Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1175
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Sato Hiroshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Abnormal findings, including silent cerebral infarction, are frequently observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF); however, the prevalence and prevention strategy for these lesions have not been extensively studied. In the present study the preventive effects of aspirin on silent ischemic lesions was ...
Miyamoto Koji - - 2004
Although pacing therapy for sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is established, the risk of developing chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) makes pacing therapy infeasible in some patients. We evaluated whether electrophysiological characteristics of atrial muscle can serve as predictors of the transition to CAF after pacemaker implantation in patients with SSS. Eighty-nine ...
Ağaoğlu N - - 2004
It is well established that a condition of hypercoagulation due to deficiencies of antithrombin III, protein C and protein S may result in thrombo-embolism. To evaluate the possibility of hypercoagulation in acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI); clinical features, ECG changes, drug history, the length of intestine remaining after the resection and ...
Sturmberg Joachim P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Poly-morbidity is the hallmark of the frail elderly. The traditional model of treating each disease on its own merit does not work for this patient group. OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the assessment, investigations and management of falls and atrial fibrillation in the elderly. DISCUSSION: The challenge for the general ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2004
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of palpitation, fever, severe dyspnea, dizziness and bloody sputum associated with coughing. Chest radiographs revealed that the lungs were bilaterally infiltrated. A high resolution computed tomographic study of the thorax disclosed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, of which presence was proved ...
Gálvez Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Alimentary tract duplications (ATDs) are rare congenital anomalies affecting about 1 in 4500 newborns with a male/female ratio of 1.2 : 1. The presence of associated, sometimes complex congenital anomalies can pose a challenge to surgeons treating patients with ATDs. The aim of this work was to study the ...
Hannoush Hwaida - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with congenital cardiac disease reaching adulthood is increasing steadily. Many adults with such disease face both medical and surgical difficulties. HYPOTHESIS: This retrospective study was undertaken to assess the frequency and outcome of congenital heart disease (CHD) in unoperated adults. METHODS: The charts of all ...
Redman Andrea R - - 2004
The objective of this study was to report 2 cases of CYP2C9 genetic polymorphism and elevated warfarin S:R ratios in patients taking low doses of warfarin, and compare the observed characteristics with those in published reports. Two patients of different age groups and races were evaluated for CYP2C9 genotype and ...
De Smet Jean-Marie - - 2004
To assess the advantages of a ministernotomy over a standard sternotomy for aortic valve replacement, 191 patients were classified as low-, medium-, and high-risk by EuroSCORE. A ministernotomy was carried out in 100 patients, and a standard sternotomy was used in 91. Among low-risk patients, those who had a ministernotomy ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2004
Ibutilide is a class III antiarrhythmic drug used for pharmacological cardioversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation and flutter. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of ibutilide in elderly patients (age, >or=65 years). The study population consisted of 32 consecutive elderly patients (17 women, 15 men; mean age, ...
Halligan Sean C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The natural history of atrial flutter is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To report the risk for stroke, conversion to atrial fibrillation, and anticoagulation for lone atrial flutter. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: A clinically based longitudinal study of inpatients and outpatients with atrial flutter. PATIENTS: The authors compared the ...
Stellbrink Christoph - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation in cardioversion of atrial fibrillation is currently performed with unfractionated heparin (UFH) and oral anticoagulants, with or without guidance by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Low-molecular-weight heparins may reduce the risk of bleeding, may obviate the need for intravenous access, and do not require frequent anticoagulation monitoring. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Schaer B A - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Holter monitoring for the detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is a routine procedure after cerebral ischemic events, although its value is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of PAF and its impact on drug treatment modifications in this population. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Sugaya Tadayuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) detected by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an independent risk factor of cerebrovascular events for Japanese people. METHODS: A control study was conducted with 178 patients with ASA (follow-up rate, 96.7%; median follow-up period, 5.6 years) ...
Abdellatif Mazen - - 2004
We have developed a Paradox-based data collection and management system for large-scale multi-site randomized clinical trials. The system runs under Windows operating system and integrates Symantec pcAnywhere32 telecommunications software for data transmission and remote control sessions, PKZIP utility for the compression/decompression of transmitted data, and Stat/Transfer for exporting the centralized ...
Halpern Pinchas - - 2004
Clinical reports on unintentional mass exposure to extreme concentrations of carbon dioxide are rare. We describe an industrial incident caused by a container of liquid carbon dioxide that was unintentionally opened in an enclosed working environment. Twenty-five casualties reached our emergency department. Symptoms included dyspnea, cough, dizziness, chest pain, and ...
Thibault Bernard - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation reduces the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. It is not clear whether patients who revert and are maintained in sinus rhythm should continue to receive warfarin. The recommendation is to anticoagulate these patients for a minimum of four weeks after cardioversion. Whether warfarin should be ...
Nozawa Takashi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Elevation of hemostatic markers may account for the increased risk of ischemic stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of anticoagulation intensity on hemostatic markers in patients with NVAF. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 509 patients with NVAF, comprising ...
Liu Shaowen - - 2004
An association between atrial flutter and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) has been observed, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. This issue was therefore investigated by comparing the electrophysiological properties of AVNRT patients with and without inducible atrial flutter and those of patients with a history of flutter. Twenty-nine ...
Earing Michael G MG Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
To describe our experience with intracardiac echocardiographic (ICE) guidance during transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) and to describe a detailed stepwise approach for performing ICE examinations. We reviewed the ICE results of all patients who underwent transcatheter device closure of ASD/PFO at ...
Damiano Ralph J RJ - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients presenting for coronary revascularization have chronic atrial fibrillation. Although the Cox maze III procedure is the gold standard for the surgical treatment of this arrhythmia, few of these patients undergo atrial fibrillation operations at the time of their coronary bypass grafting. This study examined ...
Hatzinikolaou-Kotsakou Eleni - - 2003
It is well known that atrial fibrillation is associated with high incidence of thromboembolic events, propably due to a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state. However, it is unclear whether or not there is any difference of this prothrombotic state in the clinical subgroups of atrial fibrillation patients, that is, in those ...
Geller J Christoph - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcome with an implantable atrial defibrillator (IAD) in patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Maintenance of sinus rhythm using repeated internal cardioversion shocks has been shown to be effective and safe in short-term studies but long term follow-up is unknown. METHODS: Since 1995, 136 ...
Marie Isabelle - - 2003
We describe two patients who developed stroke and ischemia of the left lower limb, related to intracardiac thrombi, as the first manifestation of primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed intracardiac thrombi as abnormal hyperechogenic, nonmobile masses, firmly attached to the left atrial appendage and the anterior part of ...
Nishimura Masato - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The incidence of intracardiac thrombosis in haemodialysis patients has not been studied. Here we determined the incidence in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance haemodialysis. METHODS: Transoesophageal echocardiography was performed in 215 patients (125 males, 90 females; mean age 60 +/- 9 years). Any potential candidate with current or ...
Mitchell Andrew Robert John - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The circadian onset patterns and cycle lengths of atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) were determined in a group of patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Fifteen patients, mean age 63 +/- 14 years and 80% male, were implanted with the Jewel AF atrial defibrillator (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn) for persistent atrial fibrillation ...
Doll Nicolas - - 2003
PURPOSE: Recently surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation has gained more popularity and presently is being performed in large numbers of patients. This report describes our early experience in treatment of patients with chronic or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with a new tool for left atrial cryoablation. DESCRIPTION: From July 2002 through ...
Hildick-Smith David J R - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess if atrial leads whose "J" configuration has straightened significantly on the postprocedural chest X ray should be repositioned. Between January 1996 and December 1997, 445 patients underwent dual chamber pacemaker implantation at the Papworth Hospital. Postprocedural chest X rays were available in ...
Marcu C Bogdan - - 2003
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) has a similar stroke risk when compared with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF). Our study sought to define the incidence of warfarin use at time of admission and discharge in patients hospitalized with PAF and CAF. Anticoagulation rates upon hospital admission were 89% in the patients with ...
Ruivard Marc - - 2003
Oral anticoagulants (OA) are commonly used, but they can lead to severe bleeding. We studied the indications and monitoring of OA in patients treated by general practitioners. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Primary care. Four hundred thirty-eight randomly selected patients of a population of 2,452 patients treated with OA were studied. We ...
Stephenson Elizabeth A - - 2003
Patients with congenital heart disease are vulnerable to atrial tachyarrhythmias, especially after atrial surgeries. We evaluated the efficacy of atrial arrhythmia detection and antitachycardia pacing (ATP) using the Medtronic AT500 pacemaker in 28 patients with congenital heart disease (age 30 +/- 18 years). Of 15 patients with atrial arrhythmias, 14 ...
Kirchhof Paulus - - 2003
Atrial APD and Polymorphic AT in LQTS. INTRODUCTION: Prolongation of the QT interval and torsades de pointes tachycardias due to altered expression or function of repolarizing ion channels are the hallmark of congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS). The same ion channels also contribute to atrial repolarization, and familial atrial fibrillation ...
Davos Constantinos H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with univentricular physiology undergoing the Fontan operation. We examined cardiac autonomic nervous activity, a predictor of arrhythmia and sudden death in other cardiovascular disease, in patients late after the Fontan operation, employing heart rate variability (HRV) and ...
Guray Umit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial arrhythmias especially atrial fibrillation (AF) are frequently encountered in adult patients with atrial septal defect (ASD). Previously it was shown that maximum P wave duration and P wave dispersion in 12-lead surface electrocardiograms are significantly increased in individuals with a history of paroxysmal AF. The aim of ...
Atak Ramazan - - 2003
A hypercoagulable state has been reported in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and sinus rhythm (SR). However it has been suggested that the coagulation activity may be increased only within the left atrium in MS, with normal peripheral blood levels. The aim of the present study was to assess regional ...
Reichenberger F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Atrial septostomy (AS) may improve symptoms and haemodynamics in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Twenty AS performed in 17 patients with severe progressive PAH (13 primary pulmonary hypertension, two collagen vascular disease, one thromboembolic disease, one vaso-occlusive disease) were analysed. Seven patients were in NYHA class ...
Scholten M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation between monophasic damped sine waveform and rectilinear biphasic waveform shocks at a high initial energy level and with a conventional paddle position. DESIGN: Prospective randomised study. PATIENTS AND SETTING: 227 patients admitted for cardioversion of atrial fibrillation to ...
Jensen Thomas J - - 2003
Catheter ablation is a promising approach in severely symptomatic patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Until this time it has only been performed in highly selected patients with weekly episodes and frequent premature atrial contractions (PACs). The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of severely symptomatic ...
Wang Jian'an - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathogenesis of thromboembolism in patients with mitral stenosis in a pre-thrombotic state. METHODS: The biochemical markers' levels in plasma for platelet activity [soluble P-selectin (GMP-140)], states of thrombin generation [antithrombin III (AT III) and protein C (PC)], fibrinolysis [D-dimer (DD), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), tissue ...
Rouesnel P - - 2003
Strokes have a high prevalence, with a high rate of recurrence, and about 30-40% remain of unknown cause. Some patients might have asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) which remains the main cause of embolic events. A latent atrial arrhythmogenic substrate may induce recurrent arrhythmias, including functional abnormalities such as nonuniform ...
Mansour Kamal A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A plethora of studies have described repair of pectus deformities in children, but only few reports have described this repair in adults. The purpose of this study was to review our 30-year experience with surgical repair of pectus deformities in adults. METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult patients ...
Ataoglu Ahmet - - 2003
Paradoxical therapy consists of suggesting that the patient intentionally engages in the unwanted behaviour such as performing compulsive ritual or wanting a conversion attack. In this study, the subjects were selected by the emergency unit psychiatrist from patients who were admitted to the emergency unit with pseudoseizure. The diagnoses was ...
Mitchell Andrew R J AR Department of Cardiology, Eastbourne General Hospital, Eastbourne, United Kingdom. - - 2003
Atrial Defibrillator. The atrial defibrillator empowers patients to cardiovert themselves from atrial arrhythmias at a time that is socially and physically acceptable, thereby preventing hospitalization. The long-term psychosocial effects of repeated use of the patient-activated atrial defibrillator at home are unknown. Eighteen patients underwent placement of the Jewel AF atrial ...
Gökçe Mustafa - - 2003
The genetic defect of coagulation factor V, known as factor V Leiden, produces a resistance to degradation by activated protein C and increased venous thrombosis. However, the role of factor V Leiden in the formation of left atrial thrombus with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation has not been studied. We investigated whether ...
Saxena Amol - - 2003
The authors reviewed 91 surgical procedures in 87 patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy. There were 62 males and 25 females (mean age, 44.9 years). The average interval between surgery and review for the group was 4.2 years (range, 1 to 10 years). Twenty patients underwent peritenolysis, with a mean return-to-activity ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Right atrial linear lesions (RALL), either alone or in combination with antiarrhythmic drug therapy, may modify the substrate for maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this prospective randomized study was to determine whether RALL provides additional benefit to right atrial appendage pacing (RAAP) and/or interatrial septum pacing ...
Eckman Mark H - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Warfarin increases both the likelihood and the mortality of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), particularly in patients with a history of prior ICH. In light of this consideration, should a patient with both a history of ICH and a clear indication for anticoagulation such as nonvalvular atrial fibrillation be ...
Perring Stephen - - 2003
We describe the design and operation of a new switch that can be operated by patients with severely limited movement. The basis for the switch is an inexpensive single-chip accelerometer device. The switch responds to a relatively rapid rotation of the active components. We have ensured that the sensitivity of ...
Leung C S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To measure the use, appropriateness, and safety of antithrombotic therapy in Hong Kong Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Regional hospital, Hong Kong. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of all patients with atrial fibrillation admitted to acute internal medicine wards in April 2000 and between July ...
Spitzer Stefan G - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of the study was to test the feasibility of the new Realtime Position Management mapping system for ablation of typical atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ultrasound multi-transducer catheters of the RPM Mapping System are placed in the coronary sinus and at the right ventricular apex. Position ...
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