Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1023
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Polenakovic M H - - 2002
1,019 adult patients with terminal renal failure were treated with dialysis (D) in the first part of the year 2000 in the Republic of Macedonia. 1,010 patients (99%) were treated with chronic intermittent (maintenance) hemodialysis (HD) while nine patients (1%) were on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). For the children, ...
Biesenbach Georg - - 2002
Despite improvements in dialysis therapy, the mortality rate of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) has remained high. A relatively high proportion of uremic patients dies within one year after the initiation of dialysis treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate predictors for this early mortality in ...
Iseki Kunitoshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The clinical demographics of chronic dialysis patients are changing worldwide. However, long-term data from regional dialysis registries have not yet been analyzed and reported. METHODS: The Okinawa Dialysis Study (OKIDS) registry included all chronic dialysis patients treated in Okinawa, Japan, since 1971. Data for the years 1971 to 1990 ...
Bourquia Amal - - 2002
To evaluate the etiology and prognosis of acute renal failure (ARF) in Moroccan children, we retrospectively studied 120 cases of ARF that presented to two centers in Casablanca, Morocco between 1982 and 1999. There were 72 (60%) boys and 48 (40%) females with age that ranged between six months and ...
Thadhani Ravi - - 2002
BACKGROUND:: Fabry disease results from an X-linked deficiency of lysosomal alpha-galactosidase A and is a rare cause of end-stage renal disease. Little is known about the characteristics of patients with Fabry disease that initiate dialysis in the United States, although data from Europe suggests these individuals have a poor survival. ...
Klefter Romana - - 2002
The steadily increasing number of dialysis patients prompts considerations on possibilities for budget reductions with maintenance of treatment quality. A literature survey is presented concerning trends of population increase, individual treatment costs, rationing of patient intake, and consequences of delayed progress of renal insufficiency as well as of savings during ...
Koutsopoulou V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate personality dimensions in uraemic patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD. The relationship between the disease that led to renal failure (and the subsequent need for haemodialysis) and the personality of the haemodialysis patients in question were investigated. METHODS: In the present study, which ...
Tislér András - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic dialysis hypotension (DH) continues to be a common problem. By comparing patients prone and resistant to DH, several dialysis session and patient related characteristics have been identified that confer susceptibility to DH. Less is known, however, about the comparison of patients with frequent and only occasional DH. The ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) are frequently used in epidemiologic studies of nutrition and food intake. However, the use of FFQs in patients receiving maintenance dialysis has not been extensively studied. We hypothesize that FFQ is a useful tool to assess the food intake differences between patients receiving dialysis and ...
Gaspar Luis Jorge Rodrigues - - 2002
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) is frequently used in patients admitted to intensive care units with multiple organ failure and acute renal failure. These patients are prone to developing hypotension making it very difficult to use conventional haemodialysis for their treatment. When compared to conventional haemodialysis CRRT has obvious clinical ...
Oreopoulos Dimitrios G - - 2002
I presume that every dialysis patient needs a minimal amount of dialysis, since less dialysis will lead to death. Until we come up with a better index, for hemodialysis, I propose that we should return to Scribner's 1974 recommendation on adequacy of dialysis and concentrate on the homeostatic function of ...
Plum J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The control of extracellular volume is a key parameter for reducing hypertension and the incidence of cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. In recent years bioimpedance measurement (BIA) has been proven as a non-invasive and accurate method for measuring intracellular and extracellular fluid spaces in man. In addition, plasma atrial ...
Ash S R - - 2001
An FDA-approved Phase 1 feasibility study was performed in two centers to determine the safety of the BioLogic-DTPF (detoxifier/plasma filter) system for the treatment of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). This device combines hemodiabsorption (dialysis of blood against powdered sorbents with the BioLogic-DT system) with push-pull sorbent-based pheresis ...
Hung S C - - 2001
Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing regular dialysis are prone to encephalopathy, but the cause is often unclear. Dialysis patients are at risk for thiamine deficiency, which may mimic many uremic complications, including encephalopathy. To determine whether unexplained encephalopathy in regular dialysis patients is associated with thiamine deficiency, we conducted ...
Erkan E - - 2001
Residual renal function (RRF) contributes to dialysis adequacy as well as lower mortality and morbidity in dialysis patients. Even very small changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) account for considerable improvements in complications of dialysis. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to determine the possible contribution of RRF to ...
Onori L - - 2001
Data about colonic mucosa transport of short-chain fatty acids in cirrhotic patients are still lacking. The aim of the present study was to compare the rectal mucosa transport of n-butyrate and its effect on transport of other electrolytes and endoluminal pH in normal subjects and in cirrhotic patients by using ...
Basile C - - 2001
The pathogenesis of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) primarily involves interference with the posterior ciliary artery blood supply to the prelaminar optic nerve. Uremic patients often have coexisting pathology such as hypotension (decreased blood delivery), or hypertension, atherosclerosis (increased resistance to blood supply), and anemia (low blood oxygen carrying capacity), ...
Sesso R - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is evidence suggesting that a number of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) are not accepted for maintenance dialysis treatment, however, the factors that influence this process are not well known. METHODS: Data from patients who died of CRF in the city of São Paulo in 1998 were ...
Kutner N G - - 2001
Noncompliance with prescribed therapy significantly impacts dialysis patient care and outcome. At least one-half of hemodialysis (HD) patients are likely to be noncompliant with some part of their treatment regimen, and one-third of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are believed to miss prescribed exchanges. Psychosocial issues, younger age, and smoking behavior ...
Jansen M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: It is unknown whether a given level of urea clearance by the native kidneys provides better or similar control of uremia than the same level of urea clearance by continuous peritoneal dialysis (PD). More insight into possible differences between renal and peritoneal urea clearances is warranted. Therefore, we investigated ...
Conz P A - - 2001
Vascular access is the essential step in performing hemodialysis in uremic patients. In the absence of a permanent and utilizable native arterio-venous fistula, the use of a tunnelled catheter makes dialysis therapy possible. The Ash Split Cath, a recently introduced chronic hemodialysis catheter, was inserted in five patients (7.1% of ...
Abbott K C - - 2001
AIMS: The patient characteristics and clinical course of nephropathy associated with multiple myeloma/light chain disease (MMN) has not been described for a national sample of end-stage renal disease patients. METHODS: 375,152 patients in the United States Renal Data System were initiated on ESRD therapy between January 1, 1992 and June ...
Kaysen G A - - 2001
Mortality is markedly elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease. The leading cause of death is cardiovascular disease. Lipoprotein levels are only slightly elevated in dialysis patients, and cardiovascular risk is inversely correlated with serum cholesterol, suggesting that a process other than hyperlipidemia plays a role in the incidence of ...
Sussmann K K Taunton Dialysis Centre, Taunton, Somerset, - - 2001
Although developments in medical technology, pharmacology, and nutritional science continue to improve treatment possibilities for patients with renal failure, the level of compliance with medical and dietetic advice remains poor. Previous research on compliance with treatment of chronic illness has led to recommendations for an improved understanding of what is ...
Malberti F - - 2001
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a frequent complication of long-term dialysis treatment, and despite recent advances in medical therapy, surgical parathyroidectomy (PTx) is necessary in a considerable number of uremic patients. A prevalence of PTx of 22% was reported in Europe in 1988 in patients on dialysis from 10 to 15 yr, ...
Huster D - - 2001
This is a case report of a 36 years old man who has been suffering for 20 years from benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC). BRIC is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterised by prolonged episodes of intrahepatic cholestasis and pruritus alternating with periods of nearly normal liver function, and does ...
Chou K J - - 2001
In this investigation, we tried to find the incidence and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in dialysis patients previously found only in a small number of cases. We collected the cases of newly diagnosed TB patients in Taiwan during 1997. Simultaneously, all dialysis patients were collected and matched with the TB ...
Ahmad S - - 2001
Hemodialysis (HD) patients often have low serum concentrations of free L-carnitine and decreased skeletal muscle stores. As L-carnitine is an essential cofactor in fatty acid and energy metabolism, it is possible that abnormal carnitine metabolism in dialysis patients may be associated with clinical problems such as skeletal myopathies, intradialytic symptoms, ...
Ozçelik N - - 2001
Ochratoxin A (OA) is a nephrotoxic fungal metabolite (mycotoxin) occurring in foodstuffs. The compound is causally associated with mycotoxin porcine nephropathy, a disease comparable with a human kidney disease called endemic nephropathy. In this paper OA levels in the human serum samples collected from healthy individuals and individuals suffering from ...
Naruse Y - - 2001
This study identified preoperative characteristics of dialysis patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and determined the early and long-term results. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 60 patients (mean age 60.8 +/- 7.6 years) with end-stage renal disease who underwent CABG between 1982 and 1999. Seventeen (28%) patients underwent ...
Nasir H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases are the cause for 45% mortality and 20% morbidity in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Pericardial effusion (PE) accounts for 03-04% of all deaths in HD patients as a result of tamponade, arrhythmias or heart failure. This study aims to find out the prevailance and precipitating factors for PE ...
Gallego N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The outcome for children with acute renal failure (ARF) may be poor. However, relatively few published studies have considered prognosis of these patients. METHODS: We prospectively studied, from 1978 to 1998, 92 such children without heart disease to try to identify risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: Forty five per ...
Chen J - - 2001
PURPOSE: We evaluate the clinical efficacy of sildenafil citrate for patients who are on chronic dialysis and who have concomitant erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 men (mean age 60.7 years) on dialysis and with erectile dysfunction of various etiologies were administered 25 to 100 mg sildenafil ...
Emre S - - 2001
The addition of daclizumab (a human immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody that blocks interleukin-2 receptors on T lymphocytes) to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and steroids is a new option for initial immunosuppression in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) with impaired renal function. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of daclizumab in preventing ...
Splendiani G - - 2001
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) indication is still discussed. We report our experience on 98 patients affected with Multiple Organ System Failure (MOSF) and renal failure (acute or chronic) requiring dialysis and timely treated by CRRT. Mortality after 5 days of ICU permanence was 60.2%; the remaining 39 patients were ...
Szeto C C - - 2001
Dialysis adequacy has a major impact on the outcome of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. However, most studies on peritoneal dialysis adequacy have focused on patients with significant residual renal function. The present study examined the effect of dialysis adequacy on anuric CAPD patients. A single-center prospective observational study ...
Walters R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis may cause neurological symptoms ranging from inconvenient feelings of disequilibrium to life-threatening neurological complications. There are animal data to suggest cerebral swelling may accompany haemodialysis and contribute symptomatically to dialysis disequilibrium. However, MR images acquired following haemodialysis often fail to demonstrate evidence of cerebral oedema. We wished to ...
Fink J - - 2001
Erythropoietin (EPO) is recommended in individuals progressing toward end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to correct anemia and its complications, which are common in this disease. This study evaluated the impact of EPO administered before dialysis on mortality in incident ESRD patients. A total of 4,866 patients whose exposure to pre-ESRD EPO ...
Fried L - - 2001
A previous study at our center used the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) (an index of comorbidity that includes age) to predict outcomes in a mixed group of incident and prevalent dialysis patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of the CCI as a predictor in incident ...
Tsuchida M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There are few studies available investigating the perioperative problems experienced by lung cancer patients on dialysis undergoing pulmonary resection. METHODS: A retrospective review of 7 patients on dialysis undergoing pulmonary resection for lung cancer was performed. RESULTS: The patient population consisted of 7 men, with a mean age of ...
Takenaka T - - 2001
AIMS: In order to assess the long-term influence of high-flux hemodiafiltration (HDF) on hemodynamic stability in patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis. METHODS: HDF with high-flux dialyzers was performed for a year in 11 patients who had undergone the surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome. Patients were divided into two groups, and for ...
de Gómez Dumm N T - - 2001
Lipid abnormalities are common in patients with renal disease, probably contributing to the high incidence of cardiovascular diseases in this population. In this study we determined the plasma and erythrocyte lipid profile in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) along 30 months under hemodialysis. In the same patients the influence ...
Hemmelgarn B R - - 2001
Cardiovascular disease is common among dialysis patients, but much less is known regarding non-dialysis-dependent renal insufficiency (NDDRI) and its association with cardiac disease. We undertook a study to assess the impact of renal insufficiency on survival post-coronary angiography by comparing three groups of patients: dialysis-dependent patients, patients with NDDRI (creatinine ...
Zoccali C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction and sleep apnoea are frequent complications of chronic renal failure. Since nocturnal hypoxaemia in sleep apnoea dampens autonomic reflexes, we postulated that altered autonomic control is in part linked to nocturnal hypoxaemia in uraemic patients. METHODS: To test the hypothesis we performed continuous monitoring of O(2) saturation ...
Ura M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of renal failure on atherosclerotic changes in the internal thoracic artery (ITA). METHODS: A total of 20 consecutive patients on chronic dialysis who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during April 1998 through September 1999 were investigated. The 20 control patients were selected ...
Kokot F - - 2001
Patients with chronic renal failure are frequently characterized by malnutrition, hyperleptinaemia and metabolic acidosis. Both hyperleptinaemia and chronic metabolic acidosis are presumed to contribute to the pathogenesis of malnutrition observed in this group of patients. It has been reported, that in vitro adipocytes exposed to acidotic medium decrease leptin secretion. ...
Kutner N G NG Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2001
To investigate the contribution of body mass index (BMI) to mortality over 11 years of follow-up in a prevalent sample of dialysis patients aged 60+. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Multicenter stratified random sample of black and white older chronic dialysis patients in a southeastern state. 316 patients on ...
Jungers P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring maintenance dialysis in the Ile-de-France district (Paris area), and the characteristics of patients at start of dialysis. METHODS: This is a prospective epidemiological study with the cooperation of all dialysis facilities ...
Kamat N M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Aim of our study was to find out the amount of protein consumed by Indian haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Twenty patients with endstage renal disease on regular haemodialysis at a major urban dialysis centre in India had their Kt/V and nPCR measured monthly for 4 months utilising urea kinetic methods. ...
Irvin R A - - 2000
Recent studies of patient outcomes in the United States have shown mixed conclusions regarding the effect of for-profit ownership on treatment quality. To test whether outcome quality differs across ownership types for patients being treated for end stage renal disease, a cross-sectional study was performed using data from 180,913 end ...
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