Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1088
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Esmatjes Enric - - 2003
BACKGROUND: After pancreas transplantation (PTx) some patients report occasional symptoms of hypoglycaemia and at times, serious hypoglycaemia. Continuous blood glucose monitoring (CBGM) allows determination of the daily glucose profile and detection of unrecognized hypoglycaemia. The aims of our study were to determine the incidence of hypoglycaemia in PTx and evaluate ...
Dwarakanathan Ranganathan - - 2003
Peritoneal permeability may be dissimilar in different populations. The present study identified the pattern of peritoneal permeability in continuous ambulatory dialysis (CAPD) patients treated at the Department of Renal Medicine, RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam. Data were collected from patients on CAPD in 2001 (n = 65). Four children were excluded ...
Mujais Salim - - 2003
Acid-base profile in patients on PD. Secular trends in dialysis dose in peritoneal dialysis (PD) and modes of dialysis delivery [automated PD (APD) versus continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)] require a reexamination of acid-base status in patients treated with these renal replacement modalities. We explored steady-state acid-base profile and its determinants ...
Li Philip K T - - 2003
The proportion of end-stage renal disease patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has increased by twofold in Hong Kong over last two decades, accounting for 80% of the entire dialysis population. Our encouraging outcome results--a 2-year actuarial patient survival of 83%, and a 2-year technique survival of 72.8%--further testify ...
Wong Ping-Nam PN Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2003
Factors that predict the occurrence of vascular events and poor patient survival in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients have not been clearly defined. Previous studies have focused on nonselective CAPD patients, in whom pre-existing comorbidity or poor health might complicate interpretation of the significance of individual factors. The present ...
Lo Stanley H K SH Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2003
Fungal peritonitis is rare among end-stage renal disease patients treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), but when it occurs, it is associated with a high risk of mortality and peritoneal membrane failure. In the present study, we identified risk factors for poor outcome and examined the effect of treatment ...
Ng Suk-Yi SY Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Tung Wah Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2003
We studied the effectiveness of a screening program for peripheral vascular disease (PVD) carried out by trained renal nurses in patients with and without diabetes on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We recruited 30 stable diabetic and 30 stable non diabetic CAPD patients into this cross-sectional study. Trained renal nurses ...
Savidaki Irini I Department of Internal Medicine-Nephrology, University Hospital, Patras, - - 2003
Long-term exposure of peritoneal membrane to bioincompatible dialysis solutions leads to structural changes and loss of ultrafiltration capability. We studied the possible relationship between histologic change and the transport characteristics of peritoneal membrane and adequacy of dialysis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. The study included 18 CAPD patients ...
Hiramatsu Makoto M Department of Nephrology, Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, Okayama, Japan. - - 2003
Few data are available about elderly patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). In the present study, we reviewed our experience with patients aged 70 years or more at the start of peritoneal dialysis (PD). This retrospective study was conducted at a single center in Japan. Of 222 patients managed using PD ...
Malik Ghulam H GH Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Security Forces Hospital Program, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2003
In Saudi Arabia, experience with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) as a renal replacement therapy is limited, and publications are scanty. The present study was undertaken to evaluate CAPD in the Saudi population. All patients managed by CAPD from May 1993 to September 2002 were included in the study. Tenckhoff ...
Nakamoto Hidetomo H Department of Nephrology, Saitama Medical School, Saitama, - - 2003
The present study used the newly developed personal dialysis capacity (PDC) peritoneal function test to investigate differences in individual peritoneal membrane transport function and nutritional status in non diabetic (non DM) and diabetic (DM) patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). To clarify the differences in peritoneal function that determine ...
Ferrara Elizabeth - - 2004
Peritonitis is the most common complication and the leading cause of death in pediatric peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. According to the most recent data available from the North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS), approximately 25% of pediatric PD patients who die succumb to infection. There are no reported ...
Manns B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have significant impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In part, this is due to the intrusiveness of the treatment (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) that is required. It is unclear whether hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is associated with a higher HRQOL. METHODS: 192 ...
Gillerot Gaëlle - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is a rapidly progressive interstitial nephropathy linked to the exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) and characterized by extensive fibrosis and urothelial atypia. Although the fibrotic process has been documented in extrarenal tissues, the involvement of the peritoneum, as well as the efficacy of peritoneal dialysis ...
Jepsen Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites have a high risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, but the prognostic impact of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis has not been well examined. METHODOLOGY: Patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites were included at the time of their first paracentesis during hospitalization in the Department of ...
Troidle Laura - - 2003
The percentage of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the United States maintained on continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) therapy is decreasing. Complications from CPD therapy, including peritonitis, may be the reason for the decline. Improvements in CPD technology and a better understanding of the risk factors that predispose patients to ...
Lapeyraque Anne-Laure - - 2003
The authors report the occurrence of sudden blindness in 5 children (mean age, 32 months; range, 11 to 60) during continuous peritoneal dialysis regimen. All children presented with loss of light perception, visual fixation and ocular pursuit, and bilateral mydriasis unreactive to bright light. Fundoscopic examination found signs of anterior ...
Hobson Kristina G - - 2003
HYPOTHESIS: Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) plays an important role in the formation of adhesions after abdominal operations. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University-based, tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing elective open abdominal operations were recruited and divided into 2 groups. Twenty-two patients with a history of abdominal surgery were ...
Sanusi A A - - 2003
Chronic renal failure (CRF) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality world-wide and consumes substantial percentage of health budgets in the developed countries. Dialysis, in particular, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), as a form of therapy in the management of CRF, has its own side effects and can contribute ...
Chang David F - - 2003
A pars plana injection of Viscoat (sodium hyaluronate 3%-chondroitin sulfate 4%) was used to stabilize and elevate a descending nucleus in 8 patients with posterior capsule rupture. The nucleus or nuclear remnants were successfully removed in all 8 patients.
Prinsen Berthil H C M T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminemia and hyperfibrinogenemia are frequently observed in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and are both associated with cardiovascular diseases. The mechanisms responsible for hypoalbuminemia and hyperfibrinogenemia in CRF are unknown. METHODS: In the present study, both albumin and fibrinogen kinetics were measured in vivo in predialysis patients (N ...
Selvaggi Gennaro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To create a neovagina and an endocervival canal in two patients with vaginal aplasia and a functioning uterus. DESIGN: Technique and instrumentations. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman with vaginal aplasia and a double noncommunicating uterus (classified as Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome) and a 19-year-old woman with partial vaginal aplasia ...
Lui Sing Leung - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of reinstitution of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after partial hepatectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 2 CAPD patients. SETTING: Dialysis unit of a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Two CAPD patients with malignant hepatic tumors who had undergone partial hepatectomy. ...
Tokgöz B - - 2003
AIMS: A small body size may increase the risk for hernia development in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The present study investigates whether there is a relationship between body size and hernia development in CAPD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The records of 78 patients on CAPD were reviewed ...
Kan George W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) guidelines recommend empiric therapy with cefazolin and ceftazidime for peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. Empiric cefazolin therapy may have diminishing efficacy because of emerging methicillin resistance in gram-positive bacteria (GPB). Western Australia also has large numbers of Aboriginal and isolated regional patients, where ...
Schroeter Careen Angela - - 2003
Transsexualism as a condition requires hair removal. Twenty-five male-to-female transsexual patients were included in this study on epilation using the Intense Pulsed Light Source (IPLS). Patients received a varying number of treatments, depending on their response. A mean hair clearance rate of 90% was achieved in the studied patients. The ...
Cropper Elizabeth - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is the major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and has acute morbidity and resources implications. Episodes of peritonitis are associated with higher risk of peritoneal membrane failure. Rapid diagnosis of peritonitis would allow early antibiotic commencement with potential benefits of reduced need for in-patient care and dialysis modality ...
Bertoli Silvio Volmer - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Structure and function of the peritoneal membrane (PM) are impaired on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dialytic parameters and histological and functional characteristics of the peritoneum of PD patients. METHODS: A peritoneal biopsy (PB) was performed on 31 PD patients ...
Mulier Stefaan - - 2003
Mortality of generalized postoperative peritonitis remains high at 22% to 55%. The aim of the present study was to identify prognostic factors by means of univariate and multivariate analysis in a consecutive series of 96 patients. Mortality was 30%. Inability to clear the abdominal infection or to control the septic ...
Morice P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic factors for patients with advanced stage, low malignant potential ovarian tumour (LMPOT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 80 patients with serous LMPOT and peritoneal implants treated at or referred to our institution was carried out. RESULTS: Sixty-five ...
Chung Sung Hee - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible associations between peritoneal transport rate (PTR), fluid removal, inflammation, and nutritional status in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) for more than 6 months, and the impact of these factors on subsequent patient survival. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A prospective study of 82 PD patients (48 ...
Varagunam Mira - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms II, ID, and DD on erythropoietin (EPO) requirement in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: CAPD Unit, Royal London/St. Bartholomews Hospital, London, UK. PATIENTS: 46 patients on the transplant waiting list (age 20-70 ...
Wang Qin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Both peritonitis and serum albumin level are associated with morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Severe cases of peritonitis result in hypoalbuminemia. However, it is not clear whether hypoalbuminemia predicts the development of peritonitis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database from six ...
Gan H C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence of peritonitis in CAPD patients in their first six months on CAPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who started on CAPD between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 1999 were included in the study. All of them were followed for six months for development of ...
Chakrabarti S - - 2003
Haemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is an important cause of morbidity following stem cell transplantation (SCT) and has been associated with polyoma virus infection. We studied the incidence and outcome of polyoma virus infection in 58 T-cell-depleted SCT patients. T-cell depletion was carried out using Campath-1H, either 10 or 20 mg in ...
Calhaz-Jorge C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of the concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) in the peritoneal fluid (PF) with the extent of peritoneal endometriotic lesions and with the presence of red lesions (RLs). STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-seven patients with endometriosis and 19 controls with normal pelvis had PF samples ...
Schull Michael J - - 2003
Emergency department overcrowding sometimes results in diversion of ambulances to other locations. We sought to determine the resulting prehospital delays for cardiac patients. Data on consecutive patients with chest pain who were transported to Toronto hospitals by ambulance were obtained for a 4-month period in 1997 and a 4-month period ...
Dasgupta Mrinal K - - 2003
Bacteria from the exit site of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter and from contaminated dialysis fluids can grow into microcolonies in biofilm. Those bacteria are implicated in recurrent peritonitis in patients undergoing treatment with PD. The present article highlights new strategies that are designed to alter the major factors regulating ...
Aksu Nejat - - 2003
Recurrent and persistent peritonitis episodes are exhausting problems in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) and can lead to discontinuation of treatment. In the present report, we describe our clinical experience with endoluminal brushing (EB) in 3 pediatric patients with refractory peritonitis episodes maintained on chronic PD. The EB was ...
Borg Diane - - 2003
Despite recent advances in peritoneal dialysis (PD) systems, peritonitis is a significant clinical problem in patients on PD. Risk factors for peritonitis are identifiable and modifiable and require focused intervention. During a baseline period in 1998, we observed consistent differences in peritonitis rates among patients using various PD connection systems. ...
Fusshöller Andreas - - 2003
In terms of the integrity of the peritoneal membrane in peritoneal dialysis (PD), the peritoneal mesothelial cells play a pivotal role since its monolayer constitutes the first line of the peritoneal membrane. Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) is released by peritoneal mesothelial cells and correlates with the mesothelial cell mass ...
Nowak-Piszczek Ewa - - 2003
These studies were focused on the influence of two treatment methods of patients with chronic renal disease on RBC deformability. In peritoneal dialysed-patients (PD) erythrocytes exhibited a decrease in their deformability as compared to control subjects whereas this parameter in RBC deriving from hemodialysed patients (HD) was not altered. The ...
Yamashita Akihiro C - - 2003
Our objective in the present study was to evaluate the dialysis dose required to maintain Japanese peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in good condition. From 32 local hospitals, we selected 100 stable patients without diabetes mellitus who were on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD), and we ...
Dönmez Osman - - 2003
In this retrospective study, we evaluated the causative factors, outcomes, and complications of therapy in 35 patients (16 girls, 19 boys) started on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) between 1997 and 2002. Average age at initiation of CPD was 9.3 +/- 4.4 years. All patients started on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ...
Parikova Alena - - 2003
Chronic exposure to peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions is associated with a low-grade local inflammatory state of the peritoneum. The occurrence of culture-negative peritonitis in some PD patients treated with icodextrin focused our interest on subclinical inflammation in icodextrin-treated patients without peritonitis. The aim of the present study was to compare ...
Sarkodee-Adoo Clarence - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporine A (CSA) and tacrolimus (FK-506) are both associated with thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in allogeneic BMT recipients, although it is not known which drug is more likely to cause the syndrome. The optimal treatment of BMT-associated TMA is also not known. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: To estimate the risks, ...
Martín Juan - - 2003
Icodextrin is a glucose polymer obtained from starch hydrolysis. It is used as an osmotic agent at 7.5% for peritoneal dialysis (PD). Its use in PD has been associated with several side effects separate from the one reported here, the most frequent being sterile peritonitis. Recently, three mechanisms have been ...
Cleary-Goldman Jane - - 2002
A patient passed a large tissue mass at home on postpartum day 1. Pathologic examination demonstrated leiomyosarcoma. A total abdominal hysterectomy was performed, which demonstrated residual disease. All tissue passed in the puerperium should be evaluated to ensure that significant pathologic conditions are not overlooked. Conservative management of leiomyosarcomas is ...
Kadambi Pradeep - - 2002
Few elderly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Among dialysis patients >or=65 years of age reported by the U.S. Renal Data System (USRDS), the percentage treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) is lower than in any other age group. To evaluate the effectiveness of ...
Rodríguez-Carmona Ana - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare sodium removal in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) patients, and to identify the main factors that modify Na removal in clinical practice in these patients. DESIGN: Study in three steps. Cross-sectional observational (Study A), and longitudinal interventional (Studies B and C). PATIENTS ...
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