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Results 501 - 550 of 1171
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Vincelj J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the detection of atrial masses. The authors' own experiences with the use of TTE and TEE images in the assessment of atrial masses are reported. These masses included tumors, thrombi, and ...
Uemura H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of anatomic biventricular repair by a combination of intraatrial and intraventricular re-routing in patients with isomerism of the left atrial appendages. METHODS: Anatomic biventricular repair by means of combined intraratrial and intraventricular re-routing was achieved in 5 of the 63 patients with left isomerism in ...
Alotti N - - 2001
Ischemia and reperfusion injury occur in cardiac operations using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Little is known about the immunological and histopathological changes in the atrial tissue under these conditions. To investigate and compare multiple right atrial biopsy specimens by means of a self-developed pathological and immunohistochemistry panel. Thirty-six nonselected adult patients ...
Ristić A D - - 2000
It is still controversial whether the arrhythmias in acute pericarditis are of myocardial or pericardial origin. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of arrhythmias and conduction disorders in patients with acute pericarditis with no endomyocardial biopsy evidence of myocarditis (group 1: 40 patients, 65% males, ...
Krupienicz A - - 2000
To compare the efficacy and safety of straight and J-shaped passive-fixation atrial leads we retrospectively analyzed the results of 100 consecutive implantations of atrial leads at one institution. There were seven cases of upgrades of VVIR to DDDR systems and in one case an active-fixation lead was chosen as a ...
Wooten M D - - 2000
A 57-year-old man with nodular rheumatoid arthritis was started on a combination of etanercept and methotrexate. After treatment for five months on this therapy, he presented with new-onset atrial fibrillation. While this report is anecdotal, any new drug warrants intense monitoring for unexpected toxicities in the post-marketing period. Etanercept is ...
Chiale P A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to report a variety of atrial tachycardia that might be caused by an unusual electrophysiologic substrate. BACKGROUND: The mechanism of atrial tachycardias is attributed to re-entry, abnormal automaticity or triggered activity, based on their electropharmacological responses. A rate-related and lidocaine-sensitive atrial tachycardia has ...
Johnson M C - - 2000
We investigated the ability of transthoracic echocardiography to predict a ratio of pulmonary to systemic flow (Qp/Qs) > or = 1.5 in patients with secundum atrial septal defects. The 44 study patients included 31 patients undergoing catheterization for device closure of atrial septal defects and 13 additional control patients with ...
Sparks P B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Atrial electrical remodeling may be important for the initiation and perpetuation of atrial arrhythmias. Whether paroxysmal atrial flutter (AFL) and chronic AFL cause electrical remodeling of the atria has not been conclusively determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal AFL, 15 patients in sinus rhythm were evaluated ...
López Gil M - - 2000
AIMS: To describe the mechanisms of induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) by rapid atrial rates in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: Electrophysiological studies, management and follow-up in three patients with HCM with VF induced by atrial pacing. RESULTS: In one patient, spontaneous sinus tachycardia triggered VF. In another patient, ...
Sevar R - - 2000
An audit was conducted of 829 consecutive patients presenting for homeopathic treatment of a chronic illness, conventional treatment had either failed, plateaued in effect, or was contraindicated by adverse effects, age or condition of the patient. Of the 829 patients, 503 (61%) had a sustained improvement from homeopathic treatment, of ...
Wang J N - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) is an unusual and potentially risky arrhythmia that can result in left ventricular dysfunction if not properly managed. In adults, EAT is mainly caused by diseased atrial myocardium and responds poorly to antiarrhythmic drugs. The characteristics of EAT in children might be different ...
De Sisti A - - 2000
AIMS: The effectiveness of atrial pacing in reducing the incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients with sinus node dysfunction is incomplete, and the correlation between electrophysiological atrial properties and the effect of permanent atrial pacing has been poorly investigated. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to correlate electrophysiological ...
Tai C T - - 2000
It was reported that paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) can be initiated by ectopic atrial beats originating from the pulmonary vein (PV) or left atrial tract (LAT) within the ligament of Marshall (LOM). The aim of this study was to differentiate the LAT from the PV potentials, and to investigate the ...
Dobrev D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A C825T polymorphism was recently identified in the human gene encoding for the beta(3)-subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins. The 825T allele is associated with a splice variant of Gbeta(3) and enhanced signal transduction. We hypothesized that patients carrying the 825T allele exhibit the modified Gbeta(3) phenotype. The resulting enhancement ...
Tuzcu V - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the potential role of P wave signal-averaged electrocardiogram (PSAECG) for risk assessment of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) in patients after Fontan operation. BACKGROUND: Onset of atrial flutter/fibrillation (AFF) in patients who have undergone Fontan operation for univentricular hearts constitutes an unfavorable clinical event associated ...
Knappertz V A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism is an infrequent but serious complication in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and the role of primary preventive antithrombotic or anticoagulation therapy is undetermined. High-intensity transient signals (HITS) by Doppler ultrasound representing microemboli have been described in various clinical settings associated with increased risk of stroke. This study assessed the ...
Ibrahim S A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulant therapy is the most effective prophylaxis against stroke in atrial fibrillation. Relatively few studies have examined the use of oral anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention in a large cohort of elderly patients with heart failure. To examine the use of stroke prevention therapy, we studied elderly patients ...
Walfridsson H - - 2000
Patients with atrial fibrillation and a DDDR pacemaker were studied to assess mode switching at different atrial sensitivity settings. Thirty-one patients were investigated 7 +/- 9 months after pacemaker implantation and 20 of those patients were reinvestigated 23 +/- 9 months after implant. Adequate mode switching was evaluated by stepwise ...
Ertaş F - - 2000
This study was undertaken to evaluate the atrial sensing performance of a single-lead atrial synchronous-ventricular pacing system during various physical activities on late follow-up. Fourteen patients (mean age 55 +/- 17 years) with a third-degree or high-degree atrioventricular block and normal sinus node function were treated with the single-lead Thera ...
Fitts S M - - 2000
Some newer pulse generators have enhanced diagnostic features that provide information on the frequency, date, time of onset, and duration of atrial and/or ventricular tachyarrhythmias. However, the sensitivity and specificity of device-based atrial tachyarrhythmia detections may vary and depend, in part, on lead position and selected programming parameters. The prevalence ...
Aytemir K - - 2000
The prolongation of intraatrial and interatrial conduction time and the inhomogeneous propagation of sinus impulses have been shown in patients with atrial fibrillation. Recently P wave dispersion (PWD), which is believed to reflect inhomogeneous atrial conduction, has been proposed as being useful for the prediction of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). ...
Bhan A - - 2000
Twenty-five patients with diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, who had undergone corrective surgery, were studied at variable time period after surgery with 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring (Holter) and echocardiography. The aim of this study was to record arrhythmias, if any, and to correlate occurrence of arrhythmia with adequacy ...
Weinfeld M S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about the early outcomes of initiating amiodarone for atrial fibrillation in patients with advanced heart failure. This study assessed the initial rate of success and complications of amiodarone therapy initiated for patients with atrial fibrillation during hospitalization for heart failure. METHODS: We reviewed medical records for ...
Fang B R - - 2000
Blunt chest trauma causing isolated right atrial tear and cardiac tamponade in three patients is reported. All three patients presented with hypotension, elevated central venous pressure and altered consciousness. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated pericardial effusion in all three cases. All three patients underwent operation with a median sternotomy approach without using ...
Jaïs P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Typical right atrial isthmus-dependent flutters have been described in detail, but very little is known about left atrial (LA) flutters. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed conventional and 3D mapping of the LA for 22 patients with atypical flutters. Complete maps in 17 patients demonstrated macroreentrant circuits (n=15) with 1 ...
Sadanandan S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: In this study we attempt to define the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (LASEC) in sinus rhythm (NSR). BACKGROUND: Left atrial spontaneous echo contrast in atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of thromboembolism. Little is known about its significance in ...
Iivainen T E - - 2000
The purpose of surgical closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is to relieve the cardiovascular system from a haemodynamic burden. Excessive amounts of atrial peptides are released in congestive heart failure, valvular diseases and congenital heart diseases. To examine whether patients after surgical repair of ASD have higher concentrations of ...
Johnson W D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To prevent death from atrial fibrillation, a cardiac disease which kills by producing emboli. Atrial fibrillation causes about 25% of strokes and increases stroke rate by five times. Over 90% of these embolic strokes are from clots originating in the left atrial appendage. This study addresses the surgical feasibility ...
Nielsen K D - - 2000
Electrical cardioversion of atrial tachyarrhythmia has disadvantages, such as the need for general anaesthesia, skin burns and thoracic pain. Pharmacodynamic cardioversion is without these side effects, but the reports of the efficacy of the treatment vary a lot. Amiodarone has been the only drug so far reported to give a ...
- - 2000
(1) In patients with atrial fibrillation and a moderate embolic risk, aspirin reduces the risk of stroke and has a comparable risk-benefit ratio to oral anticoagulants. (2) Oral anticoagulants are superior to aspirin in patients with atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke. (3) In patients with a mechanical valve ...
Emilsson K - - 2000
Mitral annulus motion (MAM) and the relation between left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and MAM has been shown to differ between patients with sinus rhythm and patients with atrial fibrillation. However, it has not been investigated how the relation between EF and MAM changes on direct-current (DC) electrical cardioversion to ...
Schilling R J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Endocardial mapping of atrial fibrillation in humans is limited by its low resolution and by complexities in the arrhythmia and atrial anatomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A catheter mounted non-contact multielectrode was deployed in the right atrium of 11 patients with atrial fibrillation and used to reconstruct 3360 electrograms, superimposed ...
Mattioli A V - - 2000
The size of the left atrium is usually increased during atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in left atrial (LA) dimension after cardioversion for AF, and the relation between LA dimension and atrial function. The initial study population included 171 consecutive patients. Patients ...
Carlsson J - - 2000
This study presents a survey of pacemaker patients followed in a pacemaker clinic. Three hundred and twenty-six patients of mean age 77.7 +/- 9.6 years, 52% female, 75% VVI, 25% dual chamber were analysed. One hundred and forty (43%) were in atrial fibrillation and were older, 80.5 +/- 7.1 years, ...
Wiegand U K - - 2000
In dual chamber pacemakers, atrial sensing performance is decisive for maintenance of AV synchrony. Particularly, the efficacy of mode switching algorithms during intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmias depends on the sensitive detection of low potential amplitudes. Therefore, a high atrial sensitivity of 0.18 mV, commonly used in single lead VDD pacemakers, was ...
Corrado G - - 2000
AIMS: To analyse the safety and impact on maintenance of sinus rhythm of transoesophageal echocardiographically guided early cardioversion associated with short-term anticoagulation in a large series of patients with atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients who were candidates for cardioversion were eligible for inclusion if they had ...
Buys E M - - 2000
Adequate atrial lead performance consists of stable sensing and pacing properties. To evaluate whether the CPI 4269 bipolar lead, covered with mannitol (Sweet Tip), in the atrial position encounters these properties, we performed a prospective study of this lead. After complete dissolution of the mannitol helix, mapping of the atrium ...
Mittal S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have shown that biphasic shocks are more effective than monophasic shocks for ventricular defibrillation. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a rectilinear biphasic waveform with a standard damped sine wave monophasic waveform for the transthoracic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Alkhulaifi A M - - 2000
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Congenital division of an atrium is commonly associated with other cardiac malformations, which may influence presentation. BASIC METHODS: Cases diagnosed at our institution between 1980 and 1997 were reviewed, to determine whether associated lesions influence presentation. PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: 52 patients were diagnosed with atrial division (49 left, ...
Kamata S - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Aortopexy has been established as a surgical treatment for tracheobronchomalacia in infancy. However, the effects in patients with bronchial involvement remain controversial. The authors performed aortopexy and pexis of the pulmonary artery trunk (PApexy) for patients with tracheobronchomalacia. METHODS: Between 1992 and 1997, 14 infants with tracheobronchomalacia were treated. ...
Kesek M - - 2000
Transesophageal atrial pacing and recording performed in 128 patients for palpitations or tachycardia was retrospectively evaluated and compared to the same procedure in 77 routinely evaluated patients after a catheter ablation procedure. The sensitivity and specificity of the described protocol was 74 and 90% respectively. The procedure was well tolerated ...
Thomas S P - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test a new pattern of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AFib) intended to optimize atrial activation, and to demonstrate the usefulness of catheter techniques for mapping and ablation of postoperative atrial arrhythmias. BACKGROUND: Linear radiofrequency lesions have been used to cure AFib, ...
Fu E Y - - 2000
The incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients with conduction system disease is high and the management of patients with pacemakers and atrial fibrillation is discussed. The use of mode switch algorithms to avoid tracking of atrial arrhythmias is explained in detail and programming and evaluation of different mode switch algorithms ...
Berthet K - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrial septal abnormalities have been associated with cryptogenic ischemic stroke in young patients, but the causal link has not yet been established. Paradoxical embolism is considered the most likely mechanism but is rarely proven. It can be hypothesized that, in those patients, paroxysmal atrial arrhythmias, potentially favored ...
Gatzoulis M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative merits of cavopulmonary or aortopulmonary shunts, or both, as definitive non-Fontan palliations for patients with single ventricle physiology. DESIGN: Clinical data, ECG, echocardiographic data, surgical records, and available postmortem material were reviewed in all patients with single ventricle physiology identified from the University of Toronto ...
Venables G S - - 2000
Anticoagulation is a treatment with significant and life threatening complications requiring that the balance of risk and benefit be individually assessed in each patient. The risks are greater in the elderly and those with hypertension, falls and gastrointestinal disease. The use of anticoagulants is now established in patients with symptomatic ...
Emilsson K - - 2000
Mitral annulus motion (MAM) has recently been introduced as an index of left ventricular function. Previous studies have shown a good agreement between MAM (mm) x 5 and ejection fraction in middle-aged and elderly patients. These studies only included patients with sinus rhythm, while patients with atrial fibrillation were excluded. ...
Ferrucci P F - - 2000
Peripheral blood progenitor cell reinfusion (PBPC) in patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) for poor prognosis malignancies, has been described as causing possible acute gastrointestinal (nausea, vomiting), allergic (oedema, bronchospasm, anaphyl- axis), renal (proteinuria, haematuria) and/or cardiovascular (hypotension, arrhythmia, conduction disturbances, transient ischaemic phenomena) toxicities. To establish the clinical relevance of ...
Platonov P G - - 2000
AIMS: To demonstrate a possible inter-atrial conduction delay in patients with lone paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) using 'unfiltered' signal-averaged P-wave ECG (PSAECG) and compare these results with those obtained with conventional filter settings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty one patients with lone PAF and 20 healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled ...
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