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Results 151 - 200 of 1174
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Kaseno Kenichi - - 2008
Although several branching patterns of pulmonary veins (PVs) were reported, their prevalence and characterization were not sufficiently clarified. Multislice computed tomography was performed in 428 patients who underwent catheter ablation for drug-refractory atrial fibrillation. Size and branching pattern of PVs were analyzed. A typical pattern of 4 PVs with 4 ...
Bliek Jet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether epigenotyping of patients with isolated hemihyperplasia (IH) can, analogous to genetic screening of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, be used for the prediction of tumor risk and tumor type of individual patients. STUDY DESIGN: Methylation analysis of H19 and KCNQ1OT1 of 73 patients. Questionnaires were sent to ...
Arat Nurcan - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the P wave dispersion as a non-invasive marker of intra-atrial conduction disturbances in patients with Wilson's disease. METHODS: We compared Wilsonos disease patients (n = 18) with age matched healthy subjects (n = 15) as controls. The diagnosis was based on clinical symptoms, laboratory tests (ceruloplasmin, urinary ...
Marques Marta P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Some patients submitted to cardiac surgery have concomitant atrial fibrillation and a previously implanted pacemaker. Because it is unknown if there is any potential for these patients to reassume a regular rate sinus rhythm after ablation of atrial fibrillation, we reviewed the results of all patients with pacemaker enrolled ...
Cavalcante João Luiz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous echocontrast (SEC) or "smoke" is an intracavitary echocardiographic finding seen in situations of stasis or low blood flow. Increased hematocrit and fibrinogen levels have been associated with SEC in prior studies. Whether low hemoglobin (Hb) levels are an independent predictor of lower prevalence of SEC is a question ...
Khan Mohammed N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) who present for pulmonary vein antrum isolation procedure (PVAI) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients from January 2000 to June 2004 who underwent a PVAI received a computed tomography (CT) to evaluate ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, hemodynamic characteristics, and risk factors for low systemic vascular resistance (SVR) state following after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: SVR data could be obtained for 116 OPCAB patients. Low SVR was defined as an indexed systemic vascular resistance (SVRi) of <1,800 dyne ...
Silvetti Massimo S - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the circadian variation of atrial pacing threshold in young patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atrial Capture Management (ACM) algorithm is a Medtronic EnPulse pacemaker (PM) feature that uses two algorithms: atrioventricular conduction (AVC) (atrial pacing and spontaneous AVC) and atrial chamber reset ...
Tziakas Dimitrios N - - 2008
The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of statins on collagen type I degradation and C-reactive protein in patients with coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation. One hundred six patients with coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation were studied: 40 (36 men, mean age 72 +/- 8 years) ...
Lewicka-Nowak Ewa - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate far field R-wave sensing (FFRS) rate and characteristics at different right atrial (RA) positions in patients treated with multisite atrial pacing, with the RA lead implanted at the Bachmann's bundle (BB) area in 69 patients, in comparison to RA appendage (RAA) ...
Silversides Candice K - - 2008
Atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) contribute substantially to morbidity in adult patients with secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs). The purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the incidence of AT in adults with an ASD and identify predictors of AT occurrence after closure. This was a prospective study of 200 adult ...
Demir Tevfik - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the change in diameter of holes within the oval fossa, and the role of aneurismal formation in reducing the size of the hole, in patients diagnosed during infancy with isolated defects in the floor of the fossa. PATIENTS: In a retrospective study, we included ...
Mortensen Kai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: External cardioversion is effective to terminate persistent atrial flutter. Biphasic shocks have been shown to be superior to monophasic shocks for ventricular defibrillation and atrial fibrillation cardioversion. The purpose of this trial was to compare the efficacy of rectilinear biphasic versus standard damped sine wave monophasic shocks in symptomatic ...
Tai Ching-Tai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The sinus venosa is a posterior barrier of typical atrial flutter. However, its electrophysiology has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population included 20 patients with typical atrial flutter (Group 1) and 20 patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (Group 2). The noncontact mapping system was used to ...
Srivastava Ajay - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation affects an estimated 2.5 million Americans and incurs an average annual stroke risk of 4.5% per year. Despite warfarin reducing stroke risk by approximately 66%, prior studies show warfarin usage rates to be about 50%. However, the methods that define warfarin as "inappropriate underutilization" might not be sensitive ...
Koponen Leena - - 2008
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to assess patient knowledge about atrial fibrillation, its determinants and evolution during 3 months after a visit to the emergency room. BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common single diagnoses in the emergency room, and care often results in ...
Zamirian Mahmood - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We screened a large number of liver transplant candidates with contrast echocardiography to detect intrapulmonary right to left shunt (IPS). We found that IPS is frequently present in patients with left atrial enlargement. This finding raises a question concerning the correlation between IPS and left atrial size in patients ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2008
Partial interatrial block (IAB) (P wave > or =110 ms) is a marker of left atrial abnormality. A similar association among patients with advanced IAB (biphasic P waves > or =110 ms in leads II, III, and aVF) is unknown. The authors screened 27 consecutive patients for advanced IAB with ...
Ucer Ekrem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The different levels of inflammation in rheumatic mitral stenosis determine its clinical consequences. Atrial fibrillation is frequently encountered in mitral stenosis, though the independent role of chronic inflammation in determining atrial tachyarrhythmia occurrence in rheumatic heart disease has not been demonstrated previously. METHODS: Measurements of C-reactive protein (CRP) with ...
Sleeswijk Mengalvio E - - 2008
Amiodarone is considered a first-choice antiarrhythmic drug in critically ill patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). However, evidence supporting the use of this potentially toxic drug in critically ill patients is scarce. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) has shown to be effective for both rate and rhythm control, to act synergistically with ...
Jongnarangsin Krit - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. It is associated with an increase in morbidity, length of hospital stay, and mortality. Patients who are at higher risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation should receive prophylactic treatment. Atrial fibrillation usually resolves spontaneously after heart rate is controlled; however, if patients ...
Alonso-Coello Pablo - - 2008
Oral anticoagulation prevents strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation but, for reasons that remain unclear, less than 40% of all patients with atrial fibrillation receive warfarin. The literature postulates that patient and clinician preferences may explain this low utilization. The proposed research seeks to answer the following questions: i) When ...
Nichol Michael B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that receiving specialized anticoagulation services enables patients to achieve better clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation who were enrolled in an anticoagulation clinic (ACC) versus usual care (UC). METHODS: Using Sharp Rees-Stealy physician group claims data, we ...
Freixa Xavier - - 2008
AIMS: Though right atrial appendage tachycardia (RAAT) has been described, no studies to date have focused on its clinical characterization. The aim of the present study was to analyze its clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), and electrophysiologic (EP) characteristics and the results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in RAAT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out ...
Yalonetsky Sergey - - 2007
Secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital defect that is initially diagnosed in adult and even in elderly patients. Modern transcatheter technology enables nonsurgical correction of this defect. Previously published studies describe clinical and hemodynamic aspects of ASDs in adults as well as the efficacy and safety ...
Kawamura Mitsuharu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated the effect of treatment renin angiotensin system inhibitors (RAS-I) for maintaining sinus rhythm after conversion from persistent atrial fibrillation. As the efficacy of RAS-I in atrial fibrillation is unclear, our study evaluated conversion to and maintenance of sinus rhythm by combination therapy with RAS-I and ...
Sorino Margherita - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), we sought to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a new transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided strategy, aimed at selecting, 7 days post-cardioversion, those patients who are at low risk (i.e. who can terminate anticoagulation after a second TEE) and those at high risk (i.e. ...
Lai Yong-Qiang - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent form of atrial arrhythmias in adults with congenital heart disease. Some serious complications are related with the presence of atrial fibrillation after surgery. Because of the complexity and the risk of bleeding, the Maze III procedure has been largely replaced by alternative energy sources. ...
Kwa Paul - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the introduction of a designated fast-track area altered the time to care and patient flow in an Australian mixed adult and paediatric ED. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all patients presenting to the ED between 08.00 and 22.00 hours, during a 6 month period before and ...
Hoogeman Mischa S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To quantify intrafraction patient motion and its time dependence in immobilized intracranial and extracranial patients. The data can be used to optimize the intrafraction imaging frequency and consequent patient setup correction with an image guidance and tracking system, and to establish the required safety margins in the absence of ...
Ahmed Abrar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics can potentiate warfarin anticoagulation. While preemptive warfarin dose reduction (DR) upon initiation of antibiotics has been advocated by experts, there are no published data regarding the efficacy of this strategy vs. the conventional strategy of not changing warfarin dose and carefully following international normalized ratio (INR) results. METHODS ...
Glatz Jenifer A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite recent improvements in survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, those with severe atrial level restriction continue to face higher rates of mortality. We sought to assess the impact of prenatal diagnosis and immediate intervention on the outcome of this high-risk population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective ...
Turitto Gioia - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Atrial standstill is a rare heterogeneous arrhythmia characterized by electrical and mechanical standstill and electrical inexcitability. A long-lasting progressive form is seen with cardiac and neuromuscular diseases, and a familial or idiopathic form may have a genetic basis. A transient form was described secondary to drug intoxication, electrolyte imbalance, ...
Krecki Radoslaw - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Poor prognosis of infective endocarditis (IE) is not only attributable to high morbidity and mortality during an active phase of the disease, but also to late complications and relapses occurring after eradication of the infection. Identification of unfavorable prognostic factors allows to optimize therapeutic modalities in patients with particularly ...
Pickering Anastasia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Warfarin management can be difficult; many factors can impact on INR control with some factors being unique to the Australian indigenous setting. METHODS: An audit at an urban Aboriginal community controlled health service calculated the time all patients on warfarin were in the target INR therapeutic range. Those patients ...
Kim Dae-Hyeok - - 2007
PURPOSE: A maximum P-wave duration (Pmax) of > or = 110 msec and a P-wave dispersion (PWD) > or = 40 msec are accepted indicators of a disturbance in interatrial conduction and an inhomogeneous propagation of the sinus impulse, respectively. The left atrial (LA) volume has been reported to be ...
Bunch T Jared - - 2007
Patients with the Marfan syndrome may pose a difficult challenge for catheter-based interventions due to frequent coexisting valve disease, potential delay in vascular healing and repair, and intra-atrial scar from prior cardiac surgery. We report a case series of four patients with Marfan or Marfan-like syndromes who underwent ablation for ...
Becker Torsten - - 2008
AIMS: We evaluated the prognostic impact of a first episode of symptomatic atrial fibrillation under real life conditions. BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the treatment and long-term outcome of patients with atrial fibrillation mainly refer to patients with recurrent episodes. In contrast, data on the prognostic implications of a first episode ...
Balint O H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the outcomes in patients with moderate or severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) undergoing percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital-based study. PATIENTS: Fifty-four patients with moderate (n = 34) or severe PAH (n = 20) who underwent successful device implantation between 1999 ...
Kane Garvan C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The potentially life-threatening condition of methemoglobinemia is characterized by cyanosis, low pulse oximetric readings, and normal arterial Po(2) values. Acquired methemoglobinemia has been linked to the use of the topical anesthetic benzocaine in endoscopic procedures, including transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Yet, the incidence of benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia with TEE and the ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at investigating the incidence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in 10 patients with spontaneous or induced type 1 electrocardiographic pattern of Brugada syndrome (three with syncopal episodes and seven asymptomatic). Both clinical entities are closely associated with changes in autonomic modulation and, particularly, with increased vagal ...
Tzifa Aphrodite - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is discrepant regarding routine enlargement of the interatrial communication (IAC) in patients with right-sided atrioventricular valve atresia. We determined the percentage and risk factors of those who develop a restrictive IAC. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for patients treated from 1985 to 2006, including those admitted in ...
Song Zhi-Yuan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency and safety of transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities. METHODS: From Nov 2001 to Jun 2006, a total of 36 patients (17 male, 19 female), aged 17.20 +/- 10.52, with compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities underwent transcatheter interventional procedure. These patients included 11 with ...
Barbieri Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether categorization of abnormal left atrial (LA) size based on volumes indexed to body surface area (LAVi) results in reclassification of LA dilatation if the classic antero-posterior diameter (LAd) was measured. The American Society of Echocardiography/European Society of Cardiology recommended LAVi over linear measurements and ...
Nakai Kenji - - 2008
We verified the significance of 3-dimensional (3D) spectral mapping during atrial fibrillation (AFIB) using a 64-channel magnetocardiogram (MCG). The study consisted of 16 patients with valvular heart disease who had chronic AFIB. All 16 patients had surgical pulmonary vein (PV) isolation followed by valvular repair. We performed spectral mapping by ...
Cayli Murat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of thromboembolism remains high in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a potential site for development of thrombus and LAA dysfunction is an independent predictor of thromboembolism. The LAA dysfunction is represented by reduced LAA late emptying velocity. But the magnitude of ...
Moon Hojin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Personalized medicine is defined by the use of genomic signatures of patients in a target population for assignment of more effective therapies as well as better diagnosis and earlier interventions that might prevent or delay disease. An objective is to find a novel classification algorithm that can be used ...
Cui Qiqiong - - 2008
The purpose of the present study is to evaluate left and right atrial volume in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and to select the best clinical variables to predict the occurrence of PAF. 157 patients and 106 normal subjects were enrolled. In patients with PAF, right atrial volume and ...
Ohara Kazumasa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to investigate the relation between the accumulation of the risk factors of thromboembolism and the levels of hemostatic markers in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS: Five hundred ninety-one NVAF patients and 129 control subjects were categorized into low, moderate or high risk ...
Marinakis Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The interest in transcatheter ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure is continuously growing. Therefore, we report our experience in perimembranous (Pm) and postinfarction (Pi) VSD closure. METHODS: All patients, older than 16 years, were selected from a data base, in which Pm and Pi VSDs were registered. The patients' files ...
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