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Results 401 - 450 of 1022
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Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar - - 2003
Although protein-energy malnutrition occurs commonly in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing maintenance dialysis treatment, it is not the only form of malnutrition that may exist in these individuals. They may also suffer from deficiencies of micronutrients, particularly trace elements and vitamins. More commonly occurring vitamin deficiencies in maintenance dialysis ...
Shigematsu Takashi - - 2003
Cardiovascular disease is a major problem in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, with calcification being one of the conspicuous features of arteriosclerotic vessels. In the present study, clinical analysis and in vitro cell culture were used to investigate factors promoting vascular calcification in ESRD patients. The aortic arch calcification score ...
Al-Ezzy Yahya A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of hemodialized patients included in the study and demonstrate patterns of cardiovascular manifestations in patients as well as the impact of duration of dialysis on these manifestations. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out on patients undergoing regular hemodialysis in the Dialysis Unit, ...
Araújo Sonia M Holanda Almeida - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of the types of renal osteodystrophy (ROD) has changed in the last two decades. This study evaluates the prevalence and determining factors of the types of ROD in two countries in South America. METHODS: Symptomatic patients who underwent bone biopsies for diagnostic purposes (1985 through 2001) were ...
Sheth Rita D - - 2003
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in adult patients with end-stage renal disease receiving maintenance dialysis. Coronary artery calcifications (CAC) contribute to the high prevalence of cardiac disease and are associated with hyperphosphatemia, an elevated calcium-phosphorus product (CaxP), and prolonged time on dialysis. Chronic inflammation and ...
Bassilios Nader - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric ischaemia is not uncommon in dialysis patients and seems to have been increasing in the last decade. However, the risk factors for mesenteric ischaemia are unclear and prognosis of patients after this type of ischaemic accident is not well defined. METHODS: From January 1988 to June 1999, 15 ...
Ishikura Kenji - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Owing to the discord between body weight and body surface area (BSA), creatinine clearance (CCr) is predisposed to be small in pediatric patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Alternatively, Kt/V creatinine (Kt/V creat), which is normalized to total body water (TBW) rather than BSA, could be a better dialytic indicator. ...
Yazar Süleyman S Department of Parasitology, Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Kayseri, Turkey. - - 2003
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anti- Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in haemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). One hundred and seventy three haemodialysis patients, and 40 healthy controls, were studied for the prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by a micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Anti-T. gondii IgG ...
Bostanjian David - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a well-known cause of renal failure and is most commonly caused by ischemia/reperfusion or crush injury. We describe a new cause of this syndrome in a series of 6 patients who underwent necrosis of the gluteal muscles after bariatric surgery, 3 of whom eventually died of renal ...
Ahmad Suhail - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Choice Reaction Time (CRT) is the time it takes for a subject to accurately respond to a flashing panel of lights. The CRT has been used to assess the quality of dialysis in hemodialysis patients and to assess the neurological impairments in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Three groups ...
Malik Ghulam Hassan - - 2003
Data from different regional hospitals of Saudi Arabia were collected to know the prevalence, clinical features and results of therapy of tuberculosis, in patients on dialysis. Eight hospitals located in five different provinces of Saudi Arabia were involved. There were 132 patients with TB on dialysis of whom 75 were ...
Ketteler Markus - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is the most prominent underlying pathological finding in patients with uraemia, and is a predictor of mortality in this population. Fetuin-A (alpha2-Heremans Schmid glycoprotein; AHSG) is an important circulating inhibitor of calcification in vivo, and is downregulated during the acute-phase response. We aimed to investigate the hypothesis ...
Hojs Radovan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In dialysis patients cardiovascular mortality is 10 to 20 times higher than in general population. It remains uncertain whether atherosclerosis of dialysis patients is effectively accelerated because many of dialysis patients have more or less marked vascular lesions already at the start of dialysis treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Using ...
Hussain S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sonographic prevalence of Acquired Cystic Renal Disease (ACRD) in patients on maintenance haemodialysis and its relationship to the duration on dialysis. METHODS: All patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) who were receiving maintenance haemodialysis in Urology Department of Mayo Hospital Lahore between November 1997 to ...
O'Hare Ann M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is associated with an increased risk for death in the general population. However, the association between inactivity and mortality has not been studied in a large cohort of dialysis patients despite the high prevalence of sedentary behavior in this group. METHODS: We used the Dialysis Morbidity and ...
Miskulin Dana C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Few studies have performed a comprehensive comparison of the prognostic importance of comorbidity to that of other case-mix factors influencing incident dialysis patients' survival. Longitudinal change in the comorbid illness burden of incident dialysis patients has not been measured. Comorbidity severity and its change may serve as important prognostic ...
Loghman-Adham Mahmoud - - 2003
Phosphate (Pi) retention is a common problem in patients with chronic kidney disease, particularly in those who have reached end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In addition to causing secondary hyperparathyroidism and renal osteodystrophy, recent evidence suggests that, in ESRD patients, high serum phosphorus concentration and increased calcium and phosphorous (Ca x ...
Ossareh Shahrzad - - 2003
Fatigue is a common complaint in long term dialysis patients that may influence their quality of life. The present study was carried out in order to evaluate the prevalence and course of fatigue in a group of chronic PD patients and to find the possible factor(s) related to its development. ...
Neyra Roxanna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is a significant problem for patients with end-stage renal disease. Increased resting energy expenditure may be an important contributing factor. We postulate that resting energy expen diture in the different stages of renal disease and treatments may be different. METHODS: Resting energy expenditure was measured using a ...
Kronenberg Florian - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial calcifications are seen frequently in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, prevalence and progression, as well as contributing factors, never were investigated in an unselected incident cohort of dialysis patients. METHODS: We investigated 155 patients with ESRD at the beginning of dialysis therapy and followed them ...
Abbott Kevin C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The national incidence of and factors associated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) in chronic dialysis patients has never been reported. METHODS: We therefore performed an historical cohort study of 375,857 chronic dialysis patients listed in the 2000 United States Renal Data System between 1 April 1995 and 31 December ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2003
Adequacy of hemodialysis is frequently equated with Kt/V(urea) , the amount of urea clearance (K) multiplied by time (t) and divided by urea distribution volume (V). Several formulas have been developed to calculate Kt/V(urea) from the pre- and post-dialysis urea concentrations. In three-times-weekly hemodialysis, a single pool (spKt/V(urea)) value of ...
Gjenero-Margan Ira - - 2003
The main aim of Croatia's epidemiological information system is to enable the monitoring of infectious diseases as well as to enable necessary interventions. Its 24-hour epidemiologic alert mechanism made it possible for initial reports of sudden death clusters in haemodialysis units to reach epidemiologists on the night of 12 October ...
Jamshid Roozbeh - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Fistula thrombosis in patients on maintenance hemodialysis is an important morbidity factor. Arterial or venous thrombotic events have been described as complications in patients on regular hemodialysis and positive titers of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACLA). This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of ACLA in hemodialysis patients and it's ...
Janicki Krzysztof - - 2003
Development of dialysis therapy over the last decade caused considerable increase in the number of patients receiving haemodialyses as kidney substitution therapy. However, a wider use resulted in greater number of A-V fistula complications. Uraemia patients were reported to develop plasmatic and platelet haemostasis disorders which provoke dialysis fistula thrombosis. ...
McIntyre C W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acute liver cell failure (ALCF) commonly results in death and when complicated by acute renal failure (ARF), the mortality approaches 90%. Albumin dialysis allows partial replacement of some of the liver's excretory functions. The molecular absorbents recirculating system (MARS) has been recently introduced to provide this therapy. Thus allowing ...
Wilson Jimmy - - 2002
Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is the most prevalent form of peritoneal dialysis in the United States. Optimizing the success of this treatment requires appropriate patient selection; however, there are few data available on which patients are most likely to benefit the most from this form of therapy. The key factors ...
Trespalacios Fernando C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis have a disproportionately high rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the incidence and risk factors for incident acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have not been previously assessed in dialysis patients. METHODS: We analyzed the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) Dialysis Morbidity and Mortality Study (DMMS) Wave ...
Gertz Morie A - - 2002
PURPOSE: To review the characteristics and outcomes of amyloidosis patients treated with high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell reconstitution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six patients with biopsy-proven amyloidosis received transplants between March 1996 and January 2001. All patients had evidence of a clonal plasma cell dyscrasia; those with nonimmunoglobulin forms of amyloidosis ...
O'keefe Aura - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Novel classification nomenclature defining the type of malnutrition by the root cause of the hypoalbuminenia has been developing in the literature since 1999. As the classification of malnutrition became more definite in the literature, the need to assess the type of malnutrition, thereby the root cause(s) and initiate appropriate ...
Daxboeck Florian - - 2002
We report two cases of bacteremia with Ochrobactrum anthropi in patients on hemodialysis. Bacteremia became clinically manifest by recurrent febrile episodes during and after dialysis. In one patient, bacteremia persisted after ciprofloxacin therapy and was cleared only by removal of the dialysis catheter and a 3-week course of gentamicin. The ...
Kinchen Kraig S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Care for chronic renal failure involves management of complications and preparation for possible dialysis. Patients often are not evaluated by nephrologists in a timely manner. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with late evaluation by a nephrologist and to assess whether late evaluation is associated with worse survival once patients ...
Mehta KS, Halankar AR, ...
BACKGROUND: We have noticed a recent rise in the incidence and severity of acute renal failure (ARF) in malaria. AIM: To study the incidence, severity and outcome of ARF in malaria. SETTING and DESIGN: It is a retrospective analysis of data of one year from a tertiary medical centre in ...
Brimble Kenneth Scott - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Knowledge that adequacy measures such as the urea reduction ratio (URR) or Kt/V(urea) are being measured on haemodialysis may influence the behaviour of patients or staff such that the treatment may be better on those days. This study therefore tested the hypothesis that mean volume of blood processed (VBP), ...
Cirignotta Fabio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability of a self-administered questionnaire on leg discomfort and restlessness as a screening tool for restless legs syndrome (RLS) in a population of chronically dialyzed patients. METHODS: One hundred twenty-seven patients on chronic hemodialysis therapy filled in a self-administered questionnaire ...
Quantrill S J - - 2002
Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) have a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB). Those from the Indian subcontinent are at particular risk. The frequency of side-effects associated with antituberculous treatment in a group of patients with CRF was studied. All cases of TB in patients with CRF occurring over a ...
Alscher Dominik M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Renal failure leads to a variety of defects in immune function. The skin, as a major player in the immune system network, also exhibits multiple derangements. The pathogenesis of these defects and derangements are poorly understood; therefore, we studied immune competent cells, dermal dendrocytes (DC), and a special proinflammatory ...
Meller Johannes - - 2002
Nuclear medicine (scintigraphy) studies that are performed in patients being prepared for regular dialysis treatment include the measurement of renal clearance and dynamic studies of renal perfusion and function. Static scintigraphy with 99mTc-DMSA may be used in the evaluation of children at risk of renal damage and further functional deterioration. ...
Saha H - - 2002
AIMS: Bisphosphonates inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption, and in the future, they may also have a role in the therapy of renal osteodystrophy. Our aim was to study whether the severity of hyperparathyroidism has an effect on the clearance of clodronate via routes other than dialysis or kidneys (nonrenal, non-dialysis clearance, ...
Garland Jocelyn S - - 2002
In hemodialysis patients, volume homeostasis is an important clinical problem. The aim is to have patients at an ideal "dry weight" postdialysis, but current methods for accurately measuring dry weight are disappointing. Krivitski et al. (ASAIO J 1998;44:M535-M540) have described a novel technique whereby extravascular lung water (EVLW) may be ...
Fan S L-S SL Department of Nephrology, St Bartholomews and The Royal London Hospitals, Whitechapel, London - - - 2002
The aim of this study was to determine whether the US National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines on haemodialysis access could be achieved and to examine its relevance to patients on dialysis in the UK. A cross sectional study of chronic haemodialysis patients at our institution which ...
Tarakçioglu M - - 2002
Cardiac markers are more likely to be elevated in dialysis patients than in patients with renal failure not on dialysis. In this study, 31 patients (20 males, 11 females) undergoing chronic haemodialysis were enrolled. The effect of haemodialysis on cardiac troponin T (cTnT), I (cTnI), creatine kinase MB (CKMB) mass, ...
Abbott Kevin C - - 2002
AIMS: Bacterial endocarditis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality but has not been studied in a national population of end-stage renal disease patients. METHODS: 327,993 dialysis patients in the United States Renal Data System initiated from 1 January 1992 to 30 June 1997 were analyzed in a historical ...
Kiernan Matthew C - - 2002
Multiple nerve excitability measurements were used to investigate axonal membrane properties in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Nine patients were studied during routine haemodialysis therapy. The median nerve was stimulated at the wrist and compound muscle action potentials recorded from abductor pollicis brevis. Stimulus-response behaviour, strength-duration time constant, threshold ...
Suwata Junji - - 2002
The new-generation acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil, is useful in the treatment of mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease. A 72-year-old male chronic hemodialysis patient was diagnosed as having moderate Alzheimer's disease. We administered donepezil at 3 mg/day orally to the patient. After 1 month's treatment, the patient improved to a controllable psychiatric condition and ...
Gill John S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients initiating dialysis after a failed kidney transplant are a subgroup of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who have not been characterized. Exposure to immunosuppressive medications differentiates these patients from the general incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population. METHODS: Data from the Health Care Financing Administration 2728 form were ...
Hattori Shinzaburo - - 2002
We carried out a nationwide survey on patients less than 20 years of age with pediatric chronic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Japan for the year 1998. There were 582 patients who had started on renal replacement therapy before 1998, and 105 patients who had been newly introduced to renal ...
Sabbatini Massimo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Studies in the last 15 years have shown a high prevalence of sleep disorders in maintenance haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: To investigate whether the new technical and therapeutic advances of the last decade have had a positive impact on sleep disturbances in HD patients: 694 patients (384 males, 310 ...
Tveit Daniel P - - 2002
Pulmonary embolism has been considered uncommon in chronic dialysis patients, but has not been adequately studied in a large population. In the US Renal Data System (USRDS), 76,718 patients presenting with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 1996, were analyzed in an historical cohort study. ...
Polenakovic M H - - 2002
1,019 adult patients with terminal renal failure were treated with dialysis (D) in the first part of the year 2000 in the Republic of Macedonia. 1,010 patients (99%) were treated with chronic intermittent (maintenance) hemodialysis (HD) while nine patients (1%) were on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). For the children, ...
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