing may improve haemodynamics and well-being by reducing ventricular asynchrony. The aim of this trial was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of this new therapy in patients ...
Roche Frédéric - - 2002
The presence, frequency, and duration of episodes of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is difficult to establish. This is caused by the limited duration of standard Holter recordings and to the unsatisfactory yield of patient-triggered event recorders, because of asymptomatic events and of an inconsistent use of the patient dependent triggering ...
Dayer Mark - - 2002
With advancing age, atrial fibrillation is increasingly likely to indicate underlying cardiovascular disease and risk. An understanding of this is particularly important in the elderly patient, where likely triggers to atrial fibrillation and the influence of other pathologies on the safety and efficacy of proposed treatments will all contribute to ...
Weinmann Pierre - - 2003
Simultaneous dual-isotope (rest thallium-201/stress technetium-99m sestamibi) myocardial single-photon emission tomography (SPET) would be an ideal procedure; however, (99m)Tc cross-talk on the (201)Tl window hampers its routine use. Photon energy recovery (PER) is a spectral deconvolution technique validated for scatter and cross-talk removal in phantom studies and a limited series of ...
von der Recke Giso - - 2002
Transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) guidance of cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation is an alternative method to conventional anticoagulation. Although TEE is considered the gold standard for excluding left atrial (LA) thrombi, in some patients dense spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and artifacts may hamper the identification or exclusion of LA thrombi. ...
Stanaland Brett E - - 2002
Treatment of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) involves reducing symptoms with the least invasive therapy and carefully balancing risk and benefit. The mainstay of therapy is the use of antihistamines with or without the use of intermittent pulses of corticosteroids. Alternative therapies to chronic corticosteroids include leukotriene antagonists, plasma-phoresis, ...
Brochu Marie-Claude - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to whether secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I or II adult patients should be closed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients (24 females; mean age 49.4 years, range 19 to 76) with a mean pulmonary to ...
Hiraki Tatsuro - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) frequently occurs in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Catheter ablation of the accessory pathway eliminates PAF in some patients, but PAF frequently recurs in other patients. The present study was designed to determine prospectively whether P wave signal-averaged electrocardiography (P-SAECG) predicts the recurrence of PAF ...
Milliez Paul - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to characterize variations in flutter-wave (F-wave) morphology among patients with clockwise isthmus-dependent (CWID) and counterclockwise isthmus-dependent (CCWID) right atrial flutter (AFL) and to attempt to correlate F-wave morphology with echocardiographic data and clinical patient characteristics. BACKGROUND: Variations in F-wave morphology on surface electrocardiogram ...
Erb N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Audit is an important tool in clinical governance. Combining resources from across a region may facilitate data collection and allow variation in practice between individual units to be analysed. This audit is the first such regional audit to be carried out in rheumatology in the West Midlands and the ...
Katritsis Demosthenes - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Striated myocardial connections between the venous wall of the coronary sinus (CS) and the left atrium have been described in humans. This aim of this study was to investigate the conduction properties and potential arrhythmogenicity of CS and left atrial myocardial connections in patients with and patients without paroxysmal ...
Mehra Rahul - - 2002
Atrial fibrillation, the most common tachyarrhythmia, significantly reduces the quality of life of patients and is associated with 15% of strokes. With the aging of the population, it is beginning to reach epidemic proportions. Guidelines for management of atrial tachyarrhythmias exist but in order to implement them, it needs early ...
Wong F S L - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To investigate which types of enamel opacity are effectively treated by the microabrasion technique and whether this technique could be used as a diagnostic aid to determine the aetiology of these defects. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty two patients who had enamel opacities affecting both upper central incisors were selected ...
Patel Sanjay C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Electrographic changes after insect stings have been reported both with and without systemic symptoms. To our knowledge, however, there have been no reported cases of arrhythmias in the maintenance phase of venom or pollen immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of a patient who developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after ...
Kandpal Bhuwanesh - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Left atrial (LA) and/or left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi are often found in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). The fate of these thrombi on optimal oral anticoagulation, and the feasibility of balloon mitral valvulotomy (BMV) is not well established. The study aims were ...
Cheung Yiu-fai - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The conduction system in right atrial isomerism may be complicated by the presence of paired sinus nodes and twin atrioventricular nodes. With a large cohort of infants and children with right atrial isomerism, we sought to investigate the nature of atrial rhythm, its prevalence, factors predisposing patients to symptomatic ...
Wellens Francis - - 2002
Recently, intraoperative radiofrequency ablation of the left atrium combined with mitral valve surgery has become widely used. In our center, 30 patients underwent this combined procedure; median sternotomy was used in 16 patients, and port access was used in 14 patients. At hospital discharge, 18 patients (60%) were no longer ...
Sticherling Christian - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Verapamil and ibutilide blunt the atrial fibrillation-induced shortening of atrial refractoriness that may predispose to an immediate recurrence of atrial fibrillation after cardioversion. This study compared the efficacy of verapamil and ibutilide in preventing an immediate recurrence of atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transthoracic cardioversion was performed in 223 ...
Triedman John K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) outcomes of intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART). BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of IART is difficult. The influence of patient and procedural factors and novel technologies on outcomes is unknown. METHODS: Acute and chronic RFCA outcomes ...
- - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although anticoagulation therapy is accepted for most patients with atrial fibrillation, 2 different strategies exist for management of the cardiac rhythm: atrial fibrillation is allowed to persist while the ventricular rate is controlled; and atrial fibrillation is converted, and an attempt is made to maintain sinus rhythm. METHODS: The ...
Hennersdorf Marcus G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ibutilide can convert atrial fibrillation or flutter in patients in whom amiodarone has failed. DESIGN AND SETTING: Clinical study in a university hospital intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS: Twenty-six patients were studied, in whom atrial fibrillation or flutter persisted for a maximum of 6 h at ...
Theiss W - - 2002
It is unknown, whether direct guidance by ultrasound is essential for the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided compression repair (UGCR) of pseudoaneurysms. We therefore tested, whether clinically guided manual compression repair (MCR) without continuous ultrasound control may represent an equally effective alternative. After ultrasound diagnosis of a pseudoaneurysm, direct manual ...
Ouyang Feifan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left atrial macroreentrant tachycardia (LAMRT) has not been characterized in detail. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients with LAMRT, including 4 patients with ablated typical atrial flutter (AFL), underwent electroanatomic mapping of the left atrium (LA) between February 1999 and October 2001. LA maps were performed during LAMRT in 26 ...
Oddsson H - - 2002
Episodes of atrial fibrillation occur in patients with WPW syndrome but frequently disappear after successful radiofrequency ablation. AIMS: To analyze the incidence of atrial fibrillation before and after successful ablation and the presence of increased atrial vulnerability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-four of 183 WPW patients had at least one documented ...
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