Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1087
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Fanfani Francesco - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in endometriosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between COX-2 expression and the clinical outcome rate in a homogeneous series of patients undergoing fertility-sparing complete laparoscopic ablation for severe endometriosis. METHODS: COX-2 expression was analysed by ...
Grünberg Jose - - 2005
In this study we analyze the impact of the patient's socioeconomic status (SES) and the distance from the patient's home to the dialysis center (DPH-DC), classified as < or =300 km or >300 km, on the patient and technique survival of 59 patients starting chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) between May ...
Zambelli A - - 2005
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is the most frequent infectious complication after conventional allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). From December 1998 to December 2002, we prospectively monitored HCMV reactivation in 59 patients affected by solid tumors and undergoing nonmyeloablative alloSCT (NST). Patients were allografted from HLA-identical sibling donors after fludarabine/cyclophosphamide-based conditioning ...
Perriss Richard - - 2005
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate our preliminary experience with routine contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) of the lower limb arteries in patients with end-stage renal failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical, physiological, and imaging data for 104 patients with ...
Lim Christopher Thiam-Seong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis and exit-site infections (ESI) are major causes of technique failure and morbidity in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Topical mupirocin on the exit-site has been shown to reduce such complications and prolong life in PD. Since the year 2000, such an approach has been adopted for our new incident ...
Sanclement Jose A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Biofilms are bacterial pathogens that organize in several chronic and recalcitrant infectious processes. We hypothesize that biofilms play a role in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Our goal is to demonstrate biofilms in mucosal specimens of patients undergoing surgery for CRS. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of the presence of biofilms ...
Chung Sung Hee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patient mortality remains high, and this high mortality may be due to many factors. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, old age, co-morbid diseases, malnutrition, low residual renal function (RRF) and a high peritoneal transport rate have been shown to influence survival, but the relative importance of these factors ...
Masunaga Yoshinori - - 2005
In encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases are involved in the remodeling of peritoneal tissue. We measured the MMP-2 concentration in the peritoneal effluents of a patient with EPS who discontinued continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy because of ultrafiltration failure and/or underdialysis. First, ...
Bertoli S V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Function and structure of peritoneal membrane (PM) are impaired on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Peritoneal sclerosis is a common finding in peritoneal biopsies (PB) of PD patients. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of peritoneal sclerosis on peritoneal function and clinical parameters in PD patients submitted ...
Brown James A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results of 122 transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (TP-LRP) procedures with those of 34 extraperitoneal LRP (EP-LRP) procedures to assess for differences in outcomes and complications. Both TP-LRP and EP-LRP have been touted as effective techniques for performing LRP. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 156 LRPs performed by ...
Di Paolo N - - 2005
AIM: The etiopathogenesis of sclerosing peritonitis is still debated, with some sustaining that it is a rare form of progression of simple peritoneal sclerosis and others that it is a primitive form. The aim of the present research was to clarify this question. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 438 peritoneal biopsies from ...
Troidle Laura - - 2005
Peritoneal catheter removal may be clinically indicated in the management of peritonitis. The data on the course of patients undergoing peritoneal catheter reinsertion after removal for peritonitis are limited. The present study was designed to examine what happens to patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) after peritoneal catheter removal for ...
Høl P J - - 2005
At the outset of a clinical research project involving metal analyses on patients receiving metal devices in conjunction with hip fractures, unexpected high concentrations of nickel were discovered in serum samples taken before surgery. The median nickel concentration in 30 patients was 4.6 microg/l (highest 19.5 microg/l), while reference values ...
Wang Xin - - 2005
The pathophysiology of hypertension in dialysis patients is largely attributed to positive sodium balance and volume expansion. Whereas the relationship between fluid status and blood pressure control in hemodialysis patients is well established, this relationship is not well studied in peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: 100 stable CAPD patients who had ...
Ratnaraja Natasha - - 2005
We describe a case of peritonitis due to Vibrio fluvialis in a patient receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis; we believe the case to be associated with the consumption of poorly prepared seafood. This was shown to be an important but rare cause of recurrent infection in our patient.
Yucel Selcuk - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Despite the wide spread use of modern portable ultrasound equipment to measure the postvoid residual urine, its accuracy and reliability has been questioned. We investigated the accuracy of postvoid residual urine measurement by portable abdominal ultrasound equipment in end-stage renal disease patients who are under either hemodialysis or peritoneal ...
Eliasson Henrik - - 2005
A retrospective analysis to evaluate the clinical use of a diagnostic PCR for Francisella tularensis in patients with suspected ulceroglandular tularaemia was performed. 154 samples, 129 from patients with definitive tularaemia and 25 from patients where tularaemia could be ruled out, were analysed. The diagnostic PCR had a specificity of ...
Singh N P - - 2005
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a widely accepted mode of renal replacement therapy. CAPD is largely underutilised in India. Twenty patients of chronic renal failure (CRF) were started on CAPD-10 on the standard straight set, 10 on the Y-set. The efficacy of CAPD was evaluated by assessment of laboratory ...
Haywood Van B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This research systematically evaluated the use of a clinically proven desensitizing dentifrice prior to a bleaching regimen in a randomized, multi-center, parallel group, open label clinical study following Good Clinical Practice guidelines. METHODOLOGY: Fourteen dental offices in West Palm Beach, Florida participated in the study during April/May 2004. Fourteen ...
Nakamoto Hidetomo - - 2005
In peritoneal dialysis (PD), a 7.5% polyglucose-containing dialysis solution (icodextrin) provides prolonged ultrafiltration as compared with glucose-based dialysis solutions. In the present study, we attempted to clarify the safety and effectiveness of icodextrin in elderly patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Clinical data and outcomes of 16 patients aged ...
Finsterer J - - 2004
As it is under debate if determination of lactate during cycle ergometry (lactate stress testing, LST) under a continuous, unadjusted, low workload is a valuable diagnostic tool for mitochondrial myopathy (MMP), the present study aimed to investigate how sensitive the LST is in a large cohort of patients with indications ...
Kim Hye Jin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the CT appearance of serous surface papillary carcinoma of the ovary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of 17 patients with histologically proven serous surface papillary carcinoma of the ovary were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated the ovary size, omental or mesenteric involvement ...
Oppelt P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The etiology of the Mayer-Rokitanski-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, where congenitally the Mullerian ducts fail to develop into the uterus, cervix and upper vagina, along with other malformations, is unresolved. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) signal transduction inducing the degradation of Mullerian ducts in males is implicated in the MRKH syndrome. This study ...
Ko┼čan Celalettin - - 2004
Secondary hyperparathyroidism and anemia are the hallmarks in uremic patients. It is suggested that parathyroid hormone increases erythrocyte osmotic fragility and induces hemolysis. The present study was undertaken to examine the possible relationship between erythrocyte osmotic fragility and secondary hyperparathyroidism in 20 pediatric patients on maintenance peritoneal dialysis. We found ...
El-Khatib Hamdy A HA Department of Plastic Surgery, Hamad General Hospital and Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar. - - 2004
Although abdominal dermolipectomy is a frequently performed procedure, few publications have reported on the safety of the procedure in the scarred abdomen. The aim of this study was to stress the possibility of performing a natural-looking abdominoplasty with no complication such as skin necrosis or liponecrosis in the presence of ...
Vázquez Muñoz E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with demonstrated peritoneal tuberculosis (TB) and their concordance with the three types from the traditional classification (wet, fibrotic, and dry plastic). METHODS: We reviewed the CT images of all patients with microbiologically proven peritoneal ...
Al-Hashimi Ali F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of oxidative stress (OS) in chronic renal failure (CRF) and the effect of peritoneal dialysis on the OS in uremic patients. Also, to investigate the role of the studied parameters of OS as early markers for the detection of peritonitis in peritoneally dialyzed patients. METHODS: ...
Dias Kerri - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Talc pleurodesis can be offered to patients with hepatic hydrothorax. The authors wanted to determine their patient's eligibility for talc pleurodesis by excluding a pleural-peritoneal shunt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors measured the size of the talc particles and matched them with the radionuclide particle size. After injecting radiopharmaceutical ...
Lo K W K - - 2004
Patients diagnosed to have endometrial carcinoma without prior hysteroscopic examination were recruited from March 2000 to August 2003. Normal saline was used to distend the uterine cavity during the hysteroscopic examination to look for endocervical spread before the definitive surgical treatment. We performed laparotomy, clamped both fallopian tubes, and collected ...
Osterberg J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In peritonitis, increased production of cytokines and changes in the splanchnic cellular immune system may cause translocation of bacteria and endotoxins. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency of translocation and relate translocation to the immune response in patients with acute peritonitis. METHODS: Patients with local ...
Lee Shen-Yang - - 2004
Lactobacilli are part of the normal gastrointestinal and female genitourinary flora in humans and they are seldom pathogenic and rarely cause human disease. In the literature, Lactobacillus peritonitis was most common in immunocompromised patients, including patients under chronic peritoneal dialysis. We also suspect that the presence of Lactobacillus spp. in ...
Lehoux Pascale - - 2004
Over the past 15 years, the use of specialised medical equipment by patients at home has increased in most industrialised countries. Adopting a conceptual framework that brings together two research perspectives, i.e. the sociology of technology and the sociology of illness, this paper empirically examines why and how patients use ...
Wong Mark - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A enzymes are key metabolizing enzymes for many chemotherapeutic agents, and detection of functionally significant CYP3A genetic variants may be useful in predicting interpatient variation of drug clearance. We have examined the significance of CYP3A5*3 single-nucleotide polymorphism to overall CYP3A activity in vivo in a predominantly ...
Guest Jodie L - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare rates of diarrhea in patients receiving an antiretroviral regimen containing lopinavir-ritonavir versus nelfinavir and in patients who received these drugs sequentially. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Hospital-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinic. PATIENTS: Four hundred one participants in the HIV Atlanta VA Cohort Study ...
Zhang Xinmei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentrations of interleukin-18 (IL-18) in peritoneal fluid and serum in patients with endometriosis in comparison with the control group. DESIGN: A prospective analytical study. SETTING: The obstetrics and gynecology department of an academic training hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-four patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for benign gynecologic diseases. ...
Vicenté-Martínez Marlen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disorders (CD) are the most frequent cause of death in patients on dialysis. CD have been related to increased extracellular fluid volume, peritoneal transport type (PTT), hypertension, and inflammation. Inflammation is in itself a risk factor for mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship ...
Tarif Nauman - - 2004
This is a case report of a 69 year-old African American female with end-stage renal disease secondary to hypertensive nephrosclerosis on chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for five years. Her past was uneventful. She presented with symptoms and signs of acute peritonitis related to CAPD. There was initial response to ...
Abu-Qamar Adnan A - - 2004
In this retrospective study, we present our experience on the diagnosis and management of isolated Hydatid disease of the kidneys. Between January 1999 and January 2003, eight patients were diagnosed to have Hydatid disease of the kidney and constituted the subjects of this study. Their age ranged between 20 and ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hyperphosphatemia is an important predictor for mortality in hemodialysis patients. This study evaluated significant factors associated with hyperphosphatemia in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: We estimated residual renal function (RRF), dialysis adequacy, and normalized protein equivalent nitrogen appearance (nPNA), together with simultaneous measurement of serum phosphorus levels in 252 ...
Rumpsfeld Markus - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Factors that predict peritoneal transport status in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are poorly understood. The aim of the present study is to determine these factors in Australian and New Zealand incident PD patients. METHODS: The study included all patients on the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry ...
Hung Shih-Yuan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal changes in peritoneal transport in patients on long-term, peritonitis-free, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy. METHODS: Results were longitudinally recorded for the standard peritoneal equilibration test (PET) in 76 consecutive, nondiabetic, adult patients from the beginning of CAPD therapy ...
Craddock Helen L - - 2004
Challenges in the treatment of our older dentate patients are arising more frequently, and novel solutions may be required to overcome them. This case report describes the treatment given to an elderly dentate female patient, whose lax peri-oral musculature was preventing a satisfactory oral seal from being achieved. This resulted ...
Piccoli Antonio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), total body water (TBW) is estimated by functions of body weight, and by equations of bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). These procedures may be biased with abnormal tissue hydration. We validated vector BIA (BIVA) patterns of hydration in CAPD patients, based on direct measurements ...
Altiparmak Mehmet Riza - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterised by recurrent fever attacks and polyserositis which may lead to the development of AA amyloidosis and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in FMF-amyloidosis patients with ...
Yamamoto Satoshi - - 2004
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) has been reported in a wide variety of patients, including those who have undergone peritoneal dialysis (PD), young adolescent girls, cirrhotic patients after peritoneal-venous shunting (PVS), and patients treated with Beta-blockers. Nevertheless, the etiology of SEP remains obscure. In this article, we report on two patients ...
Kim Soon Bae - - 2004
To evaluate endothelial injury in peritoneal dialysis patients with ultrafiltration failure (UFF), we performed a modified peritoneal equilibration test utilizing 3.86% glucose in 41 patients who had been on peritoneal dialysis for longer than 4 years. Twelve patients whose net ultrafiltrate was less than 400 mL during a 4-hour exchange ...
Bajo M Auxiliadora - - 2004
The presence of hypertrophic mesothelial cells (HMCs) in peritoneal effluent (PE) has been considered a possible marker for peritoneal sclerosis. We conducted the present study to evaluate if the presence of HMCs in PE or in culture was related to peritoneal function alterations or to the development of sclerosing peritonitis. ...
Kuno Tsutomu - - 2004
Preserving residual renal function (RRF) after initiation of dialysis therapy is desirable for improving quality of life in ESRD patients. It has been believed that RRF declines more slowly in patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) than in patients treated with other forms of maintenance dialysis. Episodes of intravascular ...
Smit Watske - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ultrafiltration failure (UFF) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a transient phenomenon during acute peritonitis and a permanent complication in long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). The high solute transport rates during acute peritonitis are probably caused by an increased number of perfused peritoneal capillaries. Long-term PD is associated with ...
Esmatjes Enric - - 2003
BACKGROUND: After pancreas transplantation (PTx) some patients report occasional symptoms of hypoglycaemia and at times, serious hypoglycaemia. Continuous blood glucose monitoring (CBGM) allows determination of the daily glucose profile and detection of unrecognized hypoglycaemia. The aims of our study were to determine the incidence of hypoglycaemia in PTx and evaluate ...
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